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5 , 8 , 10 , 16 & 22 PATTERN SEWING MACHINES Instruction Manual
TABLE OF CONTENTS 4 . Special Stitches Important Safeguards Preparation Patterns capability and graphics illustration 1 . Getting to Know Your Machine Zig - Zag Stitch Principal Parts Zig - Zag Blindstitch Accessories Multi Stitch Zig - Zag " M " Stitch / Sandcastle Stitch 2 . Getting Ready to Sew Crescent Stitch / Chinese / Dynasty Stitch / Solid Connecting the Machine / Running the Machine Scallop Stitch Choosing and Changing Needles Arrow Stitch / Bunting Stitch / Privet Stitch Free Arm Sewing Wizard Stitch / Random Ric - Rac Stitch Changing Presser Foot Stretch Overedge Stitch Replacing Presser Foot with Shank Ric - Rac / Straight Stretch Stitch Attaching Feed Cover Road Runner / Fagoting Stitch Winding a Bobbin Honeycomb Stitch Threading the Machine Slant Overedge Stitch / Seagull Stitch Inserting a Wound Bobbin Raising Bobbin Thread 5 . Four Step Buttonholing Selecting a Pattern 6 . Caring for Your Machine 3 . Straight Stitching Removing and Replacing Bobbin Case Preparation Removing and Replacing Light Bulb Sewing a Seam Free Motion Embroidery Cleaning the Machine Inserting a Zipper Performance Checklist Additional Accessories Fabric , Thread and Needle Table
Dear Customer : CONGRATULATIONS We recommend that for future reference you record You are about to begin an adventure in creativity : You the Serial Number of your Sewing Machine in the are going to sew ! And , you are going to sew with one space provided . of the easiest to use machines ever made . Refer to illustration below for location of Serial Number The following features have been included on your on your machine . machine , promising rewarding hours of uncomplicated sewing pleasure : â¢ Clearly defined thread path , reducing the possibility of threading errors . Serial No . â¢ Built in buttonholer for fast , easy buttonholes . â¢ Slant needle designed do allow you to sit , see & sew better . Model No . _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ â¢ One - step pattern selection , eliminating complicated Serial No . _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ selection operation . To ensure that you are always provided with the most In addition , this machine features a removable bed modern sewing capabilities , the manufacturer reserves extension , permitting both flat and free - arm sewing ; the right to change the appearance , design or acces - snap - on presser feet that are quickly removed and sories of this sewing machine when considered neces - easily replaced ; and a one - way needle - clamp that sary . makes it impossible to put the needle in backwards . * A Trademark of The Singer Company Take some time to acquaint yourself with this owner's manual and your machine . Whether you are a novice or an experienced sewer , you will discover how easy it is to create something uniquely your own ! 3
â¢ Always unplug the machine from the electrical outlet IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS when removing covers , lubricating , or when making any other user servicing adjustments mentioned in When using this machine , basic safety precautions the Operator's Guide . should always be followed including the following : Read all instructions before using this machine . â¢ Do not attempt to adjust the motor belt . Contact your nearest Service Center should any adjustment be DANGER required . To reduce the risk of electric shock : â¢ Do not unplug by pulling on cord . To unplug , grasp the plug , not the cord . â¢ The machine should never be left unattended when plugged in . Always unplug the machine from the elec - â¢ Handle the foot controller with care and avoid drop - tric outlet immediately after using and before clean - ping it on the floor . Be sure not to place anything on ing . top of it . â¢ Always unplug before changing light bulb . Replace â¢ Always use the proper needle plate . The wrong plate bulb with the same type rated 15 watts . Be sure to can cause the needle to break . replace the face plate which covers the light bulb before operating the machine . â¢ Do not use bent needles . WARNING â¢ When sewing , keep fingers away from all moving parts . Special care is required around the sewing To reduce the risk of burns , fire , electric shock or injury machine needle . to persons : â¢ Do not pull or push fabric while stitching . This may â¢ Be sure that the electrical voltage of the socket outlet deflect the needle causing it to break . ( wall receptacle ) is the same as the rated voltage of the motor . â¢ Before removing the bobbin case , remove plug from the socket outlet . â¢ Use this machine only for its intended use as described in this Operator's Guide . Use only attach - â¢ For double insulated machines , when servicing , use ments recommended by the manufacturer as con - only identical Singer replacement parts . See instruc - tained in the Operator's Guide . tions for Servicing of Double - lnsulated Appliances . â¢ To disconnect , turn all controls to the off ( " 0 " ) posi - â¢ Never operate the machine if it has a damaged cord tion , then remove plug from outlet . or plug , if it is not working properly , if it has been dropped or damaged , or dropped into water . Return â¢ Disconnect the power - line plug from the socket outlet the machine to the nearest authorized dealer or or switch the machine off when making any adjust - Service Center for examination , repair , electrical , or ments in the needle area , such as threading needle , mechanical adjustment . changing needle , changing needle plate or changing presser foot , etc . 4
Safety Instructions continued . . . SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS â¢ Never operate the machine with any air openings Servicing should be performed by an authorized ser - blocked . Keep ventilation openings of the machine vice representative . and foot controller free from the accumulation of lint , dust , and loose cloth . This product is intended for household use . â¢ Never drop or insert any object into any opening . FOR EUROPEAN AND SIMILAR TERRITORIES : â¢ Do not use outdoors . This product is suppressed for radio and television interference with the International Electrotechnical â¢ Do not operate where aerosol ( spray ) products are Commission requirements of the CISPR . being used or where oxygen is being administered . Machines for Great Britain and some other countries â¢ Do not allow to be used as a toy . Close attention is having similar wiring standards are shipped from the necessary when the machine is used by or near chil - factory with a plug for connection to the mains . The dren . wires in this mains lead are coloured in accordance with the following code : â¢ SERVICING OF DOUBLE - INSULATED PRODUCTS . In a double - insulated product , two systems of insula - Blue : neutral ( N ) Brown : live ( L ) tion are provided instead of grounding . No grounding means is provided on a double - insulated product , nor As the colours of the wires in the mains lead of this should a means for grounding be added to the prod - appliance may not correspond with the coloured mark - uct . Servicing of a double - insulated product requires ings identifying the terminals in your plug , proceed as extreme care and knowledge of the system , and follows : should be done only by qualified service personnel . Replacement parts for a double - insulated product The wire which is coloured blue must be connected to must be identical to those parts in the product . A dou - the terminal which is marked with the letter N or ble - insulated product is marked with the words coloured black . The wire which is coloured brown must " DOUBLE - INSULATION " or " DOUBLE - INSULATED " . be connected to the terminal which is marked with the letter L or coloured red . If a 13 Amp . ( BS 1363 ) plug is used , a 3 Amp . fuse must be fitted , or if any other type of plug is used , a 5 Amp . fuse must be fitted either in the plug or adaptor or at the distribution board . Neither cord is to be connected to the earth terminal of a three - pin plug . 5
SECTION 1 GETTING TO KNOW YOUR MACHINE Principal Parts 1 . Hand Wheel provides a means for raising or lowering the needle . 2 . Bobbin Winder lets you fill the bobbin with thread quickly and easily . 3 . Pattern Display Panel shows a variety of patterns available for your sewing needs . 4 . Spool Pin and Cap hold the top thread supply and allow it to unwind smoothly as the spool does not turn . 5 . Stitch Width Lever controls the width of patterns and sets the needle for straight stitching . 6 . Snap - In Thread Guide helps to insure a smooth flow of thread from the spool of tension . 7 . Bobbin Winder Tension Disc provides thread tension for bobbin winding . 8 . Needle Thread Tension Dial controls top thread tension . 9 . Face Plate is a removable cover protecting movable 18 . Presser Foot holds fabric against the feed system parts and sewing light . and snaps on and off . 10 . Sewing Light illuminates sewing area . 19 . Stitch Length Lever allows for a variety of stitch lengths . 11 . Needle Clamp holds needle in machine and pre - vents incorrect insertion . 20 . Power and Light Switch turns on the machine and sewing light at the same time . 12 . Needle Plate supports the 21 . Reverse Lever provides either momentary or con - 13 . Removable Extension Table lets you change the tinuous reverse fabric movement . machine bed from flat to free arm . 22 . Reverse Lever provides either momentary or con - 16 . Slide Plate opens for easy removal and replace - tinuous reverse fabric movement . ment of bobbin . 23 . Pattern Selector Dial turns directly to any of the pattern display panel . 17 . Feed System moves fabric under presser foot . 6
Principal Parts Continued . . . 14 . Presser Foot Lifter , at the back of machine , lets you raise and lower presser foot . 15 . Thread Cutter 24 . Electrical Power Cord connects machine to your electrical outlet . 25 . Speed Controller regulates the sewing machine speed . fabric during sewing . 7
ACCESSORIES The accessories for your machine are designed to simplify many of your sewing projects . 1 . General Purpose Needle Plate ( A ) , and Presser Foot ( B ) , are standard on the machine . Used for straight and zigzag sewing . 2 . Zipper Foot ( E ) , for inserting zippers . 3 . Feed Cover ( F ) , used for button sewing , free motion work and darning . It keeps the feed from moving fabric . 4 . Special Purpose Presser Foot ( J ) , used for deco - rative and zig - zag stitching . 5 . Buttonhole Presser Foot ( L ) , used to make four - step buttonholes . 6 . Spool Holder , for medium and large thread spools . 7 . Lint Brush , for cleaning the machine . 8 . Needle Pack , includes an assortment for sewing various types of fabrics . 9 . Bobbins , transparent for easy viewing . 10 . Blindstitch Hem Guide , is used to position the hem for blindstitch hemming . 8
SECTION 2 GETTING READY TO SEW CONNECTING THE MACHINE Before plugging in your machine , be sure that the volt - age and number of cycles indicated on the electrical data table ( 1 ) , conform to your electrical power supply . Plug the controller ( 2 ) , into the receptacle , at the right end of the machine . Then connect the electrical power cord plug ( 3 ) , to your electrical outlet . Do not operate machine without material under the presser foot as this may damage the feed and the foot . RUNNING THE MACHINE The machine and the sewing light are turned on and off by the same power switch . POWER SWITCH Power on - press " 1 " side of switch . Power off - press " 0 " side . To run the machine , press the speed controller . The harder you press , the faster the machine will sew . To stop the machine from sewing , remove pressure from speed controller . 9
CHOOSING AND CHANGING NEEDLES IMPORTANT : For best sewing results , use only Singer * needles . Check the needle package , and the Fabric , Thread and Needle Table for the correct needle and fabric combination . â¢ Raise needle to its highest position . â¢ Loosen needle clamp screw and remove needle . â¢ With flat side of , needle to the back insert new nee - dle up into clamp as far as it will go . â¢ Tighten needle clamp screw securely . FREE ARM SEWING Free arm sewing makes it easier to sew hard - to - reach areas . To change machine for free arm sewing , push in and lift right edge ( 1 ) of extension table , slide it to the left and off the machine . â¢ Topstitch edges on sleeves , or finish waistbands and pants legs easily . â¢ Sew buttonholes without stretching cuffs or neck - bands . 10
CHANGING THE PRESSER FOOT ( B ) ( E ) ( J ) ( L ) Your machine comes with the General Purpose Presser Foot already attached . You can easily change to any one of the other presser feet which snap onto a common shank by following the directions below . â¢ Raise needle to its highest position by turning hand wheel toward you . â¢ Raise presser foot using presser foot lifter in back of machine . â¢ Push toe of presser foot ( 1 ) up , until it snaps off the shank ( 2 ) . â¢ Take foot off machine . â¢ Place new foot under center of shank . â¢ Lower presser foot lifter , fitting shank over presser foot pin ( 3 ) . â¢ Don't turn screw . Instead , push presser foot screw ( 4 ) down firmly until foot snaps into place . 11
REPLACING PRESSER FOOT WITH SHANK Presser feet with built - in shanks can be replaced as follows : â¢ Turn machine off . â¢ Raise needle and presser foot . â¢ Loosen presser foot screw ( 1 ) and remove presser foot with shank ( 2 ) , guiding it toward you and to the right . â¢ To replace presser foot with shank , hook shank around the presser bar and tighten presser foot screw . ATTACHING FEED COVER ( F ) The feed cover keeps the feed from moving the fabric . â¢ Raise needle and presser foot . â¢ Open slide plate . â¢ Slide feed cover on top of needle plate , pressing tabs ( 1 ) and ( 2 ) into holes . â¢ Close slide plate . â¢ To remove , open slide plate and lift front edge of cover ; pull it away . 12
WINDING A BOBBIN â¢ Wind thread clockwise around front of bobbin winder tension disc ( 4 ) . Winding a bobbin is quick and easy when you follow the directions below . Always wind the bobbin before â¢ Pass thread end , from inside , through small hole in threading the machine . rim of bobbin . â¢ Push in indent ( 1 ) on hand wheel disc . This will stop â¢ Place bobbin on spindle and push it to the right . the needle from moving . â¢ Holding thread end , step on speed controller to run â¢ Place spool of thread on spool pin . machine until desired amount of thread is wound . â¢ Slide spool cap ( 2 ) firmly over rim of spool to prevent â¢ Cut thread ; push bobbin to the left and remove it thread tangling . from spindle . â¢ Lead thread from spool and snap into thread guide â¢ Trim thread end from top of bobbin . post ( 3 ) . â¢ Return hand wheel disc to sewing position by press - ing on side opposite indent . 13
THREADING THE MACHINE â¢ Place spool of thread on spool pin ( 1 ) . Your sewing machine is easily threaded . The clear â¢ Slide spool cap ( 2 ) firmly over the rim of the spool to threading path helps you avoid threading errors . prevent thread tangling . To thread your machine correctly , simply follow the â¢ Snap thread into thread guide post ( 3 ) . steps below : â¢ Following arrows , guide thread into threading channel â¢ Raise presser foot lifter . ( 4 ) down to needle and firmly pull thread . â¢ Raise needle to its highest position by turning hand â¢ Thread needle from front to back . wheel toward you . 14
INSERTING A WOUND BOBBIN To insert a bobbin , follow the instructions below . â¢ Raise presser foot . â¢ Turn hand wheel toward you until needle is in its highest position . â¢ Open slide plate and remove bobbin . 1 . Pull 4 " ( 10cm ) of thread from replacement bobbin and insert bobbin into case , as shown . 2 . Holding bobbin in place , guide thread into notch ( 1 ) , and then into notch ( 2 ) . 3 . Draw several inches of thread across bobbin . 4 . While holding thread on outside , close slide plate . â¢ Follow directions for " Raising Bobbin Thread . " 15
RAISING THE BOBBIN THREAD Once the needle has been threaded and the bobbin placed in the bobbin case , the bobbin thread must be brought up through the hole in the needle plate . 1 . Hold needle thread with left hand . â¢ Turn hand wheel slowly toward you , lowering nee - dle into hole in plate . 2 . Continue to do this until needle rises above needle plate . â¢ Pull gently on needle thread and bring up bobbin thread in a loop . 3 . Open loop with fingers to find end of bobbin thread . 4 . Draw needle thread through left side opening in presser foot . â¢ Pull both threads to back of machine . 16
SELECTING A PATTERN All the patterns your machine is capable of sewing are illustrated on the pattern display panel of your sewing machine . â¢ If your machine has 5 patterns , it will indicate pat - terns 1 through 9 . â¢ If your machine has 8 patterns , it will indicate pat - terns 1 through 12 . â¢ If your machine has 10 patterns , it will indicate pat - terns 1 through 14 . â¢ Select a pattern by turning the selector dial and align the number on the dial with the dot above the dial . â¢ For instance to sew a Zig - zag stitch align the number 6 with the dot . â¢ If your machine has 16 or 22 patterns , it will indicate patterns by pattern indicator . â¢ Select a pattern by turning the selector dial until indi - cator appears under desired pattern . â¢ For instance , to sew a Zig - Zag Stitch you would turn the selector dial until the indicator appears as ( 1 ) . â¢ To change the stitch pattern , turn the dial left or right , moving indicator to desired position . With each application , recommended settings are given . These have been highlighted for easy identifica - tion . You can adjust each setting , however , as desired . 17
SECTION 3 STRAIGHT STITCHING Before beginning a sewing project , check the Fabric , Thread and Needle Table for the best needle and thread combination for your fabric . RECOMMENDED SETTINGS Stitch Selection : Straight Stitch Stitch Width : Stitch Length : Foot : General Purpose ( B ) Needle Plate : General Purpose ( A ) ADJUSTING STITCH LENGTH The stitch length indicator is numbered 0 - 4 . The lower numbers are shorter stitches . Shorter stitches are best for lightweight fabrics ; longer ones for heavy fabrics . To adjust the length of your stitches , slide the stitch length lever to the left or right . ADJUSTING THREAD TENSION Having selected the correct needle and thread combi - nation for the fabric being used , it may be necessary to adjust the tension of the sewing machine to insure a well - balanced stitch . Proper tension will produce identical stitches on both the front and back of your fabric ( 1 ) . â¢ Too little tension will produce a loose stitch , causing loops in your seams ( 2 ) . Adjust tension by rotating the dial clockwise to a tighter setting . â¢ Too much tension will produce a tight stitch which will cause puckered seams ( 3 ) . Adjust tension by rotat - ing the dial counterclockwise to a looser setting . 18
SEWING A SEAM You can sew seams easily and accurately when you follow the suggestions below . BASTING Pin basting and hand basting are easy ways to make temporary seams before machine sewing . â¢ To pin baste , insert pins at stitching line . NEVER place pins on the underside of fabric in contact with the feed . Do not sew over pins ; pull them out as you stitch . â¢ To hand baste , make long , loose stitches that can be easily removed . PLACING FABRIC UNDER PRESSER FOOT â¢ To place fabric under presser foot , raise presser foot lifter ( 1 ) to its " up " position ( 2 ) , where it locks in place . â¢ The lifter can be raised and held in the " extra high " position ( 3 ) for bulky fabrics . STITCHING IN REVERSE â¢ To reinforce beginnings or ends of seams , push in reverse lever ( 1 ) . Machine will straight stitch in reverse for as long as you hold the lever in . â¢ For continuous reverse stitching , push lever in and slide it to the left to lock . Unlock reverse lever by slid - ing it back to the right and letting it return to its nor - mal position . 19
KEEPING SEAMS STRAIGHT To keep seams straight , use one of the guidelines on the needle plate . The most commonly used line ( 1 ) is extended onto the slide plate . The crosslines ( 2 ) serve as guides when stitching square corners . TURNING SQUARE CORNERS To turn a square corner , use crosslines on slide plate . â¢ Line up fabric with extended guidelines on needle plate and stitch seam , slowing speed as you approach corner . â¢ When bottom of fabric reaches cornering crosslines ( 2 ) on slide plate , stop stitching . â¢ Be sure needle is down in fabric . â¢ Raise presser foot slightly . Turn fabric bringing bot - tom edge in line with guideline ( 1 ) . â¢ Continue stitching seam . Sewing Curved Seams â¢ Baste seamline . â¢ Use a short stitch for elasticity and strength . â¢ Guide fabric to follow curve . 20
FREE MOTION EMBROIDERY In free motion embroidery , you sew without a presser foot , and control the fabric with an embroidery hoop . RECOMMENDED SETTINGS Stitch Selection : Straight Stitch or Zig - Zag Stitch Width : Stitch Length : Foot : Remove foot with shank Needle Plate : General Purpose ( A ) â¢ Attach Feed Cover â¢ Be sure to lower presser foot lifter . â¢ When embroidering , as shown , use straight stitches for stems , and zig - zag stitches , at varying widths , for leaves and petals . Lengthen stitches by moving the hoop faster or slower . INSERTING A ZIPPER The zipper package will provide complete instructions for inserting zippers . RECOMMENDED SETTINGS Stitch Selection : Straight Stitch Stitch Width : Stitch Length : Foot : Zipper ( E ) Needle Plate : General Purpose ( A ) â¢ When zipper is to the left of needle , attach left side of zipper foot to shank . The needle will enter left notch of foot , sewing close along zipper teeth . â¢ Attach right side of zipper foot to shank when a zip - per is to the right side of the needle . The needle will enter right notch of foot , sewing close along zipper teeth . 21
SECTION 4 SPECIAL STITCHES The Special Stitches on your machine have a variety of practi - cal and decorative uses . In this section are recommended applications for each stitch . However , these stitches can be used for many other sewing projects . ADJUSTING STITCH WIDTH To widen or narrow a Special Stitch pattern , move the stitch width lever off Straight Stitch , toward any other width setting at the right . ADJUSTING STITCH LENGTH The stitch length indicator is numbered 0 to 4 . The area between 0 and 1 will produce very dense stitching . For more open stitching , slide the stitch length lever anywhere from 2 to 4 . When sewing special color coded stitches . The length MUST be set in the 3 - 1 / 2 to 4 area . ADJUSTING THREAD TENSION Some Special Stitch patterns may require looser thread ten - sion than others . To find the proper tension for your applica - tion , make a test sample with the thread and fabric you will be using . ADJUSTING STITCH BALANCE You can adjust the appearance of special color coded stitch patterns on the display panel , by turning the Stitch balance ring ( 1 ) behind the pattern selector dial ( 2 ) . Acorrectly balanced Fagoting Stitch should appear as illus - trated ( 3 ) . When stitches are too close together ( 4 ) , separate them by turning the stitch balance ring to the right . When stitches are too far apart ( 5 ) , bring them closer together by turning the stitch balance ring to the left . 22
PATTERNS CAPABILITY AND GRAPHICS ILLUSTRATION 5 8 10 16 22 GRAPHICS DESCRIPTION OF STITCHES STITCH STITCH STITCH STITCH STITCH Buttonhole - Left Side â¢ â¢ â¢ â¢ â¢ Buttonhole - Bartack â¢ â¢ â¢ â¢ â¢ Buttonhole - Right Side â¢ â¢ â¢ â¢ â¢ Straight Stitch â¢ â¢ â¢ â¢ â¢ Zig - Zag â¢ â¢ â¢ â¢ â¢ Zig - Zag Blindstich â¢ â¢ â¢ â¢ â¢ Multistitch â¢ â¢ â¢ â¢ â¢ M - Stitch â¢ â¢ â¢ â¢ â¢ Crescent â¢ â¢ â¢ â¢ â¢ Solid Scallop â¢ â¢ Chinese Dynasty â¢ â¢ Arrowhead â¢ â¢ Privet â¢ â¢ Bunting â¢ â¢ Sandcastle â¢ â¢ Stretch Overedge â¢ â¢ â¢ â¢ Fagoting â¢ â¢ â¢ Ric - Rac â¢ â¢ â¢ Straight Stretch â¢ â¢ â¢ â¢ Slant Overedge â¢ Honeycomb â¢ Wizard â¢ Random Ric - Rac â¢ Road Runner â¢ Seagull â¢ 23
ZIG - ZAG STITCH The Zig - Zag Stitch can be used when sewing seams , appliquÃing , monogramming or decorating . SEAM FINISHING Use a zig - zag stitch to finish seam edges of fabrics that are likely to unravel . â¢ Sew seams as desired ; trim and press open . RECOMMENDED SETTINGS Stitch Selection : Zig - Zag Stitch Stitch Width : Stitch Length : Foot : General Purpose ( B ) Needle Plate : General Purpose ( A ) â¢ Place edge of seam allowance under foot , as shown . â¢ Stitch close to edge , letting outer zigzag fall over edge . 24
SATIN STITCHING Satin stitching is a series of closely spaced zig - zag stitches . Satin stitch monograms , embroidery and appliques for a smooth , satin - like finish . â¢ Practice to get desired stitch appearance . Block Monogramming â¢ Lightly trace letters on right side of fabric . RECOMMENDED SETTINGS Stitch Selection : Zig - Zag Stitch Stitch Width : Stitch Length : Foot : Special Purpose ( J ) Needle Plate : General Purpose ( A ) â¢ Center tracing under needle . â¢ Stitch entire outline , leaving needle in fabric when turning . â¢ Pull threads to wrong side of fabric , tie and trim . 25
ZIG - ZAG BLINDSTITCH Use this Blindstitch when sewing hems and seams , or attaching lace and elastic . BLINDSTITCH HEMMING â¢ Practice first on a scrap of material , carefully follow - ing each step . RECOMMENDED SETTINGS Stitch Selection : Zig - Zag Blindstitch Stitch Width : Stitch Length : Foot : Adjustable Blindstitch ( K ) Needle Plate : General Purpose ( A ) â¢ With garment inside out , mark , fold and press hem - line ( 1 ) . â¢ Turn hem ( 1 ) back against inside of garment , leaving 1 / 8 " of hem beyond fold ( 2 ) , as shown . â¢ Pin or baste all layers in place . Position the hem under the presser foot with the soft fold resting against wall of the guide . Be sure the flange of the guide is between the soft fold and the top of the hem , as shown . â¢ Lower the presser foot and begin sewing making cer - tain the straight stitches fall on the edge of the hem and the zig - zag stitches just pierce the soft fold of the work . Adjust stitch width if necessary . While stitching , guide the hem edge in a straight line and feed the soft fold evenly against the wall of the guide . â¢ If layers of fabric are pinned together , remove pins as you come to them . Do not sew over pins . 26
MULTI - STITCH ZIG ZAG Mending , overcasting , joining or reinforcing can all be done using the Multi - Stitch Zig - Zag . MENDING A TEAR â¢ Trim ragged edges of tear . â¢ Cut a lining of fabric for reinforcement . â¢ Bring the edges of tear together and baste lining to wrong side of fabric . RECOMMENDED SETTINGS Stitch Selection : Multi - Stitch Zig - Zag Stitch Width : Stitch Length : Foot : Special Purpose ( J ) Needle Plate : General Purpose ( A ) â¢ Place tear , right side up , under presser foot . â¢ Stitch over the line of the tear , shortening stitch length at each end for reinforcement . â¢ Trim thread ends close to fabric . â¢ If needed , sew over tear again . â¢ Trim away lining close to stitching . 27
" M " STITCH SANDCASTLE These stitches can be used for stretch seams and dec - orative stitching . LACE TRIM Lace trim may be added to blouses , lingerie and chil - dren's wear . â¢ Cut lace to desired size . â¢ Pin lace to right side of fabric where desired . RECOMMENDED SETTINGS Stitch Selection : " M " Stitch / Sandcastle Stitch Width : Stitch Length : Foot : Special Purpose ( J ) Needle Plate : General Purpose ( A ) â¢ Carefully stitch along both edges of lace , as shown . â¢ Trim away the fabric under the lace near stitching lines . 28
CRESCENT STITCH CHINESE DYNASTY STITCH SOLID SCALLOP STITCH These stitches are ideal for borders , edges , smocking and embroidering . BORDER DESIGN Border designs decorate clothing and many household items . â¢ Sew Seams in usual manner and press â¢ Mark stitching lines of fabric where desired . RECOMMENDED SETTINGS Stitch Selection : Crescent Stitch , Chinese Dynasty Stitch , Solid Scallop Stitch Stitch Width : Stitch Length : Foot : Special Purpose ( J ) Needle Plate : General Purpose ( A ) â¢ Center marked line under presser foot and stitch . â¢ Pull threads to wrong side of fabric ; tie and trim . 29
ARROW STITCH BUNTING STITCH PRIVET STITCH These stitches are decorative and secure finish to seams , pleats and pockets it can also be used as a border design . BORDER DESIGN â¢ Sew seams in usual manner and press . â¢ Mark stitching lines on fabric where desired . RECOMMENDED SETTINGS Stitch Selection : Arrow Stitch / Bunting Stitch / Privet Stitch Width : Stitch Length : Foot : Special Purpose ( J ) Needle Plate : General Purpose ( A ) â¢ Center stitching line under presser foot and sew . â¢ Trim thread ends close to fabric . 30
WIZARD STITCH RANDOM RIC - RAC STITCH These stitches can be used for appliquÃing , joining patchwork or forming decorative hems on bed and table linens . HEMSTITCHING â¢ Fold a double hem of desired width and baste . â¢ Mark a guideline for hemstitching on right side of fabric just above top of hem edge . RECOMMENDED SETTINGS Stitch Selection : Wizard / Random Ric - Rac Stitch Width : Stitch Length : Foot : Special Purpose ( J ) Needle Plate : General Purpose ( A ) Adjust balance , if necessary â¢ Place work , right side up with hem facing , right , under press - er foot . â¢ Lower presser foot and stitch along guideline . â¢ Be sure stitches on left side of line fall over hem edge ( into single thickness of fabric ) and stitches on right side fall into double fold of hem . 31
STRETCH OVEREDGE STITCH With this stitch you can stitch and finish a seam in one step . It is also ideal for finishing seams , hems and facings requiring stretch . OVEREDGE SEAM â¢ Trim seam edge 1 / 4 " ( 6mm ) from position you wish your seam . RECOMMENDED SETTINGS Stitch Selection : Stretch Overedge Stitch Stitch Width : Stitch Length : Foot : Special Purpose ( J ) Needle Plate : General Purpose ( A ) Adjust balance , if necessary â¢ Position trimmed seam under presser foot , as shown . â¢ Straight stitches should fall on seam line ; zig - zag stitches should fall over seam edge . â¢ On 8 stitch machine you may create a straight stretch stitch , by setting stitch width to the left . 32
RIC - RAC STRAIGHT STRETCH STITCH This is a heavy - duty , stretch stitch that can also be used for topstitching . TOPSTITCHING â¢ Sew seams in usual manner and press . â¢ For topstitching hard - to - reach areas , convert machine to free arm sewing . RECOMMENDED SETTINGS Stitch Selection : Ric - Rac / Straight Stretch Stitch Stitch Width : Stitch Length : Foot : Special Purpose ( J ) Needle Plate : General Purpose ( A ) Adjust balance , if necessary â¢ Place garment right side up , under foot . â¢ Slowly topstitch desired areas . â¢ Pull threads to wrong side of fabric ; tie and trim . â¢ To create a straight stretch stitch , set stitch width to the left and stitch length to # 4 . 33
ROAD RUNNER STITCH FAGOTING STITCH Use these stitches fagoting , embroidery , patchwork or strengthening seams . This is an open , lacy stitch used to join two pieces of fabrics . â¢ Fold under edges to be joined and press . â¢ Baste the edges 1 / 8 " ( 3mm ) apart onto a sheet of tissue paper for support . â¢ Position center of work under center of presser foot . RECOMMENDED SETTINGS Stitch Selection : Road Runner Stitch / Fagoting Stitch Stitch Width : Stitch Length : Foot : Special Purpose ( J ) Needle Plate : General Purpose ( A ) Adjust balance , if necessary â¢ As you sew , the needle should make a stitch first in one fab - ric strip , and then in the other . â¢ After stitching is completed , remove tissue and basting . 34
HONEYCOMB STITCH Use the Honeycomb Stitch for smocking , mending and sewing stretch fabrics . SMOCKING Smocking is decorative stitching across evenly spaced gath - ers of fabric . To Gather Fabric : RECOMMENDED SETTINGS Stitch Selection : Straight Stitch Stitch Width : Stitch Length : Foot : Special Purpose ( J ) Needle Plate : General Purpose ( A ) â¢ Sew rows of straight stitches , 1 / 4 " apart , across area to be smocked . â¢ Pull thread evenly , gathering fabric . â¢ Tie ends of every two rows of stitching together to hold gath - ers in place . â¢ Baste a backing to wrong side of fabric . To Smock Fabric : RECOMMENDED SETTINGS Stitch Selection : Honeycomb Stitch Stitch Width : Stitch Length : Adjust balance , if necessary â¢ Sew between rows of straight stitches . â¢ Pull out straight stitches when completed . 35
SLANT OVEREDGE STITCH SEAGULL STITCH With these stitches you can stitch and finish a seam in one step . It is also ideal for edging and appliquÃing . EDGING Add a delicate touch to your sewing while finishing and rein - forcing your edges . â¢ Sew seams in usual manner and press . RECOMMENDED SETTINGS Stitch Selection : Slant Overedge Stitch , Seagull Stitch Stitch Width : Stitch Length : Foot : Special Purpose ( J ) Needle Plate : General Purpose ( A ) Adjust balance , if necessary â¢ Place edge of garment , right side up , under presser foot . â¢ Bulk of garment should be to the left . â¢ As you stitch , needle should go over right edge of fabric , as shown . 36
SECTION 5EP FOUR - ST BUTTONHOLING Your machine makes buttonholes in four easy steps . â¢ You never need to move the fabric or reposition the needle . â¢ Always make a practice buttonhole on a sample of your fabric . â¢ Be sure bobbin contains enough thread . â¢ When making buttonholes on hard - to - reach areas convert machine bed to free arm sewing . â¢ Mark buttonhole position on fabric as indicated in pat - tern . When sewing delicate fabrics , place a piece of rpaperthethe over the fabric when positioning the garment . Lowerof the presser foot and slip the paper out from undee foot . This will prevent the teeth on the undersid foot from picking and pulling the fabric . Recommended nSettingshole Stitch Selection : Butto Stitch Stitch Width : Stitch Length : Foot : Buttonhole ( L ) Needle Plate : General Purpose ( A ) Step 1 â¢ Raise presser foot . â¢ Place fabric under foot . â¢ Center a red guideline ( 1 ) of foot around beginning line of buttonhole . â¢ Select Buttonhole Stitch â¢ Position needle in fabric at point ( 2 ) . â¢ Lower the foot and make sure the sliding portion ofs the foot is all the way forward . Make 4 or 5 stitche ending at point ( 3 ) . â¢ Raise needle . Step 2 â¢ Select Buttonhole Stitch â¢ Stitch down to point ( 4 ) . â¢ Raise needle . 37
Step 3 â¢ Select Buttonhole Stitch â¢ Make four or five stitches , ending at point ( 5 ) . â¢ Raise needle . Step 4 â¢ Select Buttonhole Stitch â¢ Stitch up to point ( 6 ) . â¢ Raise needle . â¢ Raise presser foot and remove garment from machine . â¢ Clip thread ends . â¢ Carefully cut buttonhole opening with a seam ripper or small , sharp scissors . ADJUSTING BALANCE OF BUTTONHOLE If the two stitching sides of your buttonhole are unequal , turn the stitch balance ring ( 7 ) , located behind the selector dial . On some heavy weight fabrics an adjustment might be necessary . â¢ If the right side of stitching is too open turn stitch bal - ance ring slightly to the right until both sides are equal . â¢ If the left side of stitching is too open turn stitch bal - ance ring slightly to the left until both sides are equal . 38
SECTION 6 CARING FOR YOUR MACHINE REMOVING AND REPLACING BOBBIN CASE CAUTION : Before cleaning or adjusting the machine , remove plug from the socket outlet . â¢ Raise presser foot and needle . â¢ Open slide plate and remove bobbin . â¢ To remove the bobbin case , the needle plate must be removed first . â¢ Lift needle plate ( 1 ) from right corner and slide out from under foot . TO REMOVE BOBBIN CASE â¢ With a small screwdriver , turn lever ( 2 ) back as far as it will go . â¢ Lift out bobbin case . TO REPLACE THE BOBBIN CASE â¢ Guide forked end ( 3 ) of bobbin case under feed ( 4 ) . â¢ Draw rim of bobbin case under position plate ( 5 ) . â¢ Turn lever ( 2 ) toward you , locking bobbin case in place . NOTE : After locking case in place , be sure it is not tight , but can move slightly . â¢ To replace needle plate , slide it under pin ( 6 ) and push it to the left . â¢ Press needle plate down in place . â¢ Insert bobbin and close slide plate . 39
REMOVING AND REPLACING LIGHT BULB CAUTION : â¢ Before changing light bulb , make sure you have removed plug from socket outlet . Be sure to replace the face plate which covers the light bulb before operating the machine . â¢ This machine is designed to use a 15 - watt maximum light bulb . To change the light bulb , the face plate must first be removed . â¢ Loosen and remove screw ( 1 ) . â¢ Slide face plate down and away from machine . TO REMOVE THE LIGHT BULB â¢ Push bulb up into socket ( 2 ) and turn to the left to unlock bulb pins . â¢ Pull bulb down and out of socket . TO REPLACE THE LIGHT BULB â¢ Push new bulb up into socket and turn to the right until pins lock into position . â¢ Reposition face plate by sliding top edge of plate under edge of top cover . â¢ Line up screw hole in plate with screw hole in machine . â¢ Insert screw and tighten . 40
CLEANING THE MACHINE Your machine is designed to give you many years of dependable service . To ensure this reliability , take a few minutes to keep the machine clean . How often you clean it depends on how often you use it . â¢ Using the lint brush , remove lint or dust from : - presser bar - needle bar - bobbin case ( if there is a lot of lint in this area , remove the bobbin case for cleaning ) - machine surface ( if necessary , dampen a soft cloth and use a mild soap to clean the surface ) â¢ Remove needle plate as instructed and clean exposed area with a lint brush . 41
PERFORMANCE CHECKLIST Upper Thread Breaks When sewing difficulties occur , look back through this Is machine properly threaded ? manual to make sure you are correctly following the Is thread freely unwinding from spool ? instructions . If you still have a problem , the reminders Is proper spool cap being used ? below may help you to correct it . Is needle correct size for thread ? Is upper thread tension too tight ? Needle Does Not Move Is bobbin case properly inserted ? Is bobbin rim free of nicks ? Is machine connected to electrical supply ? Is the power and light switch on ? Lower Thread Breaks Is controller connected ? Is bobbin correctly wound ? Needle Moves But Stitch Is Not Formed Is bobbin correctly inserted in to bobbin case ? Is bobbin case correctly threaded ? Is needle defective ? Is needle fully inserted into needle clamp ? Skipped Stitches Are bobbin and needle correctly threaded ? Is bobbin correctly inserted into bobbin case ? Is machine properly threaded ? Is fabric firmly held down ? Needle Breaks Is needle correct style and size ? Is needle straight and sharp ? Is needle straight and sharp ? Is needle correct size ? Fabric Does Not Move Properly Is needle fully inserted into needle clamp ? Under Presser Foot Are controls properly set ? Are accessories correct for application ? Is presser foot correctly attached to machine ? Is presser foot lowered ? Bobbin Winding Difficulties Is stitch length correctly set ? Is thread unwinding freely from spool ? Is bobbin winder engaged ? Is thread end securely held at start of wind ? 42
ADDITIONAL ACCESSORIES Additional Accessories for your sewing machine are available at your sewing center . 1 . Seam Guide ( N ) , helps keep seam allowance even . 2 . Blindstitch Presser Foot ( K ) , helps guide fabric for nearly invisible blindstitch hems . 3 . Button Sewing Foot ( H ) , holds buttons securely for fastening . 4 . Darning and Embroidery Foot ( G ) , is recommend - ed for free motion work , such as embroidery , mono - gramming and decorative designs . 5 . Even Feed Foot ( M ) , is used for sewing hard to feed pile , stretch and bonded fabrics . Also excellent for plaids , stripes and topstitching . 6 . Overedge Foot , use with Overedge Stretch Stitch for seams in stretch fabrics . 7 . Seam Ripper , used to pick and cut threads quickly and neatly . 8 . Twin Needle and Spool Pin ( R ) , are used for deco - rative twin needle ( 2 threads ) stitching on woven and knit fabrics . 9 . Needle Threader ( P ) , assists in threading machine needle . 10 . Narrow Hemmer Foot is used to stitch a narrow hem in a single operation . 11 . Straight Stitch Presser Foot ( D ) , and Needle Plate ( C ) , are used when straight stitching light - weight fabrics . 43
Fabric , Thread and Needle Table â¢ The needle and thread used for a sewing project depends upon the fabric that is chosen . â¢ The table below is a practical guide to needle and thread selections for most situations . â¢ Refer to it before starting to sew . Be sure to use the same size and type of thread in both needle and bobbin . For best results , use only genuine Singer . needles . Needles Thread Fabric Type Size Fine mercerized cotton Delicate - tulle , chiffon , fine lace , organza Style 2020 9 / 70 fine synthetic thread 50 mercerized cotton - silk Lightweight - batiste , organdy , jersey , voile , Style 2020 11 / 80 fine synthetic thread taffeta , crepe , chiffon velvet , plastic film 50 mercerized cotton 60 Medium Weight - gingham , percale , pique , Style 2020 14 / 90 cotton synthetic thread linen , chink , faille , satin , fine corduroy , vel - vet , suitings , knits , deep pile fabrics , vinyl Heavy - duty mercerized cotton Medium Heavy - gabardine , tweed , sail - Style 2020 16 / 100 40 to 60 cotton - Synthetic cloth , denim , coatings , drapery , vinyl , deep - thread pile fabrics Heavy - duty mercerized cotton Heavy - overcoatings , dungaree , upholstery Style 2020 18 / 100 24 to 40 cotton - Synthetic fabrics , canvas thread Buttonhole twist . * All Weights - decorative topstitching Style 2020 16 / 100 18 / 100 Synthetic thread 50 Synthetic Knits and Stretch Fabrics - Style 2045 14 / 90 mercerized cotton - Silk polyester doubleknit , nylon tricot , jersey , Ball Point cire , panne velvet , bonded fabrics , raschel 50 mercerized cotton Leather - suede , kidskin lined leathers Style 2032 11 / 80 Synthetic thread - Silk 14 / 90 16 / 100 * A Trademark of The Singer Company . * * Use with standard sewing thread in bobbin . 44