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How to use this file . . . ( Operators Manuals ) — — – – – Instructions for Print Vendors ( Paper Manuals ) Paper Size : * 11 x 17 * Body — 50 lbs brilliant white offset or equivalent . * Cover — on pre - printed two - tone “ Swash ” stock . Press : * Body — 1 - color , 2 - sided * Cover imprint — 1 - color , 1 - sided Bindery : * Saddle Stitch , Face Trim * Face Trim COVERS : * This file may contain several manuals , which differ only in their covers . * Covers are all present at the beginning of this file . * Back cover for a particular manual is the page IMMEDIATELY AFTER the front cover . • Check the front cover for the individual part number ( typically a 171xxxx number ) . BODY : • The body of the manual is identical , regardless of the cover used . * REMEMBER : ODD number pages are ALWAYS right hand pages , and EVEN number are ALWAYS left hand pages . General : * This instruction page is NOT part of the manual and must NOT be printed . • Pages labeled with the text T “ HIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY BLANK ” are placement pages ONLY , and should NOT be printed . — — – – –
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THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY BLANK
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REPLACEMENT OPERATOR’S MANUAL Landlord / 1700 / 2700 DLX Series 17HP Liquid Cool Hydro Tractors 23HP Hydro Tractors Mfg . No . Description Mfg . No . Description 1693379 Landlord DLX , 17HP LC Hydro 1693804 Landlord DLX , 23HP Hydro 1693387 Landlord DLX , 17HP LC Hydro ( Export ) 1693805 Landlord DLX , 23HP Hydro ( Export ) 1693395 1717H , 17HP Liquid Cooled 1693814 1723H , 23HP Hydro 1693401 2717H , 17HP Liquid Cooled 1693815 2723H , 23HP Hydro 18HP Hydro Tractors 44 ” Mower Decks Mfg . No . Description Mfg . No . Description 1693381 Landlord DLX , 18HP Hydro 1692686 44 ” Mower Deck 1693389 Landlord DLX , 18HP Hydro ( Export ) 1692687 44 ” Mower Deck 1693397 1718H , 18HP Hydro 1693172 44 ” Mower Deck ( Export ) 1693403 2718H , 18HP Hydro 1693806 Landlord DLX , 18HP Hydro 50 ” Mower Decks 1693807 Landlord DLX , 18HP Hydro ( Export ) Mfg . No . Description 1693835 1718H , 18HP Hydro 1692688 50 ” Mower Deck 1693857 2718H , 18HP Hydro 1692689 50 ” Mower Deck 1693895 Landlord DLX , 18HP Hydro 1692881 50 ” Mower Deck ( LC & Export ) 1693896 1718H , 18HP Hydro 1692882 50 ” Mower Deck ( LC ) 1693897 2718H , 18HP Hydro 1693898 Landlord DLX , 18HP Hydro ( Export ) 54 ” Mower Decks Mfg . No . Description 20HP Hydro Tractors 1693629 54 ” Mower Deck Mfg . No . Description 1693631 54 ” Mower Deck 1693383 Landlord DLX , 20HP Hydro 1693727 54 ” Mower Deck ( Export ) 1693391 Landlord DLX , 20HP Hydro ( Export ) 1693399 1720H , 20HP Hydro 1693405 2720H , 20HP Hydro 1719693 - 11 Superceedes 1719694 & 1719695 Rev 1 / 2003 TP 100 - 2224 - 11 - LL - SMA
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MANUFACTURING , INC . 500 N Spring Street / PO Box 997 Port Washington , WI 53074 - 0997 www.simplicitymfg.com © Copyright 2001 , Simplicity Manufacturing , Inc . All Rights Reserved . Printed in USA .
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Table of Contents Identification Numbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Troubleshooting , Adjustments & Service . . . . . . . 28 Troubleshooting the Tractor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Safety Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Troubleshooting the Mower . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Safety Decals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Seat Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 CE Safety Icons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Steering Wheel Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 CE Compliance Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Steering Gear Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Features & Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Brake Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Control Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 PTO Clutch Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Parking Brake / Cruise Control Knob Functions . . . 10 Blade Brake Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Dashboard Display Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Mower Adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Safety Interlock System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Deck Baffles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Operating the Tractor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Cutting Height Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Leveling the Mower . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Checks Before Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Transmission Drive Belt Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Starting the Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Mower Belt Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Stopping the Tractor & Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 44 ” & 50 ” PTO Belt Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Driving the Tractor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 54 ” PTO Belt Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Mowing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Arbor Drive Belt Replacement - All . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Pushing the Tractor by Hand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Battery Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Mower Deck Removal & Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Checking the Battery Voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Charging A Discharged Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Regular Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Jump Starting with an Auxiliary Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Maintenance Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Checking / Adding Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Checking Tire Pressures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Common Replacement Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Transmission Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Accessing the Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Lawn Care & Mowing Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . LC — 1 Check / Replace Fuel Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Check / Change Air FIlter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Engine Oil & Filter Change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 International Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . LC — 8 Inspect & Replace Spark Plugs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Technical Manuals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . LC — 8 Check / Clean Radiator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Check / Add Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Check / Clean Oil Cooler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 NOTE : In this manual , “ left ” and “ right ” are referred to as Cooling System Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 seen from the operating position . Blade Brake Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Safety Interlock System Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 PTO Clutch Adjustment Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Battery Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Lubrication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Lubricate Rear Axes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Servicing the Mower Blades . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 WARNING Engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals known , in certain quantities , to cause cancer , birth defects , or other reproductive harm . 1
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Identification Numbers IDENTIFICATION TAG LOCATIONS When contacting your Authorized Dealer for replacement parts , service , OU MUST HAVE or information Y THESE NUMBERS . Simplicity Manufacturing , Inc . SAMPLE Port Washington , WI 53074 - 0997 U.S.A . SERIAL MFG XXXXX 169XXXX Tractor Mower Deck Identification Tag Identification Tag NORTH AMERICAN MODELS Mfg . No . : 169XXXX Serial No . : XXXXX SAXXXX kW : XXX XXX Engine RPM : RPM MPL1999 Simplicity Mfg . Inc . XXX 500 N . Spring St . kg E Port Washington , WI USA 53074 - 0997 CE MODELS IDENTIFICATION NUMBERS PRODUCT REFERENCE DATA Model Description Name / Number Record your model name / number , unit and mower deck manufacturer numbers and engine serial number in the Tractor MFG Number Tractor SERIAL Number space provided for easy reference . • The Tractor I.D . tag is located on the left - side , of the frame , as shown below . Mower Deck MFG Number Mower Deck SERIAL Number • The Mower Deck I.D . tag is also on the left side , on top of the mower deck . Date Purchased Dealer Name • For location of Engine Serial Number , refer to the Engine Owner’s Manual . ENGINE REFERENCE DATA Be sure to fill out and return the Warranty Registration Engine Make Engine Model Card supplied with your unit . Engine Type / Spec Engine Code / Serial Number 2
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Safety Rules & Information Read these safety rules and follow them closely . Failure to obey these rules could result in loss of control of unit , severe personal injury or death to you , or bystanders , or damage to property or equipment . This mowing deck is capable of amputating hands and feet and throwing objects . The triangle in text signifies important cautions or warnings which must be followed . GENERAL OPERATION • Read , understand , and follow all instructions in the manual and on • Use extra care when loading or unloading the unit into a trailer or the unit before starting . truck . • Only allow responsible adults , who are familiar with the instruc - • Data indicates that operators , age 60 years and above , are tions , to operate the unit ( local regulations can restrict operator involved in a large percentage of riding mower - related injuries . age ) . These operators should evaluate their ability to operate the riding • Clear the area of objects such as rocks , toys , wire , etc . , which mower safely enough to protect themselves and others from injury . could be picked up and thrown by the blade ( s ) . • Keep in mind the operator is responsible for accidents occurring to • Be sure the area is clear of other people before mowing . Stop unit other people or property . if anyone enters the area . • All drivers should seek and obtain professional and practical • Never carry passengers . instruction . • Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely necessary . Always look • Always wear substantial footwear and trousers . Never operate down and behind before and while travelling in reverse . when barefoot or wearing sandals . • Be aware of the mower discharge direction and do not point it at • Before using , always visually check that the blades and blade hard - anyone . Do not operate the mower without either the entire grass ware are present , in - tact , and secure . Replace worn or damaged catcher or the deflector in place . parts . • Slow down before turning . • Never operate the machine with defective guards , or without safety • Never leave a running unit unattended . Always disengage the protective devises in place . PTO , set parking brake , stop engine , and remove keys before dis - • Disengage attachments before : refuelling , removing an attachment , mounting . making adjustments ( unless the adjustment can be made from the • Turn off the PTO switch to disengage the blades when not mowing . operator’s position ) . • Stop engine before removing grass catcher or unclogging chute . • When the machine is parked , stored , or left unattended , lower the • Mow only in daylight or good artificial light . cutting means unless a positive mechanical lock is used . • Do not operate the unit while under the influence of alcohol or • Follow the manufacturer’s recommendation for wheel weights or drugs . counterweights . • Watch for traffic when operating near or crossing roadways . SLOPE OPERATION Do • See your authorized dealer for recommendations of wheel weights WARNING or counterweights to improve stability . • Mow up and down slopes , not across . Never operate on slopes greater than 17.6 percent • Remove obstacles such as rocks , tree limbs , etc . ( 10 ° ) which is a rise of 3 - 1 / 2 feet ( 106 cm ) vertically in • Watch for holes , ruts , or bumps . Uneven terrain could overturn the 20 feet ( 607 cm ) horizontally . unit . Tall grass can hide obstacles . When operating on slopes use additional wheel • Use slow speed . Tires may lose traction on slopes even through weights or counterweights . See your dealer to the brakes are functioning properly . Choose a low gear so that you determine which weights are available and will not have to stop or shift while on the slope . appropriate for your unit . • Use extra care with grass catchers or other attachments . These can change the stability of the unit . Select slow ground speed before driving onto slope . • Keep all movement on the slopes slow and gradual . Do not make In addition to front and rear weights , use extra caution sudden changes in speed or direction . when operating on slopes with rear - mounted grass • Always keep unit in gear especially when traveling downhill . When catcher . clutching , release clutch slowly . Mow UP and DOWN the slope , never across the Do Not face , use caution when changing directions and DO • Do not start or stop on a slope . If tires lose traction , disengage the blade ( s ) and proceed slowly straight down the slope . NOT START OR STOP ON SLOPE . • Do not turn on slopes unless necessary , and then , turn slowly and Slopes are a major factor related to loss - of - control and tip - over accidents , gradually downhill , if possible . which can result in severe injury or death . All slopes require extra caution . • Do not mow near drop - offs , ditches , or embankments . The mower If you cannot back up the slope or if you feel uneasy on it , do not operate could suddenly turn over if a wheel is over the edge of a cliff or on it . ditch , or if an edge caves in . Control of a ride - on machine sliding on a slope will not be regained by the • Do not mow on wet grass . Reduced traction could cause sliding . application of the brake . The main reasons for loss of control are : insuffi - • Do not try to stabilize the unit by putting your foot on the ground . cient tire grip on the ground , speed too fast , inadequate braking , the type • Do not use grass catchers on steep slopes . of machine is unsuitable for it’s task , lack of awareness of the ground con - • Do not mow slopes you cannot back up . ditions , incorrect hitching and load distribution . • Do not shift to neutral and coast down hill . TP 600 - 2459 - 00 - XX - SMA 3
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Safety Rules Slope Operation Continued TRANSPORTING AND STORAGE Children Tragic accidents can occur if the operator is not alert to the presence of WARNING children . Children are often attracted to the unit and the mowing activity . When transporting this tractor on an open trailer , Never assume that children will remain where you last saw them . make sure unit is facing forward , toward the direction • Keep children out of the mowing area and under the watchful care of travel . If tractor is facing backward , wind lift could of another responsible adult . cause damage to the hood . • Be alert and turn unit off if children enter the area . • Before and during reverse operation , look behind and down for • Always observe safe refueling and fuel handling practices when small children . refueling the tractor after transportation or storage . • Never carry children . They may fall off and be seriously injured or • Always follow the engine manual instructions for storage prepara - interfere with safe unit operation . tions before storing the tractor for both short and long term periods . • Never allow children to operate the unit . • Always follow the engine manual instructions for proper start - up • Use extra care when approaching blind corners , shrubs , trees , or procedures when returning the unit to service . other objects that may obscure vision . • Never store the unit or fuel container inside where there is an open flame or pilot light , such as in a water heater . Allow unit to cool TOWING before storing . • Never allow children or others in or on towed equipment . • Tow only with a machine that has a hitch designed for towing . Do EMISSIONS not attach towed equipment except at the hitch point . • Engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals known , in • Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for weight limit for certain quantities , to cause cancer , birth defects , or other repro - towed equipment and towing on slopes . ductive harm . • On slopes , the weight of the towed equipment may cause loss of • Look for the relevant Emissions Durability Period and Air Index traction and loss of control . information on the engine emissions label . • Travel slowly and allow extra distance to stop . • Do not shift to neutral and coast down hill . SERVICE AND MAINTENANCE • Never make adjustments or repairs with the engine running unless • Use extra care in handling gasoline and other fuels . They are flam - specified otherwise in the engine manufacturer’s manual . mable and vapors are explosive . • Grass catcher components are subject to wear , damage , and dete - a ) Use only an approved container . rioration , which could expose moving parts or allow objects to be b ) Never remove gas cap or add fuel with the thrown . Frequently check components and replace with manufac - engine running . Allow engine to cool before refueling . Do not turer’s recommended parts , when necessary . smoke . • Mower blades are sharp and can cut . Wrap the blade ( s ) or wear c ) Never refuel the unit indoors . gloves , and use extra caution when servicing them . • If fuel is spilled , do not attempt to start the engine but move the • Check brake operation frequently . Adjust and service as required . machine away from the area of spillage and avoid creating any • Use only factory authorized replacement parts when making source of ignition until fuel vapors have dissipated . repairs . • Replace all fuel tank caps and fuel container caps securely . • Always comply with factory specifications on all settings and • Never fill containers inside a vehicle or on a truck bed with a plastic adjustments . bed liner . Always place containers on the ground away from your • Only authorized service locations should be utilized for major ser - vehicle before filling . vice and repair requirements . • Remove gas - powered equipment from the truck or trailer and refuel • Never attempt to make major repairs on this unit unless you have it on the ground . If this is not possible , then refuel such equipment been properly trained . Improper service procedures can result in on a trailer with a portable container , rather than from a gasoline hazardous operation , equipment damage and voiding of manufac - dispenser nozzle . turer’s warranty . • Keep nozzle in contact with the rim of the fuel tank or container • On multiple blade mowers , take care as rotating one blade can opening at all times until fueling is complete . Do not use a nozzle cause other blades to rotate . lock - open device . • Do not change engine governor settings or over - speed the engine . • If fuel is spilled on clothing , change clothing immediately . Operating the engine at excessive speed can increase the hazard • Maintain or replace safety and instruction labels as necessary . of personal injury . • Never run a unit in an enclosed area . • Disengage drive attachments , stop the engine , remove the key , • Keep nuts and bolts , especially blade attachment bolts , tight and and disconnect the spark plug wire ( s ) before : clearing attachment keep equipment in good condition . blockages and chutes , performing service work , striking an object , • Never tamper with safety devices . Check their proper operation or if the unit vibrates abnormally . After striking an object , inspect regularly and make necessary repairs if they are not functioning the machine for damage and make repairs before restarting and properly . operating the equipment . • Keep unit free of grass , leaves , or other debris build - up . Clean up • Never place hands near the hydro pump cooling fan when the trac - oil or fuel spillage . tor is running . Cooling fan is located on top of the transaxle • Stop and inspect the equipment if you strike an object . Repair , if necessary , before restarting . 4
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Safety Rules & Information All DANGER , WARNING , CAUTION and instructional SAFETY DECALS messages on your rider and mower should be carefully This unit has been designed and manufactured to pro - read and obeyed . Personal bodily injury can result when vide you with the safety and reliability you would expect these instructions are not followed . The information is for from an industry leader in outdoor power equipment your safety and it is important ! The safety decals below manufacturing . are on your rider and mower . Although reading this manual and the safety instructions If any of these decals are lost or damaged , replace them it contains will provide you with the necessary basic at once . See your local dealer for replacements . knowledge to operate this equipment safely and effec - These labels are easily applied and will act as a constant tively , we have placed several safety labels on the unit to visual reminder to you , and others who may use the remind you of this important information while you are equipment , to follow the safety instructions necessary for operating your unit . safe , effective operation . DANGER DANGER ROTATING CUTTING BLADE ROTATING CUTTING BLADE Do not operate mower Do not put hands or feet without deflector or entire under mower deck while grass catcher in place . blade is rotating . 1704277 1704276 Decal - Danger Decal - Danger Part No . 1704276 Part No . 1704277 STOP ENGINE . PUSH DRIVE MOTOR STOPPEN . DUWEN RIJDENEN MOTOR ANHALTEN . SCHIEBEN EOFAHRRNDUIRE STOP MOTOR . SKUB KØCGUIDAR ARRETER LE MOTEUR . POUSSERRE FERMARE MOTORE . SPINGE DO NOT TOW ! NIET SLEPEN ! EPPEN ! NICHT SSCHLERE ! RQUER ! IKKE BUGREMOARE ! 1719635 NE PASTRAIN 10 Max . 10 Max . NON 1722512 Decal - Operating Instructions , CE Models , Decal - Transmission Release Part No . 1722512 Part No . 1719635 TO OPERATE PTO CLUTCH THROTTLE • Operator must be in seat . • ALWAYS operate at full throttle . • Pull UP to iengage.sengage . • Shut OFF at half to full throttle . • Push DOWN to d BRAKE PEDAL CHOKE • Depress brake pedal to slow or stop tractor motion . • Pull knob OUT to engage . • To SET Parking Brake — fully depress brake pedal • Push knob IN to disengage . and pull knob UP . • To RELEASE Parking Brake — depress brake pedal OFF and push knob DOWN . RUN IGNITION SWITCH • Remove key before GROUND SPEED CONTROL leaving tractor . START • Depress front ground speed pedal to increase forward ground speed.peed • Depress rear ground s pedal to increase DIFFERENTIAL LOCK reverse ground speed . ( Available only on certain models ) • Increases CUTTING HEIGHT ADJUST traction . • Turn clockwise to raise cutting iheight.ng • Turn counter - clockwise to lower cutt height . CRUISE CONTROL MOWER LIFT LEVER • Push lever forward to place mower into • To SET — depress front cutting position . DANGER ground speed pedalspeed , • Pull lever back to lift mower for transport . to desired forwardP . then pull knob U • To RELEASE — depressnob DO NOT TOW TRACTOR ! brake pedal or push rkont DOWN or depress fal . Damage may result to hydrostatic transmission ground speed ped OPERATION ROTATING BLADES CUT OFF To Start Engine : When Operator Leaves Seat : ARMS AND LEGS • Engine will shut off if PTO is ON . • Seat must be occupied , PTO switch off , and brake pedal • Engine will shut off if parking brake is OFF . depressed , throttle at half to full , turn Ignition to START . STOP MOWER WHEN CHILDREN ARE NEAR . NO RIDERS — THEY FALL OFF . To STOP Engine : Before Leaving Machine : • Engage parking brake , PTO switch off , throttle at half to full , • Turn PTO switch OFF , shut off engine , turn Ignition switch to OFF . remove key , and set parking brake . DANGER WARNING AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH • READ OPERATOR'S MANUAL ( S ) . • AVOID SUDDEN TURNS . • KNOW LOCATION AND FUNCTION OF ALL CONTROLS . • IF YOU CANNOT BACK UP A HILL • KEEP SAFETY DEVICES ( GUARDS , SHIELDS , & SWITCHES ) — DO NOT OPERATE ON IT . IN PLACE AND WORKING . • GO UP AND DOWN SLOPES , NOT ACROSS . • REMOVE OBJECTS THAT COULD BE THROWN BY • IF MACHINE STOPS GOING UPHILL , STOP BLADE OPERATING ON SLOPES THE BLADE . AND BACK DOWN SLOWLY . CAN BE DANGEROUS • DO NOT MOW WHEN CHILDREN OR OTHERS • BE SURE BLADE ( S ) AND ENGINE ARE STOPPED SEE OPERATOR'S MANUAL . ARE AROUND . BEFORE PLACING HANDS OR FEET NEAR BLADE ( S ) . • NEVER CARRY CHILDREN . • WHEN LEAVING MACHINE , SHUT OFF ENGINE , IF YOU CANNOT BACK - UP A HILL • LOOK DOWN AND BEHIND — BEFORE AND WHILE BACKING . REMOVE KEY , AND SET PARKING BRAKE . — DO NOT DRIVE ON IT . 1719770 Decal - Operating Instructions , North American Decal - Operating Instructions , North American Models with Hydraulic Lift , Part No . 1719770 Model with Manual Lift , Part No . 1721855 5
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CE Safety Icons Warning : Read Operator’s Danger : Machine Rollover . Manual . Do not use this machine on Read and understand the slopes greater than 10 ° . Operator’s Manual before using this machine . Danger : Thrown Objects . Danger : Dismemberment . This machine is capable of This machine can amputate throwing objects and debris . limbs . Keep bystanders and Keep bystanders away . children away when engine is running . Warning : Remove Key Danger : Dismemberment . Before Servicing . This mower deck can ampu - Remove the key and consult tate limbs . Keep hands and technical literature before feet away from blades . performing repairs or main - tenance . 6
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CE Compliance Specifications 444 222 102 N / A N / A X 90 444 222 N / A N / A N / A X X X 92 1696879 1693878 222 444 N / A N / A N / A X 90 1693877 , 1693880 222 94 444 N / A X X X N / A N / A 1693812 , 1693811 90 103 444 222 X N / A N / A 1693810 , 1693813 93 444 222 N / A N / A N / A X X X 1693400 , 1693392 90 102 444 222 N / A N / A X 1693384 , 1693406 92 444 222 X X X N / A N / A N / A 1693398 , 1693390 100 86 444 222 N / A N / A X 1693382 , 1693404 444 222 N / A N / A N / A N / A X X X 1693838 , 1693837 444 222 102 90 N / A N / A X 1693836 , 1693858 90 444 222 105 N / A N / A X notice . 1693402 1033 . 90 444 222 102 N / A N / A X without 1693400 1693398 EN 90 444 222 105 N / A N / A X X X & 1693396 , 1032 change 1693392 90 444 222 102 N / A N / A X X X EN 1693386 1693390 , to Standards 90 444 222 102 N / A N / A X subject 79 / 113 / EEC . printing . 1693388 , and 1693380 of Vibration Compliance time 98 / 37 / EC printing Directive 89 / 336 / EEC Rheinland Mower the Newton ) Normative at of position . ) Newton ) 84 / 538 / EEC . 2 available time Directive Noise m / s floor . * * Lawn * * * Directive the TUV Limits Data ( in ( in Directive European European concrete operator's at not Wheel Harmonized Limit ( in Data by ) Machinery correct 2 Limit are m / s Pressure * EN Certified B71.1 - 1998 836 Force Force Data " N / A " a Power to to to dB ( A ) ) EMC Steering dB ( A ) ) at ( in on Force are & according according according EN pressure Seat performed Horizontal Standards Specifications marked European European European Vibration Standard Mark Drawbar Vertical ( in ( in Model the the ANSI Sound Sound LwA LpA * Tested * * Tested * * * Tested Sound GS Items At At Test 7
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Features & Controls Hydraulic Lift Models Manual Lift Models Please take a moment and familiarize yourself with the name , location , and function of these controls so that you will better understand the safety and operat - ing instructions provided in this manual . Figure 1 . Tractor and Mower Controls CONTROL FUNCTIONS The information below briefly describes the function of individual controls . Starting , stopping , driving , and mowing require the combined use of several controls applied in specific sequences . To learn what combination and sequence of controls to use for various tasks see the OPERATION section . Headlights Choke The light switch turns the tractor headlights on and off . Pulling the choke control OUT closes the choke for cold A warm engine may not require choking . starting . PTO Switch Throttle Control The PTO ( Power Take - Off ) switch engages and disen - gages attachments that use the front PTO . To engage The throttle controls engine speed . Move the throttle for - the PTO , pull UP on the switch . Push DOWN to disen - ward to increase engine speed and back to decrease Note that the operator must be seated firmly in the gage . engine speed . Always operate at FULL throttle . tractor seat for the PTO to function . 8
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Features & Controls Attachment Lift Control Lever Brake Pedal The attachment lift control lever raises and lowers Depressing the brake pedal applies the tractor brake . attachments that utilize the tractor’s hydraulic lift cylinder or manual lift linkage . Pushing the lever forward lowers Mower Height of Cut Adjustment the attachment while pulling the lever back raises the The cutting height adjustment knob controls the mower attachment ( NOTE : On models with manual lift , you must cutting height . The cutting height is infinitely adjustable pull back slightly on the lever and depress the release between 1 ” and 3 - 5 / 8 . ” button to change lift positions ) . IMPORTANT NOTE - Hydraulic Lift Models : The trac - tor’s hydraulic system charge pump is part of the trans - Seat Adjustment Lever mission and is powered by the transmission drive belt . The seat can be adjusted forward and back . Move the Therefore the attachment lift will not work when the park - lever , position the seat as desired , and release the lever ing brake is engaged . to lock the seat into position . When using the mower deck , lift the deck off the ground while transporting to and from the job site . DO NOT cut with the mower in the raised , transport position . Transmission Oil Expansion Chamber The oil is added through the transmission oil expansion NOTE - Manual Lift Models : Be sure the lift lever is fully chamber . It also serves as extra holding capacity for oil forward when mowing . as the transmission heats up and the oil expands . See TRANSMISSION MAINTENANCE for oil level check and Parking Brake / Cruise Control fill procedures . The parking brake / cruise control knob is used to lock the parking brake when the tractor is stopped AND to Transmission Release Valve Lever lock the cruise control when the tractor is in motion . The transmission release valve lever deactivates the Fully depressing the brake pedal and pulling up on the transmission so that the tractor can be pushed by hand . knob engages the parking brake . See PUSHING THE TRACTOR BY HAND for opera - Pulling up on the knob while depressing the forward tional information . ground speed pedal engages the cruise control . Refer to page 8 for a full explanation of parking brake / Fuel Tank cruise control functions . To remove the cap , turn counterclockwise . Ground Speed Pedals Differential Lock Pedal ( Select Models ) The tractor’s forward ground speed is controlled by the Depressing this pedal locks the transmission differential , forward ground speed control pedal . The tractor’s locking both rear wheels into “ drive ” . reverse ground speed is controlled by the reverse ground speed control pedal . Use this feature if the tractor is stuck because one wheel is slipping . Engage the differential lock at slow Depressing either pedal will increase ground speed . ground speeds only . Note that the further down the pedal is depressed , the faster the tractor will travel . Gas Gauge ( Not Pictured ) The gas gauge is located in the front panel of the seat deck to the left of the seat . The amount of fuel shown in Ignition Switch the gage tube directly corresponds to the amount of fuel The ignition switch starts and stops the engine , it has in the tank ; i.e . the higher the level shown in the gage , three positions : the higher the level in the tank . OFF Stops the engine and shuts off the Gauge Wheels ( 54 ” Models , Not Pictured ) electrical system . The mower gauge wheels can be placed in two positions RUN Allows the engine to run and powers the depending on the height of cut . When using higher cut - electrical system . ting heights , set the wheels in the lower position . When START Cranks the engine for starting . using lower cutting heights , set the wheels in the upper position . See the Adjustments section for gauge wheel NOTE : Never leave the ignition switch in the RUN posi - adjustment . tion with the engine stopped – this drains the battery . 9
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Features & Controls PARKING BRAKE / CRUISE C CONTROL KNOB FUNCTIONS Applying the Parking Brake - See Figure 2 . To lock the parking brake , release the ground speed pedals ( A ) , fully depress the brake pedal ( B ) , pull UP on the parking brake / cruise control knob ( C ) , and then release brake pedal . B Releasing the Parking Brake - See Figure 2 . To release the parking brake , fully depress the brake pedal ( B ) and push the parking brake / cruise control knob ( C ) DOWN . A Applying the Cruise Control - See Figure 3 . To apply the cruise control , depress the forward ground speed Figure 2 . Engaging the Parking Brake pedal ( A ) until the desired speed is achieved . Then pull A . Ground Speed Pedals up on the parking brake / cruise control knob ( C ) and B . Brake Pedal release the forward ground speed pedal ( A ) . C . Parking Brake / Cruise Control Knob Releasing the Cruise Control - See Figure 3 . The cruise control can be released three ways : 1 . Tap the forward ground speed pedal ( A ) . C 2 . Push the parking brake / cruise control knob ( C ) DOWN . 3 . Depress the brake pedal ( B ) . In the event you need to stop quickly , fully depress - ing the brake pedal ( B ) will automatically release the cruise control and stop the tractor . B For normal operation , it is recommended that you manu - ally disengage the cruise control by tapping the forward ground speed pedal or pushing the parking brake / cruise control knob down . A Figure 3 . Cruise Control Function IMPORTANT NOTE : The tractor’s hydraulic system A . Forward Ground Speed Pedal charge pump is part of the transmission and is powered B . Brake Pedal by the transmission drive belt . Therefore the attachment C . Parking Brake / Cruise Control Knob lift will not work when the parking brake is engaged . 10
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Features & Controls A B C D E SAFETY INTERLOCK SYSTEM TESTS This unit is equipped with safety interlock switches and other safety devices . These safety systems are present for your safety : do not attempt to bypass safety switches , and never tamper with safety devices . Check their operation regularly . 00166 Operational SAFETY Checks F Your unit is equipped with a seat switch safety sys - tem . Check the seat switch operation every fall and spring with the following tests . Figure 4 . Dashboard Display Test 1 — Engine should NOT crank if : DASHBOARD DISPLAY FUNCTIONS • PTO switch is ON , OR Refer to Figure 4 . • Brake pedal is NOT fully depressed ( parking A . Headlight Indicator Light brake OFF ) . Indicates that the headlights are on . Test 2 — Engine SHOULD crank if : B . Low Oil Pressure Light • PTO switch is OFF , AND Indicates that the engine oil pressure is low . IF THIS • Brake pedal is fully depressed LIGHT TURNS ON WHILE THE TRACTOR IS IN USE , ( parking brake ON ) . TURN THE ENGINE OFF IMMEDIATELY . Contact Test 3 — Engine should SHUT OFF if : your authorized dealer for service . • Operator rises off seat with PTO engaged , OR C . Parking Brake / Cruise Control Light • Operator rises off seat with brake pedal NOT Indicates that the parking brake or cruise control is fully depressed ( parking brake OFF ) . engaged . Test 4 — Blade Brake Check D . PTO Light Mower blades and mower drive belt should come to a complete stop within five seconds after electric Indicates the PTO switch is in the ON position . PTO switch is turned OFF ( or operator rises off E . Engine Coolant Temperature Light seat ) . If mower drive belt does not stop within five ( Liquid Cooled Models Only ) seconds , readjust the PTO clutch as described in the ADJUSTMENTS section or see your dealer . Flashes when the engine is overheating . The light will turn on when the tractor is first started and then go out . IF THIS LIGHT FLASHES WHILE THE TRACTOR IS IN NOTE : Once the engine has stopped , the PTO USE , TURN THE ENGINE OFF IMMEDIATELY . Allow switch must be turned off after the operator returns the engine to cool , check the coolant level , and clean the to the seat in order to start the engine . radiator and screens . F . Hour Meter WARNING Shows the number of hours the key switch has been in If the unit does not pass a safety test , do not the ON position . operate it . See your authorized dealer . Under no circumstance should you attempt to defeat the purpose of the safety interlock system . 11
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Operating the Tractor WARNING WARNING If you do not understand how a Never allow passengers to ride on the unit . specific control functions , or have not yet thoroughly read Before leaving the operator’s position for any the FEATURES & CONTROLS reason , engage the parking brake , disengage the section , do so now . PTO , stop the engine and remove the key . Do NOT attempt to operate the To reduce fire hazard , keep the engine , tractor tractor without first becoming and mower free of grass , leaves and excess familiar with the location and grease . Do not stop or park tractor over dry function of ALL controls . leaves , grass or combustible materials . Gasoline is highly flammable and must be GENERAL OPERATING SAFETY handled with care . Never fill the tank when the engine is still hot from recent operation . Do not Before first time operation : allow open flame , smoking or matches in the • Be sure to read all information in the Safety and area . Avoid over - filling and wipe up any spills . Operation sections before attempting to operate this tractor and mower . • Become familiar with all of the controls and how to WARNING stop the unit . Never operate on slopes greater than 17.6 percent • Drive in an open area without mowing to become ( 10 ° ) which is a rise of 3 - 1 / 2 feet ( 106 cm ) accustomed to the unit . vertically in 20 feet ( 607 cm ) horizontally . When operating on slopes use additional wheel CHECKS BEFORE STARTING weights or counterweights . See your dealer to determine which weights are available and • Check that the crankcase is filled with oil to full mark appropriate for your unit . on dipstick . See the engine Operator’s Manual for Select slow ground speed before driving onto slope . instructions and oil recommendations . See Figure 5 In addition to front and rear weights , use extra caution for hood access . when operating on slopes with rear - mounted grass • Make sure all nuts , bolts , screws and pins are in catcher . place and tight . Mow UP and DOWN the slope , never across the • Adjust the seat position , and make certain you can face , use caution when changing directions and DO NOT START OR STOP ON SLOPE . reach all controls from operator’s position . • Fill the gasoline tank with fresh gasoline . Refer to engine manual for gasoline recommendations . Lift Hood A • Make certain rear counterweights are installed if you to access will be operating the unit on sloping ground . Engine B Undo Hood Straps ( B ) ( Both Sides ) before Lifting Hood Figure 5 . Engine Access A . Fuel Tank B . Hood Straps 12
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Operating the Tractor STARTING THE ENGINE MOWING 1 . Engage the parking brake . Make sure the PTO 1 . While sitting in the operator’s seat , fully depress the switch is disengaged . brake pedal or set the parking brake . 2 . Start the engine ( see STARTING THE ENGINE ) . 2 . Make sure that your feet are not depressing the 3 . Fully lower the mower using the attachment lift lever . ground speed control pedals . 4 . Set the mower cutting height to the desired level and 3 . Disengage the PTO clutch . set the gauge wheels to the appropriate position . 4 . Set the throttle to FULL . 5 . Set the throttle to FULL . 5 . Pull the Choke knob OUT to choke the engine . 6 . Engage the PTO ( Mower Deck ) . NOTE : A warm engine may not require choking . 7 . Begin mowing . See Section C for tips on mowing 6 . Insert the ignition key and turn it to START . patterns , lawn care , and troubleshooting information . 7 . After the engine starts , move the engine throttle con - 8 . When finished , shut off the PTO and raise the mower trol to SLOW . Warm up the engine by running it for at using the attachment lift control lever . least a minute before engaging the PTO switch or dri - 9 . Stop the engine ( see STOPPING THE TRACTOR ving the tractor . AND ENGINE ) . NOTE : In the event of an emergency the engine can be stopped by simply turning the ignition switch to STOP . PUSHING THE TRACTOR BY HAND Use this method only in emergency situations . For nor - 1 . Disengage the PTO and turn the engine off . mal engine shut down follow the procedure given in STOPPING THE TRACTOR . 2 . Move the transmission release lever up , pull back approximately 1 ” ( 2.5cm ) , and press down to lock into STOPPING THE TRACTOR & ENGINE released position ( Figure 6 ) . 3 . The tractor can now be pushed by hand . 1 . Disengaging the cruise control and taking your foot off the ground speed control pedals will stop tractor movement . For emergency stopping depress the DO NOT TOW TRACTOR clutch / brake pedal . Towing the unit will cause transmission 2 . Engage the parking brake . damage . • Do not use another vehicle to 3 . Disengage the PTO . push or pull this unit . • Do not actuate the Kohler Models : transmission release valve lever while the 4 . Position the throttle control at idle . engine is running . 5 . Turn the ignition switch to STOP . Remove the key . Briggs & Stratton and Kawasaki Models : 4 . Position the throttle control at idle and run for about one minute . 5 . Turn the ignition switch to STOP . Remove the key . DRIVING THE TRACTOR 1 . Sit in the seat and adjust the seat so that you can comfortably reach all the controls and see the dash - board display . 2 . Engage the parking brake . 3 . Make sure the PTO switch is disengaged . Pull Lever Up , Back , 4 . Start the engine ( see STARTING THE ENGINE ) . and Down to Release 5 . Disengage the parking brake and release the brake Figure 6 . Transmission Release Lever pedal . 6 . Depress the forward ground speed control pedal to travel forward . Release the pedal to stop . Note that the further down the pedal is depressed the faster the tractor will travel . 7 . Stop the tractor by releasing the ground speed con - trol pedals , setting the parking brake , and stopping the engine ( see STOPPING THE TRACTOR AND ENGINE ) . 13
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Operating the Tractor F D L.H . Side A C B B D G R.H . Side E A Figure 8 . Mower Lift - Hydraulic Lift Models & 44 ” A . Mower Lift Chain , R.H . E . Mower Lift Chain , L.H . B . Tractor Lift Arm F . Clevis Pin , Short Figure 7 . Raising & Lowering Mower C . Clevis Pin , Long G . Washer A . Mower Lift Lever D . Safety Clip B . Mower Height Adjuster MOWER DECK REMOVAL & B A INSTALLATION C WARNING Engage parking brake , disengage PTO , stop D engine and remove key before attempting to install or remove the mower . E Muffler and surrounding areas may be hot . F Removing the Mower Deck - 44 ” & 50 ” Models Figure 9 . Mower Lift - 50 ” Manual Lift Models 1 . Park the tractor , fully lower the attachment lift , turn off A . Hair Pin Clip B . Clevis Pin ( Inserted Left to Right ) the PTO , turn off the engine , remove the key , and C . Lift Cable engage the parking brake . D . Clevis Pin ( Inserted Right to Left ) 2 . Place mower in the lowest cutting position using the E . Hair Pin Clip & Washer mower height adjuster ( B , Figure 7 ) . F . Mower Lift Arm 3 . 44 ” Models & Hydraulic Lift Modes : Disconnect the mower lift chains ( A , E , Figure 8 ) from the tractor lift B A arm ( B ) . Re - install clevis pins , washers and safety clips on mower lift arms for storage . 50 ” Manual Lift Models : Disconnect the mower lift cables ( C , Figure 9 ) from the mower lift arms ( F ) . Re - install the clevis pins , washers and hairpin clips for storage . 4 . Remove belt from PTO pulley ( B , Figure 10 ) . 5 . Turn wheels straight ahead . Pull back on spring - loaded lever ( B , Figure 11 ) and lift mower hitch off of the tractor brackets ( A ) . 6 . Turn wheels fully left , and slide mower deck out from Figure 10 . Removing & Installing Belt under the right side of the tractor . A . Idler Arm B . PTO Pulley 14
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Operating the Tractor A B Figure 12 . Gauge Wheels - 54 ” Models Only Figure 11 . Mower Hitch A . Tractor Hitch Brackets B . Spring - Loaded Lever Removing the Mower Deck - 54 ” Models 1 . Fully raise the attachment lift and rotate front gauge wheels ( see Figure 12 ) . 2 . Park the tractor , fully lower the attachment lift , turn off the PTO , turn off the engine , remove the key , and engage the parking brake . CAUTION A The muffler and surrounding areas may be hot . C 3 . Place mower in the lowest cutting position using the D mower height adjuster ( B , Figure 7 ) . 4 . Disconnect the mower lift chains ( A , E , Figure 8 ) from the tractor lift arm ( B ) . Re - install clevis pins , washers and safety clips on mower lift arms for storage . 5 . Remove belt from PTO pulley ( B , Figure 10 ) . 6 . Turn wheels straight ahead . Pull back on spring - loaded lever ( B , Figure 11 ) and lift mower hitch off of the tractor brackets ( A ) . 7 . Remove the clips ( C , Figure 13 ) and washers secur - ing the hitch rod ( A ) and leveling rods ( B , D ) . A Remove the hitch rod ( A ) and hitch bucket . 8 . Turn wheels fully left , and slide mower deck out from C under the right side of the tractor . B FIgure 13 . Hitch Hardware - 54 ” Models Only A . Hitch Rod C . Safety Clips B . Right Leveling Rod D . Left Leveling Rod 15
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Operating the Tractor A B A C D Figure 14 . Raising & Lowering Mower A . Mower Lift Lever B . Mower Height Adjuster WARNING Engage parking brake , disengage PTO , stop engine and remove key before attempting to install or remove the mower . Muffler and surrounding areas may be hot . A Installing the Mower Deck - All Hydraulic Lift Models & 44 ” Manual Lift Models C NOTE : Perform mower installation on a hard , level sur - face such as a concrete floor . B 1 . Park the tractor , fully lower the attachment lift , turn off the PTO switch , turn off the engine , remove the key , and engage the parking brake . Turn the wheels FIgure 15 . Hitch Hardware - 54 ” Models Only fully to the left . A . Hitch Rod C . Safety Clips 2 . Place mower in the lowest cutting position using the B . Right Leveling Rod D . Left Leveling Rod mower height adjuster ( B , Figure 14 ) . Slide the mower deck under the right side of tractor so that the mower hitch is aligned with front tractor hitch ( A , Figure 16 ) . 54 ” MODELS ONLY A 3 . After sliding the mower under the tractor , install the hitch rod ( A , Figure 15 ) and leveling rods ( B , D ) . Secure with washers and clips ( C ) . ALL MODELS 3 . See Figure 16 . Turn wheels straight . Pull back on the spring - loaded lever ( B ) while lifting up on the B mower hitch . Install the mower hitch onto tractor hitch brackets ( A ) . When properly installed , the spring - loaded lever should seat fully underneath the brack - Figure 16 . Mower Hitch ets ( A ) . A . Tractor Hitch Brackets B . Spring - Loaded Lever 16
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Operating the Tractor F B D A L.H . Side C B D G R.H . Side E A Figure 18 . Removing & Installing Belt Figure 17 . Mower Lift - Hydraulic Lift Models & 44 ” A . Idler Arm A . Mower Lift Chain , R.H . E . Mower Lift Chain , L.H . B . PTO Pulley B . Tractor Lift Arm F . Clevis Pin , Short C . Clevis Pin , Long G . Washer D . Safety Clip B FRONT A C 4 . See Figure 17 . Connect the mower lift chains ( A & E ) to the the tractor lift arm ( B ) using the clevis pins , washers and safety clips . Install the shorter clevis pin ( F ) on the left side as shown . D 5 . See Figure 18 . From left side of tractor , use the idler arm ( A ) to relieve belt tension . Install belt onto the E PTO pulley ( B ) . 54 ” MODELS ONLY 6 . Raise the attachment lift and rotate the front gauge F wheels ( Figure 12 ) into cutting position . Figure 19 . Mower Lift - 50 ” Manual Lift Models A . Hair Pin Clip Installing the Mower Deck - B . Clevis Pin ( Inserted Left to Right ) C . Lift Cable 50 ” Manual Lift Models D . Clevis Pin ( Inserted Right to Left ) 1 . Park the tractor , fully lower the attachment lift , turn off E . Hair Pin Clip & Washer F . Mower Lift Arm the PTO switch , turn off the engine , remove the key , and engage the parking brake . Turn the wheels fully to the left . 4 . See Figure 19 . Connect the mower lift cable ( C ) to 2 . Place mower in the lowest cutting position using the the mower lift arm ( F ) using a clevis pin ( D ) , hair pin mower height adjuster ( B , Figure 14 ) . Slide the mower clip and washer ( E ) . deck under the right side of tractor so that the mower hitch is aligned with front tractor hitch ( A , Figure 16 ) . IMPORTANT NOTE : For both lift cables , the mower cle - vis pin ( D ) is installed from right to left ; the tractor lift cle - 3 . See Figure 16 . Turn wheels straight . Pull back on vis pin ( B ) is installed from left to right . The pins must be the spring - loaded lever ( B ) while lifting up on the installed in this orientation for proper clearance . mower hitch . Install the mower hitch onto tractor hitch brackets ( A ) . When properly installed , the spring - 5 . See Figure 18 . From left side of tractor , use the idler loaded lever should seat fully underneath the brack - arm ( A ) to relieve belt tension . Install belt onto the ets ( A ) . PTO pulley ( B ) . 17
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Operating the Tractor STORAGE WARNING Temporary Storage ( 30 Days Or Less ) Never store the unit , with gasoline in engine or Remember , the fuel tank will still contain some gasoline , so fuel tank , in a heated shelter or in enclosed , never store the unit indoors or in any other area where fuel poorly ventilated enclosures . Gasoline fumes may vapor could travel to any ignition source . Fuel vapor is also reach an open flame , spark or pilot light ( such as toxic if inhaled , so never store the unit in any structure used a furnace , water heater , clothes dryer , etc . ) and for human or animal habitation . cause an explosion . Here is a checklist of things to do when storing your unit Handle gasoline carefully . It is highly flammable temporarily or in between uses : and careless use could result in serious fire • Keep the unit in an area away from where children may damage to your person or property . come into contact with it . If there’s any chance of unau - Drain fuel into an approved container outdoors thorized use , disconnect the spark plug wires . away from open flame or sparks . • If the unit can’t be stored on a reasonably level surface , chock the wheels . • Clean all grass and dirt from the mower . 10 . Drain fuel system completely or add a gasoline stabilizer NOTE : If storing your tractor between winter snow removal to the fuel system . If you have chosen to use a fuel sta - jobs in a cold area , we suggest that you fill the fuel tank at bilizer and have not drained the fuel system , follow all the completion of each job to prevent water condensation in safety instructions and storage precautions in this man - the fuel tank . Wait for engine to cool before filling tank . ual to prevent the possibility of fire from the ignition of Long Term Storage ( Longer Than 30 Days ) gasoline fumes . Remember , gasoline fumes can travel to distant sources of ignition and ignite , causing risk of Before you store your unit for the off - season , read the explosion and fire . Maintenance and Storage instructions in the Safety Rules section , then perform the following steps : NOTE : Gasoline , if permitted to stand unused for extended periods ( 30 days or more ) , may develop gummy deposits 1 . Drain crankcase oil and refill with a grade of oil that will which can adversely affect the engine carburetor and cause be required when unit is used again . engine malfunction . To avoid this condition , add a gasoline 2 . Prepare the mower deck for storage as follows : stabilizer to the fuel tank and run the engine a few minutes , or drain all fuel from the unit before placing it in storage . a . Remove mower deck from the unit . b . Clean underside of mower deck . c . Coat all bare metal surfaces with paint or light coat STARTING AFTER of oil to prevent rusting . LONG TERM STORAGE 3 . Clean external surfaces and engine . Before starting the unit after it has been stored for a long 4 . Prepare engine for storage . See engine owner’s period of time , perform the following steps . manual . 1 . Remove any blocks from under the unit . 5 . Clean any dirt or grass from cylinder head cooling fins , 2 . Install the battery if it was removed . engine housing and air cleaner element . 3 . Unplug the exhaust outlet and air cleaner . 6 . Cover air cleaner and exhaust outlet tightly with plastic or other waterproof material to keep out moisture , dirt 4 . Fill the fuel tank with fresh gasoline . See engine and insects . manual for recommendations . 5 . See engine owner’s manual and follow all instructions 7 . Completely grease and oil unit as outlined in the Normal for preparing engine after storage . Care section . 6 . Check crankcase oil level and add proper oil if 8 . Clean up unit and apply paint or rust preventative to any necessary . If any condensation has developed during areas where paint is chipped or damaged . storage , drain crankcase oil and refill . 9 . Be sure the battery is filled to the proper level with water 7 . Inflate tires to proper pressure . Check fluid levels . and is fully charged . Battery life will be increased if it is removed , put in a cool , dry place and fully charged 8 . Start the engine and let it run slowly . DO NOT run at about once a month . If battery is left in unit , disconnect high speed immediately after starting . Be sure to run the negative cable . engine only outdoors or in well ventilated area . 18
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Regular Maintenance MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE & PROCEDURES The following schedule should be followed for normal care of your tractor and mower . Use the hour meter to deter - mine your operating time . Before Every Every Every Every Spring SAFETY ITEMS Each Use 5 Hours 25 Hours 100 Hours 250 Hours & Fall Check Safety Interlock System ● Check Tractor Brakes ● Check Mower Blade Stopping Time ● Before Every Every Every Every Spring NORMAL CARE ITEMS Each Use 5 Hours 25 Hours 100 Hours 250 Hours & Fall Check Tractor / Mower for loose hardware ● Check Engine Oil Level ● * * * ● Check / Change Engine Air Filter * , * * * Change Engine Oil & Filter * , * * Inspect Spark Plug ( s ) * Check / Clean Radiator Screen ● * * * ● Check / Add Engine Coolant ● * * * ● Check / Clean Oil Cooler ( 23HP Only ) * * * ● Inspect Cooling System Every 200 Hours Check / Replace Fuel Filter ● Check / Adjust PTO Clutch * * * * ● Lubricate Tractor & Mower * * * ● Lubricate Rear Axle Shafts Yearly Check Battery Fluid ● Clean Battery & Cables ● Check Tire Pressure ● Clean & Sharpen Mower Blades ● Check Transmission Oil Level ● Change Transmission Oil * * * * ● Change Internal Trans . Filter * * * * ● Change Hydraulic System Filter * * * * ● * See the engine manufacturer's owner's manual . * * Change original engine oil after initial break - in period . Refer to engine owner’s manual . * * * More often in hot ( over 85 ° F : 30 ° C ) weather or dusty operating conditions . * * * * Service after the first 50 hours of operation , then every 250 hours of operation . Always refer to the engine manufacturer’s owner’s manual for specific engine information . 19
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Regular Maintenance WARNING A Gasoline is highly flammable and must be handled with care . Never fill the tank when the engine is still hot from recent operation . Do not allow open flame , smoking or matches in the area . Avoid over - filling and wipe up any spills . B Do not remove fuel filter when engine is hot , as spilled gasoline may ignite . DO NOT spread hose clamps further than necessary . Ensure clamps grip hoses firmly over filter after installation . Figure 20 . Fuel Tank Fill A . Fuel Tank Cap . CHECKING / ADDING FUEL B . Trans . Oil Seat Deck Plug To add fuel : 1 . Remove the fuel cap ( see A , Figure 20 ) . Do not use gasoline containing METHANOL , 2 . Fill the tank . Do not overfill . Leave room in the tank gasohol containing more than for fuel expansion . Refer to your engine manual for 10 % ETHANOL , gasoline additives , or white specific fuel recommendations . gas because engine / fuel system damage could result . 3 . Install and hand tighten the fuel cap . CHECK TIRE PRESSURES Service Interval : Every 25 Hours Tire Pressure should be checked periodically , and main - tained at the levels shown in the chart . Note that these pressures may differ slightly from the “ Max Inflation ” stamped on the side - wall of the tires . The pressures shown provide proper traction , improve cut quality , and extend tire life . Tire Pressure Front 12 - 15 psi ( . 83 - 1.0 bar ) TRANSMISSION MAINTENANCE Rear 6 - 8 psi ( . 41 - . 55 bar ) Do not allow dirt , water , or other debris to Figure 21 . Checking Tire Pressure enter the expansion chamber or transmission . Even a small amount of dirt can damage the transmission Check Transmission Oil Level There are several maintenance procedures that must be Service Interval : Every 5 Hours performed on the transmission after the first 50 hours of operation and then after every 250 hours . NOTE : Lift cylinder should be extended . 1 . Locate the clear tube ( C , Figure 23 ) and expansion Transmission Service Information chamber ( D ) under the seat deck . Using a flashlight , Transmission Oil Capacity : Apx . 4 - 1 / 2 qt ( 4.25L ) observe the oil level in the clear tube . 1 ” of oil should be visible in the clear tube . DO NOT OVERFILL . Transmission Oil Type : SAE 10W - 30 with a minimum Empty space is required in the tube and expansion API rating of SG / CD . chamber for heat expansion . Internal Oil Filter Part Number : 1719832 2 . If necessary , remove the plug from the seat deck Hydraulic System Oil Filter Part Number : 1719168 ( Figure 22 ) , clean the area surrounding the expan - sion chamber ( D , Figure 23 ) , remove the cap , and add oil . 20
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Regular Maintenance D A C Expansion Chamber Access Plug B Figure 22 . Seat Deck Access Plug Figure 23 . Hydraulic System Oil Filter A . Hydraulic System Filter C . Clear Tube Do not allow dirt , water , or other debris to B . Differential Fill Cap D . Expansion Chamber enter the expansion chamber or transmission . Even a small amount of dirt can damage the transmission Change Transmission Oil , Internal Filter , & Hydraulic System Filter Service Interval : After 50 Hrs , Then Every 250 Hrs The oil should also be changed whenever it has become discolored from overheating or contamination . 1 . Place a drain pan under the transmission and remove the two 14mm drain plugs ( A , Figure 24 ) . 2 . Remove the differential fill cap ( B , Figure 23 ) . 3 . Remove the plastic plug ( A , Figure 25 ) . 4 . Remove and replace the hydraulic system filter ( A , Figure 23 ) . Thread the new filter onto the filter base and tighten 1 / 2 to 3 / 4 turns past finger tight . A 5 . Remove and replace the internal transmission filter ( B , Figure 25 ) . Figure 24 . Transmission Drain Plugs 6 . Reinstall the plastic plug ( A , Figure 25 ) and the two A . 14mm Drain Plugs 14mm drain plugs ( A , Figure 24 ) . 7 . Using a long funnel , add 2 quarts of oil to the differ - ential fill ( the differential fill cap B , Figure 23 should have been removed earlier ) . 8 . Reinstall the differential fill cap ( B , Figure 23 ) . 9 . Remove the expansion chamber access plug ( Figure B 22 ) and expansion chamber cover . Add 2 quarts A ( 1.9L ) of oil to the expansion chamber ( D , Figure 23 ) a few ounces at a time . 10 . Reinstall the expansion chamber cover ( D , Figure 23 ) and access plug ( Figure 22 ) . 11 . Test run the tractor for 10 minutes . Drive forward and backward ; raise and lower the attachment lift several times . 12 . Recheck the transmission oil level . There should be 1 ” ( 2.5cm ) of oil visible in the clear plastic Tube ( C , Figure 25 . Internal Transmission Filter Service Figure 23 ) . DO NOT OVERFILL . Empty space is A . Plastic Plug B . Internal Filter required in the tube and expansion chamber for heat expansion . 21
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Regular Maintenance H H A A G D D E E C I C F G G B B F E J Figure 26 . Engine Compartment - 18HP & 20HP Figure 27 . Engine Compartment - 23HP Kohler Model A . Battery F . Throttle Cable Briggs & Stratton Models B . Oil Filter G . Choke Cable A . Battery E . Fuel Filter C . Air Filter H . Hood Strap B . Oil Filter F . Throttle Cable D Oil Fill / Dipstick I . Oil Cooler C . Air Filter G . Choke Cable E . Fuel Filter J . Filter Base Bolts D Oil Fill / Dipstick H . Hood Strap ACCESSING THE ENGINE To gain access to the engine , unhook the rubber straps ( H , Figures 26 , 27 ) and tip the hood forward . NOTE : For engine service item locations see LIQUID Figure 26 for models with Briggs & Stratton engines , COOLED V - TWIN Figure 27 for models with Kohler engines , and Figure 28 for models with Kawasaki engines . CHECK / REPLACE FUEL FILTER Service Interval : Every 100 Hours A The fuel filter ( E , Figures 26 & 27 ; A , Figure 28 ) is locat - ed in the fuel line between the fuel tank and the carbure - Figure 28 . Engine Compartment ( View from Left ) tor . A . Fuel Filter If filter is dirty or clogged , replace as follows : 1 . Disengage the PTO , engage the parking brake , turn ENGINE OIL & FILTER CHANGE the ignition switch OFF , and remove the key . Allow Service Interval : See Engine Manual the engine to cool . Disconnect the negative battery Refer to engine manual for specific oil and filter recom - cable . mendations and oil draining procedures . 2 . Place a container below the filter to catch spilled fuel . NOTE , 23HP Kohler Models : To change the oil filter , 3 . Using a pliers , open and slide hose clamps from fuel loosen the bolts ( J , Figure 27 ) securing the filter base to filter . the rear engine compartment wall . Lift the oil filter base 4 . Remove hoses from filter . off the bolts and tilt the assembly away from the engine . 5 . Install new filter in proper flow direction in fuel line . Remove the filter and drain the base . Reinstall the filter base before installing a new filter . Be sure not to kink 6 . Secure with hose clamps . the hoses 7 . Reconnect the negative battery cable when finished . INSPECT & REPLACE SPARK PLUGS CHECK / CHANGE AIR FILTER Service Interval : See Engine Manual Service Interval : See Engine Manual Refer to the engine manual for specific spark plug Refer to the engine manual for specific air filter service replacement procedures . 22 procedures .
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Regular Maintenance CHECK / CLEAN RADIATOR SCREEN D F ( LIQUID COOLED MODELS ) Service Interval : Before Each Use , or Every 5 Hours Remove , check , and clean the radiator screen before each use and more often if cutting in dry or dusty condi - V - TWIN COOLED LIQUID tions . CHECK / ADD COOLANT A ( LIQUID COOLED MODELS ) C Service Interval : Before Each Use or Every 5 Hours E The engine coolant level and quality should be checked B before each use , when the engine is off and cool . 1 . Check coolant in the overflow reservoir ( C , Figure 29 ) . Figure 29 . Engine Compartment ( View from Right ) Coolant should be green in color and coolant level A . Rubber Strap D . Radiator Cap should be between the “ H ” and “ L ” marks on the tank . B . Oil Filter E . Oil Fill / Dipstick 2 . If the coolant level is below the “ L ” mark on the over - C . Overflow Reservoir F . Radiator Screen flow reservoir , then with the engine off and cool , remove the radiator cap ( D , Figure 29 ) . Add coolant ( 50 / 50 mixture of ethylene glycol and distilled water ) , slowly fill the tank to the bottom of the radiator cap filler neck . 3 . Inspect for leaks in system as described below : CHECK / CLEAN OIL COOLER BLADE BRAKE CHECK ( KOHLER MODELS ) Service Interval : Every 100 Hours or Fall & Spring Mower blades and mower drive belt should come to a Service Interval : Every 25 Hours , or As Necessary complete stop within five seconds after electric PTO The engine oil cooler is located on the side of the engine switch is turned off . ( I , Figure 27 ) and should be cleaned with compressed air 1 . With tractor in neutral , PTO disengaged and operator at regular intervals or if dirty . in seat , start the engine . COOLING SYSTEM INSPECTION 2 . Look over the left - hand footrest at the mower drive ( LIQUID COOLED MODELS ) belt . Engage the PTO and wait several seconds . Disengage the PTO and check the amount of time it Service Interval : Every 200 Hours takes for the mower drive belt to stop . Inspect the radiator and the hoses at least after every 3 . If mower drive belt does not stop within five seconds , 200 hours of operation . re - adjust the clutch or see your dealer . 1 . Inspect radiator inlet and outlet tubes for cracks , kinks , dents , and fractured seams . Have radiator PTO CLUTCH ADJUSTMENT CHECK repaired or replaced if necessary . Service Interval : After 50 Hrs , Then Every 250 Hrs 2 . Check for dirt and insects that may be lodged in the Check the PTO clutch adjustment after the initial 50 hour radiator . Clean them out using compressed air or a break - in period and then after every 250 hours of opera - low - pressure washer . tion – or if the clutch starts slipping or will not engage . Check and adjust the clutch using the procedure outlined SAFETY INTERLOCK SYSTEM in the Adjustments section of this manual . CHECK Service Interval : Every Fall & Spring Check the function of the safety interlock system using the test procedure found on page 11 of this manual . If the tractor fails any of the tests , see your dealer . 23
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Regular Maintenance BATTERY MAINTENANCE Battery Compartment WARNING Be careful when handling the battery . Avoid spilling electrolyte . Keep flames and sparks away from the battery . When removing or installing battery cables , disconnect the negative cable FIRST and reconnect it LAST . If not done in this order , the positive terminal can be shorted to the frame by a tool . Checking the Battery Fluid Figure 30 . Battery Compartment Service Interval : Every 100 Hours ( Air Cooled Model Shown ) Note : Does not apply to maintenance - free batteries . 1 . Raise the hood to access battery compartment ( see D C Figure 30 ) . 2 . Remove the battery filler cap ( s ) . Fluid must be even with the split ring full mark ( C , Figure 31 ) . If not , add distilled water . 3 . Reinstall the filler cap ( s ) . D Cleaning the Battery and Cables Service Interval : Every 100 Hours 1 . Disconnect the cables from the battery , negative A cable first ( A , Figures 31 & 32 ) . E 2 . Remove the battery hold - down and battery . 3 . Clean the battery compartment with a solution of bak - B ing soda and water . FRONT 4 . Clean the battery terminals and cable ends with a Figure 31 . 18HP & 20HP Battery Cables & Fill wire brush and battery terminal cleaner until shiny . A . Negative Cable B . Positive Cable & Cover 5 . Reinstall the battery in the battery compartment , and C . Split - Ring secure with the battery hold - down . D . Nut , Lockwasher , & Washer 6 . Reattach the battery cables , positive cable first ( B , E . Capscrew Figures 31 & 32 ) . 7 . Coat the cable ends and battery terminals with petro - C leum jelly or non - conducting grease . A FRONT B Figure 32 . 17Hp LC Battery Connections A . Negative Cable & Terminal B . Positive Cable & Terminal C . Hold Down Bar 24
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Regular Maintenance LUBRICATION Service Interval : Every 25 Hours Lubricate the unit at the locations shown in Figures 33 through 38 as well as the following lubrication points . Grease : • front axle pivot • front wheel bearings • front axle grease fittings • steering linkage • foot pedal • mower pivots • mower arbors • transmission idler assembly pivot • rear axle shafts ( remove wheel hubs ) Use grease fittings when present . Disassemble parts to apply grease to moving parts when grease fittings are not present . Not all greases are compatible . Simplicity Lithium Grease is recommended , automotive - type lithium grease may be used when this is not available . Oil : • hydro linkage • seat adjustment assembly • brake linkage • frame pivot points • mower deck height adjustment linkage • manual lift lever Generally , all moving metal parts should be oiled where contact is made with other parts . Keep oil and grease off belts and pulleys . Remember to wipe fit - tings and surfaces clean both before and after lubri - cation . Figure 34 . Lubricating the Tractor Figure 33 . Lubricate Steering Linkage Figure 35 . Brake Pedal Pivot Point 25
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Regular Maintenance Figure 36 . Arbor Lubrication Points Figure 37 . Mower Lubrication Points Lubricate Rear Axle Shafts A Service Interval : Yearly C We recommend removing the rear wheel hubs and lubri - D E cating the axle shafts yearly . This prevents the wheel hubs from seizing onto the axle shaft and makes future service easier . 1 . Turn off the ignition , turn off the PTO , engage the parking brake , and block the front tires . B F G 2 . Using a jack or chain hoist positioned at the center of H the rear frame , carefully jack the unit up until the rear tires are approximately 1 " - 2 " ( 2.5 - 5cm ) off the ground . NOTE : For overall unit stability during service , do not jack rear end higher than required for wheel removal . J 3 . Support the rear of the unit on jackstands positioned I under the rear frame . Figure 38 . Rear Axle Assembly NOTE : Your axle assembly may differ slightly from the A . Anti - Rotation Washer F . Hub Cap Retainer assembly pictured : the quantity of washers ( G , Figure B . Large Washers G . Small Washers ( As Required ) 38 ) may be one or two . This is adjusted on a tractor by C . Key H . E - Ring tractor basis during assembly to allow a small amount of D . Wheel Hub I . Hub Cap axle end - play . E . Wheel & Tire Assy . J . Capscrew 4 . Remove the wheel bolts ( J , Figure 38 ) and wheels ( E ) . 5 . Remove the plastic hub cap ( I ) . 6 . Remove E - ring ( H ) using a screwdriver . 7 . Remove the washers ( G ) , hub cap retainer ( F ) , and wheel hub ( D ) . Remove the key ( C ) . 9 . Reinstall the components in reverse order of disas - sembly and lower the unit . Be sure the key ( C ) is in 8 . Lubricate the axle shaft with anti - seize compound or place in the axle keyway . lithium grease . 01 26
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Regular Maintenance Workbench 4x4 Wood Block Nail Figure 40 . Balancing The Blade LOOSEN B C Figure 39 . Removing the Blade SERVICING THE MOWER BLADES WARNING D A For your personal safety , do not handle the sharp mower blades with bare hands . Careless or improper handling of blades may result in serious injury . TIGHTEN Service Interval : Every 100 Hours or As Required Figure 41 . Installing The Blade - 44 ” & 50 ” Models 1 . Remove mower from the tractor . See Mower A . 4x4 Wood Block C . Spring Washer Installation & Removal . B . Hex Washer D . Blade Bolt 2 . Blades should be sharp and free of nicks and dents . If not , sharpen blades as described in following steps . 3 . To remove blade for sharpening , use a wood block to B C hold blade while removing the blade mounting cap - screw ( Figure 39 ) . 4 . Use a file to sharpen blade to a fine edge . Remove all nicks and dents in the blade edge . If the blade is severely damaged , it should be replaced . D 5 . Balance the blade as shown in Figure 40 . Center the A blade’s hole on a nail lubricated with a drop of oil . A balanced blade will remain level . 44 ” & 50 ” MODELS 6 . Reinstall each blade with the tabs pointing up toward TIGHTEN deck as shown in Figure 41 . Secure with a capscrew , spring washer and hex washer ( be certain the hex Figure 42 . Installing The Blade - 54 ” Models washer is aligned with the hex shaft ) . Use a wooden A . 4x4 Wood Block C . Spring Washer block to prevent blade rotation and torque capscrews B . Spline Washer D . Blade Bolt to 45 - 55 ft.lbs . ( 61 - 75 N.m . ) . 54 ” MODELS 6 . Reinstall each blade with the tabs pointing up toward WARNING deck as shown in Figure 42 . Secure with a capscrew , spring washer and spline washer ( be certain the For your personal safety , blade mounting spline washer is aligned with the shaft ) . Use a wood - capscrews must each be installed with a hex en block to prevent blade rotation and torque cap - washer and spring washer , then securely screws to 45 - 55 ft.lbs . ( 61 - 75 N.m . ) . tightened . Torque blade mounting capscrew to 45 - 55 ft . lbs . ( 61 - 75 N.m . ) 27
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Troubleshooting , Adjustment , & Service TROUBLESHOOTING WARNING While normal care and regular maintenance will extend To avoid serious injury , perform maintenance on the life of your equipment , prolonged or constant use the tractor or mower only when the engine is may eventually require that service be performed to stopped and the parking brake engaged . allow it to continue operating properly . Always remove the ignition key , disconnect the The troubleshooting guide below lists the most common spark plug wire and fasten it away from the plug problems , their causes and remedies . before beginning the maintenance , to prevent accidental starting of the engine . See the information on the following pages for instruc - tions on how to perform most of these minor adjustments and service repairs yourself . If you prefer , all of these procedures can be performed for you by your local authorized dealer . TROUBLESHOOTING THE TRACTOR PROBLEM CAUSE REMEDY Engine will not turnover or start . 1 . Brake pedal not depressed . Fully depress brake pedal . 2 . PTO ( electric clutch ) switch Place in OFF position . in ON position . 3 . Out of fuel . If engine is hot , allow it to cool , then refill the fuel tank . 4 . Engine flooded . Disengage choke . 5 . Circuit breaker tripped . Wait one minute for automatic reset . Replace if defective . 6 . Battery terminals require See Battery Maintenance Section . cleaning . 7 . Battery discharged or dead . Recharge or replace . 8 . Wiring loose or broken . Visually check wiring & replace broken or frayed wires . Tighten loose connections . 9 . Solenoid or starter motor faulty . See your dealer . 10 . Safety interlock switch faulty See your dealer . 11 . Spark plug ( s ) faulty , fouled Clean and gap or replace . or incorrectly gapped . See engine manual . 12 . Water in fuel . Drain fuel & refill with fresh fuel . Replace fuel filter . 13 . Gas is old or stale . Drain fuel & refill with fresh fuel . Replace fuel filter . Engine starts hard or runs poorly . 1 . Fuel mixture too rich . Clean air filter . Check choke adjustment 2 . Spark plug ( s ) faulty , fouled , or Clean and gap or replace . incorrectly gapped . See engine manual . Engine knocks . 1 . Low oil level . Check / add oil as required . 2 . Using wrong grade oil . See engine manual . Excessive oil consumption . 1 . Engine running too hot . Clean engine fins , blower screen and air cleaner . Clean radiator screen . 2 . Using wrong weight oil . See engine manual . 3 . Too much oil in crankcase . Drain excess oil . Engine exhaust is black . 1 . Dirty air filter . Replace air filter . See engine manual . 2 . Choke closed . Open choke . Engine runs , but tractor will 1 . Ground speed control pedals Depress pedals . not drive . not depressed . 2 . Transmission release lever Move into drive position . in “ push ” position . 3 . Drive belt is broken . See Drive Belt Replacement . 4 . Drive belt slips . See cause and remedy below . 5 . Brake is not fully released . See Brake Adjustment . 28
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Troubleshooting , Adjustment , & Service Tractor Troubleshooting Cont . Tractor drive belt slips . 1 . Clutch / brake is out of adjustment . See Adjustments Section . 2 . Pulleys or belt greasy or oily . Clean as required . 3 . Belt stretched or worn . Replace with new belt . 4 . Idler pulley pivot bracket Remove idler pulley bracket , clean and lubricate . “ frozen ” in declutched position . Brake will not hold . 1 . Brake is incorrectly adjusted . See Brake Adjustment . 2 . Internal brake worn . See your dealer . Tractor steers hard or 1 . Steering linkage is loose . Check and tighten any loose connections . handles poorly . See Steering Gear Adjustment . 2 . Improper tire inflation . Check and correct . 3 . Front wheel spindle Grease spindles . See Lubricating the bearings dry . Tractor . Drive belt does not stop when 1 . Belt stops or belt tension See Adjustments Section . clutch / brake pedal depressed . out of adjustment . TROUBLESHOOTING THE MOWER PROBLEM CAUSE REMEDY Mower will not raise . 1 . Lift linkage not properly attached Attach or repair . or damaged . 2 . Dirt in hydraulic lines . Change hydraulic system filter . 3 . Brake pedal depressed . Release brake pedal to power transmission . Mower cut is uneven . 1 . Mower not leveled properly . See Mower Adjustment . 2 . Tractor tires not inflated See Maintenance Section . equally or properly . Mower cut is rough looking . 1 . Engine speed too slow . Set to full throttle . 2 . Ground speed too fast . Slow down . 3 . Blades are dull . Sharpen or replace blades . See Mower Blade Service . 4 . Mower drive belt slipping Clean or replace belt as necessary . because it is oily or worn . 5 . Check PTO ( Electric Clutch ) See Adjustments Section . Adjustment . 6 . Blades not properly fastened See Servicing the Mower Blades . to arbors . Engine stalls easily with 1 . Engine speed too slow . Set to full throttle . mower engaged . 2 . Ground speed too fast . Slow down . 3 . Carburetor improperly adjusted . See Engine Manual . 4 . Cutting height set too low . Cut tall grass at maximum cutting height during first pass . 5 . Discharge chute jamming Cut grass with discharge pointing toward with cut grass . previously cut area . 6 . Engine not up to operating Run engine for several minutes to warm - up . temperature . 7 . Starting mower in tall grass . Start the mower in a cleared area . Excessive mower vibration . 1 . Blade mounting screws Tighten to 45 - 55 ft.lbs . ( 61 - 75 N.m . ) . are loose . 2 . Mower blades , arbors , Check and replace as necessary . or pulleys are bent . 3 . Mower blades are out Remove , sharpen , and balance blades . of balance . See Servicing the Mower Blades . 4 . Belt installed incorrectly . Reinstall Correctly . Excessive belt wear or breakage . 1 . Bent or rough pulleys . Repair or replace . 2 . Using incorrect belt . Replace with correct belt . Mower drive belt slips 1 . Idler pulley spring broken or not Repair or replace as needed . or fails to drive . properly attached . 2 . Belt stops out of adjustment . Check belt stops . 3 . Mower drive belt broken . Replace drive belt . 4 . PTO clutch out of adjustment . Adjust PTO clutch . 29
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Troubleshooting , Adjustment , & Service Seat Adjustment Lever Figure 44 . Steering Wheel Removal Figure 43 . Seat Adjustment SEAT ADJUSTMENT See Figure 43 . The seat can be adjusted forward and back . Move the lever , position the seat as desired , and release the lever to lock the seat into position . Nuts STEERING WHEEL ADJUSTMENT 1 . Use a suitable punch to remove the roll pin at the base of the steering wheel ( see Figure 44 ) . 2 . Pull down on the rubber boot to expose the two holes in the steering shaft . 3 . Align the hole in the steering wheel with the appropri - ate steering shaft hole and install the roll pin . NOTE : Steering wheel is factory installed with the roll pin in the bottom hole . STEERING GEAR ADJUSTMENT Figure 45 . Steering Gear Adjustment If there is excessive slack in the steering system , the steering gear backlash can be removed . 1 . See Figure 45 . Loosen the two nuts and adjust the bracket so the gear teeth are closely meshed . 2 . Tighten nuts after adjustment . B BRAKE ADJUSTMENT 1 . Disengage the PTO , stop the engine , block the A wheels , remove the ignition key , and engage the parking brake . 2 . Remove the mower deck ( see Mower Deck Removal ) . 3 . Locate the brake spring ( A , Figure 46 ) and adjust - ment nut ( B ) . 4 . With the parking brake engaged , measure the com - pressed spring length . The spring should be 5 - 3 / 8 ” to 5 - 3 / 4 ” ( 13.7 - 14.6cm ) when compressed . If the spring is not within this range , turn the adjust - Figure 46 . Brake Spring Adjustment ment nut ( B , Figure 46 ) to compress or release the A . Brake Spring spring . B . Adjustment Nut If this adjustment does not correct a braking problem , see your dealer . 30
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Troubleshooting , Adjustment , & Service B A A B C B Figure 48 . Adjust PTO Clutch A . Window B B . Adjustment Nut C . Feeler Gauge Figure 47 . PTO Clutch Adjustment A . Adjustment Window ( Qty . 3 , one shown ) B . Adjustment Nut PTO CLUTCH ADJUSTMENT WARNING Check the PTO clutch adjustment after the initial 50 hour To avoid serious injury , perform adjustments only break - in period and then after every 250 hours of opera - with engine stopped , key removed and tractor on tion . Also perform the following procedure if the clutch is level ground . slipping or will not engage , or if a new clutch has been installed . 1 . Remove key from ignition switch and disconnect Blade Brake Check spark plug wires to prevent the possibility of acciden - Mower blades and mower drive belt should come to a tal starting while the PTO is being adjusted . complete stop within five seconds after electric PTO 2 . See Figure 47 . Note the position of the 3 adjustment switch is turned off . windows ( A ) in the side of the brake plate and the 1 . With parking brake engaged , PTO disengaged and nylock adjustment nuts ( B ) . an operator in the seat , start the tractor engine . 3 . Insert a . 012 ” - . 015 ” ( 2.5 - 4mm ) feeler gauge ( C ) 2 . Look over the left - hand footrest at the mower drive through each window , positioning the gauge between belt . Engage the PTO and wait several seconds . the rotor face and the armature face as shown in Disengage the PTO and check the amount of time it Figure 48 . takes for the mower drive belt to stop . 4 . Alternately tighten the adjustment nuts ( B , Figure 47 ) 3 . If the mower drive belt does not stop within five sec - until the rotor face and armature face just contacts onds , perform the PTO Clutch Adjustment . If the belt the gauge . still does not stop within 5 seconds , see your dealer . 5 . Check the windows for an equal amount of tension when the gauge is inserted and removed , and make any necessary adjustments by tightening or loosen - ing the adjustment nuts . NOTE : The actual air gap between the rotor and arma - ture may vary even after performing the adjustment pro - cedure . This is due to dimensional variations on compo - nent parts , and is an acceptable condition . 6 . Check the mower blade stopping time . The mower blades and mower drive belt should come to a com - plete stop within five seconds after the electric PTO switch is turned off . 31
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Troubleshooting , Adjustment , & Service MOWER ADJUSTMENTS WARNING Deck Baffles ( Select Models ) Before checking mower , shut off PTO and engine . Deck baffles do not require assembly and should not be Allow all moving parts to stop . Remove ignition removed . key , then disconnect the spark plug wire and fasten it away from the spark plug . Gauge Wheels ( 54 ” Models ) The mower gauge wheels can be placed in two positions depending on the height of cut . When using higher cut - CAUTION ting heights , set the wheels in the lower position . When using lower cutting heights , set the wheels in the upper On tractors equipped with liquid cooled engines , DO position . To adjust : NOT remove the mower deck baffles . The baffles help prevent grass clippings from becoming airborne 1 . Remove the hair pin clip ( A , B , Figure 49 ) . and plugging up the engine cooling grates . Plugged 2 . For upper position , install the pin ( A ) through the cooling grates can cause engine over - heating and spindle above the bracket ( C ) . For the lower position , create a potential fire hazard . push down on the top of the spindle , and install the hair pin clip ( B ) below the top of the bracket ( C ) . A Cutting Height Adjustment B The cutting height adjustment knob ( A , Figure 50 ) con - trols the mower cutting height . The cutting height is infi - nitely adjustable between 1 ” ( 2.5cm ) and 3 - 5 / 8 ” ( 9.2cm ) . C Turn the knob clockwise to raise the deck and counter - clockwise to lower it . Leveling The Mower Figure 49 . Gauge Wheel Adjustment If the cut is uneven , the mower may need leveling . A . Hair Pin ( Upper Position ) Unequal or improper tire pressure may also cause an B . Hair Pin ( Lower Position ) uneven cut . Make sure tire pressure is correct as speci - C . Gauge Wheel Bracket fied in Checking Tire Pressure . SIDE - TO - SIDE LEVELING 1 . With the mower installed , place the tractor on a smooth , level surface such as a concrete floor . Turn the front wheels straight forward . A 2 . Check for bent blades and replace if necessary . 3 . Place the mower in mid - cut position . Arrange the outside mower blades so that they are pointing from side - to - side . 4 . Measure the distance between the outside tips of each blade and the ground . If there is more than 1 / 8 ” ( 3mm ) difference between the measurements on Figure 50 . Mower Cutting Height Adjustment each side , proceed to step 5 . If the difference is 1 / 8 ” A . Adjustment Knob ( 3mm ) or less , proceed to step 6 . 5 . See Figure 51 . Loosen the outside nut ( A ) . Turn the eccentric nut ( B ) to raise or lower left - hand side of mower . When mower is level , hold the eccentric nut while tightening the outside nut . A NOTE : 44 ” & 50 ” Mowers . When using a turbo collection system , raise the discharge side of the mower approxi - B mately 1 / 4 ” ( 6mm ) to compensate for turbo assembly weight . Check the level of the cut grass and adjust the 1 / 4 ” ( 6mm ) measurement as necessary for a smooth , even cut . Figure 51 . Leveling The Mower Side - to - Side A . Outside Nut B . Eccentric Nut 32
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Troubleshooting , Adjustment , & Service FRONT - TO - BACK LEVELING NOTE : 54 ” mowers have two adjustment rods ( D , Figure 52 ) that should be adjusted simultaneously . 6 . Arrange the blades so they face front - to - back . 7 . Measure the distance from the ground to the front tip C of the center blade , and from the ground to rear tips of left - hand and right - hand blades . Front tip of the center blade should be 1 / 4 " ( 6mm ) higher than rear tips of left - hand and right - hand blades . If not , proceed with steps 8 - 10 . 8 . See Figure 52 . To raise front of mower deck , loosen A B D front nut ( A ) and turn rear nut ( B ) against bracket ( C ) . 9 . To lower front of mower deck , loosen rear nut ( B ) and Figure 52 . Leveling The Mower Front - To - Back bracket ( C ) will move backwards to lengthen rod . A . Front Nut C . Mower Bracket 10 . Re - check measurement before tightening front nut B . Rear Nut D . Adjustment Rod ( A ) against bracket . TRANSMISSION DRIVE BELT REPLACEMENT F A NOTE : Be sure to use only genuine Simplicity replace - ment parts . Check the back of this manual or the decal E under the hood for common replacement part numbers . REMOVE THE OLD BELT 1 . Turn off the PTO , stop the engine , block the tires , and D engage the parking brake . 2 . Remove the mower deck . B C 3 . Remove the transmission belt guide ( C , Figure 53 ) . 4 . Loosen the idler pulleys ( B ) . 5 . Disconnect the steering arm ( E ) from the drag link . 6 . Unplug the PTO clutch electrical plug ( A ) . Remove the capscrew ( F ) securing the PTO clutch to the crankshaft . Remove the clutch . 7 . Remove the drive belt from the engine pulley , idler pulleys , and transmission input pulley . INSTALL THE NEW BELT 8 . Install a new drive belt on the transmission input pul - ley and engine drive pulley . 9 . Install the PTO clutch using the original hardware . Torque the crankshaft bolt ( F ) to 45 - 50 ft lbs ( 61 - 67Nm ) . Figure 53 . Transmission Drive Belt Replacement A . PTO Clutch Plug D . Idler Assy . Spring 10 . Install the drive belt in the idler assembly pulleys ( B ) . B . Idler Pulleys E . Steering Arm Tighten the pulley hardware . C . Trans . Belt Guide F . Crankshaft Bolt 11 . Install the transmission belt guide ( C ) . 12 . Release the parking brake . Check that the belt has been routed correctly and that all adjustable belt guides are adjusted to within 1 / 8 ” ( 3.2mm ) of the belt guide . 13 . Reconnect the steering arm ( E ) and drag link . Coat the steering arm capscrew with thread locking com - pound and torque to 17 - 23 ft . lbs ( 23 - 31Nm ) . 33
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Troubleshooting , Adjustment , & Service MOWER BELT REPLACEMENT To avoid damaging belts , DO NOT PRY 1 / 8 ” Gap C BELTS OVER PULLEYS . 44 ” & 50 ” PTO Belt Replacement A 1 . Park the tractor on a smooth , level surface such as a concrete floor . Disengage the PTO , turn off the engine and lock the parking brake . Remove the key . Remove the mower or place in the lowest cutting position . B D 2 . Move the idler arm ( A , Figure 54 ) to relieve belt ten - FRONT sion . Drop the belt from the PTO ( electric clutch ) pul - ley . Figure 54 . Mower Belt Routing IMPORTANT : Note the position of all belt guides relative A . Idler Pulley Arm C . Belt Guide ( 44 ” & 50 ” Only ) to the belt and pulleys before loosening . B . PTO Clutch Pulley D . Arbor Drive Pulley 3 . Loosen the nut and lockwasher securing idler pulley belt guide ( C , Figure 54 ) . 4 . See Figure 55 . Remove three capscrews securing left - hand arbor cover ( D ) . 5 . Remove the old belt and replace with a new one . D Make sure the V - side of belt runs in the pulley grooves . 6 . See Figure 54 . Position the idler pulley belt stop ( C ) in its original position so that there is a 1 / 8 " ( 3mm ) gap between the pulley and belt stop . B 7 . See Figure 55 . Reinstall the left - hand arbor cover C ( D ) . Reinstall the mower deck if removed . 8 . Run the mower under a no - load condition for about 5 minutes . A 54 ” PTO Belt Replacement 1 . Park the tractor on a smooth , level surface such as a concrete floor . Disengage the PTO , turn off the engine and lock the parking brake . Remove the key . Figure 55 . Mower Deck - 44 " & 50 ” Mowers A . Capscrew 2 . Move the idler arm ( A , Figure 54 ) to relieve belt ten - B . Right - hand Arbor Cover sion . Drop the belt from the PTO ( electric clutch ) pul - C . Spring ley . D . Left - hand Arbor Cover 3 . Remove the old belt and replace with a new one . Make sure the V - side of belt runs in the pulley grooves . 4 . Install the drive belt on the PTO pulley . Move the idler arm and install the belt on the idler pulley . 5 . Run the mower under no - load condition for about 5 minutes . 34
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Troubleshooting , Adjustment , & Service B D C A D E A B C A E Figure 56 . Mower Deck - 44 " & 50 ” Mowers Figure 57 . Mower Deck - 54 ” Mowers A . Capscrew A . Taptite Screws B . Right - hand Arbor Cover B . Right - hand Arbor Cover C . Spring C . Spring D . Left - hand Arbor Cover D . Left - hand Arbor Cover E . Alignment Notches Arbor Drive Belt Replacement - All Models A NOTE : Be sure to use only genuine Simplicity replace - ment parts . FRONT 1 . Park the tractor on a smooth , level surface such as a concrete floor . Disengage the PTO , turn off the engine and lock the parking brake . Remove the key . A 2 . Remove the mower from the tractor . See Mower Removal in the Operation section . 44 ” & 50 ” MODELS 3 . Remove the capscrews securing the right - hand arbor A cover ( B , Figure 56 ) . Remove three capscrews secur - ing left - hand arbor cover ( D ) . B 54 ” MODELS 3 . Remove the PTO belt . Remove the taptite screws Figure 58 . Mower Deck Drive Belt Routing All Models A . Arbor Drive Pulley ( V - sided ) ( A , Figure 57 ) securing the belt covers and remove B . Idler Pulley ( Flat - sided ) the belt covers ( B , D ) . ALL MODELS 4 . Using a pair of locking pliers or a spring puller , remove the idler pulley spring ( C , Figures 56 , 57 ) 9 . Reinstall the left and right arbor covers ( B and D , from slot in deck . Figures 56 , 57 ) . 54 ” Models : To provide proper belt cover clearance , make sure the alignment notches 5 . Loosen capscrew ( A , Figure 55 ) securing the idler ( E , Figure 57 ) are centered on the taptite screws ( A ) . pulley to the bracket . The belt can now be slipped between the pulley and idler bracket hub . 10 . Install the mower onto the tractor . 6 . Install a new belt as shown in Figure 58 . Make sure that V - side of belt runs in arbor pulley ( A ) grooves and flat side of belt runs against idler pulley ( B ) . 7 . Tighten the capscrew ( A , Figure 55 ) . 8 . Reinstall spring ( C , Figures 56 , 57 ) into its slot in mower deck . 35
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Troubleshooting , Adjustment , & Service 6 . Charge the battery until fully charged ( i.e . until the BATTERY SERVICE specific gravity of the electrolyte is 1.250 or higher and the electrolyte temperature is at least 60 ° F ) . The WARNING best method of making certain a battery is fully charged , but not over charged , is to measure the Keep open flames and sparks away from the specific gravity of a cell once per hour . The battery is battery ; the gasses coming from it are highly fully charged when the cells are gassing freely at low explosive . Ventilate the battery well during charging rate and less than 0.003 change in specific charging . gravity occurs over a three hour period . Checking Battery Voltage Jump Starting With an A voltmeter can be used to determine condition of bat - Auxiliary ( Booster ) Battery tery . When engine is off , the voltmeter shows battery Jump starting is not recommended . However , if it must voltage , which should be 12 volts . When engine is run - be done , follow these directions . Both booster and dis - ning , the voltmeter shows voltage of charging circuit charged batteries should be treated carefully when using which normally is 13 to 14 volts . jumper cables . Follow the steps below EXACTLY , being A dead battery or one too weak to start the engine may careful not to cause sparks . Refer to Figure 59 . not mean the battery needs to be replaced . For example , 1 . Both batteries must be of the same voltage . it may mean that the alternator is not charging the bat - 2 . Position the vehicle with the booster battery adjacent tery properly . If there is any doubt about the cause of the to the vehicle with the discharged battery so that problem , see your dealer . If you need to replace the bat - booster cables can be connected easily to the batter - tery , follow the steps under Cleaning the Battery & ies in both vehicles . Make certain vehicles do not Cables in the Regular Maintenance Section . touch each other . Charging a Completely Discharged Battery 3 . Wear safety glasses and shield eyes and face from batteries at all times . Be sure vent caps are tight . WARNING Place damp cloth over vent caps on both batteries . Do not attempt to charge a frozen battery . Allow 4 . Connect positive ( + ) cable to positive post of dis - the battery to warm to 60 ° F ( 15.5 ° C ) before charged battery ( wired to starter or solenoid ) . placing on charger . 5 . Connect the other end of same cable to same post 1 . Be aware of all the safety precautions you should marked positive ( + ) on booster battery . observe during the charging operation . If you are 6 . Connect the second cable negative ( - ) to other post unfamiliar with the use of a battery charger and of booster battery . hydrometer , have the battery serviced by your dealer . 7 . Make final connection on engine block of stalled vehi - 2 . Add water sufficient to cover the plate ( fill to the prop - cle away from battery . Do not lean over batteries . er level near the end of the charge ) . If the battery is extremely cold , allow it to warm before adding water 8 . Start the engine of the vehicle with the booster bat - because the water level will rise as it warms . Also , an tery . Wait a few minutes , then attempt to start the extremely cold battery will not accept a normal engine of the vehicle with the discharged battery . charge until it becomes warm . 9 . If the vehicle does not start after cranking for thirty 3 . Always unplug or turn the charger off before attach - seconds , STOP PROCEDURE . More than thirty sec - ing or removing the clamp connections . onds seldom starts the engine unless some mechani - cal adjustment is made . 4 . Carefully attach the clamps to the battery in proper polarity ( usually red to [ + ] positive and black to [ - ] 10 . After starting , allow the engine to return to idle speed . negative ) . Remove the cable connection at the engine or frame . Then remove the other end of the same cable from 5 . While charging , periodically measure the temperature the booster battery . of the electrolyte . If the temperature exceeds 125 ° F 11 . Remove the other cable by disconnecting at the dis - ( 51.6 ° C ) , or if violent gassing or spewing of elec - charged battery first and then disconnect the oppo - trolyte occurs , the charging rate must be reduced or site end from the booster battery . temporarily halted to prevent battery damage . 12 . Discard the damp cloths that were placed over the battery vent caps . 36
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Troubleshooting , Adjustment , & Service THIS HOOK - UP FOR NEGATIVE GROUND VEHICLES To To Starter Starter Switch Switch Jumper Cable Single Battery Models Starting Discharged Vehicle Vehicle Battery Battery Jumper Cable To Ground Engine Block MAKE CERTAIN VEHICLES DO NOT TOUCH Engine Jumper Cable Block To Ground Starting Double Battery Vehicle Models Discharged Battery Vehicle Batteries Jumper Cable To Starter To Switch Starter Switch Figure 59 . Battery Jump Starting Diagram WARNING WARNING Any procedure other than the preceding could For your personal safety , use extreme care when result in : jump starting . Never expose battery to open flame or electric spark – battery action generates ( 1 ) personal injury caused by electrolyte hydrogen gas which is flammable and explosive . squirting out the battery vents , Do not allow battery acid to contact skin , eyes , ( 2 ) personal injury or property damage due to fabrics , or painted surfaces . Batteries contain a battery explosion , sulfuric acid solution which can cause serious ( 3 ) damage to the charging system of the booster personal injury or property damage . vehicle or of the immobilized vehicle . Do not attempt to jump start a vehicle having a When removing or installing battery cables , dis - frozen battery because the battery may rupture or connect the negative cable FIRST and reconnect explode . If a frozen battery is suspected , examine it LAST . If not done in this order , the positive ter - all fill vents on the battery . If ice can be seen or if minal can be shorted to the frame by a tool . the electrolyte fluid cannot be seen , do not To avoid engine damage , do not disconnect bat - attempt to start with jumper cables as long as the battery remains frozen . 37
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Specifications NOTE : Specifications are correct at time of printing and are subject to change without notice . 17HP Kawasaki ENGINE : Make Kawasaki 23 HP Kohler Model FD 501V Make Kohler Horsepower 17 HP @ 3600 rpm Model CV23S Cylinders 2 Horsepower 23 HP @ 3600 rpm Bore 2.64 in ( 67 mm ) Cylinders 2 Stroke 2.44 in ( 62 mm ) Bore 3.15 in ( 80 mm ) Displacement 26.7 Cu . in ( 437 cc ) Stroke 2.64 in ( 67 mm ) Construction Liquid Cooled , Overhead Valve , Displacement 41.1 Cu . in ( 674 cc ) Cast - Iron Sleeves , Aluminum Crankcase , Construction Overhead Valve , Cast - Iron Sleeves , and connecting Rods , Aluminum Crankcase Full Pressure Oil Lubrication Electrical System 12 Volt , 15 amp Alternator Regulated Coolant 2.2 Quarts 50 / 50 Battery 340 Cold Cranking amps , Mix : Water / Ethylene Glycol 41 Min . Reserve Capacity Electrical System 12 Volt , 20 amp Alternator Regulated . Industrial Rated Starter Motor Battery ( 2 ) 380 Cold Cranking amps , 45 Min . Reserve Ignition Electronic Ignition Industrial Rated Starter Motor Air Cleaner Ducted Paper Cartridge and Ignition Electronic Ignition Foam Pre - cleaner Air Cleaner Ducted Paper Cartridge Lubrication Full Pressure Lube w / Oil Filter & Cooler Lubrication Full Pressure Lube w / Oil Filter Oil Capacity 2 qt w / Filter ( 1.9 L ) Oil Capacity 3.2 Pints w / Filter ( 1.5 L ) Muffler Quiet Compact , Low Back Pressure Muffler Quiet Compact , Low Back Pressure 20 HP Briggs & Stratton Vanguard TRANSMISSION : Make Briggs & Stratton Type K71 Tuff Torq Model Vanguard ™ V - Twin Pump Variable Displacement Axial Piston Horsepower 20 HP / 18HP @ 3600 rpm Motor Fixed Displacement Reversible Axial Piston Cylinders 2 Hydraulic Fluid 1.2 Gallons ( 4.6L ) 10W30 CD Oil , Bore 2.83 in ( 72 mm ) not including Oil Reservoir and Stroke 2.75 in ( 70 mm ) External 10 Micron Filter Displacement 34.75 Cu . in ( 570 cc ) Control Foot Control , Free - Wheeling Lever for Construction Overhead Valve , Cast - Iron Sleeves , Manual Tractor Movement , Continuously Aluminum Crankcase Variable , Forward & Reverse , without Braking Electrical System 12 Volt , 16 amp Alternator Regulated or Gear Changing Battery 340 Cold Cranking amps , Speeds Forward : 0 - 6.6 MPH ( 0 - 10.6 km / h ) 41 Min . Reserve Capacity @ 3400 rpm Reverse : 0 - 3.1 MPH ( 0 - 5 km / h ) Industrial Rated Starter Motor Differential Bevel Gear Type with Controlled Traction Ignition Magnetron Electronic Ignition Axle Shaft 1 in Air Cleaner Ducted Paper Cartridge and Continuous Torque 405 ft . lbs . Foam Pre - cleaner Output Large 325 sq . in Air Filtering System Drawbar Rating 440 lbs . Lubrication Full Pressure Lube w / Oil Filter Maximum Weight 728 lbs . Oil Capacity 56 oz . w / Filter ( 1.7 L ) on Axle Muffler Quiet Compact , Low Back Pressure CHASSIS : 18 HP Briggs & Stratton Vanguard Frame Heavy Steel Channel 10 / 12 Gauge Make Briggs & Stratton Power Take - Off Point : Front Model Vanguard ™ V - Twin Engine Mounting : Above Front Axle Horsepower 18HP @ 3600 rpm Pivot Point Location : Front Axle Cylinders 2 Front Steel Bumper Bore 3.03 in ( 77 mm ) Rear Wheels Tire Size : 23 x 10.50 - 12 Turf Type Stroke 2.64 in ( 67 mm ) Pneumatic Inflation Pressure : Displacement 38 Cu . in ( 624 cc ) 6 - 8 psi ( 41 - 55 kPa ) Construction Overhead Valve , Cast - Iron Sleeves , Front Axle 1 - 3 / 4 in x 3 in 12 Ga . Fabricated Tube Aluminum Crankcase Front Wheels Tire Size : 16 x 6.50 - 8 Turf Type Electrical System 12 Volt , 16 amp Alternator Regulated Pneumatic Inflation Pressure : 12 - 15 psi Battery 340 Cold Cranking amps , ( 82 - 103 kPa ) 41 Min . Reserve Capacity Tapered Roller Bearings Industrial Rated Starter Motor Accessibility Hood Tips Forward Ignition Magnetron Electronic Ignition Seat Type : Bucket , High Back w / Quick Adjust , Air Cleaner Ducted Paper Cartridge and Spring Suspension , Optional Armrests Foam Pre - cleaner Turning Radius Inside Rear Tire : 24 in ( 61 cm ) Lubrication Full Pressure Lube w / Oil Filter Fuel Tank Material : Non - Corrosive Polyethylene , Oil Capacity 2 Quarts w / Filter ( 1.9 L ) Wide Fill Cap Muffler Quiet Compact , Low Back Pressure Capacity : 4.25 Gallons ( 16.1 L ) 38
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Specifications CONTROLS : MOWER DECKS Steering 15 " ( 38 cm ) Steering Wheel , 54 ” Deck Gear and Sector , 1.25 turns lock to lock Deck Construction 10 Ga . Power Steering ( Standard on 20HP Models , Effective Cutting Optional on 18HP & 17HP Models ) Width 54 in ( 137 cm ) Clutch / Location : Right Front Overall Width Brake Pedal Combination Clutch / Brake / with Deflector 65 in ( 165 cm ) Parking Brake Pedal Overall Width Location Mower Lift Lever : on Dash with Turbo 65 in ( 165 cm ) PTO Clutch : Electric , Dash Mounted Weight 180 lbs . ( 81 kg ) Drive : Foot Controlled Forward / Reverse Variable Cutting Ht . 1 in - 3.6 in ( 2.54cm to 9.1cm ) Ignition Key Switch : On Lower Dash Panel Blade Arrangement Three Staggered Blades Throttle Lever Top of Dash Panel and Mower Drive V - Belt From Engine PTO Electric Clutch Choke Knob On Lower Dash Panel Spindle Bearings Lubricated and Sealed Ball Bearings Light Switch : On Dash Panel Lube Fitting Provided Separate Indicator Lights for Safety 50 ” Deck Interlock Switch : PTO Engaged , Deck Construction 12 Ga . Low Oil Pressure Warning Light , Effective Cutting Cruise Control Engaged , & Width 50 in ( 127 cm ) Engine Coolant Overheat Overall Width ( Liquid Cooled Models Only ) with Deflector 62 in ( 157.5 cm ) Overall Width DIMENSIONS : with Turbo 64 in ( 162.5 cm ) Overall Length 75.25 in ( 191 cm ) Weight 125 lbs . ( 57 kg ) Overall Width 39 in ( 99.1 cm ) Variable Cutting Ht . 1.0 in - 3.6 in ( 2.5 to 9.1 cm ) Height To Top of Steering Wheel : 42.5 in ( 108 cm ) Blade Arrangement Three Staggered Blades To Top of Engine Cover : 36 in ( 91.4 cm ) Mower Drive V - Belt From Engine PTO Electric Clutch Wheel Base 52.25 in ( 132.7 cm ) Spindle Bearings Lubricated and Sealed Ball Bearings Weights : Lube Fitting Provided 20HP Tractor Net : 560 lbs . 18HP Tractor Net : 558 lbs . 44 ” Mower Deck 17HP Tractor Net : 557 lbs . Deck Construction 12 Ga . 50 ” Mower Deck Net : 125 lbs . Effective Cutting 44 ” Mower Deck Net : 112 lbs . Width 44 in ( 111.8 cm ) Shipping Weight Add Apx . 140 lbs . for Crate Overall Width Tractor Height with Deflector 56 in ( 142.2 cm ) w / Snowcab 73 in ( 185 cm ) Overall Width Tractor Length with Turbo 58 in ( 147 cm ) w / Snowthrower 101 in ( 256 cm ) Weight 112 lbs . ( 51 kg ) Tractor Length Variable Cutting Ht . 1.0 in - 3.6 in ( 2.5 to 9.1 cm ) w / Snowthrower & Blade Arrangement Three Staggered Blades Rear weight Mower Drive V - Belt From Engine PTO Electric Clutch carrier 118 in ( 299 cm ) Spindle Bearings Lubricated and Sealed Ball Bearings Tractor Length Lube Fitting Provided w / Tiller 101 in ( 256 cm ) Tractor Length w / Dozer Blade est . 97 in ( 246 cm ) 39
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Replacement Parts & Maintenance Items COMMON REPLACEMENT PARTS MAINTENANCE ITEMS Use only genuine factory replacement parts . Do not attempt DESCRIPTION PART NO . repairs or maintenance unless proper procedures and safety pre - • Simplicity Engine Oils ( Case of 12 qts . ) cautions are followed . For assistance see your dealer . - SAE 5W - 30 SH / CD ( Cold Weather 30 ° & under ) 1685576 - SAE 30 SH / CD ( Warm weather 32 ° & up ) 1685659 QTY . DESCRIPTION PART NO . • Touch - Up Paint Mower Blades Deep Orange Spray Paint , 13 oz . Can 1685611 1 - 54 " Center Blade ( S / N 00001 - 01999 ) 1720680 Deep Orange Paint , 1 qt . 1685612 1 - 54 " Center Blade ( S / N 02000 - Up ) 1722090 Solar Black Spray Paint , 13 oz . Can 1686779 2 - 54 " RH & LH Blades ( S / N 00001 - 01999 ) 1720679 Solar Black Spray Paint , Case of 12 Cans 1686780 2 - 54 " RH & LH Blades ( S / N 2000 - Up ) 1722091 Solar Black Paint , 1 qt . 1686781 3 - 50 " Standard Lift 1708229 Red Spray Paint , 13 oz . Can 1685722 3 - 50 " High Lift ( Optional ) 1706094 Metallic Gray , 13 oz . Can ( Wheels ) 1685718 3 - 44 ” Standard Lift 1704100 • Grease Gun Kit w / 8 oz . Grease Tube 1685510 3 - 44 ” High Lift ( Optional ) 1704856 • Tire Sealant 11 oz . Tube 1685523 Mower Belts • Gas Can - No Tip Design . Durable Polyethylene . 1 - 54 " Mower Drive ( PTO ) 1722039 1 , 2 - 1 / 2 , 5 - 1 / 4 gallon 1685587 , 1685555 , 1685556 1 - 54 " Arbor Drive 1671076 • Degrimer / Degreaser 32 oz.Trigger Spray 1685619 1 - 50 " Mower Drive ( PTO ) 1707740 • Simplicity Gas Stabilizer 8 oz.Bottle 1685748 1 - 50 " Arbor Drive 1703836 • Simplicity Dielectric Silicone Compound 1685799 1 - 44 ” Mower Drive ( PTO ) 1601672 1 - 44 ” Arbor Drive 1607813 1 Tractor Drive Belt 1719398 1 Safety Clip - Mower Lift 176012 1 Key , Ignition 1717163 1 Ignition Switch 1716061 Interlock Switch , Brake Pedal 1 - Air Cooled Models ( N.C . / N.O . ) 1719681 1 - Liquid Cooled Models ( N.O . / N.O . ) 1719834 Interlock Switch , Seat 1 - Air Cooled Models ( N.C . ) 1714470 1 - Liquid Cooled Models ( N.O . ) 1704379 Battery 1 - Air Cooled Models 1685215 2 - Liquid Cooled Models 1686695 1 Switch , PTO ( Electric Clutch ) 1716332 2 Headlamp Bulb 1677371 1 Internal Trans . Oil Filter 1719832 1 Hydraulic System Filter 1719168 40
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Lawn Care & Mowing Information ✘ Types of Grass , Climate and Conditions GENERAL INFORMATION ✘ How and When to Water , Fertilize & Aerate Proper mowing is an important part of maintaining your lawn in the best possible condition . A healthy and well ✘ How High to Mow the Grass maintained lawn is better able to resist drought , weeds , ✘ When and How Often to Mow and other stresses . But too much maintenance is as ✘ What Mowing Patterns to Use detrimental to your lawn as neglect . Proper care for your lawn involves more than just “ cutting the grass . ” To have ✘ Proper Mowing Methods a healthy lawn , you need to know : ✘ How to Solve Common Mowing Problems TYPES OF GRASS , CLIMATE AND CONDITIONS A variety of grasses are commonly grown in household lawns , but two main groups known as cool - season grasses ( varieties of bluegrass , ryegrass , and fescue ) , and warm - season grasses ( typically bermuda , buffalo grass , and zoysia varieties ) are the most common . The cool - season grasses are better suited to cooler cli - mates , and do not endure hot and dry weather as well as warm - season grasses , but conversely , the warm - season grasses do not grow as well in cooler climates . Most resi - dential lawns are typically seeded with a mixture of these grasses . ( A local nursery or lawn center may help you to identify what kind of grass your lawn contains from a sample . ) HOW TO WATER YOUR LAWN Knowing your climate and conditions is also important to The best method of watering a lawn is to imitate a slow , proper lawn care . Drier climates or conditions will require soaking rain , applying about 1 inch of water . A method additional watering , while wetter climates may require of verifying the amount that you have watered , is to place more frequent mowing . several empty tin cans ( low shallow cans work best ) in various spots around the lawn , and check the depth of water in the can during the watering process . HOW AND WHEN TO WATER , HOW TO FERTILIZE YOUR LAWN FERTILIZE & AERATE Fertilizing with a slow - release fertilizer provides missing Every lawn’s watering needs are unique and are depen - nutrients which help create slow , even growth . While dent upon the type of grass and soil , the amount of local opinions vary on the need for fertilizing , when and how rainfall , and other conditions . Most lawns are watered much to fertilize will be more a factor of the condition of too often , but with too little water . However too much the lawn and soil than any routine . Remember that over - water can allow development of diseases with your lawn . fertilizing can cause harm , and that most fertilizing It is best to water the lawn only when necessary , and should be applied in the spring so that it will release into then to water it slowly , evenly , and deeply — imitating the lawn through the summer . For more information , a slow , soaking rain . check with a local nursery or lawn care specialist , and read and follow the fertilizer manufacturer’s instructions . WHEN TO WATER YOUR LAWN AERATING YOUR LAWN When the lawn begins to wilt , the grass’s color dulls , or footprints stay compressed for more than a few seconds , Consider aerating your lawn in spring . Using an aerator the lawn is beginning to dry out , and needs additional to remove cores of soil from the lawn increases the moisture . The best time to water is early morning to allow speed of clipping decomposition and encourages deeper the water to soak deeply into the lawn and reduce the root growth by opening up the soil and permitting greater amount that evaporates in the hot afternoon sun . movement of water , fertilizer and air . TP 600 - 2136 - 02 - UV - SMA LC - 1
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Lawn Care & Mowing Information HOW HIGH TO Cut less than MOW THE GRASS 1 / 3 Often cutting height is a Optimal matter of personal prefer - cutting point ence . Typically , you should at less than mow the grass when it is is 1 / 3 from top between three and five of grass blade inches high . The proper cutting height range for a Cutting down to this specific lawn will depend area contributes to upon several factors , thatch problems including the type of grass , the amount of rainfall , the prevailing temperature , and the lawn’s overall condition . Cutting the grass too short causes weak , thin grass plants , which are easily damaged by dry periods and pests . Cutting too short is often more damaging than allowing the grass to be slightly higher . Letting grass grow a bit longer — especially when it is hot and dry — reduces heat build - up , preserves needed moisture and 1 / 3 protects the grass from heat damage and other problems . However , allowing grass to grow too high can cause thin turf and additional problems . Cutting off too much at one time shocks the plant’s growth system and weakens the grass plants . A good rule of thumb is the 1 / 3 rule : to cut no more than one third of the grass height , and never more than 1 inch at a time . The amount of grass you are able to cut in one pass is also effected by the type of mowing system you are using ( for example , broadcasting with side discharge decks can 1 inch process a much larger volume of grass than mulching does ) . NOTE : We cover some specific mowing instructions for mulching and broadcasting later in this Lawn Care section . Proper Cutting Height Cut Here On Cut Tall Grass Requires Incremental Cutting First Pass Here On For extremely tall grass , set the cutting height at maxi - Second mum for the first pass , and then reset it to the desired Pass height and mow a second or third time . Don’t cover the grass surface with a heavy layer of clippings . Consider using a grass collection system and starting a compost pile . LC - 2
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Lawn Care & Mowing Information WHEN AND HOW OFTEN TO MOW The time of day and condition of the grass greatly affect the results you’ll get when mowing . For the best results , follow these guidelines : � Mow when the grass is between three and five inches high . � Mow with sharp blades . Short clippings of grass one inch or shorter decompose more quickly than longer blades . Sharp mower blades cut grass cleanly and efficiently , preventing frayed edges which harm the grass . � Mow at time of day when the grass is cool and dry . Late afternoon or early evening often provide these ideal mowing conditions . � Avoid mowing after rain or even heavy dew , and never mulch when the grass is wet ( moist grass does not mulch well , and clumps beneath the mower deck ) . WHAT MOWING PATTERNS TO USE Where possible , make one or two passes around the Always start mowing on a smooth , level area . outside of the area discharging the grass INTO the lawn The size and type of area to be mowed will determine to keep the cut grass off fences and walks . the best mowing pattern to use . Obstructions such as trees , fences and buildings , and conditions such as slopes and grades must also be considered . � Cut long straight strips overlapping slightly . � Where possible , change patterns occasionally to eliminate matting , graining or a corrugated appear - ance . � For a truly professional cut , mow across the lawn in one direction , then recut the lawn by mowing perpen - dicular to the previous cut . Note : Always operate the engine at full throttle when mowing . If you hear the engine slowing down , you are mowing too fast — using a slower ground speed will improve the cut - ting efficiency of the blades and prevents many common cutting problems . Use an appropriate ground speed for the thickness and height of the grass you are cutting ( 3rd gear or slower for manual gear models ) . If you hear the engine slowing down you are mowing too fast , use a slower ground speed . The remainder of the mowing should be done in the opposite direction so that the clippings are dispersed OUT onto the area of lawn previously cut . LC - 3
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Lawn Care & Mowing Information MOWING METHODS Proper Broadcast Mowing Broadcasting , or side - discharging , disperses fine clip - pings evenly over the entire lawn . Many golf courses use this method . Your mower has a deep dish deck to allow freer circulation of clippings so they are broadcast evenly over the lawn . ENGINE SPEED & GROUND SPEED FOR BROADCASTING Always operate the engine at full throttle when mowing . If you hear the engine slowing down , you are mowing too slowing down you are mowing too fast , use a slower fast — using a slower ground speed will improve the cut - ground speed . ting efficiency of the blades and prevents many common cutting problems . HOW MUCH GRASS TO CUT OFF WHEN BROADCASTING ALWAYS use an appropriate ground speed for the thick - Mow when the grass is 3 - 5 inches long . Do not cut the ness and height of the grass you are cutting ( 3rd gear or grass shorter than 2 to 2 - 1 / 2 inches . Do not cut off more slower for manual gear models ) . If you hear the engine that 1 inch of grass in a single pass . Proper Mulching HOW MUCH GRASS TO MULCH Mulching consists of a mower Mulching Action deck which cuts and recuts clip - The best mulching action typical - pings into tiny particles and ly results from cutting only the which then blows them down top 1 / 2 inch to 3 / 4 inch of grass INTO the lawn . These tiny parti - blade . This provides short clip - cles decompose rapidly into by - pings which decompose properly products your lawn can use . ( much more quickly than longer UNDER PROPER CONDI - clippings ) . The ideal cutting TIONS , your mulching mower will virtually eliminate height will vary with climate , time of year , and quality of noticeable clippings on the lawn surface . your lawn . We recommend that you experiment with both the cutting height and ground speed until you achieve NOTE : When mulching under heavy cutting conditions , a the best cut . Start with a high cutting height and using rumbling sound may be present and is normal . progressively lower settings until you find a cutting height MULCHING REQUIRES EXCELLENT MOWING that is matched to your mowing conditions and prefer - CONDITIONS ences . Mulching mowers cannot function properly if the grass is LEAF SHREDDING ( USE WITH OPTIONAL MULCHER KIT ) wet , or if the grass is simply to high to cut . Even more Simplicity’s patented Shredder Blades virtually eliminate than normal mowing , mulching requires that the grass be raking leaves . Up to 512 cutting edges pulverize leaves dry and the the appropriate amount is cut . into tiny particles , which quickly and naturally decom - Do not use the mower as a mulching mower during the pose into food for your lawn . The Shredder Blades must first two or three mowings in the spring . The long grass be removed when you mulch grass clippings . blades , quick growth , and often wetter conditions are more suitable for broadcasting ( side - discharging ) or grass bagging operation . ENGINE SPEED & GROUND SPEED FOR BROADCASTING Use full engine throttle matched with a slow ground speed so that clippings will be finely cut . Ground speed while mulching should be HALF of the speed that would be used when broadcasting ( side discharging ) under similar conditions . Since mulching requires more horse - power than broadcasting , using a slower ground speed is vitally important for proper mulching operation . Leaf Shredder Kit Part No . 1686609 ( Contains 8 shredders ) LC - 4
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Lawn Care & Mowing Information ✘ Reduce the evaporation of water from your lawn . TIPS On Dealing With Clippings ✘ Provide a cushioning layer to reduce lawn wear . Clippings are beneficial to your lawn . A common mis - ✘ Moderate soil temperature . conception about clippings is that they automatically lead to thatch — this is untrue . Short clippings produced ✘ Clippings act as a safe , non - polluting and inexpen - by broadcasting and clippings produced by mulching sive fertilizer that nourishes your lawn . Fresh cut methods actually contribute to a healthy lawn grass blades are 85 % water , and are a rich source because they : of nitrogen which is essential to lush growth . And one garbage bag of clippings contains about 1 / 4 lb . of usable organic nitrogen . COMPOSTING The best way to recycle excess clippings and leave your lawn looking immaculate is to collect them with an effi - cient collection system and deposit them in a compost pile . A compost pile is a collection of grass , leaves , and other organic wastes which — when properly tended — decompose into an odorless , topsoil material . This material , in turn , acts as an inexpensive fertilizer for your lawn and garden . How to start a healthy compost pile : 1 Build a bin using bricks , fencing , cement blocks , etc . or pur - chase a prefabricated bin from a garden store . The bin should also have venting on each side and from the bottom to the top . 2 Fill the bin with alternating layers of yard waste . Follow this recipe : First layer : 3 - 4 inches of chopped brush or other coarse material . Second layer : 6 - 8 inches of mixed leaves , grass clippings , sawdust , etc . Materials should be " sponge damp . " Third layer : 1 inch of soil to add micro - organisms that help break down organic matter . Fourth layer : 1 - 2 inches of manure to provide the nitrogen needed by micro - organisms . Keep adding layers until the bin is almost full . Top off with a 4 - 6 inch layer of straw and scoop out a " basin " to catch rain water . 3 Four or five days later the pile will reach temperatures of 140 - 160 degrees . At this time you'll notice it settling , a good sign your compost is working properly . 4 After 5 - 6 weeks , fork materials into a new pile , turning the outside of the old heap into the center of the new one . Add water if necessary . The compost should be ready to use within three to four months when dark brown , crumbly , and earthy - smelling . LC - 5
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Lawn Care & Mowing Information SOLUTIONS FOR COMMON MOWING PROBLEMS Streaking Streaking Streaking is when thin strips of uncut grass are left � � � � � � � � � � � � behind the mower . Streaking is usually caused by operator error or poor blade maintenance . � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � CAUSE SOLUTION Blades are not sharp Sharpen your blades Blades are worn down too far Replace your blades Engine speed is too slow Always mow at full throttle Ground speed is too fast Slow down Deck is plugged with grass Clean out the mower Not overlapping cutting rows enough Overlap your cutting rows Not overlapping enough when turning When turning your effective cutting width decreases – overlap more when turning Stepped Cutting Stepped Cutting Stepped cutting is sharp ridges or uneven levels left in the lawn surface . Stepped cutting is usually caused by � � � � � � � � � � � � � mower deck damage or misadjustment , or damage to mower blades . � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � CAUSE SOLUTION Deck is not leveled correctly Level the deck correctly Tires are not properly inflated Check and inflate the tires Blades are damaged Replace the blades Deck shell is damaged Repair or replace the deck Mower spindle is bent or loose Repair or replace the spindle Blades are installed incorrectly Reinstall the blades correctly LC - 6
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Lawn Care & Mowing Information Uneven Cutting Uneven Cutting Uneven cutting is waviness or smooth troughs in the � � � � � � � � � � lawn surface . Uneven cutting is usually caused by mower deck damage or misadjustment . � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � CAUSE SOLUTION Deck is not leveled correctly Level the deck correctly Blades are dull or worn Sharpen or replace the blades Blades are damaged Replace the blades Deck is clogged with grass clippings Clean out the deck Deck shell is damaged Repair or replace the deck Mower spindle is bent or loose Repair or replace the spindle Blades are installed incorrectly Reinstall the blades correctly Scalping Scalping Scalping is when the mower deck comes close to or hits � � � � � � � � � the ground . Scalping can be caused by the mower deck � � � � � � � � � misadjustment , unevenness in the lawn , or by mower deck bouncing because the ground speed is too fast . � � � � � � � � � CAUSE SOLUTION Lawn is uneven or bumpy Roll or level the lawn Mower deck cutting height is set too low Raise the cutting height Ground speed is too fast Slow down Deck is not leveled correctly Correctly level the deck Tire pressure is low or uneven Check and inflate the tires Stingers Stingers Stingers are sparse patches of uncut grass left behind � � � � � � � � � the mower . Stingers are usually caused by operator error or poor blade maintenance . � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � CAUSE SOLUTION Blades are not sharp or are nicked Sharpen your blades Blades are worn down too far Replace your blades Engine speed is too slow Always mow at full throttle Ground speed is too fast Slow down Deck is plugged with grass Clean out the mower LC - 7
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Common International Symbols PTO Clutch Choke Fast ( Throttle ) Parking Brake Slow ( Throttle ) Brake Throttle Mower Cutting Fuel Height Adjustment Headlights Technical Manuals Additional Technical Literature Available Operators Manuals Additional copies of this manual are available , ( and as part of our product support commitment , we maintain a stock of printed operators manuals going back many years ! ) Parts Manuals Fully illustrated parts manuals are also available — these manuals show all of the product’s components in exploded views ( “ 3D ” illustrations which show the relationship of the parts and how they go together ) , as well as giving the replace - ment part numbers and quantities used . Important assembly notes and special torque values are included in these manuals . Model : For the applicable manuals currently available for your model , contact our Customer Publications Mfg . No . : Department at 262 - 284 - 8519 . Have the informa - tion listed in the box at the right available when Your Name : phoning in your request . Address : Please allow 3 to 4 weeks for delivery . City , State , Zip : Visa / Mastercard No . : Card Expiration Date : LC - 8
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Notes LC - 9
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CE Identification Tag Information CE IDENTIFICATION TAG MARKINGS Manufacturer’s Sound Power Identification in Decibels Number Manufacturer’s Serial Number Mfg . No . : 169XXXX Serial No . : XXXXX Power Rating in kW : XXX XXX Kilowatts Engine RPM : XXXX RPM Simplicity Mfg . Inc . Mass of Unit XXX Maximum Engine 1999 500 N . Spring St . kg in Kilograms Speed in Port Washington , WI USA 53074 - 0997 Rotations per Minute CE Compliance Logo Manufacturer’s Address Year of Manufacture IDENTIFICATION TAG Note : See I.D . tag on unit frame for serial number . Export Models : Place copy of Identification Tag here . LC - 10
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