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Operator's Manual Log Splitter Model Series 550 through 570 IMPORTANT : Read safety rules and instructions carefully before operating equipment . Warning : This unit is equipped with an internal combustion engine and should nat be used an or near any unimproved forest - covered , brush - covered or grass - covered land unless the engine's exhaust system is equipped with a spark arrester meeting applicable local or state laws ( if any ) . If a spark arrester is used , it should be maintained in effective working order by the operator . In the State of California the above is required by law ( Section 4442 of the California Public Resources Code ) , Other states may have similar laws . Federal laws apply on federal lands , A spark arrester for the muffler is available through your nearest engine authorized service dealer or contact the service department , P . O , Box 368022 Cleveland , Ohio 44136 - 9722 , MTD LLC , P . O . BOX 361131 CLEVELAND , OHIO 44136 - 0019 PRINTED IN U . S . A . FORM NO . 770 - 10529B ( 9 / 2002 )
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TABLEOFCONTENTS Content Page Important Safe Operation Practices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Assembling Your Log Splitter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Know Your Log Splitter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Operating Your Log Splitter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Adjusting Your Log Splitter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Maintaining Your Log Splitter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Storing Your Log Splitter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Parts List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 FINDINGMODELNUMBER This Operator's Manual is an important part of your new log splitter . It will help you assemble , prepare and maintain the unit for best performance . Please read and understand what it says . Before you start assembling your new equipment , please locate the model plate on the equipment and copy the information from it in the space provided below . The information on the model plate is very important if you need help from our Customer Support Department or an authorized dealer . You can locate the model number by standing behind the unit and looking down at the hydraulic tank . A sample model plate is explained below . For future reference , please copy the model number and the serial number of the equipment in the space below . ( Model Number } ( Serial Number ) Copy the model number here : Copy the serial number here : MTD LLC P . O . BOX 361131 800 - 800 - 7310 ENGINEINFORMATION The engine manufacturer is responsible for all engine - related issues with regards to performance , power - rating , specifications , warranty and service . Please refer to the engine manufacturer's Owner's / Operator's Manual packed separately with your unit for more information . CALLINGCUSTOMERSUPPORT If you have difficulty assembling this product or have any questions regarding the controls , operation or maintenance of this unit , please call 1 - ( 800 ) - 800 - 7310 to reach a Customer Support representative . Please have your unit's model number and serial number ready when you call . See previous section to locate this information . You will be asked to enter the serial number in order to process your call .
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SECTION1 : IMPORTANTSAFEOPERATIONPRACTICES _ b WARNING : This symbol points out important safety instructions which , if not followed , could endanger the personal safety and / or property of yourself and others . Read and follow all instructions in this manual before attempting to operate this machine . Failure to comply with these instructions may result in personal injury . When you see this symbol - heed its warning . WARNING : Engine exhaust , some of its constituents , and certain vehicle components contain or emit chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer , birth defects or other reproductive harm . DANGER : This machine was built to be operated according to the rules for safe operation in this manual . As with any type of power equipment , carelessness or error on the part of the operator can result in serious injury . This machine is capable of amputating hands and feet and throwing objects . Failure to observe the following safety instructions could result in serious injury or death . GeneralPractices 1 . Read , understand , and follow all instructions on the 8 . If your machine is equipped with an internal combustion machine and in the manual ( s ) before attempting to engine and it is intended for use near any unimproved assemble and operate . Keep this manual in a safe place forest , brush , or grass covered land , the engine exhaust for future and regular reference and for ordering should be equipped with a spark arrester . Make sure you replacement parts . comply with applicable local , state , and federal codes . 2 . Be familiar with all controls and proper operation . Know Take appropriate firefighting equipment with you . how to stop the machine and disengage them quickly . 9 . This machine should be used for splitting wood only , do 3 . Never allow children under 16 years to operate this not use it for any other purpose . machine . Children , 16 years and over , should read and 10 . Follow the instructions in the manual ( s ) provided with any understand instructions and safety rules in this manual attachment ( s ) for this machine . and should be trained and supervised by a parent . Preparation 4 . Never allow adults to operate this machine without 1 . Always wear safety shoes or heavy boots . proper instruction . 2 . Always wear safety glasses or safety goggles during 5 . Many accidents occur when more than one person operating this machine . operates the machine . If a helper is assisting in loading 3 . Never wear jewelry or loose clothing that might become logs , never activate the control until the helper is a entangled in moving or rotating parts of the machine . minimum of 10 feet from the machine . 4 . Make sure machine is on level surface before operating . 6 . Keep bystanders , helpers , pets , and children at least 20 5 . Always block machine to prevent unintended movement , feet from the machine while it is in operation . and lock in either horizontal or vertical position . 7 . Never allow anyone to ride on this machine . 6 . Always operate this machine from the operator zone ( s ) 8 . Never transporf cargo on this machine . specified in the manual . 9 . Hydraulic log splitters develop high fluid pressures during 7 . Logs should be cut with square ends prior to splitting . operation . Fluid escaping through a pin hole opening can 8 . Use log splitter in daylight or under good artificial light . penetrate your skin and cause blood poisoning , 9 . To avoid personal injury or properfy damage use extreme gangrene , or death . Give attention to the following care in handling gasoline . Gasoline is extremely instructions at all times : flammable and the vapors are explosive . Serious a . Do not check for leaks with your hand . personal injury can occur when gasoline is spilled on b . Do not operate machine with frayed , kinked , yourself or your clothes which can ignite . Wash your skin cracked , or damaged hoses , fitting , or tubing . and change immediately . c . Stop the engine and relieve hydraulic system a . Use only an approved gasolinecontainer . pressure before changing or adjusting fittings , b . Extinguish all cigarettes , cigars , pipes , and other hoses , tubing , or other system components . sources of ignition . d . Do not adjust the pressure settings of the pump or c . Never fuel machine indoors . valve . d . Never remove gas cap or add fuel while the 5 . Leaks can be detected by passing cardboard or wood , engine is hot or running . while wearing protective gloves and safety glasses , over e . Allow engine to cool at least two minutes before the suspected area . Look for discoloration of cardboard refueling . or wood . f . Never overfill the fuel tank . Fill tank to no more 6 . If injured by escaping fluid , see a doctor immediately . than 1 / 2 inch below bottom of filler neck to provide Serious infection or reaction can develop if proper space for fuel expansion . medical treatment is not administered immediately . g . Replace gasoline cap and tighten securely . 7 . Keep the operator zone and adjacent area clear for safe , h . If gasoline is spilled , wipe it off the engine and secure footing .
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equipmemnto , vemachinteoanothearreaW . ai5t MaintenanceandStorage minutebseforsetartintgheengine . 1 . Stop the engine , disconnect the spark plug and ground it i . Nevesrtorethemachinoerfuecl hontaineinrsidet against the engine before cleaning , or inspecting the wherethereisanopenflames , parkorpiloltig machine . asonawatehr eatesr , paceheatefru , rnace , 2 . Stop the engine and relieve hydraulic system pressure clothedsryeor rothegr asappliances . before repairing or adjusting fittings , hoses , tubing , or j . Allowmachintoecoo5l minutebseforsetoring . other system components . 3 . To prevent fires , clean debris and chaff from the engine Operation and muffler areas . If the engine is equipped with a spark 1 . Before starting this machine , review the " Safety arrester muffler , clean and inspect it regularly according Instructions " . Failure to follow these rules may result in to manufacturers instructions . Replace if damaged . serious injury to the operator or bystanders . 4 . Periodically check that all nuts and bolts , hose clamps , 2 . Never leave this machine unattended with the engine and hydraulic fittings are tight to be sure equipment is in running . safe working condition . 3 . Do not operate machine while under the influence of 5 . Check all safety guards and shields to be sure they are in alcohol , drugs , or medication . the proper position . Never operate with safety guards , 4 . Never allow anyone to operate this machine without shields , or other protective features removed . proper instruction . 6 . The pressure relief valve is preset at the factory . Do not 5 . Always operate this machine with all safety equipment in adjust the valve . place and working . Make sure all controls are properly 7 . Never attempt to move this machine over hilly or uneven adjusted for safe operation . terrain without a tow vehicle or adequate help . 6 . Do not change the engine governor settings or 8 . For your safety , replace all damaged or worn parts overspeed the engine . The governor controls the immediately with original equipment manufacturer's maximum safe operating speed of the engine . ( O . E . M . ) parts only . " Use of parts which do not meet the 7 . When loading a log , always place your hands on the original equipment specifications may lead to improper sides of the log , not on the ends , and never use your foot performance and compromise safety ! " to help stabilize a log . Failure to do so , may result in 9 . Do not alter this machine in any manner , alterations such crushed or amputated fingers , toes , hand , or foot . as attaching a rope or extension to the control lever , or 8 . Use only your hand to operate the controls . adding to the width or height of the wedge may result in 9 . Never attempt to split more than one log at a time unless personal injury . the ram has fully extended and a second log is needed to complete the separation of the first log . YourResponsibility 10 . For logs which are not cut square , the least square end Restrict the use of this power machine to persons who read , and the longest portion of the log should be placed understand and follow the warnings and instructions in this toward the beam and wedge , and the square end placed manual and on the machine . Some of the safety labels are toward the end plate . reproduced here . Always follow directions on safety labels 11 . When splitting in the vertical position , stabilize the log found on your equipment . before moving the control . Split as follows : a . Place log on the end plate and turn until it leans against the beam and is stable . b . When splitting extra large or uneven logs , the log must be stabilized with wooden shims or split wood between the log and end plate or ground . 12 . Always keep fingers away from any cracks that open in the log while splitting . They can quickly close and pinch or amputate your fingers . 13 . Keep your work area clean . Immediately remove split wood around the machine so you do not stumble over it . 14 . Never move this machine while the engine is running . 15 . This machine should not be towed on any street , highway or public road without checking the existing federal , state , or local vehicle requirements . Any licensing or modifications such as taillights , etc . , needed to comply , is the sole responsibility of the purchaser . If a " Statement of Origin " is required in your state , see your local dealer . 16 . Do not tow machine faster than 45mph . 17 . See Transporting the Log Splitter section in this manual for proper towing instructions once all federal , local , or _ ¸ ii m _ _ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . _ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . _ . . " . . . ¸ ' ¸ _ _ state requirements are met .
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SECTION2 : ASSEMBLINGYOURLOGSPLITTER AttachingtheTongue UnpackingfromCrate • With the log splitter still standing upright , remove • Pry top , sides , and ends off the crate . Set panels two hex bolts , lock washers , and hex nuts from the aside to avoid tire puncture or personal injury . end of the tongue . See Figure 1 . • Remove and discard plastic bag that covers unit . • Align the holes in the tongue with the holes in the • Remove any loose parts if included with unit ( i . e . , tank bracket and secure with hardware just operator's manual , etc . ) removed . See Figure 1 . • Cut and remove straps which secure parts to bottom of crate . Unbolt any remaining parts which NOTE : High pressure hose must be above the tongue may be bolted to the bottom of the crate . assembly . ConnectingCylinderto Beam WARNING : Use extreme caution unpacking this machine . Some components are veryor heavy and will require additional people • The log splitter is shipped with the beam in the mechanical handling equipment . vertical position . Pull out the vertical lock beam , rotate it back , and pivot the beam to the horizontal LoosePartsIn Carton position until it locks . See Figure 2 . • Tongue assembly • Bottle of engine oil • Tail light kit ( optional ) BeforeAssembly • Disconnect the spark plug wire and ground against Lock Bearn the engine to prevent unintended starting . NOTE : Reference to right or left hand side of the log spfitter is observed from the opera ting position . Assemblingthe Tongue AttachingtheJack Stand • The jack stand is shipped in the transport position . . , > Remove the spring clip and clevis pin and pivot the jack stand towards the ground to the operating Figure 2 position . Disconnect the dislodger from the beam weld • Secure the jack stand in position with the clevis pin bracket by removing the six hex screws and flat and spring clip . See Figure 1 . washers . See Figure 3 . _ Spring Clip Bracket Lock Washer \ Pin Hex Nut Jack Stand Washer Hex Bolt Figure 1 Figure 3
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Disconnect the log cradle from the beam on the Preparingthe LogSplitter side of the control valve . See Figure 4 . • Lubricate the beam area ( where the splitting wedge will slide ) with engine oil ; do not use grease . • Remove vented reservoir dipstick , which is located in front of the engine on top of the reservoir tank . See Figure 6 . Lock • Fill the reservoir tank with Dexron III automatic Washer transmission fluid or 10W AW hydraulic fluid . NOTE : The reservoir tank has a capacity of 3.5 gallons . Check fluid level using the dipstick . See Figure 6 . Do not overfill . Replace vented dipstick securely , tightening it until the top of the threads are flush with top of the pipe . Dipstick Hex Bolt Disconnect . / Log Cradle Figure 4 Lift and slide the cylinder up to the top of beam and into the weld brackets . Attach the dislodger over the wedge assembly and secure with hardware , previously removed , to the \ , weld brackets . See Figure 5 . Reservoir Tank NOTE : Once the six hex screws are tightened , there may be a slight gap between the dislodger and the weld Figure 6 brackets . This gap is normal . • Make sure the spark plug wire is disconnected . • Reattach the log cradle to the side of the beam with Then prime the pump by pulling the recoil starter as the control valve , aligning the ends of the cradle far as it will go . Repeat approximately 10 times . with the beam flanges . See Figure 5 . • Reconnect the spark plug wire and start engine • Roll log splitter off the bottom crate . following instructions in the OPERATION section . • Use control handle to engage the wedge to the farthest extended position . Then retract the wedge . • Refill tank as specified on the dipstick . NOTE : Failure to refill the tank will void unit's warranty . • Extend and retract the wedge 12 complete cycles to remove trapped air in the system ( the system is " self - bleeding " ) . • Refill reservoir within range marked on the dipstick . A WbeAenRNdrIaNwGn : intoMtuhcehcoylfinthdeeroraignidnahl ofslueisd . hMaaske certain to refill the reservoir to prevent damage to the hydraulic pump . NOTE : Some fluid may overflow from the vent plug as the system builds heat and the fluid expands and seeks a balanced level cradle here • If your log splitter is so equipped , attach taillights following the taillight kit manual . Figure 5
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SECTION3 : KNOWYOURLOGSPLITTER Compare the illustration in Figure 7 below with the controls on your log splitter , and get familiar with its features before starting to operate . Know how to stop the machine quickly in the event of an emergency . How it works Cylind _ Control Handle Reversel _ TO retuln wedtge Beam Assembly Neutra _ To stop lit wood Contro _ I _ Handle Forwar _ Jack Stand Beam Lock Cradle Tail Light Hodzontal Vertical Beam Lock Beam Lock Figure 7 ControlHandle EngineControls The control handle has three positions . See Figure 7 . See the accompanying engine manual for the location • Move control handle FORWARD or DOWN to and function of the controls on the engine . move wedge down to split wood . NOTE : Control handle will return to neutral position as StoppingEngine soon as handle is released . • Move throttle control lever to STOP or OFF • Release the control handle to stop the wedge position . movement . • Turn off the engine switch , if so equipped . • Move control handle BACK or UP to return the • Disconnect spark plug wire and ground against the wedge toward the cylinder . The control handle will engine to prevent unintended starting . lock in the disengaged position . It will return to neutral automatically when the return stroke is IMPORTANT : This unit is shipped without gasoline or oil complete . in the engine . Be certain to service engine with gasoline BeamLocks and oil as instructed in the accompanying engine manual before operating your machine . These two locks , as their name suggests , are used to secure the beam in the horizontal or the vertical position . The vertical beam lock is located next to the oil filter . The horizontal beam lock is located on the beam support latch bracket . See Figure 7 .
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SECTION4 : OPERATINGYOURLOGSPLITTER • Fill up gasoline if necessary . • Lubricate with engine oil the beam area where _ b WARNING : Read , understand , and follow all splitting wedge will slide . Do not use grease to instructions and warnings on the machine and lubricate . Make sure to lubricate both the front and in this manual before operating . the back of the beam face . WARNING : Wear leather work gloves , • Attach spark plug wire to the spark plug . safety shoes , ear protection , and safety glasses when operating a log splitter . Ensure Usingthe LogSplitter safe footing . • Place the log splitter on level , dry ground . • Place the beam in either the horizontal or vertical GasandOilFill - Up position and lock in place with the appropriate • Service the engine with gasoline and oil as locking rod . instructed in the engine manual packed with your • Block the front and back of both wheels . log splitter . Read instructions carefully . • Place the log against the end plate and only split wood in the direction of the grain . • To stabilize the log , place your hand only on sides _ WARNING : Use extreme care when handling gasoline . Gasoline is eextremely . of tog . Never place hand on the end between the flammable and the vapors are explosiv Never log and the splitting wedge . fuel machine indoors or while the engine is hot • Only one adult should stabilize the log and operate or running . the control handle , so the operator has full control NOTE : Gasoline can be added to the engine when the over the log and the splitting wedge . log spfitter is in either the horizontal or vertical position . ControlHandle However , there are less obstructions when the unit is in 1 . Move control handle FORWARD or DOWN to split the vertical position . wood . 2 . Release the control handle to stop the wedge StartingEngine movement . • Attach spark plug wire to spark plug . Make certain 3 . Move control handle BACK or UP to return the the metal cap on the end of the spark plug wire is wedge . fastened securely over metal tip of the spark plug . VerticalPosition • Turn fuel valve , if equipped , to the ON position . • Pull the horizontal beam lock out to release the • Move choke lever , if equipped , to CHOKE position . beam and pivot the beam to the vertical position . • If the engine is equipped with a primer , follow • To lock the beam in the vertical position , pull out on instructions in the engine manual to prime it . the vertical beam lock and rotate it to secure the • Turn the throttle control lever to the FAST position . beam . See Figure 7 . • Grasp starter handle and pull rope out slowly until • Stand in front of the unit to operate the control engine reaches start of compression cycle ( rope handle and to stabilize the log . See Figure 8A . will pull slightly harder at this point ) . A • Pull rope with a rapid , full arm stroke . Keep firm grip / / on starter handle . Let rope rewind slowly . Repeat / - / until engine cranks . • After engine starts , move choke lever to OFF position . Place throttle lever to the speed desired . • In cold weather , run wedge up or down beam 6 to 8 times to circulate the hydraulic fluid . _ WARNING : When starting a warm engine , the muffler and surrounding areas are hot and can cause a burn . Do not touch . BeforeEachUse / / • Remove the dipstick and check hydraulic fluid level . / - B Refill if necessary . / • Check engine oil level . Refill if necessary . Figure 8
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HorizontaPl osition • Pull the vertical beam lock out and rotate it down . , _ WveArtiRcaNl INpoGsi : tionAwlwhaeyns supsleitttihneg lohgeaspvlyittelorgisn . the See Figure 7 . Pivot beam to the horizontal position . The beam will lock automatically in horizontal Pivot beam lock down to release the beam . position . Carefully pull back on beam and lower it to the • Stand behind the reservoir tank to operate control horizontal position . The horizontal beam lock will handle and to stabilize the log . See Figure 8B . lock automatically . See Figure 7 . OperatingTips Transportingthe LogSplitter Always : IMPORTANT : Always turn fuel valve to OFF position 1 . Use clean fluid and check fluid level regularly . before transporting the log splitter . 2 . Use Dexron III Automatic Transmission Fluid or • Lower the beam to its horizontal position . Make 10W AW hydraulic fluid . certain the beam is locked securely with the 3 . Use a filter ( clean or replace regularly ) horizontal beam lock . 4 . Use a breather cap on fluid reservoir . • Remove spring clip and clevis pin from jack stand . 5 . Make sure pump is mounted and aligned properly . • Support the tongue and pivot the jack stand up 6 . Use a flexible " spider " type coupling between against the tongue . See Figure 9 . engine and pump drive shafts . 7 . Keep hosesclear and unblocked . Clevis Pin _ ( P Tongue 8 . Bleed air out of hoses before operating . 9 . Flush and clean hydraulic system before restarting Assembly Spring _ I after servicing . Clip _ ' 1 I 10 . Use " pipe dope " on all hydraulic fittings . 11 . Allow time for warm - up before splitting wood . 12 . Prime the pump before initial start - up by turning over the engine with spark plug disconnected . 13 . Split wood along the grain ( lengthwise ) only . Never : Jack Stand 1 . Use when fluid is below 20 ° F or above 150 ° F . 2 . Use a solid engine / pump coupling . 3 . Operate through relief valve for long . 4 . Attempt to adjust unloading or relief valve settings Figure 9 without pressure gauges . 5 . Operate with air in hydraulic system . • Secure with the spring clip and clevis pin previously 6 . Use teflon tape on hydraulic fittings . removed . See Figure 9 . 7 . Attempt to cut wood across the grain . • Attach coupler hitch to a class I or higher 1 - 7 / 8 " ball on a towing vehicle ; latch securely . a . If coupler hitch does not fit on ball : Turn RaisingandLoweringBeam adjustment nut one turn counter - clockwise . • Use control handle to run wedge up and down b . If coupler hitch is too loose on ball : Turn beam 6 to 8 times to circulate the hydraulic fluid , adjustment nut one turn clockwise . which wilt warm and thin the fluid . • Connect the safety chains to the towing vehicle . • Place log splitter on a firm , level surface . • Plug in the tail lights , if so equipped , to the tail light • To raise the beam for vertical operation : Pull out connector on the tow vehicle . the vertical beam lock on the tongue . • Pivot beam lock down to release the beam . , _ WARNING : Do not tow faster than 45mph • Move the beam to the vertical position . Secure it and check local , state , and nfederaly with the beam lock on the reservoir tank assembly . requirements before towing on a public road . • To lower the beam : Pull out the horizontal beam NOTE : Use caution when backing up . It is lock on the reservoir tank . recommended to use a spotter outside the vehicle .
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SECTION5 : ADJUSTINGYOURLOGSPLITTER NOTE : The gibs may be rotated and / or tumed over for any any even wear . , _ WARNING : Do not at time make adjustments without first stopping engine , • Loosen the lock nuts under the each back plate and disconnecting spark plug wire , and grounding it slide the gibs out . against the engine . • Turn or replace the gibs . • Reassemble the back plate and secure with the WedgeAssemblyAdjustment lock washers and lock nuts . As normal wear occurs and there is excessive " play " • Readjust the bolts on the side of the wedge between the wedge and beam , adjust the bolts on the assembly . side of the wedge assembly to eliminate excess space Adjustment between the wedge and the beam . See Figure 10 . • Loosen the jam nuts on the two adjustment bolts on the side of the wedge . Turn the adjustment bolts in until snug and then back them off slowly until the oo , \ wedge assembly will slide on the beam . • Tighten the jam nuts securely against the side of the wedge to hold the adjustment bolts in this I I position . GibAdjustment Lock N _ Periodically remove and replace the " gibs " ( spacers ) = _ Lock Washer between the wedge assembly and the back plate . See Figure 10 . Figure 10 SECTION6 : MAINTAININGYOURLOGSPLITTER 8 . Excessive heating of the hydraulic system 9 . Attempting to start unit in temperatures under 20 ° F , _ WARNING : Before cleaning , lubricating , without pre - heating fluid in reservoir repairing , or inspecting , disengage the control lever and stop engine . Disconnect the spark 10 . Unattended leaks in hydraulic system plug wire and ground it against the engine to prevent unintended starting . HydraulicFluid • Check the hydraulic fluid level in the log splitter Conditionsthatwill voidWarranty reservoir tank before each use . 1 . Failure to maintain proper fluid level in reservoir • Maintain fluid level within the range specified on the 2 . Changing the relief valve setting or pressure dipstick at all times . adjustment of control valve without proper • Change the hydraulic fluid in the reservoir every knowledge and instruction from the factory 100 hours of operation . • Disconnect the suction hose from the bottom of the reservoir tank and drain the fluid into a suitable , _ WARNING : Higher pressure could cause the hoses to burst , cylinder to rupture , and container . Refill using only Dexron III automatic intense fluid to be released , which could result transmission fluid or 10W AW hydraulic fluid . in serious personal injury . NOTE : Please dispose of used hydraufic fluid and 3 . Disassembling the pump engine oil at approved recycling centers only . 4 . Use of incorrect hydraulic fluid Since contaminants in fluid may damage the 5 . Allowing the flexible pump coupler to deteriorate hydraulic components , you will have to drain the without proper and regular inspection fluid and flush the reservoir tank and hoses with 6 . Lack of lubrication or improper lubrication of the beam or unit kerosene whenever any repair work is performed 7 . Improper adjustment of splitting wedge 10
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on the tank , hydraulic pump or valve . For this job , • Loosen set screw on pump coupling half and contact your nearest service dealer . remove coupling half . • Slide new engine coupling half onto the engine HydraulicFilter shaft until the end of the shaft is flush with the inner • Change the hydraulic filter every 50 hours of portion of the coupling half . ( There must be space operation . Use only a 10 micron hydraulic filter . between end of the engine support bracket and Order part number 723 - 0405 . coupling half ) . Tighten set screw . • Install pump coupling half and key on pump shaft . BeamandSplittingWedge Rotate coupling half until set screw faces opening • Lubricate both sides of the beam ( where it comes in shield . Do not tighten set screw . into contact with the splitting wedge ) , before each • Install nylon " spider " onto engine coupling half . use , with engine oil . The wedge plate on the log • Align pump coupling half with nylon " spider " by splitter is designed so the gibs on the side of the rotating engine using starter handle . Slide coupling wedge plate can be removed and rotated and / or half into place while guiding three mounting bolts turned over for even wear . through holes in pump support bracket . • Secure with nuts and washers removed earlier . • Make certain to readjust the adjustment bolts so wedge moves freely , but no excess space exists • Set . 010 " to . 060 " clearance between the nylon between the wedge plate and the beam . " spider " and the engine coupling half by sliding a matchbook cover between the nylon " spider " and the engine coupling half and moving pump coupling HoseClamps half as needed . Secure pump coupling half with set • Check , before each use , if hose clamps on the screw . See Figure 11 . suction hose ( attached to the side of the pump ) are tight . Check the hose clamps on the return hose at NOTE : Make certain proper clearance is obtained least once a season . before tightening set screw . Gear Pump Engine Set Refer to the engine manual for all maintenance needs . FlexiblePumpCoupler Nylon Steel " Spider ' _ The flexible pump coupler is a nylon " spider " insert , Insert Halves located between the pump and the engine shaft . Over time , the coupler will harden and deteriorate . Replace the coupler if you detect vibration or noise coming from the area between the engine and the pump . If the coupler fails completely , you will experience a loss of power . IMPORTANT : Never hit the engine shaft in any manner , Figure 11 as a blow will cause permanent damage to the engine . Tires • Remove three nuts and lock washers that secure the pump to the coupling shield . Two nuts are at the See sidewall of tire for recommended pressure . bottom corners and one is in the top center . Maximum tire pressure under any circumstances is 30 • Remove the pump . p . sJ . Maintain equal pressure on all tires . • Rotate the engine by slowly pulling starter handle until engine coupling half set screw is visible . Loosen set screw using allen wrench and slide _ lb Wp . sA . LR ) NwINhGen : seaEtixncgesbseivaedspmreasysucraeus ( oevetirre3 / r0im coupling half off engine shaft . assembly to burst with force sufficient to cause serious injury . 11
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SECTION7 : STORINGYOURLOGSPLITTER Prepare your log splitter for storage at the end of the • Drain fuel tank . Always drain fuel into approved season or if the log splitter will not be used for 30 days container outdoors , away from open flame . Be sure or more . that engine is cool before draining the fuel . Do not smoke while handling fuel . • Start the engine and let it run until the fuel lines and 4 _ WARNING : Never store machine with fuel in the fuel tank inside of building where efumes carburetor are empty . may reach an open flame or spark , or wher • Remove spark plug . Holding a rag over the cylinder ignition sources are present such as hot water hole , pour approximately 1 / 2 ounce ( approximately and space heaters , furnaces , clothes dryers , one tablespoon ) of engine oil into cylinder and stoves , electric motors , etc . crank slowly to distribute the oil . • Replace spark plug . • Clean the log splitter thoroughly . • Do not store gasoline from one season to another . NOTE : We do not recommend the use of pressure • Replace your gasoline can if it starts to rust . Rust washers or garden hose to clean your unit . They may and / or dirt in the gasoline will cause problems . cause damage to electric components , spindles , • Store unit in a clean , dry area . Do not store next to pulleys , bearings or the engine . The use of water will corrosive materials , such as fertilizer . result in shortened life and reduce serviceability . NOTE : If storing in an unventilated or metal storage • Wipe unit with an oiled rag to prevent rust , shed , be certain to rustproof the equipment by coating especially on the wedge and the beam . with a light oil or silicone . SECTION8 : TROUBLESHOOTING Problem Cause Remedy Engine fails to start 1 . Spark plug wire disconnected . 1 . Connect wire to spark plug . 2 . Fuel tank empty or stale fuel . 2 . Fill tank with clean , fresh gasoline . 3 . Throttle control lever not in correct 3 . Move throttle lever to FAST position . starting position . 4 . Choke , if equipped , not in CHOKE 4 . Move choke to CHOKE position . position . 5 . Engine ( if equipped with a primer ) 5 . Prime engine . not primed properly . 6 . Blocked fuel line . 6 . Clean fuel line . 7 . Faulty spark plug . 7 . Clean , adjust gap , or replace . Engine runs erratic 1 . Spark plug wire loose . 1 . Connect and tighten spark plug wire . 2 . Unit running on CHOKE , if so 2 . Move choke lever to OFF position . equipped . 3 . Blocked fuel line or stale fuel . 3 . Clean fuel line ; fill tank with clean , fresh gasoline 4 . Drain fuel tank . Refill with fresh fuel . 4 . Water or dirt in fuel system . 5 . Dirty air cleaner . 5 . Clean or replace air cleaner . 6 . See authorized service dealer . 6 . Carburetor out of adjustment . Engine overheats 1 . Engine oil level low . 1 . Fill crankcase with proper oil . 2 . Dirty air cleaner . 2 . Clean or replace air cleaner . 3 . See authorized service dealer . 3 . Carburetor not adjusted properly . NOTE : For repairs beyond those listed above , contact your nearest authorized service center . 12
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HydraulicTroubleshooting Problem Cause Remedy 1 . Broken drive shaft . 1 . See authorized service dealer . Cylinder rod will not move 2 . Shipping plugs left in hydraulic 2 . Disconnect hydraulic hoses , remove hoses . shipping plugs , reconnect hoses . 3 . Set screws in coupling not adjusted 3 . See operator's manual for correct properly . adjustment . 4 . Loose shaft coupling . 4 . Correct engine / pump alignment as necessary . 5 . See authorized service dealer . 5 . Gear sections damaged . 6 . See authorized service dealer . 6 . Damaged relief valve . 7 . Hydraulic lines blocked . 7 . Flush and clean hydraulic system . 8 . Incorrect oil level . 8 . Check oil level . 9 . See authorized service dealer . 9 . Damaged directional valve . 10 . Blocked directional valve . 10 . Flush and clean hydraulic system . 1 . See authorized service dealer . Slow cylinder shaft speed 1 . Gear sections damaged . while extending and 2 . Excessive pump inlet vacuum . 2 . Make certain pump inlet hoses are clear retracting . and unblocked - use short , large diameter inlet hoses . 3 . See authorized service dealer . 3 . Slow engine speed . 4 . See authorized service dealer . 4 . Damaged relief valve . 5 . Incorrect oil level . 5 . Check oil level . 6 . Contaminated oil . 6 . Drain oil , clean reservoir , and refill . 7 . See authorized service dealer . 7 . Directional valve leaking internally . 8 . See authorized service dealer . 8 . Internally damaged cylinder . 1 . Broken seals . 1 . See authorized service dealer . Leaking cylinder 2 . See authorized service dealer . 2 . Scored cylinder . 1 . See authorized service dealer . Engine runs but wood will 1 . Small gear section damaged . 2 . See authorized service dealer . not split or wood splits too 2 . Pump check valve leaking . slowly 3 . Excessive pump inlet vacuum . 3 . Make certain pump inlet hoses are clear and unblocked . 4 . Incorrect oil level . 4 . Check oil level . 5 . Contaminated oil . 5 . Drain oil , clean reservoir , and refill . 6 . See authorized service dealer . 6 . Directional valve leaking internally . 7 . Overloaded cylinder . 7 . Do not attempt to split wood against the grain . 8 . See authorized service dealer . 8 . Internally damaged cylinder . 1 . See authorized service dealer . Engine stalls during 1 . Low horsepower / weak engine . splitting 2 . Overloaded cylinder . 2 . Do not attempt to split wood against the grain or see authorized service dealer . Engine will not turn or 1 . Engine / pump misalignment . 1 . Correct alignment as necessary . stalls under low load 2 . See authorized service dealer . 2 . Frozen or seized pump . conditions 3 . See authorized service dealer . 3 . Low horsepower / weak engine . 4 . Hydraulic lines blocked . 4 . Flush and clean hydraulic system . 5 . Blocked directional valve . 5 . Flush and clean hydraulic system . 1 . Broken drive shaft . 1 . See authorized service dealer . Leaking pump shaft seal 2 . Engine / pump misalignment . 2 . Correct alignment as necessary . 3 . See authorized service dealer . 3 . Gear sections damaged . 4 . See authorized service dealer . 4 . Poorly positioned shaft seal . 5 . Plugged oil breather . 5 . Make certain reservoir is properly vented . NOTE : For repairs beyond those listed here , contact your nearest authorized service center . 13
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SECTION9 : PARTSLISTFORMODELSERIES550 THROUGH570 2 1 29 28 31 _ l Z 13 1 _ 6 17 2 26 85 57 j60 21 40 53 C 65 A 70 69 45 74 84 68 75 67j 42 78 79 48 81 79 _ 82 14
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ModelSeries550 through570 Ref . Ref . Part No . Part No . Part Description Part Description No . No . 1 . 718 - 0769 41 . 710 - 3097 Hydraulic Cylinder Carriage Bolt 3 / 8 - 16 x 1.0 2 . 727 - 0634 42 . 712 - 0798 Hex Nut 3 / 8 - 16 Hydraulic Tube 3 . 710 - 1018 43 . 781 - 0682 Hex Cap Screw 1 / 2 - 20 x 2.75 Leg Tray 4 . 737 - 0192 44 . 781 - 0686 90 Degree Solid Adapter Leg Tray Bracket 5 . 781 - 0526 Hose Guard 45 . 681 - 0161 Frame Assembly 6 . 737 - 0153 Return Elbow 46 . 726 - 0214 Push Cap 7 . 718 - 0481 Control Valve 47 . 732 - 0583 Compression Spring Hose Guard 48 . 710 - 0521 Hex Bolt 3 / 8 - 16 x 3 " 8 . 781 - 0538 9 . 710 - 0515 49 . 781 - 0690 Lock Rod Hex Cap Screw 1 / 2 - 20 x 3.50 10 . 719 - 0550 50 . 737 - 0348 Vented Dipstick Wedge Assembly 11 . 737 - 0238 51 . 710 - 1338 Hex Screw 5 / 16 - 24 x 3.25 Nipple Pipe 1 / 2 - 14 12 . 712 - 0239 Lock Nut 1 / 2 - 20 52 . 710 - 0654A Hex Washer Screw 3 / 8 - 16 x 1.0 13 . 712 - 0711 Hex Jam Nut 3 / 8 - 24 53 . 634 - 0186 Wheel Assembly 54 . 712 - 0359 Slotted Nut 3 / 4 - 16 14 . 710 - 0459A Hex Cap Screw 3 / 8 - 24 x 1.5 55 . 714 - 0162 Cotter Pin 15 . 781 - 0351 Adjustable Gib Hex Washer Screw 5 / 16 - 18 x . 625 56 . 734 - 0873 16 . 710 - 0604A Hub Cap 17 . 781 - 1054 Support Bracket 57 . 719 - 0353 Coupling Shield 18 . 681 - 0162 58 . 714 - 0122 Beam Assembly Square Key 3 / 16 " x . 75 19 . 736 - 0300 Flat Washer . 406 ID x . 875 OD 59 . 718 - 0686 Flexible Coupling 20 . 710 - 0654A Hex Washer Screw 3 / 8 - 16 x 1.0 60 . 712 - 0123 Hex Nut 5 / 16 - 24 21 . 781 - 1048 61 . 736 - 0119 Lock Washer 5 / 16 " ID Dislodger 22 . 781 - 0790 Back Plate 62 . 781 - 0097 Rear Coupling Support Bracket 23 . 736 - 0921 Lock Washer 1 / 2 63 . 727 - 0633 Hose 24 . 737 - 0312 64 . 718 - 0683 Adapter 3 / 4 - 14 Gear Pump ( 1 lgpm ) 25 . 727 - 0443 65 . 737 - 0329 Return Hose 3 / 4 " ID x 44 " Lg . 45 Degree Elbow 66 . 727 - 0502 26 . 726 - 0132 Hose Clamp 5 / 8 " High Pressure Hydraulic Hose 27 . 737 - 0316 67 . 781 - 0788 Tongue Tube Assembly Filter Housing 28 . 781 - 04000 Fender : Steel 68 . 747 - 1261 Latch Rod 731 - 2496 Fender : Plastic 69 . 781 - 1045 Latch 29 . 710 - 1238 Hex Washer Screw 5 / 16 - 18 x . 875 70 . 715 - 0120 Spiral Pin 30 . 712 - 3010 Hex Nut 5 / 16 - 18 71 . 732 - 3127 Spring Compression 72 . 736 - 0169 L - Washer 3 / 8 " 31 . 736 - 0119 Lock Washer 5 / 16 74 . 710 - 0944 32 . 781 - 1024 Hex Cap Screw 3 / 8 - 16 x 4.25 Fender Mounting Bracket Oil Filter Flat Washer . 385 ID x . 870 OD 33 . 723 - 0405 75 . 736 - 0262 Chain 34 . 710 - 0376 Hex Cap Screw 5 / 16 - 18 x 1.01 " 76 . 713 - 0433 35 . 681 - 0164 77 . 750 - 0497 Spacer . 375 ID x . 625 OD Light Bracket LH 1 " 36 . 625 - 0062 78 . 727 - 0311 Taillight 1 " Coupling Hitch 725 - 2058 79 . 712 - 0375 Hex Lock Nut 3 / 8 - 16 RH Taillight Assembly 725 - 2059 80 . 711 - 0813 Clevis Pin LH Taillight Assembly 725 - 2060 81 . 736 - 0185 Flat Washer . 375 ID x . 738 OD Wiring Harness 37 . 711 - 1587 Clevis Pin 82 . 732 - 0194 Spring Pin 38 . 736 - 0116 Flat Washer . 635 ID x . 93 OD 83 . 781 - 0789 Jack Stand 39 . 714 - 0470 Cotter Pin 84 . 736 - 0351 Flat Washer . 760 ID x . 500 OD 85 . 736 - 0371 Flat Washer 40 . 781 - 1027 Light Bracket RH 1 " 1 " If equipped 15
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MANUFACTURER'S LIMITED WARRANTY FOR : The limited warranty set forth below is given by MTD LLC with d . MTD LLC does not extend any warranty for products sold or exported outside of the United States , its respect to new merchandise purchased and used in the United States , its possessions and territories . possesions and territories , except those sold through MTD LLC's authorized channels of export distribution . MTD LLC warrants this product against defects for a period of e . Parts that are not genuine MTD parts are not covered two ( 2 ) years commencing on the date of original purchase by this warranty . and will , at its option , repair or replace , free of charge , any f . Service completed by someone other than an part found to be defective in materials or workmanship . This authorized service dealer is not covered by this limited warranty shall only apply if this product has been warranty . operated and maintained in accordance with the Operator's g . Transportation charges and service calls are not Manual furnished with the product , and has not been subject covered . to misuse , abuse , commercial use , neglect , accident , improper maintenance , alteration , vandalism , theft , fire , No implied warranty , including any implied warranty of water , or damage because of other peril or natural disaster . merchantability of fitness for a particular purpose , Damage resulting from the installation or use of any applies after the applicable period of express written accessory or attachment not approved by MTD LLC for use warranty above as to the parts as identified . No other with the product ( s ) covered by this manual will void your express warranty , whether written or oral , except as warranty as to any resulting damage . mentioned above , given by any person or entity , including a dealer or retailer , with respect to any product , Normal wear parts or components thereof are subject to shall bind MTD LLC . During the period of the warranty , separate terms as follows : All normal wear parts or the exclusive remedy is repair or replacement of the component failures will be covered on the product for a period product as set forth above . of 90 days regardless of cause . After 90 days , but within the two year period , normal wear part failures will be covered The provisions as set forth in this warranty provide the ONLY IF caused by defects in materials or workmanship of sole and exclusive remedy arising from the sale . MTD OTHER component parts . Normal wear parts and LLC shall not be liable for incidental or consequential components include , but are not limited to : batteries , belts , loss or damage including , without limitation , expenses blades , blade adapters , grass bags , rider deck wheels , seats , incurred for substitute or replacement lawn care services snow thrower skid shoes , shave plates , auger spiral rubber , or for rental expenses to temporarily replace a warranted and tires . product . ROW TO OBTAIN SERVICE : Warranty service is available , Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of WiTH PROOF OF PURCHASE , through your local authorized incidental or consequential damages , or limitations on how service dealer . To locate the dealer in your area , check your long an implied warranty lasts , so the above exclusions or Yellow Pages , or contact MTD LLC at P . O . Box 361131 , limitations may not apply to you . Cleveland , Ohio 44136 - 0019 , or call 1 - 800 - 800 - 7310 or 1 - In no event shall recovery of any kind be greater than the 330 - 220 - 4683 or log on to our Web site at amount of the purchase price ofthe product sold . Alteration www . mtdprnducts . com . of safety features of the product shall void this warranty . This limited warranty does not provide coverage in the You assume the risk and liability for loss , damage , or injury to following cases : you and your property and / or to others and their property arising out of the misuse or inability to use the product . a . The engine or component parts thereof . These items carry a separate manufacturer's warranty . Refer to This limited warranty shall not extend to anyone other than the applicable manufacturer's warranty for terms and original purchaser or to the person for whom it was purchased conditions . as a gift . b . Log splitter pumps , valves , and cylinders have a sepa HOW STATE LAW RELATES TO THIS WARRANTY : This rate one year warranty . limited warranty gives you specific legal rights , and you may c . Routine maintenance items such as lubricants , filters , also have other rights which vary from state to state . blade sharpening , tune - ups , brake adjustments , clutch adjustments , deck adjustments , and normal deterioration of the exterior finish due to use or exposure . MTD LLC , P . O . BOX361131CLEVELAND , OHIO44136 - 0019 ; Phone : 1 - 800 - 800 - 7310,1 - 330 - 220 - 4683
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