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Back To Murray Tractors-Riding-Lawnmowers       Model: F4315-000 or F4315000 Murray Noma Performance All Wheel Steering Lawn Tractor
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AIOMA D u _ u A 335497A 3 / 01 / 95 ALL - WHEEL - STEERING LAWN TRACTOR Model F4315 - 000 • Safety Rules • Assembly • Operation • Maintenance ° Adjustments NOTICE ! This unit has a mulching plug installed on the mower deck . To side discharge mow you MUST remove the mulching plug . To remove mulching plug see Mulching Plug Instructions in the Maintenance section of this manual .
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Dear Customer , Thank you for your purchase of a NOMA PERFORMANCE All WHEEL STEERING LAWN TRACTOR ! Your NOMA PERFORMANCE lawn tractor is equipped with All Wheel Steering . This patented system delivers the increased maneuverability that's essential for cutting a lawn fast and more efficiently . By controlling both the front and rear wheels , All Wheel Steering creates a center of turn that is closer to the mowing deck . The result is a tight 13.5 - inch mowing radius that allows you to cut around trees . You can also make sharp turns without backing up , mow difficult to cut areas , and maneuver for close trimming . With All Wheel Steering , you spend much less time mowing your lawn and much more time pursuing your leisure time activities . This manual contains instructions for safety , assembly , operation , maintenance , adjustments and storage . Read this manual carefully and completely so that you will know proper assembly , use and care for your unit . B , . esure to fill in and mail the registration card packed with the unit . This information will prove valuable for any future service and product updates . For product service not covered in this manual , contact an authorized service dealer . A list of authorized parts distributors has been included in the Repair Parts manual . A nationwide parts and service organization has been established to provide locally available parts and service . Again , Murray Outdoor Products thanks you for the decision to purchase a quality , American made product , the NOMA PERFORMANCE ALL WHEEL STEERING LAWN TRACTOR . All of us at Murray Outdoor Products are dedicated to providing high quality products that meet your needs . Si ° ° e C Joe Cunningham Product Manager
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TABLE OF € ONTENTS INTERNATIONALSYMBOLS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 MAINTAINENANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . t8 - 24 OWNER'S INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 ADJUSTMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : . . . . . . 25 - 28 RESPONSIBILITY OF THE OWNER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 - 30 SAFETY RULES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 - 6 STORAGE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 SAFE MOWING GUIDE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 - 9 SLOPE GUIDE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 STEPS TO FOLLOW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 NOTES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 - 35 ASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 - 12 WARRANTY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 - 17 ome tractor models may require different instructions for assembTyand / or repair than shown in this manual The IS NOTE 1 epelr Parts manual ( supplied with tractor ) will contain these instructions if required on your model . This lawn tractor is equipped with an internal combustion engine and should not be used on or near any unimproved forest - covered , brush - covered , or grass - covered land unless the engine's exhaust system is _ IL quipped with a spark arrestsr meeting applicable local or state laws ( If any ) . If a spark arrester Is used , it should be maintained in effective working order by the operator . In the State of California the above Is required by law ( Section 4442 of the California Public Resources Code ) . Other states may have similar laws . Federal laws apply on federal lands . A spark arrester for the muffler is available through an Authorized Service Center References throughout this manual concerning the right or left side are determined as you face forward while seated in operator's seat . Photographs and illustrations in this manual may not show your model but are for reference . They are based on the latest information .
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/ INTERNATIONAL SYMBOLS IMPORTANT ! These symbols may appear on your unit or in literature suppliedwith the product . Learn and understand their meaning . @ @ 0 I I \ 1 ENGINE ENGINE ENGINE OFF ON FAST SLOW CHOKE START RUN STOP OIL FUEL BATTERY LIGHTS , ' LIGHTS OFF HOUR METER ALL - NEUTRAL PRESSURE LIGHTS ON SYSTEMS - GO FORWARD REVERSE CLUTCH BRAKE PARKING MOWER MOWER MOWER BRAKE HEIGHT CUTTING CUTT _ NG HEIGHT RAISE HEIGHT LOWER It + ARROW INCREASE DECREASE CLUTCH MOWER MOWER BLADE MOWER MOWER BLADE CLUTCH BLADE DISENGAGE ENGAGE OFF BRAKE ON m PARKING CAUTION DANGER ! KEEP DANGER ! KEEP DO NOT USE THIS REMOVE BRAKE HANDS AND FEET HANDS AND FEET AREA AS A STEP SPARK PLUG AWAY AWAY u DO NOT MOW GO UP AND DOWN KEEP BYSTANDERS BEWARE OF READ OWNER'S / HOTSURFACE WHEN SLOPES , NOT AWAY THROWN OBJECTS OPERATOR'S CHILDREN & ACROSS , MANUAL OTHERS ARE AROUND SHIELD EYES NO SPARKS , SULFURIC ACID FLUSH EYES EXPLOSIVE GASES FLAMES , OR CAN CAUSE IMMEDIATELY WITH CAN CAUSE SMOKING BLINDNESSOR WATER . GET BLINDNESS OR SEVERE BURNS MEDICAL HELP INJURY FAST
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OWNER'S INFORMATION This Owner's / Operator's Manual isfor several d _ erent models . The instructions are wr _ en for a person with some mechanical ability . Like most service books , not allthe steps are described . Steps on howto loosen or tighten fasteners are steps anyone can follow with some mechanical ability . Read and follow these instructionsbefore you use the unit . Know your product : ifyou understand the unitand howthe unitoperates , youwillget the best performance . As you read thisman ual , compare the illustrationstothe unit . Learn the locationand the function ofthe controls . To help prevent an accident , followtheoperating instructions and the safety rules . Keep this manual for future reference . IMPORTANT : Many units are not assembled and are sold in cartons . It is the responsibilityof the owner to make sure the assembly instructions in this manual are exactly followed . Other unitsare purchased in an assembled condition . On assembled units , it is the responsibility of the owner to make sure the unit is correctly assembled . The owner must carefully check the unit according to the instructions inthis manual before it is first used . RESPONSIBILITY OF THE OWNER Environmental Awareness The responsibility of the owner Is to follow the Instructions below . • Do not fill the engine's fuel tank completely full . 1 . Carefully read and follow the rules for safe operation . • Drain fuel for off - season storage . 2 . Follow all the assembly instructions . • Use only unleaded gasoline . 3 . Inspect the unit . • Service the air cleaner regularly . 4 . Make sure theoperator of the unit knows howtooorrectly use • Change oil regularly . Use 30W oil in summer . all standard and accessory equipment . • Tune - upthe engine regularly . 5 + Operate the unit only with guards , shields , and other safety • Keep equipment in efficient operating condition . items in place and working correctly , • Dispose of used engine oil properly . 6 . Correctly adjust the unit . 7 . Service the unit only with authorized or approved replace - ment parts . 8 . Complete all maintenance on the unit . SAFETY RULES Safe Operation Practices for Riding Vehicles WARNING : This cutting machine Is capable of amputating hands and feet and throwing objects . Failure to observe As Recommended by American National Standards Institute the following safety instructions could result In serious injury or death to the operator or bystanders . G ENERAL OPERATION : 1 . Read , understand and follow all instructions in the Owner's / Operator's Manual , on the machine , the engine and with any attachments before starting , 2 . Only allow responsible adults familiar with the instructions to operate the machine . 3 . Clear the area of objects such as rocks , toys , wire , etc . which could be picked up and thrown by the blade . 4 . Be sure the area is clear of other people before mowing , Stop the machine if anyone enters the area . 5 . Never carry passengers , 6 . Disengagepowertothemoweroranyattachmentsbeforebackingup . Donotmowinreverseunlessabsoluteiynecessary . Always look down and behind before and while backing . 7 . Beawareofthedirectionthemowerdischarges . Donotpointdischargefromthemoweratanyoneoratplaceswherepeoplemay be . Do not operate the mower without either the entire grass bagger or the mower guard in place . 8 . Slow down before turning . 9 . Neverleaveamachineunaltendedwiththeenginerunning . Alwaysdisengagetheblade ( s ) , settheparkingbrake , stoptheengine and remove the key before dismounting . 10 . Disengage power to attachment ( s ) when transporting or not in use . Disengage the blade ( s ) when not mowing . 11 . Stop the engine before removing the grass bagger or unclogging the chute . 12 . Mow only in daylight or good artificial light . 13 . Do not operate the machine while under the influence of alcohol or drugs or when very tired . 14 . Watch for traffic when operating near or crossing roadways . 15 . Use extra caution when loading or unloading the machine when using a trailer or truck for transporting . 16 . Disengage all attachment clutches and shift into Neutral before attempting to start the engine . ( on gear drive models ) 17 . Disengage all attachment clutches before attempting to start the engine . ( on hydro models ) 18 . Always wear safety g _ asses _ r an eye shie _ dwhen y _ u _ perate _ heunit t _ pr _ tect y _ ur eyes fr _ m f _ reign _ bjects that can be thr _ wn from the unit . Always wear eye protection when you make an adjustment or repair to the machine 19 . Use care when pulling loads or using heavy equipment . a . Use onry approved drawbar hitch points . b . Limit loads to those you can safely control c . Do not turn sharply . Use care when backing . d . Use counterweights when suggested in the Owner's / Operator's Manual .
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SLOPE OPERATION : Slopes and rough terrain are major factors related to loss of control and tip over accidents which can result In severe Injury or death . ALL slopes require extra caution . If you cannot back up the slope or if you feel uneasy on the slope , do not mow it . See the " Slope Guide " in the back of this book to check for safe operation . DO 1 . Mow up end down slopes , not across . 2 . Remove obstacles such as rocks , limbs , etc . . . 3 . Watch for holes , ruts or bumps . Uneven terrain could overturn the machine . " Tall grass can hide obstacles . " 4 . Use slow speed . Choose a low enough gear so that you will not have to stop or shift while on the slope . ( on gear drive models ) 5 . Use slow speed on slopes . Do not make sudden speed changes . ( on hydro models ) 6 . Follow the manufacturer's recommendations for wheel weights or counterweights to improve stability . 7 . Use extra care with grass baggers or other attachments , they can change the stability of the machine . 8 . Keep all movement on the slopes slow and gradual . Do not make sudden changes in speed or direction . 9 . Avoid starting or stopping on a slope , ff tires lose traction , disengage the blades and proceed slowly straight down the slope . DO NOT 1 . Do not turn on slopes unless absolutely necessary , then only turn slowly and gradually downhill , if possible . 2 . Do not mow near drop . . offs , ditches or embankments . A wheat over the edge or an edge caving in could cause a sudden overturn and an injury or death . 3 . Do not mow on wet grass . Reduced traction could cause sliding . 4 . Do not try to stabilize the machine by putting your foot on the ground . 5 . Do not use a grass catcher or other rear mounted accessories on steep slopes ( greater than 10 degrees ) , CHILDREN : Tragic accidents can occur If the operator Is not alert to the presence of ch ndren . Children are often attracted to the machine and the mowing activity . NEVER assume that children will remain where you last saw them . 1 . Keep children out of the mowing area and in the watchful care of an adult other than the operator . 2 . Be alert and turn the engine off if children enter the area . 3 . Before and when backing , look behind and down for small children . 4 . Never carry children or any passengers . They may fall off and be seriously injures or interfere with the safe operation of the machine . 5 . Never allow children to operate the machine . Instruct children in the dangers of the machine . 6 . Use extra care v / hen approaching blind corners , shrubs , trees or other objects that may obscure vision . SERVICE : 1 . Use extra care when handling gasoline and other fuels . Fuels are flammable and the vapors are explosive , a . Use only an approved container . b . Never remove the gas cap or add fuel with the engine running . Allow the engine to cool for several minutes before refueling . Do not smoke . c . Never refuelthe machine indoors . d . Never store the machine with fuel in the tank or fuel container inside where there is an open flame , such as a water heater . 2 . Never start or run the engine inside a closed area . 3 . Keep all nuts and bolts , especially the blade attachment nuts tight . Frequently check the blade ( s ) for wear or damage such as cracks and nicks . A blade that is bent or damaged must be immediately replaced with an original equipment blade ( s ) from an authorized service dealer . For safety , replace the blade ( s ) every two years . Keep the equipment in good condition . 4 . Never tamper with the safety devices . Check their proper operation regurarly . 5 . Toraducefirehazardskeepthemachinefreeofgrass , leavesorotherdebdsbuild - up . Cleanupoilcrfuelspilts . AIIowthemachine to cool before storing . 6 . Stop and inspect the equipment if your strike an object . Repair , if necessary , before restarting . 7 . Never make adjustments or repairs with the engine running . The carburetor can be adjusted with the engine running . Do not change the engine governor settings or over - speed the engine . 8 . Grass bagger components are subject to wear , damage and deterioration , which could expose moving parts or allow obiects to be thrown . For storage , always make sure the grass bag is empty . Frequently check components and replace with man ufacturar's recommended parts when necessary . 9 . Mowerblade ( s ) aresharpandcancut . Wraptheblade ( s ) orwearglovesanduseextracautionwhenservicingthemorthemower deck area . 10 . Check the brake operation frequently . Adjust and service as requirad . 11 . Wait for all movement to stop before servicing any part of the unit . Your Safety Is At Risk . " Look for this symbol to indicate Important safety precautions . This symbol indicates : " Attention ! Become Alert " 6
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SAFE MOWING GUIDE Each person that operates power equip - gency , how fast you can stop the blade is ment must learn to use correct and safe important . Learn howto control the mower at all times . mowing procedures . To help you learn , carefullyreadthe following pages . Most Many engines are started by hand . When of the time the operator was not correctly you use a pull start or rope start , place your shown or did not read the instructions on feet apart and away from the blade ( s ) . theunltor intheOwner's / Operator's Manual Hold the rope handle tight . Never wrap the before using the unit . Also , some opera - rope around you r arm or fingers for a " Bet - tots do not have enough experience . The ter grip " . To start the engine , follow the result is unsafe use , endangering the op - instructions on the mower , inthis book and erator , bystanders and the equipment . An - in the engine operating instructions . other result can be a poor appearance of For electric start engines , sit in the seat to the area mowed . The blade of power mower rot _ es very start the engine . The battery can be dan - fast . It can discharge rocks and other Read this book . Read the instructions on gerous . Follow the instructions on the objects over a long distance which can be the unit . Operate the mower according to battery , the acid container , and in this book dangerous . The force of the objects can the Safe Mowing Guide . Follow all safety when working with the battery . Even small break windows , cause injuries or even put rules , cautionsor warnings in thisbeck and batteries have enough voltage to cause an an eye out . Most of the time the injury is to on the unit . Make sure anyone that uses injury . Always be careful . a person , like a child . Keep every person the unit reads the instructions and is told completely away from the area to be The mower is designed to be operated by how to safely operate the mower . mowed . Make sure the grass is not dis - one person . Never let another person ride charged toward anyone . Planning your with you on the unit or on any accessories . mowing pattern has a double advantage . It A passenger will make the unit harder to can decrease the possibility of an injury control , block the visibility or distract the and make the clean up after mowing easier . operator and is dangerous to the operator , the passenger and the equipment . Without a passenger seat , the passenger can fall fromthe mower orcontact dangerous parts . A mower is not a toy for showing off or for giving rides . The mower will give you good service and durability , ifoperated innormal conditions . If the mower is not correctly serviced or is used where the terrain is rough or unsuit - able , product performance and safety will be decreased . Check the terrain of the area to be mowed . Correct clothingis an important part of safe Mow inpattern that will keep you away from mowing . Safety glasses will protect the dangerous areas . Checkthe distance you eyes from objectsdischarged bythe mower . need to stop and the distance avairable to Safety shoes with steel plates can protect turn . Slopes and rough terrain must be Never cutawet lawn . Wet grasscancause a foct from injury bytheblade . For prctec - mowed carefully and some areas must not an accident , affect mower performance tion from objects discharged from the be mowed at all . With riding mowers , mow and can cause problems with future lawn mower , wear clothing that will cover the up and down the hill When you must mow growth and appearance . Wet grass is arms and legs . rough terrain or on slopes , never change slippery and can cause the mower to slip . directions or change speeds and stop in Someone can get injured by touching the these areas only in and emergency . blade ( s ) . Wet grass tends to clog the mower , causing poor discharge . Cut wet Before you ride up or down a slope , try to grass will collect on the lawn , retarding the back straight up the slope . Do not ride up growth of the grass . Also , getting the or down a slope that is too steep to back mower wet will cause parts to rust and straight up . See the " Guide " in the back of decrease the life of the unit . this Owner's / Operator's Manual to check any slopes . When you look over the lawn , remember obstacles that cannot be removed , like pipes , stumps or rocks . Keep away from these obstacles that can cause damage to Before you start cutting the grass , practice the mower or injury to the operator or a using the mower in a large open and level person near the mower . Clear the area of area . Learn the location of the controls on rocks , toys , wire or other loose objects . the mower . Know the purpose of the These ffems can damage the mower or can controls and how they work . In an emer - be discharged by the mower blade . 7
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SAFE MOWING GUIDE Before you start cutting , make sure the is running . Do nottouch these parts of the When you mow , remember that children mowerwas completely assembled accord - are attracted to the mower . Always usa mower . Stop the engine . Let the engine caution when mowing around obstacles ing to the Owner's / Operator's Manual . If and transmission cool before servicing the the mower was completely assembled at mowerRemember , exhaustfumesaredan - like trees or shrubs or when moving back - the store , you must still check the mower gerous . Never operate the engine insidea ward . Only mow in a forward direction if according to the assembly instructions . building . possible . You r visibility is decreased when Make sure the mower is correctly as - you mow backward . Also , the blades are When you get a new mower , itcan be a new sembled and that all fasteners are tight . made to cut while the unit is moving for - experience for the family . Tell each person Make sure the engine has the correct ward . If you mow backward , the cutting how a mower can be dangerous . Remem - amount of oil . Check these items often performance decreases . ber , a mower is not a toy . A mower is not during the life of the mower . to be used by children or anyone not old Your mower has a gasoline engine . Gaso - enough , strong enough or that does not line is a dangerous fuel . Keep gasoline have experience . only in an approved safety gasoline con - If the mower is not correctly assembled , not tainer , Do not keep large amounts of operated correctly , or not regularly ser - gasoline . When you add gasoline to the viced , the mower can be dangerous . The fualtank , do not smoke . Storetha gasoline most important rule to follow is always use container and the mower in an area that good judgement and common sense . Mow Before you leave the mower , stop the en - has good ventilation . Also , keep the gaso - safely and carefully . gine . Remove the key . Disengage and line away from any flames like the pilotlight Your mower will easily cut thick grass . lower any attachment . Set the parking of a furnace or any other source of ignition . Fingers , feet and other parts can also be brake . Never mount or dismount from the If the mower is to be stored for more than a cut by the blade . Injuries occur when the seat while the engine is running . An acci - few weeks , remove the gasoline from the operator does not think and reaches into dent can occur if you touch the brake , shift fuel tank . When inside an enclosure , do the chute opening . Always operate the lever , throttle , clutch , or mower clutch lever not add gasoline to the fuel tank . Before mower as if the blade is rotating . Do not while the engine is running . Mount and you add gasoline move the mower outside service or make an adjustment , except to dismount from the seat on the side oppo - and add gasoline carefully . Before your the carburetor , while the engine is running . site the discharge chute . start the angina , remove anygasoline from the outside of the fuel tank or from the mower . Warm gasoline will expand . Leave some space in the fu _ tank for the gasoline to expand . Also , the fuel cap has a vent hole for fuelvapors . Always usathe correct fuel cap . Failure to follow safety rules about gasoline will cause fires and explo - sions , injury to you and damage to the equipment and other property . Use only accessories that are factory ap - proved for your mower . The wrong acces - Make sure you are in good condition when sory can decrease the safety of the mower you mow . When you mow for several and can even damage the unit . Read and hours your reflexes will decrease and your follow the instructions included with the mind will not be as alert . Take a short break accessory and the mower . or an accident can occur . If the tempera - Use only original equipment or replace - ture is hot , use caution to prevent dehydra - ment parts that are factory approved for tion . If you are tired , angry or not com - If you add gasoline to an engine that is service . If you need service , select and pletely alert , do not operate the mower . If running or hot , the result can be an explo - Authorized Service Center for your mower . you use alcohol , medication or drugs , do sion . Before you add gasoline , stop the If you do the work on the unit , follow the not use the mower or any type of power engine and let the engine cool for several instructions Jn the Owner's / Operator's equipment . seconds . Remove dry grass and other Engine speed is a key to safe mowing and debris from the mower . Keep the mower to a good looking lawn . The maximum clean to improve the performance , help the speed of the engine was set at the factory . engine and transmission run cooler , ex - Do not change the setting of the engine tend the like of moving parts , and decrease governor . the danger of a fire . Select the maximum engine and ground Fires and explosions are not the only dan - speed that is right for the terrain and the gers when working around a mower . The height of the grass . The blade cuts best engine , transmission , and the muffler will when the engine is operating at maximum get hot in several minutes when the engine 8
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SAFE MOWING GUIDE speed . Also , the grass catcher willf unction Vibration can be a warning of a problem , a blade that is not sharp or at a slow engine better when the engine is operating at Keep all nuts , bolts and screws tight . speed you can damage the grass . Move maximum speed . On slopes , decrease the the throttle control to the FAST position The blade is the most dangerous part of the ground speed and use care making sure when mowing and using the grass catcher . mower . Frequently check the blade and mower feels safe to operate . Also , use a slower ground speed when the blade mounting fasteners . Keep the using the grass catcher . If the weather conditions are bad , do not fasteners tight . If the blade hits a solid mow . If weather conditions become bad , object , stop the engine . Remove the wire Ifyou change the direction or pattern of cut stop cutting and finish later . It is dangerous from the spark plug . Check for a blade that slightly every time you mow willmake the to cut grass in the rain . Always find protec - is bent , cracked or for other damages . grass grow stronger and thicker . Do not tion in an electrical storm . If the weather Before you start the engine , replace the add oil or gasoline to the mower while on conditions are extra dry , protect your eyes damaged blade . For safety , replace the the lawn . Spilled oil or gasoline can kill the with safety glasses from the dust and from blade every two years . grass . In high or thick grass , do not try to the objects discharged by the mower . Also , cut all the grass the first time . Raise the a dust or a pollen mask can help . height of cut on the first cutting and lower the heightfor the next cutting Anotherway is to cut only part of the width of the mower and decrease your ground speed ( not the engine ) to move more slowly so that the mower can discharge the grass as it moves forward . Understand the controls and how they work . Learn the ground speed ( s ) of your A sharp blade decreases the work load on mower . Check the stopping distance re - the engine and more evenly cuts grass . quired at different travel speeds . Check Frequently sharpen the blade for a better the turning radius of the mower . The looking cut . Use the left side of the mower controls on your riding mower are different Your mower is equipped with a number of deck to trim near an object . from an automobile . The throttle is oper - safety devices which are important to the A grass catcher is a good a accessory for ated by hand and holds the engine speed safety of the operator and bystanders and your mower . For best performance and constant until it is changed . The location of must never be changed or removed from safety , make sure the grass catcher is the shift lever and the shift pattern is differ - the mower . If a safety device is lost , approved for use with your mower . Follow ent from that of an automobile . Also , the damaged or no longer functions , repair or the assembly and operation instructions brake and clutch systems are different . replace the device before you operate the included with the grass catcher . Remember the procedures to follow in an mower . emergency . Remember , turning off the Some grass catchers require a special It is best to mow during the day . If you must ignition switch will stop the blade and the blade for best performance . Before you mow at night , make sure there is enough drive mechanism . If the traction of the attach , check , or empty the grass catcher , light for safe operation . wheels is lost or does not feel safe , disen - always stopthe engine . Beforeeach useof gage all systems and stop the engine . Your mower will require regular mainte - the grass catcher , check for cracks , wear or Dismount from the mower . Pushthe unifto nance and service . The maintenance deterioration . Before you use the grass a safe place before you begin mowing schedule depends on the hours of use . catcher , replace a damaged part with a again . Also , mowing conditions can change the replacement part approved by the factory . schedule . Check the Owner's / Operator's Your unit has an electrical system that Manual for more information . Correct main - includes an seat switch in the seat . The tenance will help the mower function safely . seat switch detects ifthe operator is sitting Do not service the mower on the seat . The engine will stop if the operator leaves the seat when the blade ( except for the carburetor engagement control is engaged . This seat adjustment ) while the en - switch is a safety device only . Itmust not gine is running . Before il _ , l you service the un t , even I _ regularly be used to stop the engine or the blade . There are other control systems on with the engine stopped , Itl the mower for this purpose . Always keep always disconnect the wire the seat switch and other safety devices from the spark plug to pre - and controls in place and operating for your vent the engine from start - For you to have a good green lawn , follow protection . ing . the mowing procedures below . Do not cut Remember , your mower is a tool that can If you hit a large object during operation , the grass too short . If you cut the grass to be dangerous if it is not correctly used . stop the engine . Remove the wire from the short you can cause the grass to become Follow the instructions in this Owner's / sparkplug . Carefully inspect the mower for yellow or make the lawn look brown . Use Operator's Manual . Safe and careful use damage . Before you start the engine again , a lower height of cut in cool months when of the mower willgive you ma _ , _ s , afe hours make the necessary repairs . If you feel the grass is thicker . Raise the height of cut of problem free use . new or excessive vibration , immediately in hot dry periods , if you cut the grass with stop the engine and check for the problem .
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STEPS TO FOLLOW BEFORE MOWING • Be sure to dress correctly . Wear hard shoes , not sandals or tennis shoes . • Examine the blade . A blade that is bent , cracked or damaged must be replaced with a factory replacement blade . • Fillthe fueltank outside . Clean off spilled fuel . • Read and follow the Owner's / Operator's Manual , the instructions with the engine , and the instructions with any attachments . Owner's / Operator's Manual instructions are for your safety and the safety of others . • Exhaust fumes are dangerous . Start the engine outside . • Make sure all safety devices are in place and working correctly . • Operation of the mower is only for a person that has experience . • Wet grass can be dangerous . Let the grass dry . • Instruct children and others to keep away from the work area . • Never cut the grass w _ thoutgood light . • Pick up loose objects . Remove them from the mowing area , WHILE MOWING • Watch for fixed objects and avoid them . They can damage the mower or cause injury . • A hot engine , muffler , and transmission will cause a burn . Do not touch . • Inclines and slopes must be carefully mowed . See the " Guide * in the back of this book to check a slope . • Lack of daylight or good artificial light is cause to stop mowing . • Examine the mower , the blade , and other parts for damage after hitting a foreign object or if the unit vibrates excessively . • Do not make adjustments or repairs without stopping the engine ( except for carburetor ) . Disconnect the spark plug wire . \ . , • On or near roads watch out for traffic . Direct discharge away from roads . • When mowing , avoid areas where traction is unsure . Look back before changing direction of travel . • In heavy grass , raise the cutting height . Cut slower . Stop the engine to remove clogged grass from the mower . • Never remove any safety related parts . • Do not pour gasoline into a engine that is hot or running . AFTER MOWING • Always let the mower cool before storing in an enclosed area . • Foreign material on the mower is dangerous . Clean off grass , leaves , grease , and oil before storing . • Tighten all loose nuts , bolts , and screws before you use the unit . • Empty and clean any grass catcher or other accessory . • Remove the key or disconnect the spark plug wire to prevent unauthorized use . • Make sure the mower is not kept near a source of ignition . Gas fumes can cause an explosion . • Only original parts or factory approved substitutes can be used to service the mower . • When storing the mower for an extended period , remove the fuel from the fuel tank . • Instruct children to leave the mower alone . Jtis not a toy . • Never keep gasoline near a source of ignition . Always use an approved container . Keep gasoline away from children • Lubricate according to the Owner's / Operator's Manual . See " Lubrication " . IMPORTANT - READ THE OWNER'S / OPERATOR'S MANUAL . KEEP THIS BOOK FOR FUTURE USE AND REFERENCE . , _ WARNING : Look for this symbol to point out important safety precautions . It means : " Altentlon ! Become Alert ! Your Safety Is Involved . " 10
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ASSEMBLY STEERING WHEEL INSTALLATION Your lawn tractor has a right side and left side as you face forward while seated in operator's seat . ( FIG . 2 - ASSY ) 1 . Position front wheels straight forward . TO ACTIVATE BATTERY 2 . Place spacer ( If so equipped ) on steering shaft . IMPORTANT : : Before you attach the battery cables to the 3 . Place steering shaft cover ( if so equipped ) over spacer . battery , check the battery date code . The battery date code tells 4 . Align cross holes in steering wheel and steedng shaft . Make if the battery must be charged . sure wheel single wheel spoke points down . NOTE : Use a 1 . Check the battery date code on top of the battery . small Phillips screwd river with a 1 / 4 inch shaft to aFignholes . 2 . If the battery is put into service before the battery date , the 5 . Drive spring pin through holes with a hammer . battery cables can be attached without charging the battery . See Battery Installation paragraph in Maintenance sec - tion of this manual . STEERING WHEEL 3 . If the battery is put into service after the battery date , the battery must be charged . To charge proceed : When you charge the battery , do not smoke , _ Keep the battery away from any sparks . The SPRING PIN fumes from the battery acid can cause an explosion . • STEERINGCOVER TO CHARGE THE " MAINTENANCE FREE " BATTERY SHAFT ( NOTE : Before you attach the battery cables , make sure the SPACER battery is fully charged . This will extend the life of the battery and ( IF SO EQUIPPED ) STEERING SHAFT provide the necessary power to start the engine . 4 . Remove battery from lawn tractor ( see Battery Removal paragraph in Maintenance section of this manual ) . 5 . Remove the protective caps from the battery terminals . 6 . Use a 12 volt battery charger to charge the battery . Charge at a rate of 6 amperes for one hour . If you do not have a battery charger , have an authorized service center charge the battery . Complete assembly section of this man ual while waiting for battery to charge . 7 . Reinstall battery ( see Battery Installation paragraph in Maintenance section of this manual ) . 11
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ASSEMBLY TO ADJUST QUICK ADJUST SEAT ( FIG . 3 - ASSY ! running or Is hot . Immediately wipe off any | if adjustment Is needed : spilled gasoline before attempting to start | I _ Never fill the gas tank while the engine is | 1 . Loosen T - knob located underneath seat ( Do not engine . J remove ) . 2 , Move seat forward or rearward to desired operator's position . 3 . T _ ghtenT - knob securely . TO SERVICE TRACTOR 1 . Check tire pressure . Recommended operating tire pressure is 10 to 14 pounds per square inch . Check side wall of tires TO SERVICE ENGINE ( FIG . 4 - ASSY ) for manufacturer's maximum tire pressure . Do not exceed 1 . Place tractor so engine is in a level position . this pressure . Equal tire pressure shoutd be maintained in all tires , 2 . Raise hood to gain access to engine . NOTE : Raise and 2 . Check all nuts and bolts to be sure none are loose . lower slowly to avoid personal injury or damage to tractor . 3 . Remove oir fill cal ' / dipstick . Clean dipstick with a rag . 3 . ReturntotheToActivateBattery paragraphinthissection and complete the battery installation . 4 . Check oil level . Use a funnel to add oil to the engine crankcase , if the oil level is below the full mark . See Engine Operating and Maintenance manual for proper prooedu re . 5 . Reinstall oil fill cap / dipstick and tighten securely . 6 . Checkto make sure that spark plugwire ( s ) is attachedto spark plug ( s ) . 7 . Fill gas tank with clean , fresh lead - free gasoline with a minimum rating of 77 octane . Low - lead or regular grade leaded gasolines are acceptable . Do not mix oil with gaso - line , Be certain container is clean and free from rust or other foreign particles . Never use gasoline that may be stale from long periods of storage in the container . 12
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OPERATION The operation of this lawn tractor can result in objects being thrown into the ayes , which can result insevere eye dam - deflector In place . A lawn tractor can be dan - I age . Always wear safety glasses or eye gerous to operate if misused . On slopes , be I shields while operating a lawn tractor . We very cautious and avoid sharp turns to pre - I I Do Not operate this tractor without a chute ] recommend standard safety glasses or a vent tipping or loss of control . NEVER carry I wide vision safety mask for over passengers . , J spectacles . Get to know your lawn tractor and its controls . Be sure you ( or any other operator ) have read and understood the Safety Pages listed in the front of this manual . Battery Charoe Indicator ( if so equipped ) - Indicates whether Your new lawn tractor wUigive years of service if cared for battery is being recharged when engine is running . The battery properly . Never run intotrees , curbs , etc . Service regularly and charge indicator light is GREEN . When engine is running and store in a dry area . Operate your lawn tractorat slow speeds until light is lit this means the battery IS charging . If indicator is not you become familiar withthe machine . Avoid sharp turnsat high on , have battery and / or engine charging system checked by an speed and uphillor downhillturns . Operate tractor carefully . Be authorized service dealer . especially cautious on hills . When riding down inclines , keep shiftcontrolin low speed withbrake - clutch pedal out . This allows the engine to controlthe speed . Use brake for fast stops on hills . Oil Pressure Indicator ( if so eauioDed ) - Indicates engine oil KEEP MOWER CLEAN . Grass clippings may pack under the pressure . If it is lit , stop immediately and check the oil . mower deck due to the internal moisture content of the grass . This accumulation of cut grass should be removed after each O mowing . Remove ignitionkey and scrape accumulation off with a putty knife or similar tool . Cleaning of the underside is easier All Systems Go Liaht - If this indicator is lit , the engine will not if mower deck is removed . See Mower Deck Removal para - start . graph in Malntenanca sectionof this manual . Remove dirt and 1 . Your clutch - brake pedal may not be fully depressed . debris from engine area with a brush or cloth . 2 . The mower clutch lever may not be in the DISENGAGE CONTROLS position . FIG . 1 - OP shows all operating controls . The controls and their functions are as follows : ® 13
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OPERATION Transmission Control Lever - Used to select ground speed o - Regulates engine and blade speed . Engine should always be run at fast speed for best grass cut - ranges as well as direction of motion ( forward - neutraFreverse ) . ting . NOTE : For models without a choke control button the Forward speed ranges are labeled ( 1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 ) or ( 1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - 6 ) . choke is regulated with the throttle control lever . No . 1 range isslowest forward speed , used for traveling up or down steep hillsor for snow removal . No . 2 range is used for cutting tall or heavy grass . Ionltlon Switch - Used to start and stop engine . Turn key all No . 3 range is used for average mowing conditions . the way right to 3rd position to start engine . When key is re - leased after starting engine it will return to 2nd position . To No . 4 range is used for light mowing . stop engine , turn kay to 1st position . Remove key to lock igni - No . 5 range is used for very light mowing on smooth flat tion . surfaces on a 6 speed . On a 5 speed it is used for transporting the unit . No . 6 range should be used for transporting unit only . Headltoht Switch - Turns headlights on and off . With engine running , push ON and of switch to turn headlights on . To turn headlights off push OFF and of switch . _ ome to a full stop before changing direct , o _ of motion . B Hour Meter flf so soulor , ed ) - Counts total number of hours lawn tractor has been operated . Use meter with Maintenance ® Check List to schedule maintenance for lawn tractor . Parkino Brake Lever - Used to lock brake - clutch pedal inbrake I \ 1 position . NOTE : Check gear shift position and know op e r - ating intentions before releasing brake . Choke Control ( If so eauloned ) - Used to start cold engine . 1 . Depress brake - clutch pedal fully , engaging brake . 2 . Push parking brake lever forward and engage notch in Ammeter fir so eaulnoed ) - Indicates whether battery is be - parking brake lever against main frame . ing recharged wheh engine is running . If charge is not indi - cared while engine is running at full throttle , have engine 3 . To release parking brake , apply pressure to pedal and charging system checked by an authorized engine service spring will release parking brake lever . dealer . I l - I l Brake - Clutch Pedal - This is a dual purpose control . Press pedal halfway down to disengage dutch . It is used for changing speed range or direction of traver ( forward or reverse ) . Release pedalto engage clutch . With pedal compretely depressed , brake is applied . 14
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OPERATION Mower Clutch Lever - Used to engage or disengage the power ( _ uttine Heloht Adjustment Lever - Used to change height of to the mower deck blades . With mower clutch lever moved allthe cut . The bottom position of lever is the lowest way to DISENGAGE ( rearward ) position , blades should stop in cutting height and the top position is the highest cutting height . a safe period of time . Use DISENGAGE position when using as Other positions change height of cut approximately 1 / 2 inch each . a tractor for yard jobs such as pulling a roller , seeder , sweeper or other accessories . t . Grasp lever ( RG . I - OP ) with left hand and pull upward to 1 . raise mower deck . You will hear a click sound as lever Move lever slowly ( Never " snap " the lever ) toward frontof lawn tractor to engage power to the blades , itis important passes to next height position . to engage mower clutch lever while engine is running atfull 2 . Grasp lever with left hand and pull upward slightly . Depr'ess speed . button on end of lever with thumb to release height adjust - 2 . Move lever slowly toward rear of lawn tractor to ment lever latch and lower mower deck to disengage power to blades and to apply blade brakes . desired height . Release latch button and allow lever to latch in place . Mower clutch lever must always be In full DISENGAGE position to start engine . Never place lever in ENGAGE posltlonuntilengine is warmed upandoperator ison seat , readyto start mowing . Alwaysreturn leverto DISENGAGE position before dismounting from tractor . hands and feet from under the mower deck | _ k Banladdeaswaywiflrlomnotthestdoipschiamrgmeedciahtuetlye . . Keep ' _ | J 15
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OPERATION If engine cranks but fails to start , proceed as follows : TO START ENGINE 1 . Checkto make sure fueltank contains clean , fresh gasoline . Read Operation section in this manual and Engine Operat - Ing and Maintenance manual before trying to start engine , 2 . Check to make sure spark plug ( s ) is / are tightened securely NOTE : Be sure engine crancase Is filled to the full mark into engine and spark plug wire ( s ) is / are attached to spark plug ( s ) . before starting engine . Never run engine unless crank - case is properly filled with o11and dipstick is tightened se - 3 . Carburetor adjustment may be necessary ( see Engine curely . Operating and Maintenance manual ) . IMPORTANT : When starting engine , the brake + clutch pedal If engine does not crank , check the following : must be fully depressed and mower clutch lever must be in full 1 . Be sure brake - clutch pedal is fully depressed and mower DISENGAGE positionto engage the lockout switches , The All clutch lever is in DISENGAGE position . Systems Go light ( if so equipped ) on dash will glow and engine will not crank unless these conditions are met . 2 . Be sure the battery has been serviced and charged . Your lawn tractor Is equipped with a seat switch . The 3 . Check fuse in red wire near back of ignition switch . engine will stop if operator is not firmly seated in operator's seat when mower clutch lever is engaged . Leaning forward or to one side on the seat may cause the engine to stop . To leave operator's seat , the brake - clutch pedal must be pushed all the way down and locked or engine will stop . To start engine proceed as follows : 1 + Check to make sure fuel tank contains clean , fresh gaso - line , and engine crankcase is properly filled with oil . 2 . Depress and hold brake - clutch pedal all the way down . may exceed 150 ° F . Avoid these areas . Place shift lever in NEUTRAL position . 3 . Place mower clutch lever in DISENGAGE position . LAWN TRACTOR OPERATION 4 . Place throttle control lever to FAST position . Take a comfortable riding position on seat of lawn tractor 5 , A warm engine will require little or no choking . For cold and start engine as outlined . After engine warm - up , move the starts place throttle control lever in choke position or pull transmission control lever to a slow speed position to get used choke control out . This will depend on the type choke your to your lawn tractor . After you become familiar with the opera - unit is equipped with . tion of your tractor , move the transmission control lever to a 6 , Turn ignition key to START position . Release key when faster speed . With mower blades stopped , make your first run in a large , open , level area . Learn to start , stop , and change engine has started . NOTE : Continuous cranking of more than 15 seconds per minute can cause starter to overheat . direction in this area . Once you learn to maneuver your lawn tractor , move throttle control to FAST position . Slowly move Allow startei " to cool two minutes after prolonged cranking of more than 15 seconds per minute . mower clutch lever to ENGAGE position and start mowing . To stop blades , move lever to DISENGAGE position . To stop 7 + After engine starts , move throttle control out of choke engine , move throttle control toSLOW position , turn ignition key position to desired engine speed or gradually push choke to OFF position . CAUTION : Disengage mower clutch lever , control all the way in and move throttle control lever to set parking brake , stop engine , lower mower deck and desired engine speed . This will depend on the type choke remove key before leaving operator's position . Always your unit is equipped with . dismount from left side . 8 . To stop engine , turn ignition key to OFF position . Your lawn tractor is equipped with a seat switch . The engine will stop if operator is not firmly seated inoperator's seat when mower clutch lever is engaged . Leaning forward or to one side on the seat may cause the engine to stop . To Move throttle to slow before turning ignition off to leave operator's seat , the brake - clutch pedal must be reduce muffler " POP " . pushed all the way down and locked or engine will stop . I IMPORTANT 1 Failure to do so will result In engine and exhaust system damage . 16
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OPERATION MULCHING MOWING TIPS f TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH 1 , Blades must be sharp . A dull blade willrip or tear grass , Read Owner's / Operator's Manual ( s ) . creating an uneven appearing cut lawn . Know location & function of all controls . 2 Mow grass when it has grown 1 / 2 - 1 inch above the recom - mended height ( consult your local nursery for advice on Keep guards , safety shields and switches In recommended height ) . place and working . 3 . To achieve best mulching results , mow the lawn often Remove objects that could be thrown by enough to cut less than 1 inch . blade ( s ) . 4 Do not cut off more than 1 / 3 of the total height of the grass _ . _ IL Do not mowwhen chlldren & othersare around . in one mowing . If the lawn is overgrown cut a little at a time Never carry children or passengers . and let grass recover before mowing again . Look down and behind before and while back - 5 , Avoid mowing wet grass , it will clog the mower deck and ing . leave clumps ofgrassonthe lawn . Ifthis occurs even under Do not mow where machlns could tlp or sllp . normal conditions mow more frequently , at a slower speed , a narrower swath , or raise the cutting height . If machine stops going uphlll , disengage 6 , blade ( s ) and back down slowly . Place engine throttle control in fast position when mowing . Remove key when leavlng machine . 7 Always clean under mower housing after each use . Avoid sudden turns . Go up and down slopes , not across . j ALL - WHEEL STEERING FEATURE Because both front and rear wheels turn , an all - wheel steer - ing lawn tractor is very maneuverable . If the lawn tractor MOWING HINTS becomes wedged against a wall , fence or other obstruction , For best mowing results , engine should be run at fast throttleand do the following : ground speed controlled by shift control lever position . Forward 1 . Move transmission control lever to No . 1 position . speed of the lawn tractor must be controlled in accordance with 2 . Turn steering wheel slightly away from obstruction . NOTE : thetype and quantityof grass being mowed . The more grassthat If you turn sharply ( 7 ° or more ) , rear wheels will turn in opposite must be cut , the slower the speed forward should be . When direction of front wheels ( turning into obstruction you are trying cutting light grass , the forward speed can be increased . By to turn away from ) . observing the cutting action of your mower , you can determine how fast you can travel . 3 . You can reverse tractor to back out of dead ends . CAUTION : Before backing up , stop mower blades . Be sure Your mower may tend to leave unmowed strips when long and tractor is completely stopped before shifting tender grass is being mowed . Tender grass has a high internal into reverse . Before backing up , carefully check the moisture content and is easily depressed by the lawn tractor area behind the lawn tractor for children , pets , and other wheels , and may not always spring back in time to be cut . To obstructions . overcome this condition , we advise mowing the lawn in a counterclockwise direction , overlapping previous cut , which allows the lifting action of the rotating blades to lift the grass into the cutting path . The rear wheels are driven by a transaxle , similar to an automobile differential . This makes short turns possible and prevents marring of the lawn . It is possible to spin the drive wheels of the lawn tractor under adverse conditions . When one wheel slips , shift your weight over this wheel to obtain more pulling power . Your lawn traclor is very maneuverable and can be reversed to back out of dead ends . CAUTION : Disengage mower blades before backing up . Carefully check area behind tractor for children or pets before backing up . 17
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MAINTENANCE The warranty on this lawn tractor does not cover items that tsnance Check List is supplied to assist operator to properly maintain lawn tractor . This is a check list only . have been subjected to operator abuse or negligence . To receive full value from the warranty , operator must maintain Adjustments referred to will be found in Adjustments section of this manual . lawn tractor as instructed in this manual . The following IVlaln - BEFORE STORAGE MAINTENANCE CHECK LIST BEGINNING EACH SEASON EVERY 100 HOURS EVERY 50 HOURS SERVICE RECORD EVERY 25 HOURS FILL IN DATES MONTHLY AS YOU COMPLETE FREQUENTLY REGULAR SERVICE AFTER FIRST 5 HOURS BEFORE EACH USE Check Engine Oil Level Change Engine Oil Change Oil Filter ( if so equipped ) Clean Air Fitter Change Spark Plug ( s ) Replace Air Filter Paper Cartridge Clean Air Screen Inspect Muffler / Spark Arrestor Rep [ ace Fuel Filter Check Battery Fluid Level / Recharge ( if so _ qui _ ped ) Clean Battery and Terminals Adjust Motion Drive Belt Tension Check Brake Operat on • • Check Transmission Cooling Check Tire Pressure ( 10 - 14 Ibs ) • • Adjust Mower Deck Belt Sharpen or Replace Mower Blades Check for Loose Fasteners • Clean Lawn Tractor • See Lubrication Chart ! NOTES : 1 . Change more often when operating under a heavy load or in HIGH temperatures . ( 90 ° and above ) 2 . Service more often when operating in dirty or dusty conditions . 3 . Replace more often when mowing in sandy soil . LUBRICATION At no time dur ing maintenance or adjustments For lubrication frequency see Maintenance Check List . For can the lawn tractor be lifted more than 20 lubrication points and type of lubricant see Lubrication inches from level position without taking the Chart . The transmission has been lubricated for life . _ following precautions : 1 . Remove gasoline from tank and run engine until carburetor is dry . 2 . Remove battery . ( see BATTERY REMOVAL paragraph in MAINTENANCE section . ) 3 . Remove oll from crankcase . 18
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MAINTENANCE CLEANING LAWN TRACTOR TO CHANGE CRANKCASE OIL ( FIG . 1 - MAINT ) Grass clippings may pack under the mower deck due to the internal moisture content of the grass , This accumulation Change crankcase oil after first 5 hours of operation and every of cut grass should be removed after each mowing . Remove 25 hours thereafter . See Engine Operating and Mainte - ignifionkey and scrape accumulation off with a putty knife or nance manual for proper procedure . similar tool . Cleaning of the underside is easier if mower deck 1 . Place a flat bottom 2 quart container beneath oil drain valve . is removed , Sea paragraph Mower Deck Removal . Remove NOTE : The user has the option of connecting a vinyl hose dirt and debris from engine area with a brush or cloth . ( 1 / 2 " diameter ) to pert end of valve in order to drain used oil into container for disposal . Hose may be purchased at any ENGINE MAINTENANCE local hardware store . See Engine Operating and Maintenance manual for mainte - nance instructions . NOTE : It may be necessary to raise left side of lawn tractor ( with , blocks under left wheels ) to get proper drainage . MAINTAIN THE AIR FILTER 2 . Turn oil drain valve counterclockwise and pull to drain oil . The air filter should be cleaned and / or replaced every 25 hours NOTE : Oil fill cap / dipstick should be loosen ed to serve as an of operation under normal operating conditions ; more often un - air vent , der dusty conditions . To clean the air filter see Engine Oper - ating and Maintenance manual . 3 . Tocioseoildrain valve push and turn clockwise . Removeoil fill cap / dipstick and refill crankcase as outlined in SPARK PLUG MAINTENANCE Engine Operating and Maintenance manual . Spark plug should be checked periodically for excessive car - 4 . Reinstall oil fill cap / dipstick . ben and gap . The spark plug gap should be checked with a wire feeler gauge and set at . 030 inch as shown in the Engine Operating and Maintenance manual . MAINTAIN THE OIL FILTER The oil filter should be changed every 100 hours of operation under normal operating conditions , more often under severe conditions . See the Engine Operating and Maintenance manual for proper procedure , MAINTAIN THE FUEL FILTER Check the in - line fuel filter at frequent intervals and replace before the screen becomes clogged with sediment . Make sure new filter is installed with the IN marking toward the tank and the OUT marking toward the engine . Check fuel system com - ponents frequently and replace any parts showing wear or cracks . See the Engine Operating and Maintenance manual for proper procedure . 19
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MAINTENANCE LUBRICATION CHART WIPE GREASE ON SECTOR GEAR AND Orientation view only . Do Not stand on end . STEERING GEAR OIL FRONTND AXLES A NPIVOTTSONOES POI BOTH SL GREASE WHEELS BEARINGS ON BOTH SIDES WIPE GREASE ON END OF DRAG LINK AND IN CAM SLOTS OIL IDLER ARMHOULDER SBOLT GREASE UNIVERSAL GREASE I JOINTS ON BOTH ZERKS ON I SIDES QUILLEMBLIES ASS / OIL MOWER DECK WHEELS ON BOTH SIDES OIL STEERING MOWER PIVOT POINTS ON DECK HITCH BOTH SIDES PIVOT POINTSq EVERY 25 HOURS OF OPERATIONCRANKCASE USE A GOOD GRADE OF CUP GREASE USE SAME TYPE OIL USED IN HEADUGHT BULB REPLACEMENT ( FIG . 2 - MAINT ) TO REMOVE NOTE : Do not remove the plastic headlamp lens when replacing the headlight bulbs . 1 . Lift hood . 2 . Turn the headlight harness ( holding the bulb ) t / 4 turn coun - HEADLIGHT temlockwise ( to the left ) and remove . 3 . Pull the bulb out ( do not unscrew ) . Push in new bulb . 4 . Replace the headlight harness and turn a quarter turn clockwise to the right to lock in place . BULB 2O
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MAINTENANCE Always disconnect negative ( black ) cable first . " _ Keep the battery away from any sparks . The I I _ Removing positive cable first can result In | fumes from the battery acid can cause an / I J V _ , sparks if the wrench touches any metal aur - / When you charge the battery , do not smoke . I I _ face . Be sure battery hold - down bracket does I explosion . J L not touch battery terminals and cause a spark . J BATTERY MAINTENANCE BATTERY REMOVAL ( FIG . 3 - MAINT ) When starter operates properly and battery connections are clean and tight but cranking difficulty is experienced , battery 1 . Raise seat and disconnect negative ( black ) battery cable may not be charged . Battery should be taken to an authorized and move away from terminal . service station and tested . 2 . Pull away battery cable boot ( if so equipped ) from positive if engine will not start right away under normal cranking speed , ( + ) battery terminal . Disconnect positive ( red ) battery cable continued cranking will run down the battery and may cause from battery . damage to starter . Check ignitionand fuel systems and correct 3 . Remove plastic wing nut from battery hold - down rod . any faults . 4 . Remove battery hold - down bracket and hold - down rod . The battery should be kept clean . If the top has an accumula - tion of dirt or grease , remove the battery from vehicle for clean - 5 . Lift battery out of tractor . ing . The battery should be cleaned with a mild solution of bak - 6 . Reinstall battery ( see Battery Installation paragraph ) . ing soda and water . Brush this on , keeping vent plugs tightly in place to prevent any solution from entering the cells , Allow so - lution to work for a few minutes , then rinse with clean water and wipe battery dry . ff battery terminals are corroded , dean with a wire brush and coat terminals with petroleum jelly , Be sure to reinstall battery in the same position and properly reconnect battery cables ( red to positive , black to negative ) . Proper care will lengthen battery life . When replacement becomes necessary , use battery of same size and type for continued trouble - free service ( see Repair Parts section / manual ) . BATTERY HOLD - DOWN BRACKET 1 / 4 X 3 / 4 INCH HEX HEAD SCREW PLASTIC WlNGNUT 1 / 4 X 3 / 4 INCH HEX HEAD SCREW BLOT ( - ) BATTERY TERMINAL % _ . - , _ NEGATIVE ( - ) BLACK BATTERYBOOT BATTERY CABLE ( IF SO EQUIPPED ) ; ' " ' _ ; _ ' " NEGATIVE ( - ) BLACK BATTERY CABLE BATTERY BATTERY \ HOLD - DOWN 1 / 4 INCH KEP _ NUTS POSITIVE ( + ) RED BATTERY BATTERY CABLE ; MALL HOLE / LARGE HOLE POSITIVE ( + ) RED BATTERY TERMINAL BATTERY BOO * T ( IF SO EQUIPPED ) POSITIVE ( + ) RED BATTERY CABLE CUT - AWAY VIEW FROM RIGHT - HAND SiDE OF TRACTOR 21
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MAINTENANCE 6 . Before clutch idler pulley and belt retainer are repositioned and tightened , make drive belt adjustment . See Lawn Trac - tor Drive Belt Adjustment paragraph in Adjustments nectlng negative cable first can rseult In sparks | section . if the wrench touches any metal surface . Be / sure battery hold - down bracket does nottouch | 7 . If blade drive belt needs replacement , do so before I , A Always connect positive ( red ) cable first . Con - ' _ battery terminals and cause a spark | reinstalling mower deck assembly . J 8 . Reinstall mower deck in reverse order of removal . BAYIrERY INSTALLATION ( FIG . 3 - Um ) 1 . Raise seat plate and place battery back into tractor with positive ( + ) terminal toward right side of tractor . c UPPER ENGINE 2 . Place battery hold - down bracket through slot in back of console . NOTE : Turn bracket to side , place through slot in console and rotate upright . 3 . Place hook end of battery hold - down rodthrough shift lever , DLPEU . LL - . EY OuW ENG'NE hole in main frame and hook into small hole in front of battery . 4 . Placethreaded endofhold - down rodthroughloopinbracket PULLEY BELT GUIDE and securewith plasticwingnut . 5 . Attach positive ( red ) battery cable to positive ( + ) terminal on battery with a 1 / 4 X 3 / 4 inch hex head screw and a 1 / 4 inch keps nut . ! " _ I _ _ _ DRIVE BELT 6 . Slide battery beot ifso equippod up cable and over terminal . 7 . Attach negative ( black ) battery cable to negative ( - ) terminal on battery with a 1 / 4 X 3 / 4 inch hex head screw and a 1 / 4 inch keps nut . BELT GUIDE S This unit is equipped with belt guides ( FIG . 4 - MAINT ) located next to engine pulley . These belt guides are angle rods se - cured to main frame . The guides are moved ( by loosening Iocknuts ) before replacing belts . When repositioning ( after new belt installation ) allow 1 / 16 inch gap between guide and pulley . TBELTAINER RE CLUTCH IDLERNTING PULLEY MOU LAWN TRACTOR DRIVE BELT SCREW REPLACEMENT Your lawn tractor uses v - belts made of special compounds . If any belt becomes worn or breaks , replace with original CLUTCH IDLER equipment belt ( see Repair Parts section / manual ) . NEVER PULLEY USE A SUBSTITUTE . To replace tractor drive belt proceed : 1 . Remove mower deck . See Mower Deck Removal para - I graph . 2 . Depress brake clutch pedal and set parking brake . 3 . Loosen clutch idler pulley mounting screw enough to allow belt to be removed between pulley and retainer ( FIG . 5 - MAINT ) . 4 . Remove belt from transaxle pulley ( roll belt over top of pulley ) , 5 . Replace belt with new original equipment belt in reverse order of removal . NOTE : Be sure drive belt is installed to inside of upper engine pulley belt guide ( FIG . 4 - MAINT ) . 22
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MAINTENANCE MOWER DECK REMOVAL BLADE DRIVE BELT REPLACEMENT ( FIG . 7 - MAINT ) 1 . Set parking brake . 1 . Remove mower deck . See Mower Deck Removal para - 2 . Set mower clutch lever to the DISENGAGE position . Set graph . cutting height adjustment lever to the lowest cut position , 2 . Remove LH mowerdeck belt guard . : 3 . Turn front wheels all the way to left to allow deck hitch to slide past right front wheel . 3 . Note position of belt retainer on idler pulley so that retainer can be reposltioned properly after belt installation . 4 . Remove hairpin cotterfrom mower deck hitch rod at front of Loosen idler pulley . deck ( FIG . 6 - MAINT ) . Remove hitch rod and lower deck hitch . 4 . Remove old belt and replace with a new original equipment belt . 5 . Remove hairpin cotter and flatwasher from right rear lift arm ( RG . 6A - MAINT ) . Slide right lift bracket off rear lift 5 . Reinstall LH belt guard . arm . 6 . Reposifion belt retainer and retighten idler pulley . 6 , Remove hairpin cotter and flatwasher from left rear lift arm . 7 . Reinstall mower deck assembly . Slide the left lift bracket off of the rear lift arm . 8 . Adjust belt as described in paragraph Blade Drive Belt 7 . Slide deck toward front of tractor . Adjustment in Adjustments section . Adjustment inAd - 8 . Flax lower pulley belt guides away from engine pulley and justments section . slip mower deck drive belt off lower engine pulley . Note original position of lower engine pulley belt guides ( FIG . 4 - MAINT ) . Correct distance between guide and pulley is 1 / 16 " . Loosen guides and swing away from pulley . g , Move deck forward and remove the mower deck drive belt from the lower engine pulley . 10 . Disconnect mower deck engagement cable ( FIG . 7 - MAINT ) from mower deck clutch spring . 11 . Place in high cut position , deck can now be pulled out from right side of unit . 12 . Installation of deck is reverse of removal ii FRONT MOUNTING HAIRPIN COTTER DECK HITCH EARS HITCH ROO HANGER PIN REAR LIFT ARM LIFT Rl _ ( RIGHT SIDE ) 23
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MAINTENANCE BLADE RIEPLACEMEHT ( FIG . 8 - MAINIr ) BLADE The cutting blades should be sharp and well - balanced to run CENTER HOLE smoothly . Blades should have correct amount of " lift " for proper cutting and discharge of clippings . Lift is created by up - turned bent tip edges of blade ends . As cutting edges of blades wear , the bent tip edges also wear , decreasing blade lift , resulting in decreased cutting ability . It is recommended blades be replaced when upturned ends show signs of wear . IMPORTANT : Stop engine and Inspect blades at once if you strike any solid unyielding object . Check to make sure blade mounting screws are tight . To remove blades : 1 . Remove mower deck . See Mower Deck Removal para - graph . MULCHING PLUG INSTRUCTIONS I , A _ DO NOT handle blades with bare hands . Wser _ ( FIG . 9A - MAINT ) gloves or wrap blade with newspaper or other J It yourtractor has a mulching kitinstalled on the mower deck and you want to convert from mulching to regular lawnmowing , the material white removing or Installing blade . J mulching plug may be removed as follows : 2 . With a 9 / 16 inch wrench , remove blade mounting screws by NOTE : If mulching plug is supplied in a kit installation is reverse turning screws counterclockwise . of removal . When replacing blades , be sure all parts are reassembled in NOTE : If mulching blades are not installed see Blade Replace - proper order ( see Repair Parts section / manual ) or severe ment paragraph in this section . vibration will occur . Bent tip edges of blades must be up 1 . Remove the two 5 / 16 - 18 wing nuts and 5 / 16 lock washers toward top of mower deck or blades will not cut . NOTE : Make from atop of mulching plug installed inside mower deck sure blade mounting screws are tightened securely . We chute . recommend using a 10 inch wrench or atorque wrench , ff a torque wrench is used , torque blade mounting screws to 2 . The two 5 / 16 - 18 x . 75 inch carriage bolts will drop and can between 30 and 35 foot pounds . be easily removed from underneath the mulching plug and toe guard . 3 . Reinstall mower _ leck . 3 . Remove mulching plug from mower chute . DO NOT remove toe guard . Your tractor is now ready to be used as a conventional mower . 4 . Store mulching plug and hardware in a safe place for future use . 5 . To reinstall plug reverse the above steps . IMPORTANT : On installation head of carriage bolt must be to underneath side of skid bar . TO SHARPEN BLADE ( FIG . 9 - MAINT ) Care should be taken to keep blades balanced . An unbal - anced blade will cause excessive vibration and eventual dam - TOEGUARD age to mower and engine . 1 . Blade can be sharpened with a file or on a grinding wheel . Do not attempt to sharpen while on mower . 2 . Place center hole of blade over head of the nail or end of a screwdriver clamped horizontally in a vice . If blade CARRIAGE BOLTS is balanced , it should remain in a horizontal position . If 5116 - 18X . 75 either end of the blade moves downward , sharpen heavy end until the blade is balanced . _ , _ l CAU'RON : DO NOT OPERATE THE MOWER _ IWNITpHLOUT . DISCHACRHGUETE DEFLECTORJ 24
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ADJUSTMENTS If drive belt requires adjustment , adjust as follows : 1 . Depress brake - clutch pedal far enough to latch parking away from any moving parts on engine or brake lever in third notch ( FIG . 2 - ADJ inset ) . lawn tractor when making any adjustments I _ iiK theaet prehqaunirdes , enfegeint , e htaoir , beanrdunnloinogse . DclOothNiOngT 1 2 . Loosanclutchingidlerpu ] ley ( FIG . 2 - ADJ ) mountingscrew . carry passengers . 3 . If brake - clutch pedal was too far forward , slide idler pulley in toward engine pulley , if pedal was too far rearward , Located beneath the main frame are two v - belts . One v - belt slide idlerpulley out away from engine pulley . ( lawn tractor drive belt ) transmits power to the transaxla , which in turn transmits power to the rear wheels . The other v - belt 4 . Ratighten idler pulley mounting screw . NOTE : Belt transmits power to the mower blades . retainer should point toward position where running board meets main frame ( FIG . 2 - ADJ ) . Located on the mower deck is a clutch that disengages power to the blades and a deck leveling adjustment . 5 . Release brake - clutch pedal and recheck pedal for proper Before any adjustments are made , it is necessary that you un - position . Readjust if necessary . derstand the function of the brake , clutch , and the brake - clutch 6 . Check lawn tractor brake adjustment as outlined in pedal . The pedal disengages the clutch when partially de - paragraph Lawn Tractor Brake Adjustment . pressed and applies the brake when fully depressed . Adjustment of the lawn tractor drive belt and brake must be synchronized so brake does not grab before clutch disengages . An incorrect adjustment causes brakes to grab orn holdwhile power is being transmitted to the rear wheels . Law tractor will try to move with brake applied ; this will cause diffi - culty when shifting from one speed range or direction to an - other . To replace drive belt , you must remove mower deck . Removal of deck isn't necessary for other adjustments , but if several adjustments are needed , it will be more convenient ff deck is removed . At no time during the adjustment or repairs _ can the lawn tractor be lifted more than 20 Inches from level position without taking the following precautions : 1 . Remove gasoline from tank and run en - gine until carburetor is dry . 2 . Remove battery . ( see BA'rrERY REMOVAL paragraph in MAINTENANCE section of this manual . ) 3 . Remove oil from crankcase . J LAWN TRACTOR DRIVE BELT ADJUSTMENT The drive belt is kept tight by a spring attached to the brake - LAWN TRACTOR BRAKE ADJUSTMENT clutch pedal assembly . The Brake - clutch pedal in fully released position should appear as shown in FIG . t - ADJ Your tractor is equipped with an adjustable disc brake when drive belt is properly adjusted . mounted on the transaxle . To check brake operation : 1 . Stop tractor on a hard flat surface and turn off engine . 2 . Place shift control lever in NEUTRAL position . 3 . Depress brake - cJutchpedalenough to latch parking brake in 2nd notch ( FIG . 2 - ADJ ) . 4 . Try to push tractor . If you are unable to push tractor , brake is too tight and should be loosened ( see To adjust tight brake ) . 5 . Depress brake - clutch pedal enough to Jatchparkingbrake in 4th notch ( FIG . 2 - ADJ ) . 6 , Try to push tractor , if you are able to push tractor , brake is too loose and should be tightened ( see To adjust loose brake ) . 25
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ADJUSTMENTS 3 . Measure height from the bottom of the left hand blade LAWN TRACTOR BRAKE ADJUSTMENT mounting screw to ground . Height should be 3 - 1 / 2 inches ( com . ) with mower deck set in high cut . To adjust loose brake : 4 . If adjustment is necessary , block up mower deck with a 1 . Place shiftcontrol lever in NEUTRAL pesition and depress 2 x 4 and set height adjustment lever to low cut position . brake - clutch pedal enough to latch parking brake in 4th 5 . notch . Remove hair pin cotter ( FIG . 4 - ADJ ) from clevis pin . Remove clevis pin . 2 . Turn brake adjusting nut clockwise until you cannot push 6 . Loosen hex jam nut on cable above clevis . Turn tractor . clevis clockwise to raise mower deck . Turn counterclock - 3 . Recheck tractor brake adjustment as outlined in To check wise to lower deck . Each 1 - 1 / 2 complete turn of clevis brake operstlon . represents approximately 1 / 8 inch change in the height of To adjust tight brake : mower deck . 1 . Place shift control lever in NEUTRAL position and depress 7 . Reinstall clevis and clevis pin . Return height adjustment brake - clutch pedal enough to latch parking brake in 2nd lever to high cut position and remove wood block from under notch . deck . 2 . Turn brake adjusting nut counter - clockwise until you can 8 . Check mower deck height measurement , if measurement is push tractor . correct reinstall hairpin cotter and tighten jam nut . If more adjustment is necessary repeat preceding instructions . 3 . Recheck tractor brake adjustment as outlined in To check brake operation . 9 . Check and adjust level of mower deck as outlined in para - graph Mower Deck Leveling Adjustment . During tractor operation , check for stopping distance . If tractor requires more than six ( 6 ) feet for stopping distance at high speed in highest gear , the brake must be adjusted ( see Lawn Tractor Brake Adjustment above ) MOWER DECK HEIGHT ADJUSTMENT Before making any mower deck height adjustments , check air pressure in all four tires . All tires must be properly inflated . MOWER DECK WHEEL ADJUSTMENT Recommended air pressure is 10 to 14 pounds per square inch . Check side wall of tire for manufacturer's maximum tire Mower deck wheels may be adjusted to four positions . Both pressure . Do not exceed this pressure . Equal tire pressure wheels must be adjusted to the same position . NOTE : Do Not should be maintained in all tires . adjust wheels to support mower deck while mowing or uneven Main frame on lawn tractor should be level across the front cutting will result . from left side to right side . If main frame will not sit level , the To adjust mower deck wheels proceed : two outside axle mounting screws may be too tight . The two 1 . Park lawn tractor on firm level surface , such as a driveway or outside mounting screws must be loose enough to allow front garage floor . axle to pivot . NOTE : DO NOT loosen center mounting s _ row . 2 . Set cutting height adiustment lever to lowest anticipated 1 . Park lawn tractor on firm level surface , such as a driveway or cutting height . garage floor . 3 . Adjust wheels to a position 1 / 8 inch to 1 / 4 inch above the ground . Change wheel height adjustment by relocating 2 . Place mower deck height adjustment lever in high cut position . shoulder bolt in one of four positions in wheel mounting bracket . 26
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ADJUSTMENTS To adjust side to side level . 7 , Measure height , from level surface , of leftand rightbladetips at outside edge of deck . If blades are equal or not more than 1 / 8 inch different , no side to side adjustment is necessary . 8 . If adjustment is necessary , loosen right side eccentric mount - ing screw ( FIG . 6 - ADJ ) and turn eccentric clockwise or counterclockwise as required to level mower deck . NOTE : MOWERDECK When groove in eccentricis pointing downward , right side of MOUNTINGT BRACKE deck is in lowest position . When groove is pointing upward , right side of deck is in highest position . BRACKET 9 . Hold eccentric with a wrench while tightening right side eccentric mounting screw securely . MOUNTING BRACKET ADJUSTMENT HOLES MOWER DECK LEVEUNG ADJUSTMENT Before making any mower deck leveling adjustments , check air pressure in all four tires . Recommended air pressure is t 0 to 14 pounds per square inch . Check sidewall of tires for manufacturer's maximum tire pressure . Do not exceed this pressure . Equal tire pressure should be maintained in all tires . Tractor main frame should be level across the front from left side to right side . ff main frame will not sit level , the two outside axle mounting screws may be too tight . The two outside mounting screws must be loose enough to allow front axle to pivot . NOTE : DO NOT loosen center mounting screw . The mower deck level can be adjusted from front to back and from side to side . Always adjust front to back level first . 1 . Park tractor on firm level surface , such as a driveway or BLADE DRIVE BELT ADJUSTMENT garage ficor . When mower blade drive belt slips and blades will not rev to 2 . Checkandadjustheightof mowerdeckasoutlined inMower full speed while mowing , the blade drive belt should be tight - Deck HeightAdjustment paragraph . ened . 3 . Place mower deck cutting height adjustment lever / pedal in To adjust : mid cut position . NOTE : All adjustments will be made from mid cut position . 1 . Place mower clutch lever in DISENGAGE position . To adjust front to back level . 2 . Loosen idler pulley hex nut ( FIG . 6 - ADJ ) . Note position of belt retainer location and replace in same location after 4 . Measure height , from level surface , of right side blade tips at making adjustment . front and rear of mower deck ( be sure all tires are 3 . Slide idler pulley toward center of deckto tighten belt . NOTE : properly inflated ) . If distances are equal or not more than 1 / Only a small amount of movement should be required . 8 inch lower in front , no front to back adjustment is neces - sary . 4 . Re - tighten hax nut on idler pulley . 5 . If adjustment is necessary , loosen front eccentric mounting 5 , To check adjustment start engine and run engine at FAST screws ( FIG . 5 - ADJ ) and turn front adjustment eccentric throttle setting . Engage mower clutch lever and allow suffi - clockwise or counterclockwise as required . NOTE : When cient time for blades to run to full speed , then disengage groove on eccentric is pointed straight forward ( FIG . 5 - ADJ mower clutchlever . Blades should stop withina few seconds inset ) front of deck is at the lowest point . Turn both eccentrics and remain stopped . If blades do not step or tend to creep , so grooves are pointing same direction ( upward or down - adjustment is too tight . ward ) . Always keep grooves toward front of lawn tractor . 6 . To loosen blade drive belt , reverse step 3 above . If more adjustment is necessary , front of mower deck may be raised or lowered by relocating eccentric mounting screws in higher or lower hole position on mower deck mounting bracket . 6 . Hold eccentric with a wrench while tightening eccentric mounting screws securely . 27
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ADJUSTMENTS ARROWS STEERING ALIGN 1 i \ SECTOR GEAR MOUNTING SCREWS LOWER STEERING : ARING TRANSMISSION CONTROL LEVER ADJUSTMENT FIG . 9 - ADJ ) Should the lawn tractor fail to shift correctly when you shift into BLADE BRAKE ADJUSTMENT a forward , neutral or reverse position , the transmission control lever may need adjusting . Brake pad should completely clear quill assembly when mower clutch lever is in ENGAGE position . To adjust transmission lever : 1 . Place height adjustment lever / pedal in lowest cut position . t . Locate true neutral by choosing a transmission control lever position and attempting to push the tractor . You should be 2 . Move mower clutch lever back to disengaged position . able to push the lawn tractor when the transmission control 3 . In the disengaged position there should be no tension on the lever is in the true neutral position . mower deck clutch spring . There should be only enough 2 . Loosen the screw on the shift bracket on top of the tran - slack as to allow approximately 1 inch total sideways move - saxle . ( See ' A ' In FIG , 9 - ADJ ) . ment on the ceble / spring junction . This ensures that the 3 . Place the transmission control lever into the center of the brake engagement spring is exerting proper pressu re to stop the right side blade effectively . Make adjustment if neces - neutral slot . sary for the proper disengaged position requirements . 4 . Tighten screw'A ' . 4 . If adjustment is necessary , proceed as follows : 5 . Checkthe transmission control lever adjustment by pushing the lawn tractor . Put the transmission control lever in neutral a . Move Spring hook to another hole on idler arm extension . slot . You should be able to pushthe lawn tractor . You should not be able to pus h the lawn tractor when you shift to forward b . Adjust cable conduit and . To increase or decrease cable or reverse . slack . 5 . Check adjustment on left hand brake pad . Locknut on end of brake rod should be approximately 1 / 8 inch from brake pad mounting bracket with mower clutch lever disengaged and left hand brake pad against quill pulley . Adjust Iocknut if necessary . STEERING GEAR ADJUSTMENT ( FIG . 8 - ADJ ) If excessive play develops in steering , adjust pinion and sector gears as follows : 1 . Position front wheels straight forward . SHIFT 2 . Arrows should align in pinion and sector gear . LEVERCKET BRA 3 . Slightly loosen mounting screws in lower steering shaft bearing . 4 . Move lower steering bearing toward back of tractor , as needed . 5 . Hold bearing in place , tighten mounting screws securely . Use a 10 - inch wrench or a torque wrench . If to rque wrench ENGINE ADJUSTMENTS is usad , torque mounting screws to between 30 and 35 foot See Engine Operating and Maintenance manual for engine pounds . adjustment instructions . 28
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TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE PROBLEM CORRECTION Mower Cuts 1 . Remove any accumulation of grass clippings from underside of mower deck housing Ragged or 2 . Make certain blades are sharp and in good condition ( not bent or incorrectly mounted ) . Uneven 3 . Check blade mounting screw ( s ) . Blade screw ( s ) must be tight . 4 . Check mower deck leveling adjustment per manual . Adjust if necessary . 5 . Check blade belt tension per manual . Adjust if necessary . 6 . Check quill assembly ( s ) for damage or wear . Replace if necessary . 7 . Check for possible damage to mower deck housing . Repair or replace if necessary . • 8 . Check pivot tube ( if so equipped ) assembly for damage . If bent or damaged , repair or replace 9 . Check deck wheels being run on ground . 1 . Mowing a heavy stand of grass or grass with excessive surface moisture could allow mower to leave an unmowed strip . Mower Leaves 2 . Forward speed should be adjusted to mowing conditions by transmission lever position . Engine should be run at full Unmowed Strip throttle . Between Blades 3 . Make certain blades are sharp and in good condition . Replace if necessary . 4 . Check blade belt tension . Adjust if necessary . 5 . Check quill assembly ( s ) for damage or wear . Replace if necessary . 6 . Check for damage to mower deck housing . Repair or replace if necessary . 1 . Check mower height adjustment setting and readjust if needed . Scalping is more likely on rough or uneven lawns Mower Scalps 2 . Check for damage to mower deck housing . Repair or replace if necessary . Lawn 3 . Check for bent blade ( s ) or quill assembly ( s ) . Replace if necessary . 4 . Check mower deck leveling adjustment and adjust if necessary . 5 . Check for damaged deck wheels . 1 , Remove any accumulation of grass clippings from underside of mower deck housing . 2 . Wet conditions can cause the discharge chute and underside of mower deck to become plugged with clippings . Mower Will Do not mow wet grass . Not Discharge 3 . Forward speed should be adjusted to mowing conditions by transmission lever position . Engine should be run at full Clippings throttle . 4 . When mowing long grass make first cutting in high position , then re - cut at normal cutting height . 5 . Check blade belt tension per manual . Adjust if necessary . 6 . If blade ( s ) have been replaced , make sure they have been correctly mounted . 7 . When mulching plug is installed clippings will not discharge . 1 . Blade drive belt may suffer internal damage to cords when it comes off during use If belt still comes off after checking all steps below , replace with a new original equipment belt . Blade Drive 2 . Check belt tension pe _ manual . Adjust if necessary . Belt Comes Off 3 . Check belt guide Correct clearance is 1 / 16 inch from belt when blade engage lever is engaged During Use 4 . Check mower deck leveling adjustment per manual . Adjust if necessary . 5 . Check for and remove any foreign objects interfering with belt travel . 6 . Check all pulleys on mower deck A bent or split pulley could cause problems . Replace if necessary 7 . Check engine drive pulley inner surface . If inner surface is rough or split , pulley should be replaced . 8 . Check blade engagement idler assembly for wear . Replace necessary parts . 1 . If grass is too high or wet , belt slippage may occur . Blade Drive 2 . Check belt for wear or damage Replace if necessary . Belt Slips 3 . Check blade belt tension per manual . Adjust if necessary . 4 . Check blade drive belt tension spring , If spring is stretched or damaged , replace spring , I . Check all belt guides . Correct clearance is 1 / 16 inch from belt when blade engage lever is engaged . Blade Drive 2 . Check for and remove any foreign objects interfering with belt travel Belt Wears 3 . Check pulleys for damage . Replace if necessary . Excessively 4 . Make certain blade brake is clearing belt when mower clutch lever is engaged Adjust or replace if necessary . 5 . Make certain mower deck leveling adjustment is correct . Adjust if necessary . 6 . Check blade belt tension per manual . Adjust if necessary . Blade ( s ) 1 . Check belt . If worn or broken , replace . If belt is too loose , make belt adjustment Will Not 2 . Check engagement spring on deck engagement idler . If broken or damaged , replace Engage 3 . Check for and remove any foreign objects interfering with engagement idler travel Blada ( s ) 1 . Check blade belt tension per manual . Adjust if necessary Will Not 2 If blade belt adjustment witl not provde enough slack in drive belt , replace with correct Original Equipment Belt Disengage 3 . Check for and remove any foreign objects interfering with engagement idler travel . . 29
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TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE PROBLEM CORRECTION Extreme 1 . Check blade ( s ) and make certain they are not bent , out of balance or loose . Replace if necessary Vibration 2 . Check belt for burn spots or irregularities that might cause vibration . Replace if necessary . Occurs When 3 . Check quill assembly ( s ) for damage or wear . Replace if necessary . Blade ls 4 . Check for worn or damaged blade engagement parts . Repair or replace if necessary . Engaged 5 . Check engine drive pulley inner surface . If inner surface is rough or split , pulley should be replaced . 6 . Check under side of mower deck housing for accumulation of clippings . Remove accumulated clippings . 7 . Check for loose or damaged angina mounts . Tighten or replace as necessary . 8 . Check blade belt tension per manual . Adjust if necessary . Unit Drive 1 . Check unit drive belt adjustment ( s ) . Adjust ifnecessary . Belt Slips 2 . Check for damaged or broken clutching idler spring . Replace if necessary . 3 . Check belt ( s ) for wear or damage . Replace if necessary . 4 . Check for and remove any foreign objects obstructing clutching idler mechanism . 5 . Check for split engine or transmission pulley . Replace if necessary . Unit Drive Belt 1 . Check lawn tractor drive belt adjustment and lawn tractor brake adjustment per manual . Adjust if necessary . Squeals When 2 . Check for and remove any foreign objects obstructing clutching idler mechanism . Brake Is Applied Unit Drive Belt 1 , Check belt tension . Adjust if necessary . Comes Off 2 . Check belt guides . Adjust if necessary . During Use 3 . Check for split or damaged pulley ( s ) . Replace if necessary . 4 . Check clutching idler pulley alignment . If out of alignment , idler bracket may be bent . Replace if necessary Unit Will Not 1 . Bee Steps I through 5 in Unit Drive Belt Slip = = section of this chart . Propel Itself 2 . Check engine , transmission or transaxle pulley ( s ) for sheared or missing key . Replace if necessary . When Clutch 3 . Check transaxle to make certain it is operable . is Engaged Extreme VilxatJon 1 . Check for split or damaged pulley ( s ) . Replace ifnecessary . Occurs When ' 2 . Check belt for irregularities or burned spots . Replace if necessary . Clutch Is Engaged 3 . Make certain belt tension is correct . Adjust if necessary . ( Let - Out ) 4 . Check clutching idler assembly for wear or damage . Replace parts as necessary . e _ Unit Will Not 1 . Check shifting procedure . Unit MUST come to a complete stop before shifting on all models except hift - on - the = Go Shift or Shifts and Hydrostatic . Hard 2 . Check lawn tractor drive belt adjustment and lawn tractor brake adjustment per manual Adjust if necessary 3 . Have transaxle checked by an authorized service dealer , Steering Slips t . Check for steering sector gear and pinion looseness . If gears are loose , make sector gear adjustment Or Is Loose 2 . Check ball joints for wear . Replace if necessary . 1 . Check starting procedure . Make sure starting instructions are followed . Engine Will Not 2 . Check fuse ( if so equipped ) ( See wiring Schematic and diagram in Repair Parts section / manual ) " rum Over 3 . Check battery for charge . Make sure battery has been activated and charged ( on new units ) . 4 . On new units , remove spark plug and check cylinder for accumulation of oil due to improper handling 5 . Make visual check of electrical system to make sure all connections and lockout switches are secure ( See wiring Schematic and diagram in Repair Parts saction / manual ) 6 . Check engine according to engine manufacturer's instructions 7 . Have electrical system checked by an authorized service dealer . ( See wiring Schematic and diagram in Repair Parts saction / manual ) Engine Turns 1 . Check starting procedure . Make sure starting instructions are followed . Over But Will 2 . Make certain fuel tank is filled with clean , fresh gasoline Not Start 3 . Make certain fuel shut - off is open ( if so equipped ) 4 . Make certain that throttle is in start or fast position ( check for remote choke use ) . 5 . Check engine according to engine manufacturer's instructions 6 . Have wiring and lockout switches checked by an authorized service dealer . ( See wiring Schematic and diagram in Repair Parts section / manual ) 7 . Check fuel filter for obstructions . 3O
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STORAGE 3 . Prepare engine for storage ( see Engine Operating and The tractor should be immediateJy prepared for storage at the Maintenance Manual ) . end of the season or if the unit is to be un - usecl for 30 days or more . Gasoline , if permitted to stand un - used for extended 4 . Lubricate all points shown in Lubrication Chart . periods ( 30 days or more ) , may develop gummy deposits 5 . Remove battery ( see Batiery Removal paragraph in Main - which can adversely affect the engine carburetor and tenance section of this manual ) . cause engine malfunction . 6 . Clean battery as instructed in Battery Maintenance para - graph inMaintenanca section of this manual . Fully charge battery . A discharged battery willfreeze and may burst . If possible place battery in a cool , dry area . Charge battery overnight every 30 days . 7 . Store the tractor ina clean , dry area and cover for additional protection . A yearly check - up or a tune - up by an authorized service dealer is a good way of insuring that your tractor will provide maximum performance for the next season . NOTE : Fuel stabilizer is an acceptable alternative in minimizing the formation of fuel gum deposits during storage . Add stabilizer to gasoline in fuel tank or storage container . Always follow the mix ratio found in stabilizer container . Run engine at least 10 minutes after adding stabilizer to allow the To prepare tractor for storage , proceed as follows : stabilizer to reach the carburetor , Do not drain the gas tank 1 . Clean the tractor thoroughly . and carburetor if using stabilizer . 2 . Inspect the tractor for worn or damaged parts and tighten all loose screws and nuts . 31
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- SIGHT AND HOLD THIS GUIDE LEVEL WITH A VERTICAL TREE , A CORNER OF A STRUCTURE , A POWER LINE POLE , OR A FENCE POST . I ) or down slopes , 10 DEGREES the face of slopes , 15 REES To determine if a slope is safe to mow : ( 1 ) disengage the blade ( s ) , ( 2 ) put the unit in reverse , and ( 3 ) try to back straight up the slope . If you can back up the slope , It Is generally safe to mow . However , If you do not feel safe , or If you are not completely sure , use this guide and do not mow a slope that is greater than 15 degrees . If the riding mower is used with a pull - behind attachment , do not operate the unit on a slope that is greater than 10 degrees . A 15 degree slope is a hill that increases in height at approximately 2.5 feet in 10 feet . A 10 degree slope is a hill that increases in height at approximately 1.7 feet in 10 feet . slopes . Operate a riding mower up or down slopes , never across the face of slopes . Use extra care when operating on or near slopes Use extreme care at all times , and avoid sudden turns or maneuvers . Follow other instructions in this manual for safety in mowing on and obstructions . CUT HERE TO USE SLOPE GUIDE
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NOTES 33
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NOTES 34
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NOTES 35
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MURRAY OUTDOOR PRODUCTS , INC . Two Year Limited Warranty Murray Outdoor Products , Inc . warrants to the original purchaser that this unit shall be free from defects in material and workmanship under normal use and service for a period of Two ( 2 ) Years from the date of purchase : however , thiswarrantydoes not coverengines , accessories ( such as snow blowers , snow blades , grass catchers and plows ) , transmissions , batteries and Normal Wear Parts ( except as noted below ) or transaxles as the companies that manufacture these items furnish their own warranties and provide service through their authorized field service facilities . For additional information , see the warranties covering these particular parts . If you are uncertain whether your unit contains or is equipped with one or more of these parts , consult your dealer prior to purchase . Subject to the terms and conditions noted inthis Limited Warranty , we shall , at our option , repair or replace at no cost to the original purchase r any part covered by this Limited Warranty during the applicable warranty period . Inthe event the battery proves defective within ninety ( 90 ) days from the date of purchase , we will replace it without charge . If the battery proves defective after ( 90 ) days but within one hundred twenty ( 120 ) days from the date of purchase , we will replace it for a charge of one half ( 1 / 2 ) of the retail price of the battery in effect at the time of return . Normal Wear Parts are defined as belts , blades , blade adapters , pneumatic tires , headlights and seat covers . These parts are warranted to be free from defects in material and workmanship as delivered with the product . Any claim for repair or replacement of Normal Wear Parts must be made within thirty ( 30 ) days ofthe date of purchase . No claims involving damage caused from material use , abuse or misuse will be honored . This Murray Outdoor Products , Inc . Two ( 2 ) Year Limited Warranty is your exclusive remedy ; however , this warranty is void or does not apply to any unit that has been tampered with , altered , misused , abused or used for rental or other commercial and / or professional ( non - homeowner ) uses . Your warranty does _ not cover minor mechanical adjustments which are not due to any defect in material workmanship . For assistance in making such adjustments , consult your Owner's / Operator's Manual . To make a claim under this Murray Outdoor Products , Inc . Two ( 2 ) Year Limited Warranty , return the unit ( or if authorized In advance , the defective part ) along with your proof of purchase to an Authorized Service Center near you . To locate the nearest Authorized Service Center , call the Central Parts Distributor for your area shown in the list provided with your unit or check the Yellow Page listings in your local telephone directory . If you return the entire unit , we will repair the unit . if we authorize the return of the defective part only , we will either replace or repair the part . In the case of a defect in a transmission differential ( as distinguished from a transaxle ) , the entire transmission or differential must be returned since they do not include user serviceable parts . This Murray Outdoor Products , Inc . Two ( 2 ) Year Limited Warranty gives you specific legal rights , and you may also have other rights which vary from state to state . This Limited Warranty Is given in lieu of all other expressed and implied warranties including the Implied warranty of merchantability and warranty of fitness for a particular purpose . Ifyou need additional information on this written warranty or assistance in obtaining service , write or calh MURRAY Outdoor Power Equipment Customer Service Department PO Box 8000 Jackson , Tennessee 38308 1 - 800 - 247 - 7464 36
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