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Page: 1

Dear Penney Customer : It is your responsibility to provide for routine maintenance as detailed in the The product you purchased has been Owner's Manual . carefully engineered and manufactured This warranty gives you specific legal to give you dependable operation.However , rights , and you may also have other like all mechanical products , rights which vary from state to state . your machine will occasionally require adjustment and maintenance . This JCPenney Co . , Inc . , Product Service handbook should be read before Department , Warranty Division , 1301 operating or performing any adjust - Avenue of the Americas , New York , ments on your machine . Should you NY 10019 . require technical assistance , please Customer Responsibilities contact the nearest JCPenney retailstore , . Routine maintenance as detailed in product service center , or this owners handbook is the cus - catarog center . tomers responsibility . Full One Year Warranty . Sharpening blades , servicing air Within one year of purchase , we will cleaners , changing oil or spark plugs provide home service to repair this and making a ~ j ! Jstments to the car - JCPenney Riding Lawn Mower , buretor are not covered by the Tractor or Garden Tiller if it is defective warranty . JCPenney can provide or in material or workmanship . Parts and make arrangements for these labor are included . Just contact the services . nearest JCPenney Product Service . Bent or broken crank shafts result - Center or store for service . ing from the striking of foreign If this Lawn and Garden Equipment is objects are not covered by the used for commercial purposes , this warranty . warranty coverage applies for 30 days from the date of purchase . @ JCPenney Company , Inc . 1980 " .
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JCPenney Rotary Tiller JCPenney Catalog No . 811 - 0843 Engine : B & S , 8 H.P . , 319 cc , 4 - cycle with an easy spin recoH starter power protection . Tines : 16 hardened slasher tines mounted on a 1 y . " tine shaft with a tilling width of 26 " . Drive : Two step chain reduction in a sealed case . Four speed forward drive with power reverse . Control : The drive control and throttle are located on the handle panel . Wheels : 10 x 2.75 inches semi - pneumatic tires with steel rims . Adjustable wheel height . Page Index Page No Page No . Description Description .
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Safety Rules IMPORTANT It is suggested that this manual be read operating section of this manual for in its entirety before attempting to proper fuel and amount . assemble or operate . Keep this manual Your tiller is a precision piece of powerequipment , in a safe place for future reference and not a play thing . Therefore , exercise for ordering replacement parts . extreme caution at all times . This unit is shipped WITHOUT GASOLINE or OIL . After assembly , see SAFE OPERATION PRACTICES FORTILLERS 1 Read the Operating and Service 15 Use caution when tilling near Owner's Manual carefully . Be buildings and fences , rotating tines can cause damage or injury . thoroughly familiar with the controls and the proper use of the 16 Before attempting to remove rocks , equipment . bricks and other objects from tines , 2 Never allow children to operate a stop the engine and be sure the power tiller . Only persons well tines have stopped completely . acquainted with these rules of safe Disconnect the spark plug wire and operation should be allowed to use ground to prevent accidental your tiller . starting . 3 Keep the area of operation clear of 17 Check the tine and engine all persons , particularly small mounting bolts at frequent intervals children and pets . for proper tightness . 18 Keep all nuts , bolts and screws 4 Do not operate equipment when tight to be sure the equipment is in barefoot or wearing open sandals . safe working condition ; Always wear substantial footwear . 19 Never store the equipment with 5 Do not wear loose fitting clothing gasoline in the tank inside of a that could get caught on the tiller . building where fumes may reach an 6 Do not start the engine unless the open flame or spark . Allow the shift lever is in the neutral IN ) engine to cool before storing in position . any enclosure . 7 Do not stand in front of the tiller while starting the engine . S Do not place feet and hands on or near the tines when starting the engine or while the engine is running . 9 Do not leave the tiller unattended with the engine running . 10 Do not walk in front of the tiller while the engine is running . 11 Do not fill gasoline tank while engine is running . Spilling gasoline on hot engine may cause a fire or explosion . 12 Do not run the engine while indoors . Exhaust gases are deadly poisonous . 13 Be careful not to touch the muffler after the engine has been running , it is hot . 14 Before any maintenance work is performed or adjustments are made . remove the spark plug wire and ground it on the engine block for added safety . 2
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Rotary Tiller Features Optiona Equipment Furrow Opener ~ Model 3004 Catalog No . 931 - 2950 A furrow opener can be attached to the depth bar to lay open a furrOV'J for planting . It also can be used as a hiller for planting potatoes . ; ; ; ; ; ~ ~ ~
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Hintsfor Best Performance Your power drive train is comprised of a variable speed pulley with four forward speeds , reverse , and a two step , double chain , reduction to thetines . The 1 Y4inch tine shaft issupported by two self - lubricating bronze bearings . The 16hardened tines will handle the toughest of gardening tasks . Ten inch by 2.75 inch rib tread tires support the back of the tiller . The rear wheel height is adjustable for greater versatility . The forward and penetrating acti - ; n of the tiller is obtained from the rotating action of the tines in the soi I . The depth bar acts as a brake for the tiller and controls the depth and forward speed . By lowering the setting of the depth bar . the forward speed of the tiller is reduced and the working depth of the tines is increased . Raising the setting of the depth bar increases the forward speed and reduces the working depth . When soil condition.s are severe and several passes must be made over a certain area the depth bar setting should be lowered each time a pass is made . Further control of tilling depth and travel speed can be obtained by variation of pressure on the handle . A downward pressure on the han - dles will increase the working depth and reduce the forward speed . An upward pressure on the handles will reduce the working depth and in - crease the forward speed . The type of soil and working con - ditior - . s will determine the actual setting of the depth bar and the handle pressure required . When tilling ground that has not been tilled before , do not try to till to maxi - mum depth in one pass . Set the depth bar for half the depth you desire , then reset the depth bar to full depth and go over the tilled area the second time . Till only when the soil is relatively dry and crumbles easily . If the soil is too wet when you till it will leave large clods of soil rather than a good seed bed . 4
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Hintsfor Best Performance First " walk " the tiller over to the work area . To do this , lock the depth bar out of the way , set the throttle in the slow position , place the control lever in the forward position and maintain a light upward pressure on the handles . Your tiller will " walk " over the top of theground without the tines entering thesoil . . SIOW " , , ~ Forward Pos ~ Bar Up If the garden is turned over in the Fall , the soil should be finely pulverized in the Spring . A finely pulverized seed bed is essential for germination . Spring is the time to work in humus . Six bushels per hundred square fee't and a complete garden fertilizer at the rate of four pounds per hundred square feet is recommended . Just before planting the seeds , finely pulverize the soil and make a smoothbed . Plant your seeds as instructed on the seed packet then cover them lightly with fine soil . You normally cover the seed with 3 times the width of the seed . On flower seeds , the soil can be sifted through an old window screen . Tamp the soil gently . You must have contact between the soil and the seed . The seeds must have water to germi - nate . Use a fine spray to prevent washing out the seeds . The larger the plants you are planting , the deeper you should till . . - : ; : : . OJ ~ " ~ ; : j " : ; ~ ' . , " - ~ D ~ epth
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Hints for Best Performance Plants such as grass , with shallow roots , need only two to four inches tilled soil whereas plants with a deep root system should have a deeply tilledbed . Till the soil as soon as it is workable in the Spring . You can till to a maximum depth of six to eight inches . When preparing a yard for a lawn , the soil should be leveled so it is well drained and free from high spots . If you do not level out the irregularities in the soil first , you will not be able to do this once the lawn is established . E ~ tra care in leveling your yard before you sow your seed will be well worth it . Just before planting the seeds the particles of soil should be no larger than a quarter inch . Water the soil to settle the dirt . This will also show you low spots that should be filled in beforesowing . Use a fine spray to prevent disturbing the soil . Frequent watering is a must . 6
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Assembly The tiller . except the handle , throttle control , wheels , tine assemblies and controls , is fully assembled , packed and shipped in one container . Depth Bar 1 Remove the tiller and all parts from the carton . Make certain that all loose parts and literature have been removed before the carton is discarded . 2 Attach the depth bar to the tailpiece with the clevis pin and spring pin . ( See fi ~ ure 1 . ) Figure 1 Tine Assembly Place the first outer tine assemb.ly on the tine shaft and fasten with the two hex head cap screws 7 / 16 - 20 x 2 % " long and two hex locknuts 7 / 16 - 20 . Repeat for the second tine assembly . ( See figure 2.1 Note : Be sure the tines are assembled so the sharpened edge enters the soil first . . Figure 2 1 .
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Assembly Handle Assembly Assemble the handle to the handle brackets with the four hex head cap screws 3 / 8 - 16 x 1 " long , lockwashers 3 / 8 " and hex locknuts 3 / 8 - 16 . ( See figure 3 . ) 2 Assemble the grips to the handle . ( Soaking the grips in hot water will aid assembly . ) Figure 3 Place the control rod throught he Controls control panel on the upper handle and screw the threaded end of the control rod into the ferrule on the " L " bracket on the left side of the chain case . Note : Screw the control rod through the ferrule until it extends approximately 7 / 8 " . ( See figure 4.1 2 Place the control lever through the box on the upper handle assembly . Attach the control lever to the control panel with hex head cap screw 5 / 16 x 1 Y4 " long , steel washer 5 / 16 " , rubber washer , 5 / 16 " steel washer and hex nut 5 / 16 " . Do not over tighten . Make sure handle moves freely . ( See figure 5 . ) Warning : Be sure the attachment holes Figure 4 on the control lever face the rear . If the handle is assembled wrong you will not have a neutral . ( See figure 6 . ) 4 Place the control rod through the attachment holes on the control lever and secure with a cotter pin . 5 Place the control lever in the Neutral position and pull the recoil start handle several times . The tines should not rotate . If they do , adjust by screwing the control rod in or out of the ferrule . 6 Assemble the control lever grip to the control lever . ( Soaking in hot water will aid assembly . ) 5 8 13Figure
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Assembly Controls Caution : If the belt cover ( see page 3 ) is removed , you will not have any neutral . This belt cover contains the belt trapout around the engine pulley . The control rod must be assembled exactly as shown in the assembly instructions or you will not have a neutral . Note : For ease of assembly place the control lever in the number one position when installing the belt cover . ( See figure 7 . ) Figure 7 Throttle Control Place the throttle control through the handle panel and fasten with two # 8 self - tapping screws . ( See figure 8 . ) Figure 8 9
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Operation A Read and Heed Safety Rules on page 2 . See Engine operating section forspecific engine Instructions . Throttle Control The throttle control is located on the handle panel . This regulates the engine speed and shuts off the engine . Move the lever forward to increase the engine speed . Move the lever back to slow down and stop the engine . The tiller should be operated with the throttle in the fast position . ( See figure 9 . ) Refer to the Engine Operating and Maintenance instructions for detail of the operation of the throttle and choke . Control Lever control lever engages the tines in either the forward or reverse direction . Normal operation is with the control lever in one of the fourforward positions . Figure 9 Reverse is used to back away from an obstruction or to free a rock that may lock up the tines and prevent them from rotating . Reverse is spring loaded for safer operation . Number 1 position is the slowesttine rotation speed and number 4 is the fastest . Caution : The control lever should notbe moved into any operating position unless the engine is running . ( See figure 9 . ) Choke Control choke control is located on the engine and is operated manually . Push the lever down when starting a cold engine . After the enginestarts . slowly move it to the open position . ( See figure 10.1 ' . 10 10 TFhigeure
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Operation Depth Bar The depth bar is used to retard the forward speed of the tiller across the ground and set the tilling depth . The farther the depth bar goes into the ground the deeper you will till . ( See figure 11 . ) , Figure 11 Wheel Adjustment The wheel height can be adjusted by removing the long clevis pin on the wheel hanger and raising or lowering the position of the wheel hanger . The higher the setting the deeper the tilling depth . ( See figure 11 . ) 11
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Maintenance Warning : If any adjustments are made adjustments , changing of engine oil , to the engine while the engine is servicing the air cleaner , cleaning the running ( e.g . carburetor ) disengage cooling system , spark plug changing the clutch . Keep clear of all moving and maintenance , and carburetor and parts and be careful of heated surfaces throttle control adjustments as detailed and the muffler . in this Engine Operating and Routine maintenance includeslubrication , Maintenance Instructions section of your Owner's Handbook . tine sharpening , belt Chain Case Lubrication The chain is permanently lubricated If the case is disassembled , clean the and requires no further lubrication chain with kerosene , allow it to dry and unless the case is disassembled for work a high temperature grease , such repair . as Lubriplate No . 310 , into the chain . Chain Adjustment No chain adjustment is necessary . Belt Adjustment Caution : Witt " . the belt cover re - moved your tiller will not have a neutral . The tines will always turn . You must holj the tines off the ground either by having someone else holding the handle down or by placing the handles under some - thing solid such as a work bench while you start the engine . 1 Remove the three bolts holding the belt cover . 2 Tip the tiller back on its wheels until the tines clear the ground . 3 Start the enginE . ~ . 4 Move the comrol lever into number 4 position . Note : The inside belt towards the engine should move to the outside edge of the variable speed pulley so the top of the belt is almost flush with the pulley . ( See figure 12 . ) Figure 12 5 If adjustment is necessary . adjust the control rod by screw - ing it in or out of the ferrule as necpssary . ( See figure 4.1 Replacing the Belt WARNING : Be careful not to pinch your fingers between the pulley and the belt . 1 Remove the belt cover so the belts are exposed . 2 Pull back on the control lever and unhook the front belt from the engine pulley . ( See figure13.1 3 Roll the belt off the rear pulley as shown in figure 14 . Figure 13 12
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Maintenance Replacing the Belt 4 Remove the belts from the variable speed pulley . It is not necessary to remove the belt guard on the variable speed pulley . ( See figure 15 . J 5 Reassemble with the new belts . 6 Replace the belt cover . Caution : You do not have a neutral in your tiller if the belt cover is removed . Install the belt cover before testing . 14 Figure 15 Troubleshooting the chart on page 14 . If the machine is to be inoperative Off - season Storage 3 Disconnect the spark plug wire for a period longer than 30 days.the and remove the spark plug from following procedures are the cylinder . Pour about 2 or 3 recommended : tablespoons of engine oil into the cylinder , and then turn the 1 Working outdoors . drain all fuel engine over several times to from the fuel tank . Use a clean spread out the oi I . Replace the dry cloth to absorb the small spark plug , but do not connect amount of fuel remaining in the the wire . tank . then run the engine until all fuel in the carburetor is 4 Clean the engine and the entire exhausted . tiller thoroughly . 5 Wipe the entire tiller including Do not drain fuel while the tines with an oily rag to smoking , or if near an open fire . protect the surfaces . 2 Drain all the oil from the crank - case ( this should be done after the engine has been operated and is still warm ) and refill the crankcase with clean new oil . 13 FRWiegAufRereNrtIoNG :
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Problem Cause Remedy A Fill tank if empty Engine fails to start A Check fuel tank for gas B Connect lead wire B Spark plug lead wire disconnected C Move throttle lever to start C Throttle control lever not in position . the starting position 0 Spark should jump gap between 0 Faulty spark plug control electrode and side elec - trode . If spark does not jump , replace the spark plug . E Remove spark plug , dry the E Carburetor improperly adjusted plug , crank engine with plug Engine flooded removed , and throttle in off po - sition . Replace spark plug and lead wire and resume starting procedures . F Stale gasoline F Drain tank and refill with fresh gasoline . 2 A Hard starting or 10SI ; A Spark plug wire looseCarburetor Connect and tighten spark plug of power wire . B improperly adjusted B Adjust carburetor . See engine section of this manual . c Dirty air cleaner c Clean air cleaner as described in the Engine section of thismanual . A Dirt in gas tank 3 Operation erratic A Remove the dirt and fill tank with fresh gas B Dirty air cleaner Clearl air cleaner as described in the engine section of this manual c Water in fuel supply c Drain contaminated fuel and fill tank with fresh gas . DE Vent in gas cap plugged D Clear vent or replace gas cap Carburetor improperly adjusted E Adjust carburetor . See engine section of this manual . 4 A Occasional skip Carburetor idle speed too Slow A Adjust carburetor . See engine ( hesitates ) at hiqh section of this manual . speed B Spark plug gap too close 8 ~ djust to . 030 " C Carburetor idle mixture ad - C Adjust carburetor . See engine justment improperly set section of this manual . 5 Idles poorly A A Spark plug fouled , faulty , or Reset gap to . 030 " or replace gap too wide . spark plug B Carburetor improperly adjusted B Adjust carburetor . See engine section of this manual . c Dirty air cleaner c Clean air cleaner as described in the engine section of this manual . 6 overheats A A Carburetor not adjusted Adjust carburetor . See engine section of this manual . properlyAir 8 flow restricted B Remove blower housing and clean as described in the engine section of this manual . c oil level low Fill crankcase with the proper oil 14 NOTE : For repairs beyond the minor adjustments listed above . please contact your local JCPenney store . 1BEEcnnggininee
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H.P . Model 190402 - 1835 - 02 In the interest of Safety , Do Not run Engine at excessive speeds . Operating an engine at excessive speeds Increases the hazard of personal injury . Do not tamper with parts which ma ' ; Increase the governed speed . Dirt and other debris in cooling fins or governor parts can effect engine speed . See cleaning instructions , page 18 . WarningTo prevent accidental starting always remove the spark plug before working on the engine or equipment driven by the engine or remove cable from spark plug and insert terminal in V - notch in cylinder head cover . Do not run the engine in an enciosed area . Exhaust gases contain carbon monoxide . an odorless and deadly poison . Do not fill gasoline tank while engine is running . Spilling gasoline on a hot engine may cause a fire or explosion . Fill Crankcase with 011 ( Approximately 2 % pints ) Starting Use a high quality detergent engine Engine oil . meeting A.P . 1 . ( American Petro - leum Institute ) service classification - Read the Operating Instruc - SadCd.ed SO . to or theSE . recoNmomtheinngded should oil . be f tions of the Equipment this Engine Powers Above Freezing Temperature \ Use oil with viscosity grade SAE 30 or SAE 10W - 30 or SAE 10W - 40 . Below Freezing Temperature Use oil with viscosity grade SAE 5W - 20 . or SAE 5W - 30 or SAE lOW . Inquire at your local store about the availability of JCPenney oil meet - ing the above listed specifications . Directions Remove oil dip stick and add oil until it reaches the FULL mark . Fill Fuel Tank Use clean , fresh , lead - free automotive grade gasoline . Fill the tank completely . Regular gasoline is an acceptable substitute . Do not mix oil with gasoline . 15 8 ~ B1N2oetef:ore
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Open Fuel Valve . The fuel valve Starting is located under the gasoline tank The Engine ~ and should be turned counter - clock - wise to open . To clean the fuel filter . loosen thumb screw below / filter bowl . Remove and clean filter bowl and screen . Open shut - off valve to see if fuel flows freely from the tank . If you find a gummy . varnish - like substance use alcohol or acetone to dissolve it . 2 Setthe Throttle Move the throttle control located on the upper handle Into the START position . 3 Choke the Carburetor . Move the ~ choke lever on the engine in the ~ ~ direction of the arrow to the fully closed position . A ~ arm engine requires less choking than a cold j ! engine . " " " " 4 Start Engine . Grasp the starter grip as illustrated and pullout the cord rapidly two or three feet . Repeat if necessary with choke open slightly . , When engine starts open choke gradually . . . . 5 Stop Engine Move the throttle control to the stop position . 1l - -
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Engine Operating and Maintenance I nst ructions Check Oil Level Regularly - 1 Engine at least after every 5 hours of Maintenance operation . Check the dip stick and maintain the oil between the ADD and FULL marks . Change oil after first 5 hours of 2 operation . Thereafter change oil every 25 hours of operation . Remove the drain plug and drain the oil while the engine is warm . Refill with new oil of proper grade ( approximately 23 / 4 pints ) . Replace oil minder . 3 Air Filter . Under normal conditions , the air filter , located on top of the carburetor must be serviced after every 25 hours of use . Under extremely dusty conditions . the air filter must be Retainer serviced daily . Foam Pre - Cleaner 1 Remove the wing nut and metal \ cover . \ 2 Slide off the foam pre - cleaner . 3 Wash the foam pre - cleaner in detergent and water . Dry thoroughly . 4 Re - oil with engine oil and squeeze to distribute oil evenly . Remove excess oil . 5 After every 100 hours of operation , unscrew the second wing nut and retainer and remove the paper element . 6 To clean , tap the element gently on a flat surface or replace .
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4 Clean Cooling System Grass Engine ~ or chaff may clog cooling sys - Maintenance tem after prolonged service . Ir : = = = ; Continued operation with a ~ clogged cooling system causes severe overheating and possi - ble engine damage . Remove 9 , blower housing and clean regularly . , - J , ( { J ' = = " " ' / - ~ 4d ~ [ = . ifL . 5 Spark Plug Clean and reset gap at . 030 " every 100 hours of operation . Caution : Blast cleaning of spark plugs in machines that use abrasive grit is not recom - mended . Spark plugs should be cleaned by scraping or wire brushing and washing with a Refer to chart on page 19for commercial solvent or gaso - line . replacement spark plugs . Refer to chart on page 19for replacement spark plugs . 6 Remove Carbon Deposits The use of unleaded gasoline is Clean combustion chamber . recommended because of less build - up top of piston and around both of deposits in the combustion valves every 100 - 300 hours of chamber . operation . 7 Carburetor Adjustment . Minor Adjustments carburetor adjustment may be required to compensate for differences in fuel , temperature , altitude and load . To adjust the carburetor . turn the needle valve clockwise until it just closes . Caution : Valve may be damaged by turning it in too far . Now open the needle valve 1 Ys turns counter clockwise . Close the idle valve in the same manner and open 1 Ys turns . This initial adjustment will permit the engine to be started and warmed up prior to final adjustment . Final Adjustment : Turn the needle valve in until the engine misses ( lean mixture ) then turn it out past smooth operating point until the engine runs unevenly ( rich mixture ) ; now turn the needle valve to the mid - point between rich and lean so the engine runs smoothly