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Back To Cub Cadet Tractors-Riding-Lawnmowers       Model: 53CB5FJZ750 Cub Cadet Commercial 33 HP 72 Inch Zero Turn Riding Lawn Mower Service Manual
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Hydrostatic Zero - Turn Commercial Riding Mower Professional Turf Equipment 48 ” Fabricated Deck 54 ” Fabricated Deck 60 ” Fabricated Deck 72 ” Fabricated Deck OPERATOR’S AND SERVICE MANUAL
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TABLE OF CONTENTS Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 General Safety Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 A.Danger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 B . Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 C.Caution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Safety Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 A.General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 B . Related to Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 C.Related to Batteries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 D . When Mowing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 E.Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 F.Operator Protection System - Foldable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 G.Suspension Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Safety Decals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Operating Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 A.General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 B . Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 C.Initial Adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 D . Zero Turn Break - In and Operating Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 E.Mower Cutting Blades . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Maintenance and Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 A . Mower Deck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 B . Hydraulic Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 C . Electrical System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 D . Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 E . Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 F . Hydraulic System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 G.Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Maintenance Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Performance Adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 A . High Speed Tracking Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 B . Engine RPM Check and Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 C . Deck Corner Ball Wheel Roller Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 D . Deck Center Anti - Scalp Roller Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 E Lap Bar Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 F Deck Leveling Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Wiring Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Warranty This product may be covered by one or more of the following patents : D409,208 ; 5,946,894 ; 6,070,690 ; 6,301,864 ; 6,662,538 Pending 2
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FORWARD The Tank Hydrostatic Zero - Turn Commercial Riding Mower provides superb maneuverability , mid - mount cutting capability for professional landscapers , commercial lawn service compa - nies , professional turf managers and golf course superintendents . The machine incorporates many safety features that should be studied by all operators and maintenance personnel before use . The list of safety precautions should receive particular attention . This manual presents all of the operating and maintenance instructions necessary to keep your mower at peak efficiency . If operated and maintained properly , your mower will give dependable service . CAUTION : Only thoroughly trained persons should operate and maintain this mower . This machine can cause serious injury to anyone who misuses it and does not understand its operation . For their personal safety , all operators and maintenance personnel are required to read this entire manual before operating the mower . Hazard control and accident prevention are partially dependent upon the design and configuration of the equipment . Notwithstanding , these factors are also dependent upon the awareness , concern , prudence and proper training of the personnel involved in the operation , transport , maintenance and storage of the equipment . WARNING • The engine exhaust , some of its constituents , and certain vehicle components contain or emit chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer , birth defects or other reproductive harm . • This unit is equipped with an internal combustion engine and should not be used on or near any unimproved forest - covered , brush - covered , or grass - covered land unless the engine’s exhaust system is equipped with a spark arrester meeting applicable local or state laws ( if any ) . If a spark arrester is used , it should be main - tained in effective working order by the operator . • In the State of California , the above is required by law ( Section 4442 of the California Public Resources Code ) . Other States may have similar laws . Federal laws apply to federal lands . A spark arrester muffler may be available . NOTE : The engine manufacturer is responsible for all engine - related issues with regards to performance , power - rating , specifications , warranty and service . Please refer to the engine manufacturer’s owner’s / operator’s manual , packed seperately with your unit , for more information . MODELS LISTED IN THIS MANUAL 23HP 48 ” Tank , 25HP 60 ” Tank , 27HP 60 ” Tank , 53AI8CTV750 53AI8CTX750 53CB5DBX630 23HP 54 ” Tank , 27HP 60 ” Tank , 33HP 72 ” Tank , 53AI8CTW750 53AH8CTX750 53CB5FJZ750 37HP 72 ” Tank , 53AI8CTZ750 3
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6 . Do not check for hydraulic leaks with any part GENERAL SAFETY of the body . OPERATIONS 7 . Do not add fuel to a machine when the engine is running and / or the exhaust system is hot . A . DANGER 8 . Keep machine clean and free of debris , grass , 1 . Do not operate machine in confined areas leaves , oil , grease , etc . where exhaust gases can accumulate . 9 . Place lap bars in neutral / start position , set 2 . Do not operate machine without mower chute park brake , disengage P.T.O . , turn engine off , deflector in place and operational . and remove ignition key before you dismount 3 . Do not carry passengers . from machine . 10 . Use machines laterally or diagonally across B . WARNING slopes , avoid going downhill when possible . 1 . Do not operate machines under the influence 11 . Go slowly and use extra care when descend - of alcohol or drugs . ing slopes . 2 . Do not operate machines without all guards 12 . Disengage P.T.O . when crossing surfaces and safety devices in place and functional . such as asphalt , concrete , loose ground , 3 . Do not start machines if there are fuel or oil sand , gravel , etc . leaks or spillage — clean it up . 13 . Use extra care when loading and unloading 4 . Do not operate machines near spilled or leak - machines from trucks or trailers . ing fuels . 5 . Do not stop or park machine over dry leaves , SAFETY PRECAUTIONS grass , debris , etc . that could be combustible . 6 . Use extreme care when backing up . A . General 7 . Do not operate machine on slopes greater 1 . Read this Operator’s Manual before starting than 15 degrees ( 27 % ) . the mower . Study the controls and learn the 8 . Do not operate machines on slopes when proper sequence of operation . traction is reduced ( wet grass , ice , soft 2 . Do not allow anyone to operate or maintain ground , loose ground , leaves , pine needles , this machine who has not read this manual . debris , etc . ) . Never permit children to operate this machine . 9 . Avoid turning downhill if possible , go slowly 3 . Never carry passengers . and use extra care when turning downhill . 4 . Do not remove any shields , guards or safety 10 . Do not operate machines during reduce visi - devices . If a shield , guard or safety device is bility ( low light , fog , rain , etc . ) . damaged or does not function , repair or 11 . Do not operate machines with non - approved replace it before operating the mower . attachments . 5 . Always wear safety glasses and safety shoes 12 . Do not operate machines that are dam - when operating or maintaining this mower . Do aged . . . . . have machine repaired . not wear loose - fitting clothing . 13 . Do not operate machines that have not been 6 . Disconnect the spark plug wires and remove properly maintained . the key from the ignition to prevent the engine 14 . Use only replacement parts that are the same from accidentally starting before performing or equivalent to the original equipment . any maintenance on this mower . 15 . Do not modify machines or any of their com - 7 . Never run the engine indoors without ade - ponents , especially the engine governor ! quate ventilation . Exhaust fumes are deadly . 16 . Do not operate machine for more than 2 hours 8 . To avoid serious burns , do not touch the without hearing protection . engine , exhaust pipe or muffler while the C . CAUTION engine is running or until it has cooled after it has been shut off . 1 . Use proper protective equipment when oper - ating machine ( gloves , boots , and hearing 9 . The liquid in the battery is dilute sulfuric acid . protection are recommended ) . Always wear safety glasses and rubber gloves when working on the battery . Do not overfill 2 . Read entire machine Operator’s Manual . the battery . 3 . Make sure operators are fully trained in the safe use of the machine . 10 . Lead - acid batteries generate hydrogen and oxygen gases which form an explosive mix - 4 . Follow all safety instructions when using the machine . ture . Keep sparks and flames away at all times . 5 . Keep all safety signs legible and properly installed . 4
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and battery surfaces kept clean of acids and corro - 11 . When looking for oil leaks , never run your hand over hydraulic hoses , lines or fittings . sion . If batteries are re - charged or “ jumped ” from Never tighten or adjust hydraulic hoses , lines external sources , make sure that the connections are or fittings while the system is under pressure . made properly and in the correct sequence . . . connect If high - pressure oil penetrates the skin , the oil to the positive terminal of the good battery first , then must be removed within a few hours by a doc - connect that to the positive terminal of the weak bat - tor familiar with this form of injury or serious tery . The third connection should be to the negative complications may result . terminal of the good battery , followed by the negative terminal of the weak battery . If sparks are observed or heating of the wiring or connectors is detected , B . Related to Fuel disconnect in reverse order ( I.E . , the negative termi - 1 . Fuel is highly flammable and its vapors can nal of the weak battery first ) . Batteries should be re - explode if ignited . Please respect it . charged at a constant voltage . . . generally 14.5 + / - 0.5 2 . Do not smoke or permit others to smoke volts DC for a nominal 12 volt DC battery . while handling fuel . 3 . Always use approved containers for fuel and D . When Mowing fill slowly to decrease the chance of static electricity buildup and spillage . 1 . Keep adults , children and pets away from the area to be mowed . 4 . Store fuel in well ventilated and unoccupied buildings away from sparks and flames . 2 . When operating this mower in the forward direction , DO NOT allow the steering levers to 5 . When dispensing gasoline into approved con - return to the neutral position on their own . tainers , place the container on the ground Always maintain a firm grip on the levers , when refueling to avoid a possible static elec - operate them smoothly and avoid any sudden tricity ignition of fuel vapors . movements of the levers when starting or 6 . Do not fill containers while it is inside a vehi - stopping . cle , trunk , the bed of a pickup or floor of a trailer . 3 . If the mower is equipped for side discharge , never use the mower without the discharge 7 . Always shut off the engine and permit it to chute installed and placed in the down position . cool before removing the fuel tank cap . 8 . Always fill the fuel tank outdoors . 4 . Always remove debris and other objects from the area to be mowed . ( Note : 9 . If the fuel container spout will not fit inside the debris and loose fuel tank opening , use a funnel . grass will reduce traction . ) 10 . When filling the fuel tank , stop when the fuel 5 . Mow only in daylight . reaches one inch from the top . This space is 6 . Watch for holes , sprinkler heads and other necessary for tank expansion . hidden hazards . Do not overfill . 11 . Wipe up any spilled fuel . 7 . Avoid driving too close to trees , creeks , ditches , sand traps and other obstacles . 8 . Before backing up , check behind you and C . Related to Batteries watch where you’re going . Batteries are stored electrical energy devices that 9 . Always reduce speed when making a turn , may be serviceable with removable caps ( the electro - and when grass is wet . lyte levels can be checked ) , or may be non - service - 10 . Always mow across slopes , never up and able ( no attempt should be made to open the vents ) . down the slope . Do not operate on steep slopes and slow down before turning . Batteries may contain lead ( Pb ) and sulfuric acid , and they must be re - cycled and not disposed of nor 11 . Be careful when crossing gravel paths or abandoned . Sulfuric acid can cause severe burns , roadways . Always turn off the blade clutch and in the event of contact , the areas should be switch and wait until the blades stop rotating flushed with water and a physician contacted . Bat - and raise the cutting deck to the transport position . Always allow other vehicles to have tery cases should not be punctured . Lead is poison - the right - of - way . ous and is contained within the positive and negative terminals as well as within the battery’s internal grid - 12 . If you hit a solid object while mowing , turn off work of plates and active materials . the blade clutch switch , place the left and right steering levers in the neutral position , move Explosive gases are generated when batteries are the throttle to slow , set the parking brake , shut re - charged , so sparks , flames and heat sources off the engine and take the key from the igni - should be avoided . Loose connections at the battery tion switch . Inspect for damage . Repair any terminals can produce sprks and heat . . . connections damage . Make sure the blades are in good to the terminals must be kept tight , and the terminals 5
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condition and that the blade bolts are tight DANGER : before restarting the engine . 13 . Never leave the mower unattended without : Damaged ROPS and OPDs must be replaced prior turning off the blade clutch switch ; placing the to operator use ! left and right steering levers in the neutral position ; moving the throttle to slow ; setting 3 . Seat belts shall be used and shall be prop - the parking brake ; shutting off the engine and erly fastened about the operator’s waist at all taking the key from the ignition switch . times , except when the ROPS or OPDs are : 14 . Never walk or stand on the discharge side of a - not properly installed and / or not properly mower with the engine running . Turn off the secured onto the machine blade clutch switch if another person - damaged in such manner that their struc - approaches while you are operating the tural integrity has been compromised mower . - not in their fully upright and locked position 15 . Never attempt to operate the traction unit 4 . Seat belts are attached to the movable por - without the mowing deck attached . tion of the seat when suspension seats are 16 . Keep the mower and especially the engine utilized , and therefore the seat - mounting and hydraulic components clean and free of base must be secured to its pivot means and grease , grass and leaves to reduce the the pivot means latched to the frame of the chance of fire and to permit proper cooling . machine . Seat belts are attached to the seat or the frame of the machine when non - sus - E . Towing pension ( standard ) seats are provided , how - 1 . Tow only with a machine that has an approved ever , if a suspension kit is added to a seat , hitch designed for towing . Do not attach towed the seat belt must be attached to the mov - equipment except at the hitch point . able portion of the seat or suspension mech - 2 . Follow the manufacturers recommendation for anism , the seat - mounting base must be weight limits for towed equipment and towing secured to its pivot means , and the pivot on slopes . means be latched to the frame of the 3 . Never allow children or others in or on towed machine . equipment . DANGER : 4 . On slopes , the weight of the towed equipment may cause loss of traction and loss of control . If ROPS and OPDs are folded down or missing , Note : 5 degrees ( 9 % ) maximum slope . seat belts shall not be fastened . Worn or damaged 5 . Travel slowly and allow extra distance to stop . seat belt assemblies must be replaced prior to operator use . F . Operator Protection System - Foldable 5 . Brush Guards and canopies can afford addi - 1 . This machine is equipped with an Operator tional protection for the operator . The Brush Protective System ( OPS ) , which includes : Guard can deflect tree limbs , clothes lines , a . A Roll Over Protective Structure ( ROPS ) or and other obstacles that otherwise could Operator Protective Device ( OPD ) which come in contact with the ROPS and OPDs . may be of the fixed or folding configuration Contact of ROPS and OPDs by items such b . Seat belt assembly with retractable function as tree limbs , clothes lines , guy wires , and 2 . ROPS and OPDs are structures designed to buildings , could create hazardous conditions provide a crush - resistant space for the oper - whereby the machine could experience a tip - ator when properly seat - belted within the over or roll - over . The canopy can provide designated seating area of the machine in protection for the operator from some envi - the event of a machine tip - over or roll - over . ronmental exposure ( sunlight , rain , etc . ) . Folding ROPS and OPDs shall be used in Work lights may be available . their fully upright and locked configurations 6 . The ROPS and seat belt are integral parts of except in those circumstances whereby they this machine and should not be tampered need to be momentarily folded - down to avoid with , modified in any manner , or removed . contact with items such as tree limbs , clothes 7 . The ROPS extends above and behind the lines , guy wires , buildings , etc . At other times operator position , and therefore the operator and conditions , ROPS and OPDs shall be in must be aware of potential contact of the their fully upright and locked configurations . ROPS with items such as trees , buildings , doorways , clothes lines , utility wires , etc . , that 6
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counter - clockwise to decrease . Self - lubricat - could cause the machine to upset or roll - over . . . . use caution in ( or avoid ) areas where ing bearings are utilized throughout the sus - the ROPS could come in contact with any pension mechanism that provides an structures , trees , etc . additional 2 ” of suspension travel . 8 . The ROPS and seat belt add additional mass 4 . A retractable seat belt assembly with inertia - that elevates the machine’s Center of Gravity lock is attached to the “ ride ” portion of the ( C.G . ) which negatively affects the machine’s seat frame . The seat frame is attached to the stability and traction . . . . use extra caution when mechanical suspension , which is attached to operating on slopes . the roller tracks that are bolted to the seat base in one of the three ( 3 ) locations - the 9 . Inspect the ROPS and seat belt assemblies seat assembly can be detached and re - on a regular basis for damage and improper installed 1 ” forward or 1 ” aft from the factory operation . . . . replace all components that are installed position . When the two ( 2 ) hairpin damaged or are not functioning properly with clips are removed from the frame - mounted authorized replacement parts . stud - bolts , the complete seat assembly and 10 . Failure to use the seatbelt properly could seat base can be pivoted forward onto the result in serious injury or death if an acciden - foot platform - this provides access to the tal overturn occurs . In order for the ROPS to battery , hydraulic reservoir and filter , as well be effective , the seat belt must be securely as some of the electrical system and control fastened around the operator at all times linkages . The seat base must be secured when the operator is on the machine . Contact with the hairpin clips prior to machine opera - with the ROPS during an overturn could cause serious injury or death . tion . 11 . The ROPS will not prevent the machine from upsets or roll overs . Note : The seat base must be secured by 12 . Only approved attachments should be used properly installing the hairpin clips into both on this machine . frame - mounted stud - botls , otherwise , the seat assembly could tilt forward . The Operator Presence Sensor must be connected to the G . Suspension Seat electrical wiring harness . 1 . This unit is equipped with an adjustable sus - pension seat system , which includes a fold - forward seat with retractable seat belt assembly , a low profile mechanical suspen - sion , and an Operator Presence Sensor ( OPS ) . 2 . The seat bottom is covered with a heavy - duty vinyl fabric and integrates the EVC cushion comfort system that provides up to 1 3 / 8 ” dampered ( for shock isolation ) suspen - sion travel . An OPS in the form of a switch , is integrated into the seat bottom and is con - nected to the machine electrical system . The seat back is also covered with a heavy - duty vinyl fabric , it adjusts to recline up to 16 degrees , and it will fold forward for transport or protection from the elements of weather ( lever actuated on operator’s left side ) . The armrests are adjustable for operator comfort ( knob inside armrests actuated from the bot - tom ) . Roller bearing single - locking tracks provide easy repositioning fore / aft up to 5 ” ( lever actuated on lower right ) . 3 . A mechanical suspension mechanism incor - porates weight / ride adjustment controls for operators in the 125 to 275 lb . weight range ( turn the knob on the front of the seat clock - wise to increase the weight capacity and 7
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SAFETY DECALS AND LABELS TO REDUCE THE RISK OF INJURY , D O N OT O PERAT E M OW ER U NL ESS DISCHARGECHUTECOVERORGRASS CA T C HE R IS IN IT S P ROP E R P LA C E . WARNING D AN GER K E E P HA ND S an d FE E T AW AY SHIELD MISSING DO NOT OPERATE Part Number : 00030635 Part Number : 01002166 DANGER ROTATING BLADE Do not put hands or feet under or into mower when engine is running . Part Number : 777S32801 Part Number : 00030633 Part Number : 777S32797 Part Number : 02003514 ! WARNING ! Maximum weight on hitch is 50 lbs . Maximum towed load is 500 lbs . Never allow passengers on towed equipment . Loss of traction can occur on slopes , 5 ( 9 % ) maximum grade . Travel slowly and allow extra distance to stop . Use caution during turns to avoid jack - knifing . Use extra caution when operating in reverse . Do not modify hitch or repair hitch . Replace hitch if damaged . Part Number : 02002693 Part Number : 02003652 8
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SPECIFICATIONS GENERAL INFO . Controls : Engine ignition and start switch ; throttle ; choke ; left and right steering levers ; electric blade clutch switch ; parking brake ; mower deck lift Parking Brake : Mechanical linkage brake handle to internal drum brakes Seat : Adjustable seat and armrests . 5 " Adjustment ( fore - aft ) Frame : 2 " Steel structural tube and plate , all welded construction Instrumentation Hour meter , Tachometer , Maintenance - minder Front Caster Wheels : 48 ” deck , 13 x 5.0 - 6 ; 54 ” , 60 ” , & 72 ” deck , 13 x 6.50 - 6 Drive Wheels : 48 ” deck , 23 x 9.50 - 12 ; 54 ” , 60 " , & 72 ” deck , 24 x 12 - 12 Tire Pressure : 8 - 10 psi Rear , 20 - 25 psi front caster Fuel Tank : Two 6.5 gallon w / individual shutoff valves Ground Speed : 0 - 12 + MPH forward . 0 - 5 MPH reverse Net Weight : 950 lbs w / 48 " deck , 980 lbs . w / 54 " deck , 1070 lbs . w / 60 " deck , 1330 lbs w / 72 ” deck ENGINE INFO . Engine : 23 , 25 & 37HP Kawasaki , 27HP Kohler , & 33HP Generac Type : Vertical crankshaft air cooled V - Twin Air Cleaner : Dual Paper Element with rain cap Lube System : Pressurized with oil filter Hydraulic System : In tank filter , 3 quart capacity Starter : 12 - volt electric Blade Brake Clutch : Electric TRACTION DRIVE INFO . Traction Drive : Engine to two variable - output hydraulic pumps each connected to individual wheel motors CUTTER DECK INFO . Cutter Deck ; Drive : 48 " , 54 " , 60 " , & 72 ” Belt Driven Deck Lift : Foot lever w / pin lock for height adjustment Cutting Height : 1 - 1 / 2 " to 5 " in 1 / 4 ” increments No . of Blades 3 , belt - driven , power take - off from engine 9
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OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS Figure . 1 Figure . 2 Engine throttle Ignition Switch Tach andeter Electric cBladeh Parking Brake Choke Lever Hour M Clutch Swit maintain the uphill side lap bar “ essen - A.General tially ” in a fixed position . 1 . When Mowing : k . Be careful when crossing gravel paths or a . Keep adults , children , and pets away from roadways . Always turn off the blade clutch the area to be mowed . switch and wait until the blades stop rotat - b . When operating this mower , in the forward ing and raise the cutting deck to the trans - direction , do not allow the steering levers port position . Always allow other vehicles to return to Neutral on their own . Always to have the right of way . maintain a firm grip on the levers , operate l . If you hit a solid object while mowing , turn them smoothly and avoid any sudden off the blade clutch switch , place the steer - movements of the levers when starting and ing levers in the neutral position , move the stopping . throttle to slow , set the parking brake , shut c . If the mower is equipped for side dis - off the engine , and take the key from the charge , never use the mower without the ignition switch . Inspect for damage . Repair discharge chute installed and placed in the the damage . Make sure the blades are in down position . good condition and that the blade bolts are d . Always remove debris and other objects tight before restarting the engine . from the area to be mowed ( Note : debris m . Never leave the mower unattended without and loose grass will reduce traction ) . observing the following : turn off the blade e . Mow only in daylight . clutch switch , placing the steering levers in f . Watch for holes , sprinkler heads , and other the neutral position , moving the throttle to hidden hazards . slow , setting the parking brake , shutting off g . Avoid driving too close to trees , creeks , the engine and taking the key from the igni - ditches , sand traps , and other obstacles . tion switch . h . Before backing up , check behind and n . Never walk or stand on the discharge side watch where you are going . of the mower when the engine is running . i . Always reduce speed when making a turn , Turn off the blade clutch switch if another and when grass is wet . person approaches while you are operat - j . Always mow across slopes , never up and ing the mower . down the slope . Do not operate on steep o . Never attempt to operate the traction unit slopes and slow down before turning . without having the mowing deck attached . Avoid turning downhill if possible , start at p . Keep the mower and especially the engine the bottom and work up to the top . Use and hydraulic components clean and free extra care and go slowly when turning downhill . Control the speed and direction of the zero turn machine “ primarily ” with the speed / directional control ( lap bar ) of the downhill side of the machine . . . I.E . , 10
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of grease , grass , and leaves to reduce the b . If on an hillside , start at the bottom so that the chance of fire and permit proper cooling . turns are uphill rather than downhill . c . Align the mower so as to head directly toward Note : If low traction conditions occur , follow the object on the far side . these procedures for “ zero turns ” : d . Slowly increase the speed of the machine to To turn clockwise ( front of machine moves toward RIGHT ) match cutting conditions , terrain , and operator when traveling FORWARD : familiarity with the controls and keep the 1 . Come to a stop , machine headed directly toward the alignment 2 . Then slowly move both lap bars rearward ( no more object . Do not go fast as to reduce cut quality than 1 / 2 maximum reverse speed ) to initiate REVERSE or to be uncomfortable in controlling the speed travel , and direction of the machine . 3 . Then slowly move the LEFT lap bar forward while e . When approaching the other end of a strip , maintaining the RIGHT lap bar in the rearward travel position . slow down or stop before turning . A U - turn is 4 . To stop the turn and reintiate FORWARD travel , recommended unless a zero turn is required . slowly move the RIGHT lap bar from the REVERSE The speed of a U - turn that will allow for travel position to a FORWARD travel position equal t that machine controllability and minimal turf of the LEFT lap bar . defacement will be dependent on several fac - 5 . Alternatively , release both lap bars and the machine tors including : the speed of the turn , the radius should stop turning , ( this is a safety check , the normal of the turn , the tire tread pattern , the traction procedure is for the operator to slowly bring the lap bars coefficient of the tire to the traction surface , to the Neutral psoition ) . the slope of the traction surface . To turn counter - clockwise ( front of machine moves toward f . Remember , a zero turn requires that the for - LEFT ) when traveling FORWARD : ward or reverse travel of the machine be 1 . Come to a stop , 2 . Then slowly move both lap bars rearward ( no more stopped prior to the initiation of the turn or than 1 / 2 maximum reverse speed ) to initiate REVERSE severe turf defacement can occur . travel , g . To prevent rutting or grooving of the turf , 3 . Then slowly move the RIGHT lap bar forward while change the direction that the strips are mowed maintaining the LEFT lap bar in the rearward travel posi - by approximately 45 degrees the next and tion . each subsequent time that the area is mowed . 4 . To stop the turn and reintiate FORWARD travel , slowly move the LEFT lap bar from the REVERSE travel B.Controls position to a FORWARD travel position equal t that of the 1 . Engine Ignition and Start Switch : ( See Figure RIGHT lap bar . 1 . ) Located on the instrument housing below the 5 . Alternatively , release both lap bars and the machine right side of the operator’s seat . When the key is should stop turning , ( this is a safety check , the normal inserted and turned clockwise , 45 degrees , the procedure is for the operator to slowly bring the lap bars ignition circuit is closed . Turning the switch fur - to the Neutral psoition ) . ther against spring pressure starts the engine . 2 . Safety Awareness when Mowing The engine will only start if the blade clutch a . Do not operate on steep slopes , those above switch is in the “ off ” position , the parking brake is 15 degrees ( 27 % slope ) . engaged and the left and right steering levers are b . Avoid turning downhill if possible , if not use in the neutral position . The key should always be extra care and go slowly . removed from the switch if the operator leaves c . Avoid turning when going downhill , traction is the mower’s seat . at a minimum going downhill . 2 . Engine Throttle Control : ( See Figure 1 . ) d . Do not operate with discharge side of the Located on the left side of the mower next to the mower toward streets , buildings , playgrounds , operator’s seat . Moving the throttle control from parking lots , other machines , animals , and the rear to the front will increase the engine other people . speed from slow to fast . e . Avoid operation or use extreme care if the 3 . Left and Right Steering Levers : ( See Figure 3 . ) traction surface is wet , unstable , or slippery . These hinged levers open out to the side in any f . Use extra care when grass clippings , leaves , position to permit the operator to be seated or to pine needles , or debris are present as traction leave the mower’s seat . The operator , when can be reduced . seated , can pull the levers up to the operating g . Slow - down before turning and come to a com - position , a comfortable forearm’s length away . plete stop before any zero turn maneuver . These levers control all of the movements of the h . Do not stop machine or park machine over mower . Pushing both levers forward causes the combustible materials such as dry grass , mower to move forward . Pulling both levers back leaves , debris , etc . causes the mower to move backward . Pushing 3 . To Mow Grass and Produce a Striped Pattern one lever ahead of the other lever causes the a . Pick a point on the opposite side of the area to traction wheel on the side where the lever is be mowed ( post , tree , shrub , etc . ) . ahead to rotate faster than the other traction 11
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Steering Levers Note : The 19hp and 23hp use the 5 gallon fuel tank . Figure . 4 Fuel Shutoff Valve Foot Pedal Lift Figure . 3 lower , or to momentarily hold the implement at a wheel , making the mower turn toward the side desired height . The pedals can also be used in where the lever is behind . When one lever is conjunction with each other when the upper por - pushed forward and the other lever pulled back tion of a foot activates the first pedal to raise the the same amount , one traction wheel will turn in implement , and the lower portion of the foot reverse and the mower will turn within its own ( heel ) activates the second pedal to release the length . latch . This provides a hands - free operation with the exception of when an implement height In order to start the engine , both steering levers change is required . For changing implement must be in the neutral position ; the parking brake height , at least one hand is required to reposition must be engaged ; and the blade clutch switch the pins to provide 1 / 4 ” height - of - cut increments . must be “ off ” . However , once the engine starts , the parking brake must be released before the The mechanism includes : An adjustable location operator places the steering levers into the foot pedal that is used to raise the implement operating position or the engine will and / or latch it in the transport position , that is automatically shut off . directly connected to the implement lift linkage ; Note : The Steering Lever will return toward adjustable force counter - balance springs to neutral when released , but they should be placed reduce the effective weight of the implement and in neutral by the driver . If the Drive Handles are thereby reducing the forces needed on the first not placed in neutral , the tractor may creep . and second pedals for activation - tighten both springs equally to reduce the force at the foot 4 . Electric Blade Clutch Switch : ( See Figure 1 . ) pedal ; a second pedal pivotally attached to the Located on the right side of the mower beside the first pedal that releases the mechanism from the ignition switch . This is an “ on / off ” push pull switch latched configuration ; a height adjustment link that controls the electric blade clutch which sup - and index provide predetermined height for the plies power to the cutting blades through the implement - it is settable in 1 / 4 ” increments ; a PTO . The switch must be turned off to start the lock position for the height adjustment link setta - engine and should be turned off for safety any ble by the pin in the highest ( also transport posi - time another person approaches the mower or tion ) or lowest ( also for mower deck removal and the mowing deck is raised to the transport posi - installation ) . tion . Power to the electric clutch will also be cut off if the operator leaves the operator’s seat . The following features are incorporated into the 5 . Parking Brake : ( See Figure 2 . ) Located on the foot pedal implement lift design : Foot actuated left side of the traction unit . The handle is an implement lift with one pedal ( 1st ) for lift and overcenter lever which applies the drum - type latch , with a second pedal for release and lower ; brake on each drive wheel when the handle is allows for some operators with physical limita - pulled to the rear . The brake must be engaged in tions to use the implement lift mechanisms and order to start the engine . the machine ; reduces potential for operator 6 . Foot Pedal Lift : ( See Figure 3 . ) Located on the fatigue ; accommodates a variety of operator right front corner of the mowing deck . A two pedal sizes , shapes , and strengths ; does not require mechanism is provided whereby one pedal ( first ) the use of hands ( with the exception of resetting is used to raise , to momentarily hold the imple - the implement height ) during normal machine ment at a desired height ( if needed ) , and to latch operation - thusly the hands can be used for other it in the transport or maximum height setting . A functions second pedal is used to unlatch the mechanism 7 . Fuel Shutoff Valve : ( See Figure 4 . ) Located on from the transport or maximum height setting , to top of the fuel tank ( s ) . When turned in a clockwise 12
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beneath the operator’s seat . Always wipe direction until it stops , it will shut off the flow of off the area around the oil tank fill neck fuel to the engine . When turned in a counter - before checking the oil level to prevent dirt clockwise direction it will open and allow fuel to from contaminating the oil . Remove the cap flow to the engine . Close this valve if you are not and make sure the oil level is a 1 / 4 ” below going to run the mower for a period of 30 min - the oil tank fill neck . If the oil level is low , fill utes or more to prevent flooding the engine . with Shell Rimula 15W40 or equivalent oil . 8 . Seat Adjustment Lever : The Seat Adjustment Equivalent oil should meet GM Allison C - 4 . Lever is located beneath the seat . The Seat Adjustment Lever is used to move the seat for - d . Tires : 8 - 10 psi Rear , 20 - 25 psi Front Caster Tires ward and backward . To place the seat in the desired position pull the seat adjustment lever to Note : New tires are overinflated in order to the left then push the seat forward or back to the properly seat the bead to the rim . The normal desired position . Release the lever so the seat working pressure for the traction tires is 8 - 10 will lock in place . psi . The front caster wheels should be inflated 9 . Digital Tachometer and Hour Meter : ( See Fig - to 20 - 25 psi . ure 1 ) Located on the right side of the mower in 2 . Check that all Nuts , Bolts and Screws are front of the ignition switch . When the machine is Tight . running the tachometer displays engine rpm . 3 . Check the tension of the deck drive belts . When the machine is off the tachometer dis - a . Remove the deck cover plays running time . b . The tension of the deck drive belts are 10 . Choke Lever : ( See Figure 1 ) The Choke Lever maintained by a spring mechanism that is located on the left instrument panel next to the adjusts for wear and stretch . seat . The Choke Lever is operated manually . c . Examine the belts for cuts , fraying , and Having the Choke Lever in the ON position helps excessive wear . Replace if any of these are the engine to start during initial start - up . During detected . normal operation the Choke Lever should be in d . Replace the deck cover . the OFF position . 4 . Adjust the Mowing Deck : The cutting height Note : The Tanks equipped with E.F.I . do not is set anywhere in the range of 1 - 1 / 2 " to 5 " . have a choke control . You may need to adjust the mowing deck to Note : There will be a flashing “ LUBE ” for achieve the proper angle for mowing . Follow each recommended lubrication interval . There the procedures below to set the appropriate is a flashing “ OIL ” at each recommended angle to the mowing deck . engine oil and filter change . a . Park the mower on a flat paved surface , engage the parking brake , shut off the C.Initial Adjustments engine , remove the key from the ignition 1 . Check the fluid levels and tires : switch , remove connection of the spark plugs and using the second foot pedal , Note : These checks should be made daily , lower the mowing deck into the cutting posi - before starting the engine . tion . a . Fuel : Using a good grade of unleaded , reg - b . Using a ruler , pencil and paper , measure ular gasoline ( for a gasoline engine ) , fill the and note the distance from the paved sur - fuel tank ( beside the engine on the left or face to the bottom edge of the mowing right side of the mower ) . When the fuel blade at the front and the back of the deck reaches one inch from the top of the tank , on each side of the mower . ( Four dimen - stop . DO NOT OVERFILL . Space must be sions . ) left for expansion . Note : The front edge of the mowing deck b . Engine Oil : ( Filled at the factory before should be 1 / 8 " - 1 / 4 " below the rear edge of the shipment . ) Pull out the oil dipstick , wipe it deck so that the blades are cutting grass in off and reinsert it . Pull it out again and read only the front half of their circular path . This the oil level . If it is below the operating decreases friction and reduces the drive power range , add oil through the fill tube using a required . funnel to bring it up to the top of the operat - c . If the dimension at the front of the mowing ing range . deck is 1 / 8 " - 1 / 4 " lower than the dimension at the rear of the deck on each side of the Note : Gasoline Engine : Use SAE 10W30 or mower , do not adjust . If not , you will need to SAE 10W40 engine oil , rated for service SJ . adjust the Deck Lift Spring Assist ( See Fig - Shell Rimula 15W40 is also recommended and provides service SL and CI - 4 plus . c . Hydraulic Oil : ( Filled at the factory before shipment . ) The hydraulic oil tank is located 13
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fore - and - aft , as well as up - and - down — ure 5 ) . You may also need to adjust the 9 / 16 " wrench required ) . Deck Links ( See Figure 5 ) . c . Become familiar with all of the machine Deck Lift Spring inner nut controls , instrumentation , safety and instruction signs , and safety devices . d . Move ( or have moved ) the machine to a safe , level area with no obstructions includ - ing objects , pedestrians , and animals . 2 . Initial Operation : a . Use protective equipment for eyes , hands , hearing , feet , legs , head and other areas of the body if needed — safety eye glasses , gloves , earplugs , boots , hats , etc . WARNING : Figure . 5 Deck Links Hearing Protection is required for all operator d . Lower the mower deck to the cutting posi - exposure exceeding two ( 2 ) hours . tion . With a wrench loosen the inner rear nut on the Deck Lift Spring Assist . To b . Ensure that the area is free of animals and adjust the deck up or down , use a wrench bystanders , especially children ! and with a few turns , adjust clockwise or c . Survey the area where the equipment is to counter clockwise the outer rear nut of the be used to make sure it is free of debris , Deck Lift Spring Assist . Repeat this proce - sticks , stones , wires , bones , and other for - dure on the opposite side of the Mower . eign objects which could cause injury to Once the deck is adjusted , retighten bolts . bystanders , damage to the machine , or e . With the deck still in the cutting position , damage to nearby facilities . adjust the Deck Links . With a wrench d . Inspect the machine to make sure : loosen the top inner bolt of the Deck Link . 1 . All guards , shields ( including mower To adjust the side of the deck up or down chute deflector ) are in their proper place , turn the top bolt clockwise or counter are secure , and are functional . clockwise a few turns . Adjust both front 2 . That there are no spilled or leaking fuel and rear Deck links as necessary . or oil sources , nor loose fuel or hydraulic Retighten nuts . tank caps , hoses or fittings . f . Raise the mowing deck to the transport 3 . That there are no loose or missing hard - position using the upper foot pedal . ware nor any missing items . g . Use the second foot pedal to lower the 4 . That no non - approved devices are mowing deck to the cutting position and installed . repeat step “ b . ” above to make sure that 5 . That all safety signs and decals are the desired cutting height has been properly installed and legible . attained . If the dimensions are not correct , e . This is a one person machine , operator repeat steps “ c . ” through “ f . ” above . only ! Riders are not permitted under any circumstance ! 5 . Lubricate all fittings listed in the mainte - f . To start the engine on the machine : nance section . 1 . Make sure the park brake is set to the D . Zero Turn Break - In And Operating “ ON ” position , both lap bars are in the Procedures neutral / start position , and the Power Take Off ( PTO also referred to as blade control switch ) is in the “ off ” ( down ) posi - DANGER : tion . Reread the “ When Mowing ” Safety Precautions . 2 . Move the choke control forward and the The following procedures are suggested for opera - engine speed control ( throttle ) forward tors of ride - on machines which have zero turn ( half way ) . capabilities . Note : E.F.I . Tanks do not have a choke control . 1 . Orientation : 3 . Insert the ignition key , turn the switch a . Read the entire Operator’s Manual . toward the spring - loaded “ Start ” position , b . Sit on the machine , adjust the seat before - maintain the Start position until the and - after , then adjust the speed / directional engine begins to run , then release the ( lap bar ) controls ( they can be adjusted 14
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rotate and a “ pivot turn ” will be executed switch ( it will return to the “ Run ” posi - — turf defacement could occur ( if on tion ) . grass ) as well as potential damages to 4 . Retard the choke slowly by moving it the traction surface and the tire . If the lap rearward . If the engine is “ cold ” , the bar on the turn side is not brought all the choke may need to be partially applied way to neutral , then the turn side tire will for a few minutes . Be sure to totally continue to rotate and a “ U - turn ” will be retard the choke after the engine has executed with a low potential for turf “ warmed up ” . defacement as well as traction surface g . Check safety devices : and tire damage . 1 . With the park brake engaged , try to move one of the lap bars ( speed / direc - i . To drive in the REVERSE direction : tional control ) from the neutral / start posi - 1 . Make sure no bystanders , animals , or objects are behind the machine . Look tion — the lap bars should not move with behind the machine , and use extreme the park brake engaged . care . 2 . Repeat this procedure with the opposite side lap bars . 2 . Slowly , move both lap bars toward the rear of the machine until the machine 3 . With the park brake engaged and the lap begins to move rearward . Release the bars in the neutral / start position , lap bars and the machine should stop . advance the engine speed control com - The more the lap bars are moved toward pletely forward ( Hi - idle ) , engage the PTO the rear of the machine , the faster the control switch ( pull upward ) , then lift off machine will move in the reverse direc - the seat — the engine should stop run - ning . Sit down and the engine should tion . Release the lap bars and the run . Turn off the PTO by pushing the machine should stop traveling in reverse control switch down . ( this is a safety check , the normal proce - h . To drive in the FORWARD direction : dure is for the operator to slowly bring the lap bars to the neutral position ) . 1 . Set the engine speed to 2000 to 2500 rpm ( refer to tachometer on right control 3 . Do not retard the lap bars rapidly as this panel ) . This must be increased to full could cause turf defacement and / or loss speed ( 3525 - 3675 rpm ) after becoming of traction . familiar with the machine . 4 . To turn , retard one lap bar ahead of the other and the machine will turn toward 2 . Release the park brake . the same side that was retarded — I.E . , 3 . Slowly , move both lap bars toward the to turn counter - clockwise ( to the LEFT ) , front of the machine until the machine move the LEFT lap bar rearward more begins to move forward — release the than the right side , and to turn clockwise lap bars and the machine should stop ( to the RIGHT ) , move the RIGHT lap bar moving . The more that the lap bars are rearward more than the left side . NOTE : moved toward the front of the machine , If one lap bar is in the neutral position the faster the machine will move in the and the other is retarded , the turn side forward direction . Release the lap bars tire will not rotate and a “ pivot turn ” will and the machine should stop traveling be executed . Turf defacement could forward . ( This is a safety check , the nor - occur ( if on grass ) as well as potential mal procedure is for the operator to damages to the traction surface and the slowly bring the lap bars to the neutral tire . If the lap bar on the turn side is not position ) . brought all the way to neutral , then the 4 . Do not advance the lap bars rapidly as turn side tire will continue to rotate and a this could cause turf defacement , loss of “ U - turn ” will be executed with a low traction , and / or instability . potential for turf defacement as well as 5 . To turn , advance one lap bar ahead of traction surface and tire damage . the other and the machine will turn toward the opposite from the side that j . To perform a “ zero turn ” : was advanced — I.E . to turn clockwise 1 . Please note , a zero turn maneuver can ( to the Right ) , move the LEFT lap bar for - not be executed while the machine is moving in the Forward or , Reverse direc - ward more than the right side , and to turn counter - clockwise ( to the LEFT ) , tions , the machine must come to a stop move the RIGHT lap bar forward more first . than the left side . NOTE : If one lap bar is 2 . To turn clockwise , slowly move the LEFT in the neutral position and the other is lap bar forward while simultaneously advanced , the turn side tire will not moving the RIGHT lap bar rearward . 15
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Release both lap bars and the machine should stop turning . WARNING : 3 . To turn counter - clockwise , slowly move When operating this mower forward , do not the RIGHT lap bar forward while simulta - allow the steering levers to return to the neu - neously moving the LEFT lap bar rear - tral position on their own . Always maintain a ward . Release both lap bars and the firm grip on the steering levers , operate them machine should stop turning ( this is a smoothly and avoid any sudden movements of the levers when starting or stopping . safety check , the normal procedure is for the operator to slowly bring the lap bars g . To go forward , move both steering levers to the neutral position ) . slightly forward and the mower will slowly 3 . Start the Engine : move forward . The farther you move the a . Open the fuel shutoff valve . levers forward the faster the mower will go b . Sit on the Seat . Set the parking brake forward . “ On ” . h . To back up , move both steering levers c . Make sure that the left and right steering slightly backward and the mower will levers are in their neutral position . slowly move backward . The farther you d . Turn the electric blade clutch switch “ Off ” . move the levers backward the faster the e . Push the throttle control to a position a mower will go backward . third of the way between slow and fast . i . To turn , pull the lever back on the side to f . Insert the key in the ignition and start which you want to turn . The farther back switch and turn the switch to “ On ” . you pull the lever , the faster and more g . Gasoline Engine : If the engine is cold , sharply you will turn . Initially , you will have push the choke to the on position . to be careful to avoid turning to fast and too far . Note : E.F.I . Tanks do not have a choke control . j . After you have mastered operating the h . Turn the ignition key in a clockwise direc - mower , use the second foot pedal to lower tion to the “ Start ” position until the engine the mowing deck to the cutting position starts . and pull on the electric blade clutch switch Note : Do not hold the key in the “ Start ” to start the blades rotating . position for more than 10 seconds or you may k . Practice mowing in straight passes . When damage the starter . If the engine does not start you feel confident , slowly practice mowing in this time , wait about 30 seconds and try around obstacles such as trees . again . 5 . Parking the Mower : i . Gasoline Engine : Once the engine starts , a . Push off the electric blade clutch switch . push the choke on halfway and as the b . Use the upper foot pedal to raise the mow - engine warms , push the choke off all the ing deck to the transport position . way . c . Drive the mower to the cleanup or storage 4 . Operating the Mower : Operating a zero - turn - area . ing - radius mower is not like operating a trac - d . Move the throttle to slow . tor - type riding mower . The zero - turning - radius e . Place the steering levers in the neutral mower is much more maneuverable and position . much less fatiguing to operate . However , get - f . Set the parking brake . ting used to the fingertip control of the zero - g . Turn off the ignition switch and take the key turning - radius mower takes some practice . from the switch . We strongly recommend that you locate a h . Close the fuel shutoff valves . “ test area ” where you can operate the mower for about 30 minutes without being disturbed . E.Mower Cutting Blades a . Get into the operator’s seat . The blades normally “ factory installed ” on a mower b . Start the engine . afford the best grass cutting performance on the c . Use the upper foot pedal to raise the mow - majority of grasses and mowing conditions ; however , ing deck to the transport position . Make there will be occasions whereby the grass type , sure the blade clutch switch is off . stage of grass growth , soil conditions , and weather d . After the engine has warmed , adjust the conditions will require different cutting blade types . throttle to the fast position . Since the mower decks are designed so that over - lap e . Release the parking brake . of the cutting blades generally exceed 1.5 ” , there is f . Fold in the steering levers to the operating no need for orientation of one cutting blade to an position . 16
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Height of Cut Clevis Pin Main Frame Linch Pins Figure . 6 Linch Pins adjacent blade ( I.E . , the blades do not need to be MAINTENANCE AND “ timed ” nor synchronized ) . Hi - lift - These are generally the best cutting blades SERVICE for most grasses and mowing conditions . These blades will provide extra “ lift ” for the thinner leaf WARNING : grasses , will handle lush grasses , and will provide Disconnect the spark plug wires or remove the maximum grass and debris discharge . These blades key from the ignition to prevent the engine are generally required for material collection sys - from accidentally starting before performing tems . More horsepower is required for these blades any maintenance on this mower . when compared to others , and they generally pro - duce the highest noise levels . A . Mower Deck Medium - lift - These blades require less horsepower 1 . Removing the Mower Deck : than the hi - lift , and they generally work well in wider a . Apply the parking brake . Remove ignition leaf grasses and some mulch applications . key and both spark plug caps . Low - lift - These blades require less horsepower than b . Lower the cutter deck to the ground . Cap - hi - lift and medium - lift blades , and they generally work ture the foot pedal by placing the height of best with wide leaf grasses , sparse grass growth , cut clevis pin in the “ lock ” position . and sandy soil conditions . They generally produce c . Remove tension of the PTO belt by moving the lowest noise levels . Bahia blades are configured the belt tensioning rod . without offset , and with a maximum amount of sharp - Note : There is a certain amount of spring ened cutting edge . tension due to the weight of the deck . When Mulch - These blades are generally designed for use removing the lift linkage from the deck the ten - in cutting decks equipped with mulch baffles . The sion of the springs will go from the deck to the shape of the blade generally produces higher turbu - foot pedal . Not capturing the foot pedal while removing the lift linkage from the deck will lence in order that the grass can be repeatedly cut cause it to snap back . and re - cut into smaller pieces . These blades gener - ally require more horsepower than other blades . d . Detach the mower drive belt . Mulch blades work best when the grasses are cut at e . Remove six linchpins ( See Fig . 6 ) ( 4 ) from the highest levels , minimal lengths of grasses are the deck and ( 2 ) from the front of the removed , and grass conditions are generally dry . mower . Remove the linchpins on the left and right rear side of the cutter deck ( 2 ) ; 17
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conventional electric grinder or a hand file Cover to sharpen the blades . Plate d . Replace any blade with severe nicks or dents that cannot be removed by filing . Spindle e . Check the balance of the blade after sharpening by placing it on a blade bal - ancer . Do not use un - balanced blades . f . If the blade dips on one end , file stock off of the cutting surface on that end . Note : Blades that cannot be easily bal - anced — REPLACE . 4 . Changing the Blade Drive Belts : a . Set the parking brake . Remove ignition key and both spark plug caps . b . Unscrew the wing nuts from the deck cov - ers and remove both covers . Figure . 7 c . Using a 1 / 2 " socket breaker bar or socket rachet insert the male end into the 1 / 2 " remove the linchpins on the left and right opening in the lower idler arm assembly front side of the cutter deck ( 2 ) ; and and pull the idler arm clockwise . While remove the linchpins on the front of the holding the idler arm back , loosen the mower ( 2 ) . blade drive belt from the pulley and slide f . Turn front caster wheels outward . the belt away from the pulley . g . Shift the deck toward the operator’s left d . Remove tension of the PTO belt by moving side of the mower and remove . the belt tensioning rod . Loosen the belt h . To install reverse the process . retaining bolt . 2 . Changing a Blade : e . Pull the tensioner pulley away from the belt a . Remove the Key from the ignition and dis - and remove the PTO belt then remove the connect the spark plug . blade drive belt . b . Jack up the front of the mowing deck about f . Reverse the process to install the belt . one foot and block it in that position . Note : When replacing belts do not over - c . Wrap a rag around one end of the blade tighten . Adjust the idler pulley so that a ten - and grasp it to prevent it from turning , or pound pull with a spring scale between two secure the blade by placing a block of pulleys deflects the belt about 1 / 2 " . wood between the blade and the deck 5 . Changing the Spindle Assembly housing . a . Jack up the front of the mowing deck about d . Use a 1 - 1 / 8 " socket wrench on the pulley one foot and block it in that position . side of the spindle to secure . b . Make sure the blade clutch is disengaged . e . Remove the hex nut using a 1 - 1 / 8 " wrench . c . Remove the deck cover . f . Remove the hex nut . d . Remove the drive belts . ( See 3 . Changing g . To replace the blade reverse the above Blade Drive Belts . ) process and tighten nut to 100 - 120 lb ft . e . Remove the cutter blade . ( See 2 . Chang - ing a Blade . ) WARNING : f . Using a wrench or socket rachet remove Never mow with dull blades ! Blades that are four hex nuts , and the four hex head cap bent should be replaced ! The cutting blades screws . Remove the spindle assembly . are sharp and can cause severe injury . Wrap the cutting surface of the blade with a rag to B.Hydraulic Oil avoid injury . 3 . Sharpening a Blade . WARNING : a . Set the parking brake . Never overfill the hydraulic units . Damage can b . Clean any debris from the blades . Keep occur if the oil level is not within the proper blades sharp and free of build up at all operating range . times . c . Sharpen blades evenly at the original 30 ° Note : When adding hydraulic oil , do so in angle to maintain balanced cutting blades . small quantities and recheck the oil level Do not sharpen the underside of the before adding more . It is important that you do not overfill the reservoir to allow for fluid blades . Use a electric blade sharpener , a expansion . 18
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caps and drain oil from both left and right pumps . Replace and retighten nuts . Hydraulic pumps Figure . 8 Hydraulic Tank Figure . 9 Unfasten hose and drain from 1 . Adding Hydraulic Oil ( use Rimula SAE15W40 ) this side of both pumps . a . Place the Mower on a level surface and engage the parking brake . j . Remove the three screws from the top of b . Stop the engine and remove the key the oil filter and replace the oil filter ele - from the ignition switch . ment . Coat the sealing surface with Shell c . Clean the area around the Hydraulic Oil fill Rimula 15W40 oil or equivalent . Install the neck . three screws back into the oil filter . d . Remove the hydraulic fill cap and check k . Add proper amount of hydraulic oil to res - the level . The correct level is a 1 / 4 ” below ervoir . Use Shell Rimula 15W40 or equiva - the oil tank fill neck . lent . e . Pour hydraulic oil into the reservoir a 1 / 4 ” l . Run and purge gearboxes . Check oil level . below the oil tank fill neck , if necessary . m . Add proper amount of hydraulic oil to res - ervoir and repeat step L . 2 . Draining Hydraulic Oil Used hydraulic oil must be disposed of properly . Do not C.Electrical Circuit pour it down a drain or sewer , or dump it on open land , this creates an environmental hazard . Please be aware of the environment when disposing of used oil . Danger : a . Place the Mower on a level surface and Read General Safety Precautions Nos . 9 and 10 . engage the parking brake . 1 . Battery : The battery is located beneath the b . Stop the engine and remove the key from operator’s seat . Remove the fillcaps and the ignition switch . check the level of the liquid electrolyte in the c . Remove the mower deck . See section on battery every 50 operating hours . If the level Mower Deck . in any of the six cells has dropped below the d . Raise the seat forward to expose the bottom of the split ring inside the fill hole , refill hydraulic oil fill point . the cell with distilled water . To keep the out - e . Clean the area around the hydraulic fill oil side of the battery clean , brush on a strong cap . solution of bicarbonate of soda and water and f . Remove hydraulic fill oil cap . rinse with clean water . Keep the contacts and g . Place a suitable container ( at least 1 gal - cable ends clean with a wire brush and make lon ) under the hydraulic reservoir and filter . sure the connections are tight . Coat the termi - h . Remove the hydraulic filter to allow hydrau - nals with petroleum jelly to prevent corrosion . lic oil to drain . Remove the drain plug from 2 . Battery Storage : When storing the Mower for the bottom of the hydraulic oil tank to drain . long periods of time the following guidelines Replace the plug . should be taken . i . Place a small pan under the pump motor a . Disconnect the battery cables from the ter - frame . Remove fill oil cap from hydraulic minals and remove the battery . You will reservoir for faster drainage . Remove nut have to remove the control panel to access the battery strap . Replace control panel . b . Clean the battery before storing . A dirty battery will lose its charge over time . 19
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c . Store the battery with a full charge . A dis - d . Attach the other end of the black jumper cable to the frame of the unit with the low charged battery will freeze ( refer to the charge battery . table below ) . 6 . Fuses : There is one fuse located in the wiring between the ignition and start switch and Specific Gravity Freezing Temp ( ° F ) other electrical components . This is a stan - dard plug - in type automotive fuse rated at 7.5 1.265 - 71 amp . 7 . Safety Switches : There are three safety 1.250 - 62 switches in the electrical circuit which control 1.200 - 16 the engine . They are ( 1 ) the blade clutch switch , ( 2 ) the steering lever / parking brake 1.150 5 switch , and ( 3 ) the seat switch.They operate so that in order to start the engine , the blade 1.100 16 clutch switch must be off , the parking brake must be engaged , and both steering levers must be in the neutral position . Once the d . Recharge battery when ever the specific engine is started , the seat must be occupied gravity value is less than 1.225 and the parking brake must be released 3 . Battery Removal before either of the steering levers can be moved . Also , the seat must be occupied Warning : before the blade clutch switch can cause the When removing the cables from the battery blades to rotate . follow these steps to avoid a short between 8 . Safety Switch Operation Checks : The fol - the wrench and the frame . lowing operational checks should be made daily . a . Remove the Negative ( black ) cable . a . Blade Clutch Switch : Sit in the operator’s b . Remove the Positive ( red ) cable . seat . With both steering levers in the neu - c . Release the hold down straps . tral position and the parking brake d . Remove the battery without tipping . engaged , turn the blade clutch switch “ on ” 4 . Installing the Battery and try to start the engine . The engine Note : The battery is delivered from the fac - should not start . If it does , the blade clutch tory fully charged and filled with electrolyte . switch must be replaced . If the engine does not start , turn the blade clutch switch a . Attach the Positive ( red ) cable . “ off ” and start the engine . Now turn the b . Attach the Negative ( black ) cable . blade clutch switch “ on ” and the blades c . Attach the rubber battery strap . should rotate . If the blades do not turn , the 5 . Jump Starting blade clutch switch must be replaced , the seat switch must be replaced or the elec - Warning : tric PTO clutch must be repaired . Note : For E.F.I . Tanks , the battery must be The air - gap should be checked every 100 disconnected ( Negative lead ) for storage hrs . ( or less , if severe operating conditions exceeding four weeks . Do not “ Jump Start ” an exist such as when there are many on / off E.F.I . unit , recharge or replace battery to avoid cycles , mulching operations , material col - damage to the Electronic Control Unit ( ECU ) . lection systems used , and dusty / dirty con - Failure to use this starting procedure can ditions ) , and the air - gap adjusted if more cause sparking , and the gases in the battery than 0.025 " . To inspect , remove the “ nega - to explode . tive ” cable from the battery and all spark - plug wires . The air - gap should be checked a . Attach the end of the red jumper cable to with feeler gages in the three slots of the the Positive terminal ( + ) of the charged BBC ( PTO Clutch ) . See page 22 for air gap battery . adjustment specs . There are three inspec - b . Attach the other end of the red jumper tion slots in the brake cover . To adjust , suc - cable to the Positive terminal ( + ) of the low cessively tighten each of the three gap charge battery . adjustment nuts an equal amount . Insert a c . Attach the end of the black jumper cable to feeler gage ( see page 22 for specs ) into the Negative terminal of the charged bat - each slot as the air gap adjustment nut are tery . tightened . The correct adjustment occurs 20
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while the Mower is in operation . If the tire diameter is when slight contact with the feeler gage not equal between the two tires , the Mower will pull to occurs . Engage the BBC ( PTO Clutch ) a one side . couple of times , and re - check the air - gap . If it is not between the specs listed on page 22 , repeat the adjustment procedure . 1 . Inflation Pressure : b . Steering lever / Parking Brake Switch : Sit a . Traction Tires — 20 psi max ; 8 - 10 psi rec - in the operator’s seat . With both steering ommended levers in the neutral position and the blade b . Front Caster Wheel — 28 psi max ; 20 - 25 clutch switch “ off ” , release the parking psi recommended brake and try to start the engine . The c . Cutting Deck Ball Wheels — Solid Polyure - engine should not start . If it does , the park - thane . ing brake switch must be repositioned or Use the Following guidelines for maintaining the tires : perhaps replaced . If the engine does not start , engage the parking brake and start a . Balance inflation pressure between the the engine . rear tires to help maintain straight travel c . Seat Switch : With both steering levers in ( see tire side wall for proper inflation pres - the neutral position , the parking brake sure ) . engaged and the blade clutch switch in the b . Keep the valve caps tightened to prevent “ off ” position , start the engine . Now air pressure loss . release the parking brake , hold down on 2 . Leaking Tires : When a flat tire occurs , repair the back of the operator’s seat against or replace immediately . The normal procedure spring pressure . Release the operator’s is to remove the wheel and replace it with a seat and the engine should stop . If the spare . Take the leaking tire to a maintenance engine does not stop , the seat switch must area and repair . If a tire is getting soft , park be replaced . With both steering levers in the mower on the nearest level , paved area . If the neutral position , the parking brake the leaking tire is on a traction wheel , put engaged and the blade clutch switch in the blocks on each side of the opposite traction “ off ” position , sit in the operator’s seat and wheel and jack up the tire that leaks about an start the engine . Turn the blade clutch inch off the ground . Loosen and remove the switch to the “ on ” position and the blades lug nuts and remove the wheel . Mount a should start to rotate . Raise up slightly off spare wheel and tire , replace the lug nuts , and the operator’s seat and the blades should using a torque wrench , tighten them to 60 ± stop . If the blades do not stop when you 10 ft - lbs . dismount from the operator’s seat , the seat switch must be replaced . If the leaking tire is on a front caster wheel , d . Electric PTO Clutch : This clutch operates block both traction wheels and raise the when the engine is running , the operator is caster wheel so that the tire is an inch off the in the operator’s seat and the blade clutch ground . Loosen and remove the locknut from switch is turned on.This electric clutch is a the axle assembly and pull the axle assembly fairly trouble free device . If a problem from the caster yoke . The wheel and two spacer sleeves will drop free . Slip the axle develops and the blades do not turn , first assembly through one side of the caster check the 20 amp fuse in the yellow , 16 - yoke , through a spacer sleeve , a spare gauge wire between terminal “ L ” ( for the wheel , the other spacer sleeve and finally Gasoline Engine ) on the ignition switch through the other side of the caster yoke . and the hour meter and then investigate Then tighten the locknut on the end of the the wiring harness and the connections to axle assembly . the seat switch , the blade clutch switch and the electric blade clutch . Then check out Lower the mower off the jack and continue the seat switch , the blade clutch switch and mowing . The wheel with the leaking tire finally the electric blade clutch . should be taken to the maintenance area , the tire inflated to 20 psi and the wheel placed in a large bucket of water . Carefully inspect the D.Tires tire , rim and valve for escaping air bubbles The two front wheels are caster wheels that are free which indicate a leak . Mark each leak with a to swivel to accommodate the direction of the Mower . yellow marking crayon and then deflate the tire to 8 psi and repeat the inspection . If the The two rear wheels are used to propel the Mower in leaks you find are pin hole size to 1 / 16 " the direction of input from the drive handles . Inflation diameter , the tire can be repaired using an aerosol can of tire inflater and latex sealer pressure of the rear tires is important for stability 21
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available from any auto supply store . Follow 2 . Repair : The mower is equipped with drum the directions on the can . If the leaks are brakes and will not normally require mainte - larger than 1 / 16 " diameter , the tire can be nance . If they are not working properly , please repaired with rubber plugs also available in a contact your service center . kit from any auto supply store . If the tire bead F . Hydraulic System is damaged , a tube will have to be installed in the tire or the tire will have to be replaced . WARNING : 3 . Creeping : Creeping is the slight forward or Never overfill the hydraulic units . Damage can backward movement of the mower when the occur if the oil level is not within the proper throttle is on and the lapbars are in the neutral operating range . position . If your mower creeps , refer to Steer - ing Lever Adjustment Section F4 , page 23 . Note : When adding hydraulic oil , do so in small quantities and recheck the oil level E . Brakes before adding more . It is important that you do not overfill the reservoir to allow for fluid While the mower is in motion , all braking is performed expansion . dynamically through the hydraulic pumps and traction motors , controlled by the two steering levers . When the 1 . Hoses : Check the hoses from the hydraulic mower is stationary with the engine running , the oil tank to the oil filter to the hydraulic lines hydraulic system locks the traction wheels . If the engine daily for leaks or abrasion and replace any is shut off , the park brake should be engaged . damaged hoses . Make certain there are no kinks or twists in any hose . Note : To move the mower forward or in 2 . Hydraulic Oil Tank and Filter : reverse by pushing , you must release the dynamic braking . Locate the valves on the Note : Change the hydraulic oil and the oil pump . Turn valves counter - clockwise ( using a filter element after the first 50 hours of opera - standard 7 / 16 ” wrench ) one quarter turn to push tion and every 500 hours thereafter . the unit . After pushing the mower to the desired To drain the hydraulic oil tank , place a 1 gallon drain location , return both valves to the operating pan under the drain plug on the bottom of the position by turning the valve clockwise , but do not overtighten ( See photo below ) . hydraulic oil tank . Remove the drain plug , drain the tank , then replace the plug . Remove the three screws from the top of the oil filter and take out the oil filter element You don’t have to drain the rest of the hydraulic system . Put the replacement filter element in the oil filter and lubricate the sealing surface . Install Bypass the three screws in the top of the oil filter to secure Valve the oil filter element . ( See photo below ) Screw Left Side Pump When the mower is parked with the engine running and the steering levers in the neutral position , the parking brakes should be applied . The parking brakes are drum - type brakes mounted on each traction wheel . They are both engaged by the same operating lever . Screw 1 . Adjustments : The parking brake handle is an overcenter lever that should engage with Note : Always wipe off the hydraulic tank fill moderate force . cap and the area around it before removing the cap to prevent dirt from contaminating the Note : To increase parking brake capacity , oil . adjust brake cables at the brake arms equally . Adjust the cable housing nuts one full turn Remove the fill cap and fill the tank with the same and check parking capacity . Repeat if parking 15W - 40 oil selected for the filter until the oil level is a brake does not hold . 1 / 4 ” below the oil tank fill neck . Leave this air space 22
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for expansion . Start the engine and let it run at idle for feature with hydraulic dampers to provide about five minutes . Check the filter for leaks . Idling the smooth , non - jerkey , control motion while engine and the pumps in this way will purge any air affording an automatic hydrostatic braking from the system . Shut off the engine and recheck the means . oil level in the tank . Top - off if necessary until the oil Whenever the Park Brake lever is moved rear - level is a 1 / 4 ” below the oil tank fill neck . ward to the Park Brake engaged position , a cable mechanism , connected to each drum Note : After unit is up to operating tempera - brake on the hydrostatic wheel motors , ture , turn off engine and re - check hydraulic applies force to each brake lever so that each oil . If oil appears foamy or contains excessive wheel brake mechanism can prevent brake air bubbles , DO NOT OPERATE UNIT . Contact drum and wheel rotation . At the same time , a service technician . second cable and linkage mechanism is acti - 3 . Hydrostatic Pumps and Motors : The pumps vated to secure both lap bars in their Neutral are the hardest - working components in the positions and to activate the Park Brake hydraulic system . They are in operation all the switch . Both lap bars must be in their Neutral time the engine is running . Because of positions for the neutral lock linkage to func - extremely close tolerances , wear is an impor - tion - the spring - loaded linkage will force rods tant factor in their life . Contaminants in the in through aligning holes in each lap bar hydraulic oil and cavitation does the greatest whenever the lap bars are in their Neutral harm to the pumps . Cavitation is a blockage in positions . the supply lines that produces a partial vac - uum causing violent bubbling in the hydraulic Note : Both lap bars must be in their Neutral oil in the pump . a - positions for the Park brake interlock mech Check the two suction hoses ( the hoses con - nism to function so as to prevent lap bar nected to the filter ) daily before starting the movement ( movement that would activate the hydrostatic pumps producing Forward or engine . Look for a flattened condition or any Reverse travel rotation of the wheel motors ) leaks and repair or replace as necessary . A i - and to allow the Park Brake switch to be act flattened or leakng suction hose will permit vated . cavitation to develop which can destroy the pumps in a short time . Whenever the Park Brake is applied ( I.E . , the Park brake lever moved completely rearward Contaminants or foreign matter in the oil will in the control panel slot ) , the lap bars should also damage the pumps . To prevent this , use be secured in their Neutral positions by the a filter that captures particles as small as 25 linkage rods moving into the holes in the lap microns or 25 millionths of a meter in diame - bars . This lap bar Neutral lock mechanism ter . You can help in the battle against dirt by also activates the Park brake switch , which being very careful when you remove or repair allows for the engine to be started . If the lap a component in the hydraulic system . Thor - bars are in their Neutral positions , and they oughly clean off any component before you are not “ locked ” so as to prevent movement work on it . Plug the ends of any hose or line when the Park brake is applied , then the link - you remove with a rubber or plastic plug . Use age from the RTN on the hydrostatic pumps plastic caps to seal off the ends of hydraulic and the lap bars must be adjusted . This is fittings . Place any component you remove in a done by determining which side ( or both ) rod clean plastic bag so it can’t pick up dust or is not aligned to the hole in the lap bar , then dirt . Clean your hands frequently when work - locating that side linkage rod turn - buckle at ing on the hydraulic components . the hydrostatic pump RTN , loosening the jam nuts and lengthening or shortening the link - Note : The pumps are not owner - repairable . age rod so that the rod snaps into the hole in If a pump fails , contact your Cub Cadet Com - mercial dealer . Do not disassemble the pump . the lap bar . 4 . Steering Lever Adjustments : The steering Dampers are incorporated into the lap bar lever controls on this Zero Turn Mower ( ZTM ) linkage to provide smooth , non - jerkey , control incorporate a patented interlock mechanism action . The damper rate can be adjusted by that secures them in their Neutral position relocating the damper - lower to reduce the whenever the Park Brake lever is applied . damper action , and elevate to increase . Additionally , the lap bars can be opened in any position - Neutral , when traveling For - Note : The engine should be able to be ward , when traveling in Reverse , or when exe - started whenever the Park Brake is applied , cuting a zero - turn maneuvar . The lap bars and the lap bars are locked in their Neutral also incorporate a Return - To - Neutral ( RTN ) 23
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positions - if not , the switch may need to be i . Inspect the hydraulic hoses , lines and fit - adjusted or replaced . tings . Replace as necessary . j . Jack the mower up and store it on blocks to Whenever the ZTM is on level ground with the take the weight off of the tires . engine running and the lap bars in their Neu - 2 . To Put the Mower Back in Service : tral positions , the ZTM should not creep ( I.E . , a . Check the battery . Charge if necessary . move in the Forward or Reverse directions of b . Gasoline Engine Only : Remove the spark travel ) . If this occurs , contact your Service plugs and wipe them off . Using the starter , representative for the procedure to reset the crank the engine to pump the excess oil RTN mechanism on the hydrostatic pumps . If out of the spark plug holes . Replace the the hydrostatic pump RTN is adjusted , the spark plugs and the ignition leads . Refill control linkage must also be readjusted . the fuel tank with fresh gasoline . c . Check the level of the oil in the crankcase G . Storage and the hydraulic tank . 1 . General : If your mower will not be in service d . Lower the mower off the block and check for a few months , it should be stored in a dry the tire pressure . location that is not subject to drastic changes e . Push the mower outdoors and start the in temperature . Before storing , the following engine . Let the engine idle until it has maintenance procedures should be per - warmed up completely ( 4 to 5 minutes ) . formed . Note : For E.F.I . Tanks , disconnect the neg - ative lead of the battery for storage of 4 weeks or more . a . Clean the mower . The entire tractor and cutting deck should be washed and cleaned . b . Sharpen the blades so that the mower will be ready to use when needed . c . Protect the metal surfaces . Repair scratches with the appropriate touch - up spray paint . Brush a rust preventive oil on any unpainted surfaces including the pul - leys and blades . ( Be careful not to get any oil on the drive belts . ) d . Lubricate the mower . e . Drain the engine oil . The engine should be warm so that all the oil drains . Replace the engine oil filter and refill the crankcase with fresh oil . f . Gasoline Engine : Drain all the fuel . Close the fuel tank shutoff valve . Disconnect the fuel line from the carbuetor and put the end into an approved fuel container . Open the fuel tank shutoff valve and drain the fuel tank and line into the approved container . Replace the fuel line on the carburetor . Start the engine and allow it to run out of fuel . This will prevent gum and varnish deposits from forming . Replace the fuel fil - ter . g . Gasoline Engine Only : Remove the spark plugs and pour approximately one ounce of oil into each cylinder . Crank the engine one or two turns to spread the oil evenly on the cylinder walls . Replace the spark plugs . h . Disconnect , clean and make sure the bat - tery is fully charged . 24
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7 . Lubricate all grease fittings . Follow the MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE Lubrication Chart . D . Every 100 Hour Checks A . Daily Checks 1 . Change the engine oil filter . ( Every 50 hours 1 . Before starting engine : under heavy duty operation . ) a . Check the fuel level . * * 2 . Check the engine spark plugs . b . Check the engine oil level . * * 3 . BBC ( PTO Clutch ) air gap should not exceed c . Check the hydraulic oil level . 0.025 ” , if so , adjust as follows : d . Check the hydraulic hoses for leaks , abra - Ogura JD08 , DX - 11 , GT - 1A , GT - 2 , GT - 2.5 , sion , kinks , twists , or a flattened condition . adjust to 0.012 " - 0.015 " e . Check the tires and tire pressure . Ogura GT - 3 , GT3.5 , adjust to 0.015 " - 0.022 " Drive Tires : 8 - 10 psi . E . Yearly Checks Front Caster Wheels : 20 - 25 psi . 1 . Check the oil in the hydraulic reservoir . f . Check the spindle belt , the mower drive belt and the hydro drive belt . Engine coolant : Use only Shell Dex - cool , extended life g . Check the blades . Make sure they are anti - freeze diluted with water to create a 50 : 50 mixture . sharp and that the blade securing cap screws are tight . Hydraulic fluid : Use Shell Rimula 15W40 oil . h . Check the cutting height . Engine Oil : Use Shell Rimula 15W40 oil . 2 . When ready to start the engine : a . Check the five safety switches for proper Spindle Lubricant : Use only Shell Alvania RL 2 operation . grease . This grease is an amber - colored grease 3 . After mowing : designed for high speed bearing applications . It has a . Clean the mower . a base oil viscosity that reduces running losses , has b . Clean the engine air screen . been formulated for low noise , has excellent corro - c . Oil the wear points . Follow the Oiling sion protection , and has excellent bearing lubrication . Chart . d . After the first five hours , Change the General Purpose Lubrication : Use any NLGI grade engine oil and engine oil filter . 2 multi - purpose grease . Shell Albida EP2 is recom - mended . Shell Albida EP 2 is a red - colored multi - B . Every 25 Hour Checks purpose grease designed for heavy - duty bearing 1 . Service the engine foam element air pre - applications . It has high base oil viscosity for cleaner . * mechanical stability , has been formulated for high 2 . Grease the three spindle bearings . load , low - speed applications , and has excellent lubri - C . Weekly or Every 50 Hour Checks cation and corrosion protection . 1 . Change the engine oil . ( Every 25 hours under * Perform maintenance more frequently under dusty heavy duty operation . ) conditions . 2 . Clean or replace the engine’s paper air cleaner element . * * * Reference Engine Owner’s Manual 3 . Check the battery’s electrolyte level . 4 . Clean the engine cooling fins and external surfaces . * 5 . After the first 50 hours , change the hydraulic oil and the hydraulic oil filter . Change them every 500 hours thereafter . Use Shell Rimula 15W40 or equivalent . 6 . Oil wear points . Follow the Oiling Chart . 25
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. OIL CHART Apply a few drops of engine oil or use a spray lubricant . Apply the oil to bother sides of pivot points . Wipe off any excess . Start engine and operate mow briefly to insure that oil spreads evenly . Number of Oil Points Description DAILY 4 Deck Suspension Pivots 4 Height Adjustment Turnbuckle Clevis Pin 2 Height Adjustment Handle Pivots 2 Height Adjustment Stop Pivots 2 Deck Lift Linkage Pivots 2 Transport Handle Pivots 1 Transport Handle Pin 2 Deck Frame Up - and - Down Pivots WEEKLY Seat Hinge 1 Steering Lever Linkage Rod End Bearings 2 Lever Return Assembly Rod End Bearings 2 Pump Control Lever Pivots 2 Brake Lever Pivot Clevis Pin 1 Brake Lever Control Rod Pivot 1 Brake Control Rod Swivel Joint 1 Brake Rod Clevis Pins 4 Brake Shaft Assembly Pivots 2 Grass Collection System Lid Hinges 2 ( If Mower is so equipped ) LUBRICATION CHART Use a grease - gun filled with NO . 2 Multipurpose Lithium Base Grease No . of Grease Fittings Description EVERY 25 HOURS 3 Blade Spindle Bearings WEEKLY 2 Front Caster Wheels 2 Front Caster Wheel Spindles 4 Mowing Deck Pivots 2 Deck Take - Up Idler Pivots 1 Axle Pivot 2 Steering Lever Pivots 1 Hydro Take - up Idler Pivot 1 Park Brake Pivot 2 Mower Deck Ball Wheels 26
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B . Engine RPM Check and Adjustment Performance Adjustments Description High RPM Spec . Low RPM Spec . A . High Speed Tracking Adjustment 23 , & 25 Hp Kawasaki 3600 + / - 50 1550 + / - 100 If mower tracks to one side with both lap bars in fully 27 HP Kohler 3600 + / - 50 1550 + / - 100 forward position : 33 HP Generac 3600 + / - 50 1550 + / - 100 NOTE : RPM Specs . are for free running engines under no load . 1 . Check air pressure in all four tires : a . Pressure should be within specified ranges 1 . Verify that the lap bars are in the neutral posi - and balanced side - to - side . tion , the parking brake is on , and the PTO b . Rear tires 8 - 10 psi . recommended ( 20 psi drive is disengaged . MAX . ) 2 . Start the mower and let it run at approximately c . Front tires 20 - 25 psi . recommended ( 28 psi half throttle for 3 - 5 minutes to bring the engine MAX . up to operating temperature . 2 . Check hydraulic fluid level ( Ref . Engine 3 . Locate the Hour Meter / Tachometer / Service owner’s manual ) Minder display on the right hand operator con - 3 . Verify that the mower does not creep when trol panel . ( see Fig . 1 on page 8 of the manual ) the engine is running , the lap bars are in the This display defaults to Tachometer mode neutral position and the parking brake is when engine is running . released . ( Refer to section D - 3 on page 19 of 4 . Move the throttle lever to the high speed posi - this manual if this condition exists ) . tion and note the RPM reading on the display . 4 . Recheck the tracking after any adjustments 5 . Move the throttle lever back to the low speed based on the above . position and again note the displayed RPM’s . 5 . If uneven tracking persists , adjust as follows . 6 . Compare these noted RPM readings to the ( see Fig . 10 ) specifications in Table 1 , for the engine that is a . Unit tracks to the RIGHT , adjust Left lap on your mower . bar stop bolt to make it longer . 7 . If the readings do not correspond to the b . Unit tracks to the LEFT , adjust Right lap ranges in the table , refer to the engine bar stop bolt to make it longer . owner’s manual for the proper adjustment pro - 6 . Re - check the tracking and make any fine tun - cedures . ing adjustments to the lap bar stop bolts as 8 . If adjustments per the engine operator’s man - required . ual do not result in proper RPM readings , con - tact your service technician . Note : If stop bolt is adjusted too far , track - 9 . Note : The throttle cable sheath may shrink or ing problem will change sides . Make the finee tuning adjustments by shortening the sam slip over time , changing the relationship bolt . between the throttle lever on the left hand operator control panel and the throttle arm on the engine . To readjust the throttle cable : a . Make sure the engine is off , place lap bars in the neutral position , set the parking brake , and disconnect and ground both of the spark plug wires . b . Locate and loosen the cable clamp on the engine throttle plate . c . Place the operator’s throttle lever to the high speed position and then slide the cable through the clamp until the throttle arm is in the full throttle position . ( Ref . Engine owner’s manual ) d . Tighten the cable clamp . e . Move the operator’s throttle lever between high and low speed and verify that the engine throttle arm also moves through it’s Figure . 10 Lap Bar Stop Bolt full range of motion . f . Repeat as required to obtain proper throt - tle adjustment . 27
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g . Verify proper throttle adjustment by check - b . The seat has five inches of front - to - rear adjustment available . ing RPM readings as outlined above . 4 . Check factory settings of lap bars for the con - ditions listed above . C . Deck Corner Ball Wheel Roller Settings 1 . Matching the set heights of the ball rollers on Note : If lap bar adjustments are required , the four corners of the mower deck to the height adjustments should be made prior to angular adjustments . desired cut height will prevent edge scalping and minimize any side - to - side variance in cut 5 . To adjust the height of the lap bars , height . a . Remove the nuts from the lap bar mounting 2 . There are three height adjustment holes in bolts ( see Fig . 11 ) . the bracket that mount the ball rollers to the b . Remove the bolts and lap bar and repostion deck . to the seconc set of holes in the mounting a . Use the top set of holes for cut heights of 2 block . inches or lower . c . Replace the bolts and nuts and tighten to 28 - 34 ft - lbs . b . Use the middle set of holes for a 2 - 1 / 2 - 3 - 1 / 2 1 . If angular adjustments are also required , inch cut height . nuts can be tightened until snug at this c . Use the bottom set of holes for cut heights of point . 4 inches or higher . d . The same adjustments should be made to both sides of the mower . D . Deck Center Anti - Scalp Roller Settings 6 . To adjust the front - to - rear angle of the lap bars , 1 . The front and rear rollers help prevent the a . Loosen the nuts on the lap bar mounting scalping of high spots and uneven terrain bolts , leaving the bottom one fairly snug . across the center section of the deck . b . The top hole is slotted , allowing the lap bar 2 . The rollers on the front of the deck are fixed at to pivot on the bottom bolt . the factory and can not be adjusted . c . Move lap bar to the desired angle and 3 . The rollers on the rear of the deck can be tighten the nuts to 28 - 34 ft - lbs . adjusted downward one inch . Note : In the neutral position , the handles of a . Lowering the roller will increase the strip - i - the lap bars should be aligned with approx ing effect left behind the mower . mately a one inch gap between the tips . Adjus - b . This positioning of the rear roller will also the gap by adding shim washers to the htope mounting bolt between the lap bar and t help to filter the mulched grass clippings mounting block . into the turf . d . Check the results of any adjustments to c . Roller should not be lowered if the cut the conditions described in section a , height is set at 2 - 1 / 2 inches or lower . above . Repeat any adjustment procedures as required until all conditions are met . E . Lap Bar Adjustment 1 . Proper lap bar and seat adjustment will result in the following : a . In the neutral position with hands on the lap bars , 1 . Operator’s upper arms should be relaxed and approximately vertical . 2 . Operator’s forearms should be approxi - Lap Bar Mounting mately vertical . Bolt and Nuts b . In the full forward position , 1 . Operator’s back should stay in contact with the seat back . 2 . Lap bars should not contact operator’s legs . c . In the full reverse position , 1 . Lap bars should not contact the opera - tor’s legs or torso . Figure . 11 2 . Set the seat to the preferred operating position . a . Adjustment lever is located under the front edge of the seat . 28
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aligned along the mower centerline . The blade - F . Deck leveling Procedure to - ground height at the rear of the blade tip 1 . Park the mower on a flat paved surface , engage should be 1 / 8 " to 1 / 4 ” higher than the front tip . the parking brake , shut off the engine , remove This is referred to as blade pitch . The sam the key from the ignition switch , disconnect the height difference should be true for the left spark plug wires and using the foot pedal , lower blade , measured front and back . the mowing deck into the 4 " height of cut posi - 8 . To adjust the blade pitch the deck pitch must be tion . ( The 4 " height of cut position is recom - adjusted . Loosen the inner jam nuts at the rear mended in order for one to see and obtain a of the horizontal threaded rods . Start at Point C measurement . Any height of cut position is to raise the rear of the deck , tighten the rear acceptable as long as a proper measurement outer jam nut to raise the deck pitch . Adjust the can be taken . ) rear jam nut at Point D to take the “ slack out of 2 . Check the right and left front tire pressure . the threaded rod . Adjust as necessary to 20 - 25 psi . Tire pressure 9 . The final adjustment would be to take the “ slack ” can affect blade height by as much as a 1 / 4 ” . out of the left rear linkage ( Point D ) by adjusting 3 . Check the right and left rear Drive tire pressure . the jam nuts on the eyebolt . Loosen the jam Adjust as necessary to 8 - 10 psi . nuts and tighten the upper nut to remove “ slack ” . 4 . Measure blade - to - ground height at the front tip 10 . In many cases it will be necessary to adjust of the right blade . To obtain an accurate mea - deck height using both eyebolt adjustments and sure , align blades in parallel with mower center - pitch adjustment to achieve the correct blade - to - line , ( i.e . front to back ) . ground heights . If you remember that the front 5 . Measure blade - to - ground height at the front tip right blade tip adjustment is fixed and you level of the left blade . Be sure to measure at the to that height , adjusting the decks will be simpli - blade tip with the blades arranged in proper fied . position . 11 . Once the deck is level one may find that the 6 . To level the deck , adjust the eyebolt at the left height of cut does not match the height of cut front of the deck ( Point B ) so that the blade - to - indicator . A final adjustment may be made by ground height at the right front blade tip lowering or raising the height of cut link accord - matches that of the left front blade tip . This is ingly . To raise the deck : remove the shoulder done by loosening the jam nuts on the eyebolt bolt mounting the height of cut link to the lift han - and tightening the upper nut to raise the deck dle and reassemble the shoulder bolt in the low - and loosening the nut to lower the deck . The est of the three holes . To lower the deck : remove right front blade tip height is fixed so you must the shoulder bolts mounting the height of cut adjust the left front tip to match it . link , flip the height of cut link around and reas - 7 . Measure the blade - to - ground height at the right semble the shoulder bolts in the top of the set of rear blade tip . Again be sure to measure at the three holes and the bottom hole . ( see Fig . 12 ) blade tip at the rear of the right blade when Height of Cut LInk Main Frame Eyebolt Point B Eyebolt Point A Point D Jam Nuts Point C Figure . 12 29
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WIRING DIAGRAM GD : 02002824 30
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31
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MANUFACTURER’S LIMITED WARRANTY FOR CUB CADET COMMERCIAL TANK ZERO - TURN COMMERCIAL RIDING MOWER IMPORTANT : To obtain warranty coverage owner may be required This limited warranty does not provide coverage in the following cases : present proof of purchase and applicable maintenance records to the a . Routine maintenance items such as lubricants , filters , blade servicing dealer . Please see the operator’s manual for information on sharpening , tune - ups , brake adjustments , clutch adjustments , required maintenance and service intervals . In addition , Cub Cadet deck adjustments , and normal deterioration of the exterior may deny warranty coverage if the hour meter , or any part thereof , is finish due to use or exposure . altered , modified , disconnected or otherwise tampered with . b . Service completed by someone other than an authorized service dealer . The limited warranty set forth below is given by Cub Cadet LLC with c . For products sold or exported outside of the United States respect to new merchandise used for commercial and related purposes and / or Canada , and their respective possessions and purchased and used in the United States and / or its territories and territories , except those sold through Cub Cadet’s authorized possessions , and by MTD Products Limited with respect to new channels of export distribution . merchandise purchased and used in Canada and / or its territories and d . Damage or failure resulting from the use of defective or possessions ( either entity respectively , “ Cub Cadet ” ) . improper peplacement parts and \ or accessories other than genuine Cub Cadet parts . e . Transportation charges and service calls . Cub Cadet warrants this product ( excluding its No - Fault Components , f . Failure to operate and maintain the product in accordance with Engines , and Batteries as described below ) against defects in material the Operator’s Manual furnished with the product , and workmanship for a period of three ( 3 ) years from the date of g . Damages and failures resulting from misuse , abuse , neglect , original retail purchase or lease and will , at its option , repair or replace , accident , improper maintenance , alteration , vandalism , theft , free of charge , any part found to be defective in materials or fire , water , or damage because of other peril or natural workmanship . disaster . There are no implied warranties , including without limitation any Engines are warranted to be free from defects in material and implied warranty of merchantability or fitness for a particular workmanship for a period of two ( 2 ) years from the date of original purpose . No warranties shall apply after the applicable period of purchase or lease . express written warranty above . No other express warranties beyond those mentioned above , given by any person or entity , Batteries have a one - year prorated limited warranty against defects in including a dealer or retailer , with respect to any product , shall material and workmanship , with 100 % replacement during the first bind Cub Cadet . The exclusive remedy is repair or replacement three months . After three months , the battery replacement credit is of the product as set forth above . The terms of this warranty based on the months remaining in the twelve ( 12 ) month period dating provide the sole and exclusive remedy arising from the sale back to the original date of original sale or lease . Any replacement and / or lease of the products covered hereby . Cub Cadet shall not battery will be warranted only for the remainder of the original warranty be liable for any incidental or consequential loss or damage period . including , without limitation , expenses incurred for substitute or replacement lawn care services or for rental expenses to No - Fault Components include only belts , tires , seats and grass bags temporarily replace a warranted product . which are warranted to be free from defects in material and workmanship for a period of thirty ( 30 ) days from the date of original Some jurisdictions do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental purchase or lease or one hundred ( 100 ) hours of operation ( whichever or consequential damages , or limitations on how long an implied comes first ) . warranty lasts , so the above exclusions or limitations may not apply to you . This limited warranty gives you specific legal rights , and you may HOW TO OBTAIN SERVICE : Warranty service is available , WITH also have other rights that vary in different jurisdictions . PROOF OF PURCHASE AND APPLICABLE MAINTAINCE RECORDS , through your local authorized service dealer . To locate the In no event shall recovery of any kind be greater than the amount of dealer in your area ; the purchase price of the product sold . Alteration of safety features . : In the U.S.A of the product shall void this warranty . You assume the risk and Check your Yellow Pages , or contact Cub Cadet LLC at P.O . Box liability for loss , damage , or injury to you and your property and / or to 361131 , Cleveland , Ohio 44136 - 0019 , or call 1 - 877 - 282 - 8684 , or log others and their property arising out of improper use , misuse or on to our Web site at www.cubcadetcommercial.com . inability to use the product . This limited warranty shall not extend to a : In Canad anyone other than the original purchaser / Leasee or to the person for Contact MTD Products Limited , Kitchener , ON whom it was purchased or leased as a gift . N2G 4J1 , or call 1 - 800 - 668 - 1238 or log on to our Web site at www.mtdcanada.com . Cub Cadet LLC - P.O . Box 361131 , Cleveland , Ohio 44136 - 0019 ; Phone 1 - 877 - 282 - 8684 ; MTD Canada Limited - KITCHENER , ON N2G 4J1 ; Phone 1 - 800 - 668 - 1238 Form No . 02003427 Rev . 07 - 1 12 / 05 / 2006
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