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OWNER'SMANUAL 5.5 HPModel Tiller • Safety • Assembly • Featuresand Controls SAI Before o read this • Operation • Maintenance • Parts List Model 12183 GARDEN WAYINCORPORATED
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Dear Owner : Table of Contents You now own one of the finest rear - tine rototillers available . SECTION1 : SAFETY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Your new tiller allows you to till and cultivate your garden Safety Decals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 with ease , and accomplish dozensof other property man - agementprojects as well . Your tiller is famous for its SECTION2 : ASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 ruggedness , performance and high - quality engineering . We Unpacking Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 know you'll enjoy using it . Attach Handlebars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Attach ReverseClutch Control Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Pleasecarefully readthis Manual . It tells you how to safely Attach ForwardClutch Control Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 and easilyassemble , operate andmaintain your machine . Be sure that you and any other operators carefully follow CheckTransmission GearOil Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 the recommended safetypractices at all times . Failure to Add Motor Oil to Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 do so could result in personal injury or property damage . Attach Wheel Gear Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 CheckAir Pressure in Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Of course , if you should ever haveany problems or ques - Check Hardwarefor Tightness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 tions , please contact your local authorized service dealeror call us Toll - Free ( see backcover of this manual ) . SECTION3 : FEATURES & CONTROLS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Wheel GearLever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 We want to be sure that you arecompletely satisfied at all times . Forward Clutch Control Levers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 ReverseClutch Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Depth Regulator Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Handlebar HeightAdjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 EngineControls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 See back cover for Customer SECTION4 : OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Service information . Break - in Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 StartinglStopping Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Operatingthe Tiller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Tilling Tips & Techniques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Loading and Unloading the Tiller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Safety Alert Symbol SECTIONS : MAINTENANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 This is a safety alert symbol . It is used in this Maintenance Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 manual and on the unit to alert you to poten - Tiller Lubrication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 tial hazards . When you see this symbol , read Check Hardware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 and obey the message that follows it . Failure CheckTire Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 to obey safety messages could result in per - sonal injury or property damage . Checkfor Oil Leaks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Transmission GearOil Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 GearOil Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 EngineOil Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Air CleanerService . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 This machine meets voluntary safety standard Spark Plug Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 B71 . 8 - 1996 , which is sponsored by the Outdoor Spark Arrester ScreenService . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Power Equipment Institute , Inc . , and is pub - EngineCleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 lished by the American National Standards Institute . CarburetorlGovernor Control Adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Throttle Control Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Wheel GearCableAdjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Off Season Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Bolo Tines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 • k WARNING Checking andAdjusting Tension on Clutch Belts . . . . . . . . 19 Forward Clutch Belt Removaland Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 The engine exhaust from this product contains ReverseClutch Belt Removal and Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 chemicals known to the State of California to cause Tiller Attachments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 cancer , birth defects or other reproductive harm . Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Parts List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 CustomerService Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Back Cover
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Safety ReverseClutchControl SPARK ARRESTER WARNING TO RESIDENTS OF ForwardClutch \ \ \ \ Control Lever \ \ \ CALIFORNIAAND SEVERALOTHERSTATES _ Wheel Gear Lever Under California law , and under the Jawsof several other states , you are not permitted to operate an inter - nal combustion engine using hydrocarbon fuels on any ForwardClutch forest , brush , hay , grain , or grass covered land ; or land Control Lever covered by any flammable agricultural crop without an engine spark arrester in continuous effective working Handlebar order . Height J Depth Regulator Lever The engineon the unit is an internal combustion engine which burns gasoline , a hydrocarbon fuel , and must be equipped with a spark arrester muffler in continuous effective working order . The spark arrester must be attached to the engine exhaust system in such a manner that flames or heat from the system will not ignite flammable material . Failure of the owner / opera - tor of the unit to comply with this regulation is a mis - " _ Standard RotatingTines demeanor under California law ( and other states ) and may also be a violation of other state and / or federal regulations , laws , ordinances or codes . Contact your localfire marshal or forest service for specific informa - Recoil Rope Starter Figure I . I tion about which regulations apply in your area . TRAINING footwear . Wear protectivefootwear thatwill 7 . Never makeadjustments when engine improvefooting on slipperysurfaces , is running ( unless recommended by 1 . Carefully read this Owner's Manual , the manufacturer ) . 5 . Do not till nearundergroundelectric separateEngineOwner's Manual , and any cables , telephonelines , pipesor hoses . If in other literature you may receive . Bethor - OPERATION doubt , contactyour telephoneor utility oughly familiar with the controls and the company . 1 , Do not put handsor feet nearor under proper use of the tillerand its engine . rotating parts . Know how to stop the unit and disengage 6 . Warning : Handlefuel with care ; it is the controls quickly . 2 . Exerciseextreme caution when on or highlyflammableand its vaporsareexplo - sive . Takethefollowing precautions : crossing gravel drives , walks , or roads . 2 . Neverallow children to operate the Stay alert for hidden hazardsor traffic . Do tiller . Neverallow adults to operate the a , Store fuel in containers specifically not carry passengers . tiller without proper instruction . designed for this purpose . b . 3 . After striking aforeign object , stop the 3 . Keepthe areaof operation clear of all The gas cap shall never be removed engine , disconnect the spark plug wire or fuel addedwhile the engine is persons , particularly children andpets . running . Allow the engineto cool and prevent it from touching the spark 4 . Keepin mind that the operator or user plug , carefully inspect the tiller for any for severalminutes before adding is responsiblefor accidents or hazards fuel . damage , and repair the damage before occurring to other people , their property , restarting andoperating the tiller . C . Keepmatches , cigarettes , cigars , and themselves . pipes , open flames , and sparks 4 . Exercisecaution to avoid slipping or away from the fuel tank and fuel falling . PREPARATION container . 5 . If the unit should start to vibrateabnor - 1 . Thoroughlyinspect the areawhere the d . Fill fuel tankoutdoors with extreme mally , stop the engine . Disconnectthe spark tiller is to be used and remove all foreign care . Neverfill fuel tank indoors . plug wire andpreventit from touching the objects , Useafunnel or spout to prevent spark plug , andcheck immediatelyfor the 2 . Be sure all controls are released and spillage . cause . Vibration is generally a warning of the Wheel GearLever is in ENGAGEbefore e . Replaceall fuel tank and container trouble . starting the engine . caps securely . 6 . Stop the engine , disconnect the spark 3 . Do not operate the tiller without f . If fuel is spilled , do not attempt to plug wire and prevent it from touching the wearing adequateouter garments . Avoid start the engine , but movethe spark plug wheneveryou leavethe operat - loose garments orjewelry that could get machine awayfrom the areaof ing position , before unclogging the tines , caught in moving parts . spillage and avoid creating any or when making any repairs , adjustments source of ignition until fuel vapors 4 . Do not operatethetillerwhenbarefootor or inspections . have dissipated . wearing sandals , sneakers , or light
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7 . Takeall possible precautions when f . Beforecontactinghard packedsoil 26 . Batteriesproduceexplosivegases . Keep leaving the machineunattended . Stop the at the end ofarow , reduceengine sparks , flame , andsmoking materialsaway . engine . Disconnectspark plug wire and speedand lift handlebarstoraise Ventilatewhencharging batteriesor when tinesout ofthe soil . move it awayfrom the spark plug . Move usinga batteryin anenclosedspace . Wheel Gear Leverto ENGAGE . ALWAYSwear safetygoggleswhenworking In an emergency , stop tinesand g _ nearbatteries . 8 . Beforecleaning , repairing , or inspect - wheelsby releasing whichever ing , stop the engineand make certainall Clutch Lever is engaged . Donot 27 . Pleaseremember : You canalwaysstop moving parts have stopped . Disconnect attemptto restrainthe tiller . the tinesand wheelsby releasingthe the spark plug wire and prevent it from ForwardClutchControlLeveror the Reverse 15 . Do not overload the tiller's capacity by touching the spark plug to preventacci - ClutchControlknob ( whichevercontrolyou attempting to till too deeply at too fast a dental starting . haveengaged ) , or by movingthe engine rate . 9 . AIways keepthe tiller tine hood flap switch ( locatedonengine ) to the OFF 16 . Neveroperate tiller at high transport down , unless using the hillerlfurrower position . speedson hard or slippery surfaces . Look attachment . 28 . To loador unloadthe tiller , seethe behind and use care when backing up . 10 . Neveruse the tiller unless proper instructionsin Section4of this Manual . 17 . Do not operatethe tiller on aslope guards , plates , or other safetyprotective 29 . Useextremecautionwhen reversingor that is too steepfor safety . When on devicesare in place . pullingthe machinetowards you . slopes , slow down and makesure you 11 . Do not run engine in an enclosed area . have good footing . Neverpermit the tiller 30 . Startenginecarefullyaccordingto Engineexhaust contains carbon monoxide to freewheel down slopes . instructionsandwithfeet awayfrom tines . gas , adeadly poison that is odorless , col - orless , andtasteless . 18 . Neverallow bystanders nearthe unit . 31 . Neverpick upor carrya machinewhile the engineis running . 12 . Keepchildren and petsaway . 19 . Only use attachments and accessories 13 . Never operatethe tiller underengine that are approved by the tiller MAINTENANCEANDSTORAGE manufacturer . power if the Wheel Gear Lever is in DIS - ENGAGE ( FREEWHEEL ) . In this position , 20 . Usetiller attachments and accessories 1 . Keepthe tiller , attachments and acces - the wheelswill notholdthe tiller back when recommended . sories in safeworkingcondition . and the revolvingtines couldpropel the 2 . Check all nuts , bolts , and screws at fre - 21 . Neveroperatethe tiller without good tiller rapidly , possibly causingloss of quent intervals for proper tightness to be visibility or light = control . AIwaysmove the Wheel Gear sure the equipment is in safeworking con - Lever to ENGAGEbefore starting the 22 . Neveroperatethe tiller if you aretired , or dition . engine or engaging the tineslwheels with underthe influenceof alcohol , drugs or ForwardClutch Control or ReverseClutch 3 . Neverstorethe tiller withfuel inthe fuel medication . Control . tank insidea buildingwhereignition sources 23 . Operatorsshallnot tamperwith the arepresentsuchas hot waterandspace 14 . Beawarethat the tiller may unexpect - engine - governorsettingson the machine ; heaters , furnaces , clothesdryers , stoves , edly bounce upward orjump forward if the the governorcontrolsthe maximumsafe electricmotors , etc . Allow engineto cool tines should strike extremely hard packed operatingspeedto protect the engineandall beforestoring inany enclosure . soil , frozen ground , or buried obstacles moving partsfrom damagecausedby over - like largestones , roots , or stumps . If in 4 . To reducethe chancesof afire hazard , speed . Authorizedserviceshallbe soughtif doubt about the tilling conditions , always keepthe enginefree of grass , leaves , or a problemexists . use the following operating precautions to excessivegrease . 24 . Do not touch enginepartswhich may be assist you in maintaining control of the hot from operation . Let partscool down suf - 5 . Store gasoline in acool , well - ventilated tiller : area , safely awayfrom any spark - or flame - ficiently . a . Walk behindand to one sideof the producing equipment . Store gasoline in an 25 . Thebatteryon electricstart model tillers tiller , usingone handon the han - approvedcontainer , safely awayfrom the ( if so equipped ) containssulfuric acid . Avoid dlebars . Relaxyour arm , butuse a reachof children . contactwith skin , eyes , or clothing . Keepout securehandgrip . of the reachof children . 6 . Referto the storage instructions in the b . Use shallowerdepthregulatorset - Maintenancesection of this Manual andin Antidote - ExternalContact : Flushimme - tings , workinggraduallydeeper the separateEngineOwner's Manualfor diatelywith lots of water . with each pass . instructions if the tiller is to be stored for c . Use slower enginespeeds . Antidote - l _ emal : Drink largequantities anextendedperiod . of wateror milk . Followwithmilk of mag - d . Clearthe tilling area of all large 7 . Neverperform maintenancewhile the stones , rootsandother debris . nesia , beateneggs or vegetableoil . Call engineis running or the spark plug wire is a doctor immediately . e . Avoidusingdownwardpressure on connected , exceptwhen specifically handlebars . If need be , use slight Antidote - EyeContact : Flushwith water instructed to do so . upwardpressureto keep the tines for 15 minutes . Get promptmedical 8 . If the fuel tank has to bedrained , do this from diggingtoodeeply . attention . outdoors .
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DECALS For your safety and the safety of others , various safety message decals are on your unit ( see Figure 1 - 2 ) = Keep the decals clean and legible at all times , Contact your local service dealer or the Factory for replacements if any decals are damaged or missing . Refer to the Parts List in this manual for decal locations , part numbers and ordering instructions , OperatingSymbols Control Descriptions Various symbols ( shown here , with word descriptionsm ) aybe usedonthe tillerandengine . Tine Warning ( on right side of hoodflap ) FAST SLOW STOP Starting Stabilization ( on front of engine Operating Instructions assembly ) andWarning Messages H I + 1 e REVERSE Hot Surfaces / MovingBelts CHOKE CHOKE ( on top of belt cover ) ON OFF ( - - o - - > ROTATING LEVERDIRECTION TINES 4011 : Z - - ) < " - - 411 Figure 1 - 2 : Locationof safetyand operating decals . TILLERDIRECTION TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY : • READTHEOWNER'SMANUAL . • KNOWLOCATIONSAND FUNCTIONSOFALL CONTROLS . • KEEPALL SAFETYDEVICESANDSHIELDSIN PLACEANDWORKING . • NEVERALLOWCHILDRENOR UNINSTRUCTEDADULTSTOOPERATETILLER . • SHUT OFFENGINEANDDISCONNECTSPARKPLUGWIRE BEFOREMANUALLYUNCLOG - GINGTINESOR MAKINGREPAIRS . • KEEPBYSTANDERSAWAYFROM MACHINE . • KEEPAWAY FROMROTATINGPARTS . • USE EXTREMECAUTIONWHENREVERSINGORPULLINGTHEMACHINETOWARDSYOU .
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Assembly HARDWARE BAGPARTS LIST 2O 3W Fig . To prevent personal injury or property Ref . Qty . Description damage , do not start the engineuntil all 60o 1 2 3 / 8 - 16 x 1 " Hex Hd = Screw assembly steps are complete and you have read andunderstandthe safetyand 2 1 KeyedWasher 700 3 1 Wheel GearLever Knob 9 _ operatinginstructionsin thisManual . 10 4 1 HeightAdJustment Flange Screw ( SeeFigure2 - 1A ) INTRODUCTION Figure2 . I : Loosehardware ( shownin 5 2 3 / 8 " FlatWasher reduced size ) . Carefully follow these assembly steps to 6 2 # 10 Lockwasher correctly prepareyour tiller for use = It is 7 2 3 / 8 " - 16 Nylock Locknut recommendedthat you read this Section 8 2 # 10 - 32 x 1 / 2 " Round Hd = in its entirety before beginning assembly . Screw 9 1 Cotter Pin ( not used ) INSPECTUNIT 10 4 Plastic Tie Strap ( 2 not used ) Figure2 . 1.4 : Handlebahr eightadjustment Inspect the unit and carton for damage usestheflangeheadscrew , Tools / Materials Needed immediately after delivery . Contact the carrier ( trucking company ) if you find or for Assembly suspect damage . Inform them of the ( 1 ) 3 / 8 " open - end wrench * damage and request instructions for filing ( 2 ) 9 / 16 " open - end wrench * a claim . To protect your rights , put your ( 1 ) 7 / 8 " open - end wrench or 8 " long claim in writing and mail a copy to the adjustablewrench carrier within 16days after the unit has ( 1 ) Scissors ( to trim plastic ties ) beendelivered . Contact us at the factory if ( 1 ) Ruler you needassistance in this matter . ( 1 ) Small board ( to tap plastic knob on lever ) UNPACKINGANDASSEMBLY ( 1 ) Tire pressure gauge INSTRUCTIONS ( 1 ) Cleanoil funnel Figure2 . 2 : Forwardclutchcontrolcable not ( 1 ) Clean , high - quality motor oil . Referto STEP 1 : UNPACKING INSTRUCTIONS shownfor clarity . the separateEngineOwner's Manual 1 . Removeany cardboard inserts and for motor oil specifications and 3 . With forwardclutchcable ( N , Figure packagingmaterial from the carton . quantity required . 2 - 3 ) on inside of handlebar , position Removeany staples from the bottom of * AdJustablewrenches may be used . handlebarends on outside of the two the carton and remove the carton = mounting tabs ( M , Figure2 - 2 ) on trans - 2 . Cutthe large , plastic tie strapthat IMPORTANT : Motor oil must be addedto mission top cover . securesthe transmission tube to the ship - the engine crankcasebefore the engine is 4 . Loosely attach the handlebars to the ping pallet . Leavethe handlebarson top of started . Followthe instructions in this mounting tabs with two 3 / 8 - 16 x 1 " the tillerto avoid damaging any cables . " Assembly " Section and in the separate screws ( heads of screws go to inside of 3 . A bagwith loose hardware is inside the EngineOwner's Manual . tabs ) , 3 / 8 " flat washers and 3 / 8 " - 16 lock - literature envelope = Check the contents nuts ( 0 , Figure 2 - 3 ) = NOTE : LEFTand RIGHTsides of the tiller against the following list and Figure 2 - 1 . 5 . Move the handlebars up or down to areas viewed from the operator's position Contact your local dealer or the factory if align the threaded hole in the cross - brace behind the handlebars . any items are missing or damaged . with one of the four slots in the curved 4 . Thetiller is heavy = You should not STEP 2 : ATTACHHANDLEBARS height adjustment bracket . Placethe attempt to remove it from the shipping keyedwasher ( E , Figure2 - 2 ) on the flange 1 . Cut the large , plastic cable ties that platform until instructed to do so in these securethe handlebarends to the handle - headheight adjustment screw ( F ) with the " Assembly " steps = raised keys ( edges ) of the washer facing bar mounting tabs on the transmission down . top cover . 2 . Gently lift handlebar ( do not over - stretch attached cable ) and place handle - bar cross - brace ( B , Figure 2 - 2 ) in front of curved height adjustment bracket ( C ) .
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STEP 3 : ATTACHREVERSE 2 . Theforward clutch control cable ( with CLUTCH CONTROL CABLE attached spring ) is hanging loosely near the right - side wheel . Beingcareful not to I . Carefully unwrap the reverseclutch kink or stretch the cable , insert the z - con - control cable ( H , Figure 2 - 5 ) from its ship - nector ( L , Figure2 - 7 - end of the spring ) ping position and route it up along the into the hole at the end of the forward inside edgeof the left side handlebar . A clutch control linkage ( K , Figure2 - 6 ) . knob and large hex nut ( I ) is installed on the cable . Left Side ReverseClutch Handlebar ControlKnob Figure 2.3 : Attachhandlebars . 6 . Thread the height adjustment screw ( F , Figure 2 - 2 ) into the hole in the handlebar cross - brace , making sure that the raised keys on the washerfit into the slot on the Figure2 . 7 height adjustment bracket . Tighten the height adjustment screw securely . Next , 3 . Attach the cable adjuster ( A , Figure securely tighten the two screws and nuts 2 - 8 ) to the bracket on the right - side han - in the ends of the handlebar ( M , Figure dlebar . Usetwo 1 / 2 " wrenches to loosen 2 - 2 ) . Figure 2.5 : Attach reverse clutchcontrol the twojam nuts ( B ) just enough to slide assembly to slottedhole in handlebarpanel . the cable adjuster onto the bracket . Then handtighten thejam nuts . 2 . Insert the cable into the slot in the control panel andfit the threaded assem - bly into the hole in the slot ( see Figure 2 - 5 ) . Besure that the flat side of the threaded assembly is alignedwith the flat / side of the hole . Slidethe hex nut ( I ) up Figure2 . 4 : Carefultyunwrap Wheel Gear Lever andmove lever to DISENGAGE . the cable and tighten it securely . 3 . Test the function of the reverseclutch control cable by pulling the knob out and 7 . To remove the tiller from its shipping Figure 2.8 platform , first carefully unwrap the wheel releasing it . The knob should return to its neutral position against the tapered gear cable ( with attached lever - see Figure 2 - 4 ) from around the chassis = Move the bushing when it is released . If it doesn't , Wheel GearLever ( G ) to the DISENGAGE contact your local dealer or the factory for Incorrectcable adjustmentcould cause technical assistance . position - - this allows the wheelsto rotate the wheels and tines to rotate unexpect - freely . Usethe handlebarsto roll the tiller edly . Follow adjustment procedures STEP 4 : ATTACHFORWARD off the platform . carefully . Failure to do so could result NOTE : The Wheel GearLever will be CLUTCH CONTROL CABLE in personalinjuryor propertydamage . installed later in this procedure . I . Removeany fasteners ( rubber bands , tape , etc . ) that may securethe Forward IMPORTANT : Usethe DISENGAGEposi - 4 . Checkfor correct spring / cable tension Clutch Control levers ( J , Figure2 - 6 ) to the tion only when the engine is not running . as instructed in Section 5 , Checkingand handlebar . Before starting the engine , the Wheel Gear Adjusting ForwardClutch Belt Tension . Lever must be placed in the ENGAGEposi - 5 . When tension is correct , tighten the tion ( see Section 3 for details ) . two jam nuts ( B , Figure 2 - 8 ) securely . Figure 2.6 : ForwardClutch Controllevers ( J ) . Forwardclutchcontrollinkage ( K ) .
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STEP 5 : CHECK TRANSMISSION GEAROIL LEVEL The transmission wasfilled with gearoil at the factory , However , besure to check the oil level at this time to makecertain it is correct . IMPORTANT : Do not operate the tiller if the gear oil level is low . Doing so will result in severedamageto the transmis - Figure 2 - 12 : Attach Wheel GearLever . sion components . 1 . With the tiller on level ground , pull the Figure 2 - 11 : Addinggear oil . Depth Regulator Lever ( L , Figure 2 - 9 ) back andthen slide it to the second notch from having a viscosity of SAE140 , SAE the top . NOTE : If the lever does not move , 85W - 140 or SAE80W - 90 . If refilling lift the fine hood flap and look for a plastic an empty transmission , use only GL - 4 tie securing the lever in place . Cut and gear oil having aviscosity of SAE removethe tie . 85W - 140 or SAE140 . ( c ) Using a clean funnel , slowly add gear oil until it flows from the gearoil level check hole ( N , Figure 2 - 11 ) . ( d ) Reinstall andtighten securely the gear oil fill plug ( M , Figure2 - 10 ) . STEP 6 : ADD MOTOR OIL TO ENGINE The tiller is shipped withoutoil in the engine . Figure 2.13 : Attach wheelgear cable and reverse clutchcable withcable ties ( S ) . IMPORTANT : Do not start the engine Figure 2.9 : Put lever in secondnotch . without first adding motor oil . Severe 2 . Removethe oil levelcheck plug ( M , 4 . Secure the wheel gear cable and the enqine damagewill result if the engine is reverseclutch control cable to the left - side Figure 2 - 10 ) on the left - sideof the trans - run without oil . mission . ( Dueto dried paint on the plug handlebarwith two plastic ties ( S , Figure 1 . Referto the separateEngineOwner's threads , it may require some force to 2 - 13 ) locatedabout two feet apart . Snip Manual for motor oil specifications and removethe plug the first time . ) The gear off any excesstie length with scissors . capacities . oil level is correct if oil starts to flow out of STEP 8 : CHECKAIR PRESSURE 2 . With the unit on levelground , move the hole as the plug is removed . If so , IN TIRES securely reinstall the plug . the DepthRegulator Lever ( L , Figure2 - 9 ) up or down until the engine is level . Usea tire pressuregauge to check the air 3 . Add motor oil as described in the pressure in both tires . Deflateor inflate EngineOwner's Manual . both tires equally to 15 - to - 20 PSi ( pounds per square inch ) . Besure that both tires 4 . Move the Depth Regulator Leverall the are inflated equally or the unit will pull to way down until the highest notch is one side . engaged . This placesthe tines in the " travel " position . STEP 9 : CHECK HARDWARE FOR TIGHTNESS STEP 7 : ATTACHWHEEL GEAR LEVER Inspectthe hardware on the unit and 1 . Insert the Wheel GearLever ( P , Figure Figure 2 - 10 : Gear oil level checkplug . tighten any loose screws , bolts and nuts . 2 - 12 ) up through the slot in the control 3 . If oil does not flow from the check panel that is labeled " WHEELGEAR . " hole , add oil as follows : 2 . Inserttwo # 10 - 32 x 1 / 2 " round head This completes the assembly steps . Be sureto read the rest of this Manual screws down through the " + " marks on NOTE : Do not use automatic transmission the control panel decal and securely attach fluid or motor oil in the transmission . beforeyouoperate yourtiller . the wheel gear mounting bracket using ( a ) Cleanareaaround the fill hole ( N , two # 10 Iockwashersand # 10 - 32 nuts . Figure 2 - 11 ) and unscrew gear oil fill 3 . Using a board , tap the Wheel Gear plug . Lever knob securely onto the lever . ( b ) If adding only a few ounces of gear oil , use API rated GL - 4 or GL - 5 gearoil
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Features and Controls 2 . Lift and hold one or both of the levers against the handlebargrips to engagethe wheels and tines . Before operating your machine , care - fully read and understand all safety , 3 . ReleaseBOTHleversto disengage controls and operating instructions in ( stop ) the wheels and tines . All forward this Manual , in the separate Engine motion will stop ( the engine will continue Owner's Manual , and on the decals on to run ) . the machine . REVERSECLUTCH CONTROL Failure to follow these instructionscan result in seriouspersonal injury . The ReverseClutch Control ( C , Figure 3 - 1 ) Figure 3.1 : Controlslocatedon handlebar . controls the engagementof reversedrive to the wheels and tines = INTRODUCTION The reversingfeature is usedfor maneu - Thissection describes the location and veringthe tiller only - neverengagethe function of the controls on your tiller . tines in the groundwhile reversing . Never place the Wheel Gear Lever in Referto Section 4 : Operationfor detailed DISENGAGE ( Freewheel ) when the operating instructions , To Operatethe ReverseClutch Control : engine is running . 1 . Put the Wheel GearLever in the Practice using these controls , withthe Having the Wheel Gear Lever in ENGAGEposition ( see previous engine shut off , until you understandthe DISENGAGE and then engaging the operation of the controls and feel confi - " WARNING " statement ) . tines / wheels with either Forward Clutch dent with each of them . 2 . Stop all tiller motion by releasing the Control Lever or Reverse Clutch Control ForwardClutch Control Levers = IMPORTANT : Referto the separateengine could allow the tines to propel the tiller manufacturer's EngineOwner's Manual for rapidly forwardor backward . 3 . Lift up the handlebars until the tines information about the controls on the clear the ground , look behind you to avoid Failure to follow this instruction could engine , any obstacles , andthen pull the Reverse result in personal injury or property Clutch Control knob out . The tines and WHEEL GEAR LEVER damage . wheels will rotate in a reversedirection = This lever ( A , Figure 3 - 1 ) hastwo posi - 4 . Releasethe ReverseClutch Control tions : ENGAGEand DISENGAGE . knob to disengage ( stop ) the wheels and In the ENGAGEposition , the wheels will tines = All reverse motion will stop ( the Never engagethe wheels andtines with start turning when either the Forward engine will continue to run ) . Forward Clutch Control Levers or Clutch Control or ReverseClutch Control Reverse Clutch Control unless the is engaged ( the tines will also start turning Wheel Gear Lever is in ENGAGE . when either is engaged ) . • Use extreme cautionwhen reversingor EngagingForwardClutchControl Levers The DISENGAGE ( freewheel ) position or Reverse Clutch Control when the pullingthe machine towardsyou . Look placesthe wheels in the freewheeling behindto avoid obstacles . wheels are not engagedcould allow the mode to allow the unit to bemoved tines to rapidly propel the tiller forward • Neverattempt to till in reverse . without the enginerunning . Usethe DIS - orbackward . ENGAGEposition only when the engine is Failure to follow this warning could Failure to follow this warning could not running . See " DANGER " statement result in personal injury or property that follows . result in personal injury or property damage . damage . To shift to ENGAGEg , ently ( do not force ) move the lever forward while also rolling DEPTH REGULATORLEVER the tiller a few inchesforward or back - FORWARD CLUTCH CONTROL This lever ( D , Figure 3 - 2 ) controls the ward . Moving the tiller helps to align the LEVERS tilling depth of the tines = Pull the lever shift mechanismwith the transmission The two interconnected levers ( B , Figure straight backand slide it up or down to wheel drive gears . 3 - 1 ) control the engagementof forward engagethe notched height settings = drive to thewheels and tines . To shift to DISENGAGE , move the lever The highest notch ( lever all the way down ) rearward , without rolling the tiller . The To Operate the ForwardClutch Control : raisesthe tinesapproximately 1 - 1 / 2 wheelswill roll freely when the lever is 1 . Before engagingthe ForwardClutch inchesoffthe ground . This " travel " posi - properly set into the DISENGAGEposition . tion allows the tiller to be moved without Control Levers , put the Wheel GearLever in the ENGAGEposition ( see " WARNING " the tines digging into the ground . above ) .
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ENGINE CONTROLS HANDLEBAR HEIGHT ADJUSTMENT The handlebar height is adjustableto four Referto the engine manufacturer's Engine Owner's Manual ( included in the tiller liter - different settings . When setting the height , keep in mind that the handlebars ature package ) to identify the controls on will be lower when the tines are engaged your engine . in the soil . IMPORTANT : The control for stopping the engine is located on the engine . To Adjustthe HandlebarHeight : 1 . Stop the engine , wait for all parts to Figure 3 - 2 , " Depth Regulator Lever . stop moving and then disconnect the SPECIALNOTICEREGARDING spark plug wire . Removethe ignition key Moving the lever up increases the tilling " MOTOROIL ALERTSYSTEM " on electric start models . depth . The lowest notch allows atilling The engine on your tiller is not 2 . Loosen the two screws at the lower depth of approximately six to eight inches , equipped witha functioning " Oil Alert ends of the handlebar . dependingon soil conditions . System " and you should ignore any 3 . Loosen the height adjustment flange For bestresults , always begintilling at a references in your Engine Owner's screw ( F , Figure 3 - 3 ) and pull the keyed very shallowdepth settingand gradually Manual regarding this feature . washer ( E ) free of the slots in the curved increasethe tilling depth . The " Oil Alert System " is not practi height adjustment bracket . Completedetails on using the Depth Reg - cal for use with your tiller because ulator arefound in Section 4 of this the engine is frequently operated in manual . non - level applications that would provide false readings to the system's oil level sensor These false readings would result in fre • Do not attempt to till too deeply too quent , and unnecessary , engine shut quickly . Gradually work down to downs . deepertilling depths . You can easily protect your engine • Place the Depth RegulatorLever in the from damage caused by insufficient " travel " position before starting the oil in the crankcase by simply engine . This position prevents the remembering to do the following : tines from touching the ground until • Check the motor oil level before youare ready to begintilling . Figure 3 - 3 starting the engine . Failure to follow this warning could 4 . Move the handlebarsto the new slot • Checkthe motor oil level after every result in personal injury or property setting and insert the raised keyson the five ( 5 ) hours of continuous damage . keyedwasher into the slot . Tighten the operation . height adjustment flange screw securely . 5 . Retighten the two screws at the ends of the handlebar .
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Operation ReverseClutchControl Lever ForwardCI Before operatingyour machine , carefully ControlLever ForwardClutch read and understandall safety ( Section ControlLever HandlebarHeight 1 ) , controls ( Section 3 ) and operating instructions ( Section 4 ) in this Manual , AdjustmentScrew in the separate EngineOwner's Manual , andon the decalson the machine . Failure to follow these instructionscan result in seriouspersonalinjury . INTRODUCTION Readthis section of the manual thor - oughly before you start the engine . Then , takethe time to familiarize yourself with Figure 4.1 the basic operation of the tiller before Donotengage the tinesor wheels until using it in the garden . Find an open , level you have read all of the operating areaand practice using the tiller controls GASOLINEIS HIGHLYFLAMMABLEAND instructionsin thissection , the safety without the tines engagingthe soil ( put ITSVAPORSAREEXPLOSIVE . rules in Section1 : Safety , andthe con - tines in " travel " setting ) . Only after you've trols informationin Section3 : Features Followgasolinesafetyroles inthis manual becomecompletely familiar with the tiller andControls . ( see Section1 ) and in the separateEngine should you begin using it in the garden . Owner'sManual . 1 . Completethe Pre - Start Checklist in this section . Failure to follow gasoline safetyinstruc - BREAK - INOPERATION tions can result in serious personal Performthe following maintenanceduring injury andpropertydamage . the first 2 ( two ) hours of new operation ( see Section 5 of this manual and the 6 . Fill the fuel tank with gasoline accord - Maintenancesection of the Engine ing to the directions in the separateEngine Owner's Manual ) . Owner's Manual . Followall instructions Keepawayfrom rotatingtines . Rotating 1 . Changemotor oil . and safetyrules carefully . tines will cause injury . 2 . Checkfor loose or missing hardware 7 . Attach spark plug wire to spark plug . on unit . Tighten or replaceas needed . 2 . Put the Wheel GearLever ( Figure 4 - 1 ) 3 . Checktransmission gear oil level . in the ENGAGEposition . 4 . Checktension on forward clutch belt . To help prevent serious personal injury 3 . Put the Depth Regulator Lever in the or damage to equipment : STARTING / STOPPINGENGINE " travel " position ( lever all the way down ) • Beforestarting engine , put Wheel Gear so that the tines areclear of the ground . PRE - START CHECKLIST Leverin ENGAGEposition . 4 . Releaseall controls on the tiller . Do the following before starting the • Beforestartingengine , putForwardClutch 5 . Put the engine switch in the ON posi - ControlLeversandReverseClutchControl engine : tion , as instructed in the separateEngine in neutral ( disengaged ) positions by 1 . Readthe Safetyand Featuresand Con - Owner's Manual . releasingcontrols . trois sections in this manual . Readthe 6 . On engines equippedwith a fuel valve , • Neverrunengine indoorsor in enclosed , separateEngineOwner's Manual provided movevalve to the ON position as poorly ventilated area . Engineexhaust by the engine manufacturer . instructed in the separateEngineOwner's containscarbonmonoxide , an odorless 2 . Check unit for loose or missing hard - Manual . anddeadlygas . ware . Serviceas required . 7 . Chokeor prime engine as instructed in • Avoidengine muffler and nearbyareas . 3 . Check motor oil level . SeeEngine the separateEngineOwner's Manual . Temperaturesin these areasmay exceed Owner's Manual . 150OF . 8 . Put the throttle lever in the start posi - 4 . Checkthat all safetyguards and covers tion as instructed in the separateEngine are inplace . Owner's Manual . STARTING THE ENGINE 5 . Checkair cleaner and enginecooling 9 . Operatethe recoil starter : The following steps describe how to start system . SeeEngineOwner's Manual . ( a ) Place one hand on fuel tank to sta - and stop the engine . bilize unit when you pull the starter handle .
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( b ) Usetherecoisl tarterropetostart ( a ) Pull up and hold one or both of the ( b ) Stop all forward motion before theenginaesinstructeindtheseparate Forward Clutch Control Leversagainst reversing . Lift the handlebarswith one the handlebars . To stop the wheels EnginOewnerM'sanuaWl . henthe hand until the tines are off the ground and tines , releaseboth levers . and then pull the ReverseClutch enginsetartsg , radualmlyovethe chokeleve ( rifusedt ) otheOPEN , Control knob out ( Figure4 - 3 ) . To stop CHOKOEFForRUNposition . reversemotion , let go of the Reverse Clutch Control knob . ( c ) Put the enginethrottle lever in the Do not push down on the handlebarsto 6 . To turn the tiller around : FASTsetting when tilling . make the tiller till more deeply . This prevents the wheels from holding tiller ( a ) Practice turning in a level , open STOPPING THE ENGINE back and can allow the tines to rapidly area . Bevery careful to keepyour feet 1 . To stop the wheels and tines , release propel the tiller forward , which could and legs awayfrom the tines . the Forward Clutch Control Levers or the result in loss of control , property ( b ) To start aturn , reduce the engine ReverseClutch Control knob ( whichever damage , or personalinjury . speedand then lift the handlebars until control you haveengaged ) . the engine and tines are balancedover 2 . To stop the engine , move the engine ( b ) As the tiller moves forward , relax the wheels ( Figure 4 - 4 ) . switch to the OFFposition ( if time allows , and let the wheels pull the unit along first movethe enginethrottle lever to the while the tines dig . Walk behind and a little to one side of the tiller . Usea SLOWposition ) . light but securegrip with one handon 3 . Turn the fuel valve ( if so equipped ) to the handlebars , but keep your arm the OFFposition . loose . SeeFigure4 - 2 . Let the tiller move aheadat its own pace . Do not OPERATINGTHETILLER push down on the handlebars to try and force the tiller to dig deeper - this takes weight off the wheels , reduces Before tilling , contactyour telephone or traction , and causesthe tines to try utilities company and inquire if and propel the tiller . undergroundequipment or lines are on Figure4 . 4 : Find balancepoint before turning . your property . ( c ) With tiller balanced , push sideways The following pages provide guidelines to on handlebarto move tiller in direction using your tiller effectively and safely in of the turn ( Figure 4 - 5 ) . After complet - various gardening applications . Besure to ing the turn , slowly lower the tines into read Tilling Tips & Techniquesin this the soil and increasethe engine speed . section before you actually put the tines into the soil , NOTE : This is a traditional " standard rotat - ing tine " tiller with forward rotating tines . It operatescompletely differently from CRT ( Counter Rotating Tines ) tillers or Figure4 . 2 : Guidingthetillerwithonehand . from low - cost front tine tillers . 5 . REVERSEMOTIONof the wheels and 1 . Follow the Pre - Start Checklist on the tines : previous page . Besure that the Wheel ( a ) Look behind and exercise caution GearLever is in the ENGAGEposition . when operating in reverse . Do not till 2 . Put the Depth Regulator Lever in the while in reverse . " travel " position ( lever all the way down ) so that the tines clear the ground . Use this position when practicing with or Figure4 . 5 : Pushhandlebarssidewaysto turn transporting the tiller . When you are tiller . readyto begin tilling , move the Depth Regulator Leverto the desired depth STOPPING THE TILLER AND ENGINE setting ( see Tilling Tips & Techniques ) . I . To stop the wheels andtines , release the ForwardClutch Control Leversor the 3 . Start the engineand allow it to warm ReverseClutch Control knob ( whichever is up . When warm , put throttle control in engaged ) . FASTspeed setting . 2 . To stop the engine , move the engine 4 . FORWARDMOTIONof the wheels and switch to the OFFposition . tines : Figure4 . 3 : Reversing thetiller .
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TILLING TIPS & TECHNIQUES • Avoid the temptation to push down on the handlebars in an • Avoid trying to dig too deeply too quickly , especially when busting sod or whentilling soil that hasn't beentilled for some attempt to force the tiller to dig deeper . Doing so takes the weight off the powered wheels , causing them to lose traction . time . Use shallow depth regulator settings ( only an inch or Without the wheels to help hold the tiller back , the tines will two deep ) for the first passesthrough the gardenarea . With each succeeding pass , adjust the depth regulator to dig attemptto propelthe tiller - often causingthe tiller to skip rapidly across the ground . ( Sometimes , slight downward pressureon another inch or two deeper . ( Wateringthe gardenareaa few the handlebarswill helpget through a particularly tough section days prior to tilling will maketilling easier , as will letting the of sod or unbroken ground , but in most cases this won't be newly worked soil set for a day or two before making a final , necessary . ) deeptilling pass . ) • When cultivating ( breakingup surfacesoil around plantsto destroyweeds , see Figure4 - 9 ) , adjustthe tines to dig only 1 " to 2 " deep . Usingshallowtilling depthshelpspreventinjury to plantswhoseroots oftengrow closeto the surface . If needed , lift up on the handle - bars slightly to preventthe tines from diggingtoo deeply . ( Cultivatingon a regularbasiseliminatesweeds , and loosensand aerates the soil for bettermoisture absorptionandfaster plantgrowth . ) With experience , you will find the ' _ justright " tilling depth and tilling speedcombinationthat is best for your garden . Set the enginethrottle lever at aspeed to give the engineadequatepower andyet allow it to operateat the slowest possiblespeed . . . at leastuntil you haveachievedthe maximumtilling depth you desire . Fasterenginespeedsmaybe desirablewhen makingfinal passes through the seedbedor when cultivating . Selectionof the correct enginespeed , in relation to the tilling depth , will ensurea sufficient power levelto dothejob without causingthe engineto labor . While tilling , relax and let the wheels pull Wheneverpossible , walk on the untilled Tilling wet soil often results in large , hard the tiller along while the tines do the side of the unit to avoid makingfootprints clumps of soil that can interferewith plant - in your freshly tilled or cultivated soil . digging . Walk on the side that is not yet ing . If time permits , wait a day or two after finished ( to avoid makingfootprints in the Footprintscausesoil compactionthat can heavyrains to allow the soil to dry before freshly tilled soil ) and lightly , but securely hamper root penetrationandcontribute to tilling . Test soil by squeezingit into a ball . soil erosion . They can also " plant " grip the handlebarwithjust onehand . If it compressestoo easily , it is too wet to unwanted weed seeds back into the till . freshly tilled ground . • Whenpreparinga seedbed , go over the samepath twice in the first row , then overlap one - half the tiller width on the rest of the passes ( see Figure 4 - 6 ) . Whenfinished in one direction , makea secondpassat a right angle , as shownin Figure4 - 7 . Overlapeachpassfor best results ( in very hardground , it maytakethree or four passesto thoroughly pulverizethe soil . ) Figure4 . 6 Figure4 . 7 • If the garden size will not permit lengthwise and then crosswise tilling , then overlap the first passes With planning , you can allow • • 41 J . _ , 4r _ by one - half a tiller width , followed enough room betweenrows IIJ'c _ I _ , _ J ' _ , , _ _ • by successive passes at one - Figure 4.8 to cultivate ( see Figure4 - 9 ) . I quarterwidth ( seeFigure4 - 8 ) . Leave room for the hood I - _ 1 _ - _ 1 - _ - _ ' 1 width , plus enough extra room for future _ % , 4 _ plant growth . Figure4 . 9
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TILLING TIPS & TECHNIQUES ( cont . ) Power composting simply means tilling under and burying in the soil all manner of organic matter such as crop residues , leaves , grass clippings and cover crops . This materialwill decomposeduring the non - growingseasonandadd importantnatural nutri - When power composting , do not keep entsto the soil . the Depth Regulator Lever at a deep setting if the tillerjumps or bucks . The first placeto begin is with crop residuessuch as leftovervines , stalks , stems and roots . Powercompost thesecrop residuesas soon as they finish bearing . The sooner Ifjumping or buckingoccurs , movethe this is done , the better , as tender green matter is easierto till under . Usethe deepest Depth Regulator Lever down to a depth regulatorsetting possiblewithout causingthe engineto laboror the tiller to jump shallow setting and then slowly ahead . increase the tilling depth on later Standingcornstalks of reasonableheight can be power composted . Pushingover ( but passes . not uprooting ) cornstalkswill often makeit easierto chop up the stalks . Keepthe tines Failure to follow this warning could clear of excessivetangling by " fishtailing " or frequently using reverse . Make several result in personal injury , passes , then return afew dayslaterto finish off any remainingstubble . After tilling under crop residues , add more organic matter such as leaves , grass clip - pings andevenkitchen scraps . Whentilled into the soil , this organic matterwill decom - poseandaddevenmore important nutrientsto the soil . After power composting , you maywant to plant a " green manure " cover crop to protect the soil during the off - season . You simply grow a crop of clover , alfalfa , buckwheat , peas , beans , rye grass , grain , or kale and then till it into the soil prior to the planting season . Readthe following recommendationsbeforetilling onslopes : Do not operate the tiller on a slope too If you must garden on a moderate slope , please follow two very important guidelines : steep for safety . When on slopes , slow down and make sure you have good I . Till only on moderateslopes , never on steep ground where footing is difficult footing . Never permit the tiller to free - ( reviewsafetyrules in SectionI : Safetyof this manual ) . wheel downslopes . 2 . We recommendtilling up and down slopesrather than terracing . Tilling vertically Failure to follow this warning could on a slopeallowsmaximumplantingareaandalso leavesroom for cultivating . result in personalinjury . IMPORTANT : When tilling on slopes , be sure the correct oil level is maintainedin Tilling AcrossSlopesWithout UsingTer - the engine ( check everyone - half hour of operation ) . The incline of the slope will races ( HorizontalTilling ) causethe oil to slant awayfrom its normal level andthis can starveengine partsof requiredlubrication . Keepthe motor oil levelat the full point at all times ! • If vertical or terracegardeningaren't practi - cal for you , then you can till laterallyacross Tilling Upand DownSlopes ( VerticalTilling ) a slope . We don't recommendthis method as it can createunsure footing and invites • To keepsoil erosionto a minimum , besure to add enoughorganic matter to the soil erosion . soil so that it has goodmoisture - holdingtextureandtry to avoid leavingfootprints or wheelmarks . • As in terrace gardening , start at the top of the slope and overlapthe first passby half • When tilling vertically , try to make the first pass uphill as the tiller digs more the width of the tiller . For addedstabilityof deeplygoing uphill than it does downhill . In soft soil or weeds , you may haveto the tiller , alwayskeepthe uphill wheelin the lift the handlebarsslightly while going uphill . When going downhill , overlap the soft , newlytilled soil . first passby aboutone - halfthe width of the tiller . Terrace Gardening • On a long slope , you can make severalterraces , one below the • When a slope is too steepor too short for vertical tilling , it may other . be necessaryto till across the slope and createterraced rows . Terracesarerows that arecut into the side of a slope , creatinga • Terracesshould beonly 240 - 3 feet wide . Diggingtoo far into the narrow , but flat areaonwhich to plant . side of the slope will exposepoor subsoil that is unproductive for plants .
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TILLING TIPS & TECHNIQUES ( cont . ) Terrace Gardening ( continued ) • To createa terrace , start at the top of the slope and workdown . Go back andforth O _ I _ ' O acrossthe first row as shownin Figure4 - 10 . _ O • Eachsucceedinglower terraceis started by walkingbelow the terraceyou're prepar - O _ J _ ing . For addedstability of the tiller , always keepthe uphill wheel in the soft , newly tilled soil . Do not till the last 12 " or more of the downhill outsideedgeof eachterrace . O _ q _ ' _ " E _ ' E * T This untilledstrip helps preventsthe terracesfrom breakingapartand washingdownhill . It alsoprovidesawalkingpath betweenrows . Figure4 . 10 • It may be necessaryto remove the debris by Thetines havea self - clearingactionwhich eliminatesmost tangling of debris in hand ( a pocket knifewill help you to cut away the tines . However , occasionallydry grass , stringy stalks or tough vines may the material ) . Be sure to stop the engine and becometangled . Followthese proceduresto help avoid tangling andto clean disconnectthe sparkplug wire before clearing the tines , if necessary . the tines by hand . • To reduce tangling , set the depth regulator deep enough to get maximum " chopping " actionas the tines chop the materialagainstthe ground . Also , try to till under crop residues or cover crops while they are green , moist and tender . Beforeclearing the tines by hand , stopthe engine , allow all movingparts to stopand • While power composting , try swayingthe handlebarsfrom side to side ( about disconnect the spark plug wire . Remove 6 " to 12 " ) . This " fishtailing " actionoften clearsthe tinesof debris . the ignitionkeyon electric start models . • If tangling occurs , lift the tines out of the soil and run the tiller in reverse ( if Failure to follow this warning could result unit is equippedwith powered reverse ) for a few feet . This reversingaction in personalinjury . shouldunwind a gooddealof debris . LOADINGAND UNLOADING • Usesturdy ramps and manually ( engine • When going up ramps , stand in the shut off ) roll the tiller into andout of the normal operating position and push the THE TILLER vehicle . Two or more people are needed tiller aheadof you . Havea person at to do this . each side to turn the wheels . • Ramps must be strong enough to • When going down ramps , walk backward Loading and unloading the tiller into a support the combined weight of the tiller with the tiller following you . Keepalert vehicle is potentially hazardousand we and any handlers . The ramps should for any obstacles behind you , Position a don't recommenddoing so unlessabso - person at eachwheel to control the provide good traction to preventslipping ; lutely necessary , as this could result in they should haveside rails to guidethe speed of the tiller . Nevergo down ramps personalinjuryor propertydamage . tiller along the ramps ; and they should tiller - first , as the tiller could tip forward . However , if youmust load or unloadthe havea locking deviceto securethem to • Placewooden blocks on the downhill tiller , follow the guidelinesgiven next . the vehicle . side of the wheels if you needto stop the • The handlers should wear sturdy tiller from rolling down the ramp , Also , footwear that will help to prevent use the blocks to temporarily keepthe • Before loading or unloading , stop the slipping . tiller in place on the ramps ( if neces - engine , wait for all parts to stop moving , sary ) , and to chock the wheels in place disconnect the spark plug wire and let • Position the loading vehicle so that the after the tiller is in the vehicle , the engine and muffler cool . Removethe ramp angle is as flat as possible ( the less ignition keyon electric start models . incline to the ramp , the better ) . Turn the • After loading the tiller , prevent it from vehicle's engineoff and apply its parking rolling by engagingthe wheels ( put • Thetiller is too heavy ( over 170 Ibs . ) and brake . Wheel GearLever in ENGAGE ) . Chock bulky to lift safely by one person . Two or the wheelswith blocks and securely tie more peopleshould share the load . the tiller down .
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Maintenance CHECK FOR OIL LEAKS Beforeeach use , check tiller for signs of Before inspecting , cleaning or oil leakage - - usually a dirty , oily accumu - E servicing the machine , shutoff engine , lation either on unit or on floor where it wait for all moving parts to come to a has beenparked . complete stop , disconnect spark plug A little seepagearound a cover or oil seal wire and move wire away from spark is usually not causefor alarm . However , if plug . Remove ignition key on electric oil drips overnight , then immediate atten - start models . tion is needed - - ignoring a leak can result Failure to follow these instructionscan in severetransmission damage . result in seriouspersonal injuryor prop - If a cover leaks , try tightening any loose erty damage . screws or bolts . If fasteners aretight , a new gasket or oil seal may be needed . If MAINTENANCESCHEDULE leakageoccurs around a shaft and oil seal , Figure5 - I PROCEDURE NOTES the oil seal probably needs replacement . Seean authorized dealeror contact the Check motor oil level 2 , 3 • Removetines and clean tine shafts ( C , factory for service or advice . Figure 5 - I ) . Inspect tines for rust , rough Clean engine 2 , 7 Check clutch belt tension 1 , 4 spots or burrs ( especially around holes ) . IMPORTANT : Neveroperate tiller if trans - File or sand smooth andcoat ends of Check nuts and screws 1 , 4 mission is low on oil . Checkoil level after shaft with grease . Change motor oil 1 , 4 , 6 every 30 hours of operation and whenever Lubricate tiller 4 • Oil threads on handlebarheight adjust - there is any oil leakage . ment flange screw ( D , Figure5 - I ) . Service foam pre - cieaner air filter 7 TRANSMISSION GEAR OIL SERVICE ( if so equipped ) • Oil threads on handlebarattaching Service paper air filter ( if so equipped ) 7 Gear Oil Specifications screws ( E , Figure5 - I ) . Check gear oil level in transmission I , 5 For small top - offs : UseSAE140 , SAE Check tines for wear 5 CHECK HARDWARE 85W - 140 , or SAE80W - 90 gear oil with an Check air pressure in tires 5 Check unit for loose / missing hardware API rating of either GL - 4 or GL - 5 . Service spark plug 7 after every10 operating hours . Loose or Forfull replacement : UseSAE140 or SAE missing hardware can leadto equipment NOTES 85W - 140 gear oil with API rating of GL - 4 failure , poor performance , or oil leaks . ( do not use GL - 5 ) . Checktransmission - After first 2 hours of break * in operation . 2 - Before eachuse . gear oil level after every 30 hours of oper - Besure to check the three end cap mount - 3 - Eve / y 5 operating hours . ation or wheneveran oil leak appears . ing screws locatedat the rear of the trans - 4 - Eve / y 10 operating hours . Operating the tiller when transmission is mission ( Figure 5 - 2 ) . Lift the tine flap to 5 - Eve / y 30 operating hours . low on oil can result in severedamage . service those screws . 6 - More frequently in dusty or dirty conditions . A . To CheckTransmissionGearOil 7 - See Engine Owner's Manual for service recommendations . Level : 8 - Whichever time interval occurs first . 1 . Checkgear oil level when transmission is cool . Gearoil expandswhen warm and TILLER LUBRICATION will result in an incorrect oil level reading . Proper lubrication of the tiller is an essen - 2 . To check gearoil level ( and to add oil , if tial part of your maintenance program . necessary ) , see Section 2 , STEP5 : Check After every 10 operating hours , oil or GearOilLevel in Transmission . Also see greasethe lubrication points shown in B . To Drain and Refill Transmissionin this Figure 5 - 1 , as described below . Figure5 . 2 section . Usegeneral purpose lubricating oil ( # 30 CHECK TIRE PRESSURE weight motor oil is suitable ) and a general B . To Drain andRefill the Transmission : Check air pressure in both tires . Deflate or purpose grease ( greasethat has a metal The transmission gearoil does not need lubricant is preferred , if available ) . inflate both tires evenlyto 154o - 20 PSI changing unless it has beencontaminated ( pounds per square inch ) . Besure that • Removewheels and cleanwheel shaft with dirt , sand or metal particles . both tires have same air pressure or unit ( A , Figure5 - 1 ) . Apply a thin coating of will pull to one side . I . Prop up left side of unit so that it is grease to shaft before reinstalling securely supported . Remove left - side wheels . wheel by removing wheel mounting • Greaseback , front and sides of Depth hardware . RegulatorLever ( B , Figure 5 - 1 ) .
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I _ Beforeinspecting , cleaning or servicingthe machine , shutoff engine , wait for all movingpartsto cometo I a complete stop , remove ignition keyon electric start models , disconnectsparkplug wire and movewire I awayfrom sparkplug . Fa ure to fo ow these nstructonscan resut n ser ous persona njuryor propertydamage . ENGINE OIL SERVICE SPARK ARRESTER SCREEN SERVICE 2 . Unscrew plastic gearoil fill plug from top of transmission . Check motor oil level before starting If the engine muffler is equippedwith a engine each day and after each 5 hours of sparkarrester screen , removeand clean it 3 . Placea clean pan below the transmis - continuous operation . Running engine according to the time intervals and sion drain plug ( see Figure5 - 3 ) and then when oil level is low will quickly ruin instructions in the separateEngine removethe drain plug . Oil will flow from Owner's Manual . engine . the drain hole ( it may flow slowly , espe - cially in cold temperatures ) . It is recommended that you change motor ENGINE CLEANING oil after every 10 hours of operation and The engine must bekept cleanto assure even sooner when operating in extremely smooth operation andto prevent damage dirty or dusty conditions , from overheating . Refer to the Engine A . To CheckMotor Oil Level : Owner's Manual for specific repair and cleaning instructions . All inspections and I . Movetiller to level areaand stop servicesmust bedone with the engine engine . shut off and cool to the touch . 2 . Levelengine by putting Depth Regula - tor Lever into second notch from top . CARBURETOR / GOVERNOR CONTROL 3 . Cleanarea around oil dipstick or oil fill ADJUSTMENTS tube ( whichever applies ) to prevent dirt from falling into crankcase . 4 . On engines with an oil fill tube , remove Operators shall not tamper with the filler cap and add oil ( if required ) until it engine governor settings ; the governor reachestop of tube . Reinstall filler cap . controls the maximum safe operating Figure5 - 3 . " Remove drainplug to drain 5 . On engines with a dipstick , remove , speed to protect the engine and all transmissiongear oil ( also remove oil fill wipe clean , and reinstall finger - tight . moving parts from damage caused by plug and oil level checkplug ) . Removedipstick again and check reading . overspeed . Authorized service shall be Add oil ( if required ) to FULL mark . Do not soughtif a problemexists . 4 . Removetransmissiongear oil level overfill . Referto EngineOwner's Manual check plug located afew inches above left - The carburetor was adjusted at the factory for complete details . side wheel shaft . for best operating speed . Referto the 5 . Whenoil stops flowing , tilttransmis - B . To ChangeMotor Oil : separateEngineOwner's Manual for any sion forward to drain oil from rear of adjustment information or seeyour autho - Change motor oil as instructed in separate transmission . rized engineservice dealer . EngineOwner's Manual . 6 . After draining oil , clean threads of drain The governor controls the maximum safe AIR CLEANER SERVICE plug , apply non - hardening , removable operating speed and protects the engine gasket sealantto threads , and securely The engine air cleaner filters dirt and dust and all moving parts from damage caused out of the air before the air enters the car - reinstall drain plug . by overspeeding . Do not tamper with the buretor . Operating the engine with a dirty , engine governor settings . Seekan autho - 7 . Usea clean funnel to slowly add SAE clogged air filter can cause poor perfor - rized service dealer if a problem exists . 140 or SAE85W - 140 weight gearoil ( API manceand damagethe engine . Never rating of GL - 4 only ) to the transmission . THROnLE CONTROL ADJUSTMENT operate the engine without an air cleaner The transmission holds approximately 3 - installed . Inspect and service the air If the engine does not respond to various 1 / 4 pints ( 52 - 54 ounces ) . Tilt the tiller cleaner more often if operating in very throttle lever settings , refer to the separate slightly backwardsto makesure thegear dusty or dirty conditions . EngineOwner's Manual for service infor - oil reachesthe rear ( Line ) end of the trans - Servicethe air cleaner as instructed in the mation or contact your local authorized mission . Stop adding gear oil when it engine service dealer . begins to flow from the oil level check hole EngineOwner's Manual , on the side of transmission . WHEEL GEAR CABLE ADJUSTMENT SPARK PLUG SERVICE 8 . Securelyreinstall oil level check plug . When the Wheel GearLever is in DISEN - Inspect and clean or replacethe spark 9 . Securelyreinstall gear oil fill plug on GAGE , the wheelswill roll freely ( free - plug after every 100operating hours or top of transmission . wheel ) , The wheelsshould not roll freely annually . Cleanthe plug and set the gap when the lever is in ENGAGE , If the as described in EngineOwner's Manual , 10 . Reinstall wheel and remove prop .
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I a complete stop , removeignition keyon electric start models , disconnectsparkplug wire and move wire I awayfrom sparkplug . _ Beforeinspecting , cleaningor servicingthe machine , shutoff engine , wait for all movingpartsto cometo I Fa ure to fo ow these nstructonscan resut n ser ouspersona njuryor propertydamage . 4 . Store unit in a clean , dry area , wheels roll freely when the Wheel Gear Lever is in ENGAGEt , he wheel gear cable 5 . Neverstore tiller with fuel in fuel tank in needsto be adjustedas described below . an enclosed areawhere gas fumes could reach anopen flame or spark , or where 1 . With engine shut off and spark plug wire disconnected , put Wheel GearLever ignition sources are present ( space in ENGAGE . heaters , hot water heaters , furnaces , etc . ) . 2 . Loosentop adjustment nut ( A , Figure BOLO TINES 5 - 4 ) on wheel gearcable bracket located Tines will wear withuse and should be of Tine on left side rear of transmission . inspectedat the beginning of eachtilling Figure5 - 6 : Removingsingle tine . season and after every 30 operating hours . C . Removingand Installing Tines can be replaced individually or as a Tine Assemblies : complete set . Never inspect or service tinesunless engine is stopped , spark plug 1 . With engine shut off and spark plug wire is disconnected , and ignition key is wire disconnected , remove tine hood by removed on electric start models . removing two attaching screwsat rearof hood and two attaching screws at front of A . Tine Inspection : hood . With use , tines will become shorter , nar - 2 . If removing both tine assemblies , mark C rower and pointed ( Figure 5 - 5 ) . Badly them " left " and " right " before removal . worn tines result in loss of tilling depth Removethe screw and Iocknutthat secure and reduced effectivenesswhen chopping the tine assemblyto the tine shaft ( Photo Figure 5.4 : Wheelgear cable assembly . up and turning under organic matter . Use 5 - 7 ) . If necessary , use a rubber mallet to Figure5 - 5 as a guide to when to replace tap tine assemblyoutward off shaft . 3 . Push wheel gear cable ( B ) down and tines . roll tiller slightly forward or backwarduntil eccentric lever ( C ) engages ( locks ) Moderate Wear NewTine \ wheels . Hold cable in that position and tighten top ( A ) and bottom ( D ) adjustment nuts . 4 . MoveWheel GearLever into ENGAGE and DISENGAGEseveraltimes to check adjustment . The wheels should not roll when lever is in ENGAGE , but should roll when lever is in DISENGAGE . Readjust cable as required . Figure 5 - 5 : Checkingtines for wear . Figure5 - 7 : Removingtine assembly . OFF SEASON STORAGE 3 . Before reinstalling a fine assembly , To preparetiller for extendedstorage : B . Removinga Single Tine : inspect fine shaft for rust , rough spots or 1 . With engine shut off and spark plug 1 . Cleantiller and engine . burrs andfile or sand as needed . Apply a wire disconnected , removetwo screws 2 . Do routine tiller lubrication ( see Tiller thin coat of greaseto shaft . and nuts that attach a single tine to a tine Lubrication ) and check for loose parts and 4 . Install each tine assembly so that the holder ( Figure 5 - 6 ) . If needed , use pene - hardware ( see Check Hardware ) . cutting edge of tines enter soil first when trating oil to help free nuts . tiller moves forward . Securetine assem - 3 . Protect engine by performing the rec - 2 . When installing asingle tine , be sure to ommended enginestorage instructions in bly to tine shaft using screw and Iocknut position it so that its cutting edge enters EngineOwner's Manual . NOTE : Besure to previously removed . Tighten securely . the soil first as the tiller moves forward . protect fuel lines , carburetor and fuel tank 5 . Replacetine hood using four screws from gum deposits by removing fuel or by previously removed . Tighten securely . treating fuel with fuel stabilizer ( follow enginemanufacturer's recommendations ) .
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J _ Beforeinspecting , cleaning or servicingthe machine , shutoff engine , wait for all movingpartsto cometo I a complete stop , remove ignition keyon electric start models , disconnectsparkplug wire and movewire I awayfrom sparkplug . Fa ure to fo ow these nstructonscan resut n ser ous persona njuryor propertydamage . CHECKING AND ADJUSTING TENSION ON CLUTCH BELT Follow the belt adjustment instructions carefully . An incorrectadjustmentcould result in the clutch control mechanism engaging too soon . This could cause loss of tiller control and result in per - 2 - 1 / 2 " sonal injuryor propertydamage . extended Figure 5.9 : Reverse clutchbelt ( D ) . Maintaining correct belt tension is impor - \ ( Right - side view , no belt cover . ) tant to good tillingperformance and long belt life . A loose belt will slip on the Figure 5 - 11 : Correctspringlength when engineand transmission pulleys and Forward Clutch Leversare engagedis 2 - 1 / 2 " . Checking and Adjusting causethe tines and wheelsto slow down ForwardClutchBeltTension - or stop - eventhough the engine is Adjustingthe ForwardClutchBelt CheckingForwardBelt Tension running at full speed . A loose belt will also result in premature belt wear . 1 . Before adjusting , shut off engine , allow the engineand muffler to cool down , dis - While checking belt tension , also check Incorrect cable adjustment could cause connect the spark plug wire , and remove for cracks , cuts or frayed edges . A belt in the wheels and tines to rotate unexpect - the ignition keyon electric start models . poor condition should be replaced . edly . Follow adjustment procedures 2 . The coiled part of the forward clutch carefully . Failure to doso could resultin Tensionon a new forward clutch belt ( C , spring ( E , Figure 5 - 10 ) measures 2 " in personal injuryor propertydamage . Figure 5 - 8 ) should be checked after the length when the ForwardClutch Control first two ( 2 ) hours of operation and after levers ( G ) are not pulled up . Pull either Do this procedure if the forward clutch everyten ( 10 ) hours of operation . Forward Clutch Control Lever up against spring measurementis not correct ( see the handlebarand measurethe length of CheckingForward Belt Tension ) . the extendedcoil . Tension is correct if the 1 . Before adjusting , shut off engine , allow length of the extendedcoil is 2 - 1 / 2 " ( see the engineand muffler to cool down , dis - Figure 5 - 11 ) . The forward clutch control connect the spark plug wire , and remove cable needs adjustment if the extended the ignition keyon electric start models . length of the coil is not 2 - 1 / 2 " . See 2 . Belt adjustments are done with the Adjusting the Forward Clutch Beltfor a forward clutch cable adjuster ( F , Figure procedure . 5 - 10 ) . Use two 1 / 2 " , open - endwrenches to loosen the two jam nuts ( A , Figure 5 - 12 ) a few turns . Figure 5.8 : Forwardclutchbelt ( C ) . ( Left . side view , no belt cover . ) The reverseclutch belt ( D , Figure 5 - 9 ) , becauseit is used more sparingly , may not require tension adjustment until a sig - nificant number of operating hours has passed . A tension adjustment is required Tension . _ only if there is little or no reversemove - ment when the ReverseClutch Control Figure5 - 10 : Locationofforwardclutchcable Figure 5.12 : Move forwardclutch cable knob is pulled out . spring ( E ) andforwardcableadjuster ( F ) . adjusterdown for more belt tension .
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I a complete stop , remove ignition key on electric start models , disconnectsparkplug wire andmove wire I awayfrom sparkplug . _ Beforeinspecting , cleaningor servicingthe machine , shutoff engine , wait for all movingpartsto cometo Fa ure to fo ow these nstructonscan resut n ser ouspersona njuryor propertydamage . NOTE : Do not loosen the nuts more than afew turns for each adjustment check . 3 . Move cable adjuster ( B , Figure 5 - 12 ) downward for more belt tension . 4 . Handtighten thejam nuts andpull the ForwardClutch Control levers up against Move cable the handlebar . Measurethe spring coil adjusteraway ( Figure 5 - 11 ) . The extendedlength of the from pulleysto coil should be 2 - 1 / 2 % Repeatthis proce - increasereverse dure until the extended spring length is belt tension . correct . Figure5 - 14 : Reverseclutchcable adjuster . Figure5 - 15 : Forward clutchcontrol NOTE : A new belt is neededwhen thejam Left - side view withbelt coverremoved . assembly . nuts are adjusted close to the end of the threadedadjuster . 4 . Move the cable adjuster ( D , Figure RemovingForwardClutch Belt 5 . Tighten bothjam nuts securely . 5 - 14 ) awayfrom the pulleys to increase 1 . Stop engine , allow it to cool and dis - belt tension . connect spark plug wire before working Checking andAdjustingReverse NOTE : A new belt is neededwhen thejam Clutch BeltTension near belts = Also remove ignition key on nuts are adjusted closeto the endof the electric start models = CheckingReverseClutchBelt Tension threadedadjuster . 2 . Remove the two nuts ( C , Figure 5 - 13 ) The reverseclutch belt ( D , Figure5 - 9 ) 5 . Tighten bothjam nuts securely . and remove the belt cover . needsadjustment if the belt slips in 6 . Pull backon the ReverseClutch Control 3 . Move the reverseclutch belt ( A , Figure reverseor if thereis no reverse . See knob and make sure that the reverse 5 - 16 ) out of the way . Presson the reverse Adjusting ReverseClutch Belt below . clutch belt fully contacts the groove in the idler pulley to createslack . Then slip the engine pulley . Releaseknob and make AdjustingReverse ClutchBelt bottom half of the belt completely off the sure that the belt doesn't engagethe transmissionpulley . Pull the bottom half 1 . Before adjusting the belt , shut off reverse engine pulley ( L , Figure5 - 14 ) . If it of the belt out of the housing and let it engine , allow the engine and muffler to does , it may causethe unit to move in hang outside the unit ( B ) . cool down , disconnect the spark plug reversewhen the Wheel GearLever is wire , and remove the ignition key on elec - engaged . Adjust the cable for less tension tric start models . if this condition occurs . See Checking 2 . Removethe two flange Iocknuts ( C , and Adjusting Reverse Belt Tensionfor Figure 5 - 13 ) and removethe belt cover . more information . 7 . Reinstallthe belt cover . 8 . Move the unit to an open areaand test the reverse operation . Repeatthis proce - dure if the unit does not respond when the reverse clutch is engaged . FORWARD CLUTCH BELT REMOVAL AND REPLACEMENT The forward clutch belt ( K , Figure 5 - 15 ) engagesthe engine pulley ( I ) andthe FigureS _ 16 Figure5 - 13 : Beltcover . transmissionpulley ( J ) when either 3 . Reversebelt tension adjustments are ForwardClutch Control Lever is pulled up 4 . On left - side of unit , disconnect the donewith the reverseclutch cable adjuster against the handlebar . Pulling the lever ( s ) forward clutch cablefrom the forward locatedon the left side of the machine tightensthe forward clutch cable ( G ) clutch idler arm bracket ( Figure 5 - 17 ) . nearthe engine ( D , Figure 5 - 14 ) . Use two which causes theforward clutch idler Notethe hole from which you disconnect 1 / 2 " open - end wrenches to loosen the two pulley ( H ) to apply tensionto theforward the cable . It is important to reconnect the adjusterjam nuts ( E ) afew turns . clutch belt . This causesthe belt to trans - cable to the same hole . NOTE : Do not loosen the nuts more than fer power from the engine pulley to the afew turns for each adjustment check . transmissionpulley for Forward movement .
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J _ Beforeinspecting , cleaning or servicingthe machine , shutoff engine , wait for all movingpartsto cometo I a complete stop , remove ignition keyon electric start models , disconnectsparkplug wire and movewire I awayfrom sparkplug . Fa ure to fo ow these nstructonscan resut n ser ous persona njuryor propertydamage . PressForwardClutchIdler Arm inward to take pres * Figure5 . 20 : Correct forward clutchcable positioning . 7 . Pull back on the ReverseClutch Forward Control knob and makesure that the ClutchCable Connection Figure 5.19 reverseclutch belt fully contacts the groove in the enginepulley . Releaseknob Figure 5.17 and make sure that the belt doesn't Installing ForwardClutch Belt engagethe reverseengine pulley . If it 1 . Stop engine , allow it to cool and dis - does , it may causethe unit to move in connect spark plug wire before working reversewhen the Wheel GearLever is nearbelts . Also remove ignition key on engaged . Adjust the cable for less tension electric start models . if this condition occurs . See Checking 2 . Removethe old forward clutch belt as andAdjusting Reverse Belt Tension . described in Removing Forward Clutch 8 . Reinstall the belt cover . Belt . 9 . Test for correct tension on the forward 3 . Fromthe front of tiller , insert the clutch belt . SeeChecking Forward Belt forward clutch belt in betweenthe bottom Tension . of the enginepulley ( I , Figure5 - 19 ) and the top of transmission pulley ( P ) . 10 . Move the unit to an openarea andtest the reverseoperation . It needs adjustment 4 . Insert the bottom half of belt into the if the belt slips in reverseor if there is no smaller , rear - most groove of the transmis - reverse . SeeAdjusting ReverseClutch sion pulley ( E , Figure 5 - 18 , in the direction Belt . of arrow 3 ) . Now slip the top half of belt behind the belt guide ( D , Figure 5 - 18 , in Figure 5.18 : Right . side view , REVERSECLUTCH BELT REMOVAL the direction of arrow 4 ) and onto the AND REPLACEMENT 5 . Slide the forward clutch belt off the largegroove of engine pulley ( C , Figure 5 - The reverseclutch belt ( J , Figure 5 - 21 ) is engine pulley ( C , Figure5 - 18 ) , awayfrom 18 ) . driven by the engine pulley ( I , Figure5 - engine ( in the direction of arrow 1 ) , out 5 . Reconnectthe forward clutch cableto 19 ) . When the ReverseClutch Control from behind the belt guide ( D ) , and com - the correct hole in the idler arm bracket , knob is pulled out , it pulls the reverse idler pletely off the pulley . as shown in Figure5 - 17 . arm and pulley ( N , Figure5 - 21 ) inward , 6 . Slip the belt off the front of the trans - which tightens the belt against the engine NOTE : Besure to position theclutch cable mission pulley ( E , Figure5 - 18 , in the pulley . This drives the transmission pulley on the pulley side ( G , Figure5 - 20 ) of the direction of arrow 2 ) . ( L ) , resulting in reversemotion . left - side cover support bracket ( J ) . 7 . Work the belt out from betweenthe IMPORTANT : Belt must be installed RemovingReverseClutchBelt pulley andthe frame , around the transmis - behindthe belt guide ( H , Figure5 - 20 ) . 1 . Stop engine , allow it to cool and dis - sion cover spring , then up and out of the machine . 6 . Reinstall the reverseclutch belt . Insert connect spark plug wire before working the bottom of the belt into the frame , then nearbelts . Also remove ignition key on electric start models . pull down on the belt and slip it onto the large , forward - most groove of the trans - 2 . Removebelt cover ( Figure 5 - 13 ) by mission pulley ( P , Figure 5 - 19 ) . removing two flange Iocknuts ( C ) .
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I _ Beforeinspecting , cleaningor servicingthe machine , shutoff engine , wait for all movingpartsto cometo I a complete stop , removeignition keyon electric start models , disconnectsparkplug wire and move wire I awayfrom sparkplug . Fa ure to fo ow these nstructonscan resut n ser ouspersona njuryor propertydamage . 4 . Mount the belt guide betweenthe two flat washersand tighten snugly . The guide needs adjusting before fully tightening . 5 . ( You will needan assistant to help with this step . ) Pull the reverse idler pulley ( Y ) up to its highest point and position the belt guide ( Z ) horizontally level as shown in Figure 5 - 22 . Securelytighten the screw Nhen Reverse and Iocknut ( M , Figure 5 - 21 ) . dler arm pulley ry ) is pulled all 6 . Pull back on the ReverseClutch : he way up , belt Control knob and make sure that the horizontal . reverseclutch belt fully contacts the Figure 5 - 21 : Right . side view . groove in the engine pulley . Releaseknob and makesure that the belt doesn't 3 . Pull the reverseclutch belt downward engagethe reverseengine pulley . If it Figure 522 : Reversebelt guidepositioning . does , it may causethe unit to move in and slip it off the transmission pulley reversewhen the Wheel GearLever is ( L , Figure 5 - 21 ) . IMPORTANT : The reverse belt has a ' V " engaged . Adjust the cable for less tension 4 . Usetwo 1 / 2 " wrenches to loosen and if this condition occurs . SeeChecking shape . When installing the belt , make removewire belt guide ( R , Figure5 - 21 ) and Adjusting ReverseBelt Tensionfor sure that the widest ( flat ) side of the belt from the reverseidler arm pulley . Do not more information . rides against the reverseidler pulley ( N , remove Iocknut and screw . Figure5 - 21 ) andtransmissionpulley ( L ) . 7 . Reinstallthe belt cover and secureit 5 . Removethe reverse belt and pull it out If needed , the belt can be twisted " inside with two flange Iocknuts . throughfront of transmissionhousing . out " so that the " V " shaped side is on the 8 . Test the unit in an open location . outside andthe widest side is on the InstallingReverseClutchBelt inside . 1 . Stop engine , allow it to cool and dis - 9 . Move the unit to anopen areaand test connect spark plug wirebefore working the reverseoperation . It needs adjustment 2 . Insert the belt down into the front of near belts . Also remove ignition key on if the belt slips in reverseor if there is no the transmission housing . Slip the top electric start models . half of the belt onto the reverse idler arm reverse . SeeAdjusting ReverseClutch Belt . pulley ( N , Figure 5 - 21 ) . IMPORTANT : The forward clutch belt must be installed before the reverseclutch 3 . Pull the belt downward and loop the belt ( see Installing Forward Clutch Belt in bottom half of belt around the front groove this Section ) . of transmission pulley ( L , Figure5 - 21 ) . TILLERATTACHMENTS The attachments listed below areavailablefor your tiller . The information is the most current at the time this manual was printed . Contactyour authorized dealeror the Factoryfor current information . HILLER / FURROWER The furrower bladeattachesto the back of the depth regulator assemblyand is used to create rows , trenches and ditches up to 8 " deep , depending on soil conditions . The two hiller wings attach to the sides of the furrower blade and areused to make hilled rows and raised bed gardens . ROWMARKER The row marker attachesto the hiller / furrower attachment and is used to scratch lines in the seedbedfor laying out furrows , trenches , raised beds , etc . ( eliminates the needfor stakes , string andmeasuring tape ) . The row marker is adjustable in length from 28 " to 49 - 3 / 4 " , allowing you to vary the width of the marked rows , as required .
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TROUBLESHOOTING Before performing any troubleshooting procedures , refer to the appropriate safety , operating or maintenance instructions in this Manual or in the EngineOwner's Manual . Contactyour local authorized engineservice dealerfor engineservice . Contactyour local authorizedtiller dealeror the factory for all other service problems . PROBLEM POSSIBLE CAUSE CORRECTION 1 . Reconnectwire . Enginedoes 1 . Sparkplug wiredisconnected . notstart . 2 . EngineThrottleControl Leverincorrectlyset . 2 . Put leverin STARTposition . 3 . Addfuel . 3 . Fueltank empty . 4 . Chokecontrol ( if so equipped ) in incorrect position . 4 . SeeEngineOwner'sManual . 5 . Drainfueland addfresh fuel . 5 . Stalegasoline . 6 . Dirty airfilter ( s ) . 6 . Cleanor replacefilter ( s ) . 7 . Defectiveor incorrectlygappedspark plug . 7 . Inspectsparkplug . 8 . Carburetorout of adjustment . 8 . SeeEngineServiceDealer . 9 . Misadjustedthrottle control . 9 . SeeEngineServiceDealer 10 . Dirt or water in fueltank . 10 . SeeEngineServiceDealer . Engineruns poorly . I . Defectiveor incorrectlygappedspark plug . I . Inspectspark plug ( seeEngineOwner'sManual ) . 2 . Dirty airfilter ( s ) . 2 , Cleanor replace ( see EngineOwner'sManua0 , 3 . Carburetorout of adjustment , 3 , SeeEngineServiceDealer . 4 . Stalegasoline . 4 , Replacewith fresh gasoline . 5 . Dirt or water in fueltank . 5 , SeeEngineServiceDealer . 6 . Enginecooling systemclogged . 6 . Cleanair cooling system ( see EngineOwner'sManual ) . Engineoverheats . 1 . Enginecooling systemclogged . 1 . Cleanair cooling area ( see EngineOwner'sManual ) . 2 . Carburetorout of adjustment . 2 . SeeEngineServiceDealer . 3 . Oil levelis low . 3 . Checkoil level ( seeEngineOwner'sManual ) . Enginedoesnot Misadjusted / faultyengineswitch . SeeEngineOwner'sManualor EngineServiceDealer . shutoff . WheelsandTines I , Improperuseofcontrols , I . ReviewSections3 and 4 , willnotturn . 2 . ForwardC _ utchM : isadjustedforward clutch controlcaNe . 2 . Adjust cabletension ( Section5 ) . 3 . ReverseClutch : Misadjustedclutchcontrol cable , 3 . Adjustcabletension ( Section5 ) . 4 . Wornor broken clutchbelt ( s ) , 4 . Checkbelts . Replacepartsas needed ( Section5 ) . 5 . Internaltransmissionwearor damage . 5 . Contactlocaldealeror Factory . 6 . Screwandkeylooseintransmissionpulley . 6 . Tightenscrew ; checkthat keyis in place . Tinesturn , but 1 . Wheelmountinghardwaremissing . 1 . Replacehardware . wheelsdon't . 2 . Screwand key looseintransmissionpulley . 2 . Tightenscrew ; checkthat keyis in place . 3 . Internaltransmissionwearor damage . 3 . Contactlocal Dealeror Factory . 4 , Misadjustedwheelgearcable . 4 . SeeWheelGearCableAdjustment , Section5 , 5 . WheelGearLevernot fully engaged . 5 . Engagelever ( seeSection3 ) . Wheels Turn , but 1 . Tineholder mountinghardwaremissing . 1 . Replacehardware . TinesDon't . 2 . Internaltransmissionwearor damage . 2 . Contactlocal Dealeror Factory . Poortilling 1 . Worntines . 1 . SeeBolo Tines ( Section5 ) . performance . 2 . ImproperDepthRegulatorsetting . 2 . See Tilling Tips & Techniques , Section4 . 3 . Incorrectthrottlesetting . 3 . SeeSection4 . 4 . Belt ( s ) slipping . 4 . SeeCheckingClutchBelt Tension , Section5 .
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I Model 12183 DRAWING NO . 1 2 / 21 21 / 10 See Drawing 4 , Ref . 47 for attachment screw . 35 16
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Model 12183 I PARTS LIST - DRAWING NO . 1 REF PART REF PART No . No . DESCRIPTION QTY . No . No . DESCRIPTION QTY . 1 1918791 Handlebars - ( IncL Refs . 2 , 3 and 3A ) . , , 1 15 1186211 Hex Nut , 5 / 16 - 24 - Wheel gear 2 9126 Grip . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 cable adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 3 1916931 16 1100068 Hex Hd , Screw , 318 - 16x 3 / 4 " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Decal - Operator control panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 3A 1916930 17 1100243 Lockwasher , 3 / 8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Decal - Logo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 4 1916784 19 1735531 Plastic Tie . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 ReverseClutch CableAssembly . . . . . . . . . . . 1 5 1186347 21 1114748 Round Hd , Screw , # 10 - 32 x 112 . . . . . . . . . . 6 Height Adjustment flange Screw . . . . . . . . 1 5A 9955 22 1100240 Lockwasher , # 10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 KeyedWasher . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 6 1900475001 23 1186208 Hex Nut , # 10 - 32 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Bracket - Handlebar height adjust . . . . . . . . . 1 7 1100046 24 Hex Hd , Screw , 3 / 8 - 16 x 1 " , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 9390 Grip - Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 8 9904 25 Plain Washer ( flat ) , 3 / 8 , S . A . E . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1918840 Lever - Eorward Clutch Control ( Incl . 9 9837 Hex Locknut , 3 / 8 - 16 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 two Grips , Ref . 24 ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 10 1918791 Cable , Forward Clutch Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 35 9853 Sems Nut . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 13 9442 36 Wheel Gear Control & CableAssy . 20806 Bracket - Bail support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 42 ( IncL Refs , 14 , 15 , 19 , 21 , 1100805 Hex flange Screw , self - tapping , 1 / 4 - 20 x 112 " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 22 and 23 ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 14 9057 Knob - Wheel gear control lever . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 * Specify GRADE 5 if ordering part locally ,
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I Model 12183 DRAWING NO . 2 1 17 10 18I 19 \ \ \ 11 TRANSMISSION 13 16 13 REF PART REF PART . No . No . DESCRIPTION QTY . No . No DESCRIPTION QTY . 11 1917143 9120 Hood - Tine cover , with hinged flap Ring - Retaining , tolerance ring . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 12 9119 ( Incl . Ref . 17 ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Knob - Depth regulator ( Incl , Ref , 11 ) _ 1 1100243 13 1100043 Lockwasher , 3 / 8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Hex Hal . Screw , 318 - 16x 1 - 1 / 4 " , . . . . . . . . . 2 2527 14 1113 - 1 Bracket - Hood & Depth Regulator Bushing - Spacer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 15 1186231 Hex Nut , 3 / 8 - 16 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 ( Incl . Ref . 9 ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 16 20775 4 90038 Screw - flanged hex hd . 5116 - 18x 5 / 8 " 2 Drag Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 5 9811 Hex Locknut , 1 / 4 - 20 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 17 1917536 Decal - Tiller operating instructions . . . . . . 1 8 1100069 Hex Hd . Screw , 1 / 4 - 20 x 1 * . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 18 9553 Hex Hd . Screw , self - tapping , 5 / 16 - 18 x 1 / 2 " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 7 9384 Spring - Depth regulator plunger . . . . . . . . . . 1 8 9438 19 9552 Spacer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Screw - flanged hex hd , self - tapping , 9 9308 1 / 4 - 20 x 1 / 2 " , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Roll Pin - l / 4 x 1 ( spiral ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 10 1117A Bar Assembly - Depth adjustment ( incl . Refs . 11 and 12 ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 * Specify GRADE5 if ordering part locally ,
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Model 12183 I DRAWING NO . 3 16 19 17 1 TILLER 7 2 3 4 WHEEL SHAFT ASSEMBLY 5 _ ] Wheel Shaft Parts 10 ECCENTRIC SHAFT ASSEMBLY 4 3 REF PART REF PART . No . No . DESCRIPTION QTY . No . No DESCRIPTION QTY . 1 9621 Oil Seal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 9 20712 Clutch - Wheel drive , cast iron . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2 9511 10 20879 EccentricShaft - Wheel clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Ring - Retaining , heavy - duty , ext . . . . . . . . 2 3 1166 - 1 Shim - l - l / 64 I . D . , . 062 thick . . . . . . . . . . . . . AIR 11 1442 Pin - Eccentric shaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1166 - 2 Shim - as above , but . 030 thick . . . . . . . . . . A / R 12 9055 Spring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Oil Seal - Eccentric shaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1166 - 3 Shim - as above , but . 015 thick . . . . . . . . . . AIR 13 9622 1166 - 4 14 20757 Lever - Eccentric shaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Shim - as above , but . 010 thick . . . . . . . . . . A / R 4 1086 15 11000804 Hex Hd . Screw , 1 / 4 - 20 x 1 / 2 " . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Bushing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 5 2494 16 97074 Wheel Shaft ( axle ) - IncL Ref . 6 . . . . . . . . . . 1 Ball Bearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Tiller Shaft - Incl . Ref . 18 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 6 9373 17 20896 Key - Hi - Pro , 1 / 4 x 1 - 5 / 16 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 7 20914 18 1104 Gear - Wheel drive ( worm gear ) . . . . . . . . . 1 Key - Woodruff , 1 / 4 x 1 - 1 / 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 8 9935 Shim - 1.016 I . D . x 1.468 O . D . x 19 20913 Worm Gear - bronze , tiller drive . . . . . . . . . 1 . 062 thick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 * Specify GRADE5 if ordering part locally . AIR - As Required
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I Model 12183 DRAWING NO . 4 36 _ se Clutch Cable _ 9 4 35 _ 16 15 12 49 39 20 18 % 1 45 Secures Forward Clutch 52 Cable . See Drawing 1 , I _ 43 _ 8 _ 4 / Ref . 10 . 32 3 28
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Model 12183 I PARTS LIST - DRAWING NO . 4 REF . PART REF . PART No . No . No . No . DESCRIPTION QTY . DESCRIPTION QTY . 1 27 1916189001 Engine - standard recoil start . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Guard , Belts / Pulleys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2 1917326 Bracket , Clutch Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 28 1186230 HexNut , 5 / 16 - 18 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Lockwasher - 5 / 16 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 3 1100242 29 1186329 Hexflange Screw , 5 / 16 - 18 x 3 / 4 " . . . . . . 4 4 1111696 30 1916797001 Hex Hd , Screw , 5 / 16 - 24 x 1 / 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 EngineSupport Bracket , left side . . . . . . . . 1 5 1904557 31 1916796001 Decal , Hot Surfaces / Belt Warning . . . . . . . 1 EngineSupport Bracket , right side . . . . . . 1 6 1917139 32 1107381 FlatWasher , 1 / 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Cover ( IncL Ref , 5 ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 7 1186391 33 1754128 Flange Locknut , 5 / 16 - 18 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Hexflange Screw , 1 / 4 - 20 x 3 / 4 . . . . . . . . . . 1 8 1108841 35 1100799 HexHd . Screw , 5 / 16 - 18 x 1 - 1 / 2 . . . . . . . . . 3 Key , 3 / 16 x 1 - 1 / 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 9 1138 - 1 Shim . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 36 1915810 Decal , Stabilization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 10 1916520 37 1918774001 Pulley , EngineDrive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Mounting Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 11 9944 BellevJlleWasher . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 38 1186331 HexFlangeScrew , 5 / 16 - 18 x 1 . . . . . . . . . . . 2 12 9572 Hex Hd , Screw , 5 / 16 - 24 x 1 - 1 / 8 . . . . . . . . . 2 39 1111607 HexHd . Screw , 5 / 16 - 18 x 2 - 114 " . . . . . . . . 2 13 1111606 Hex Hd , Screw , 5 / 16 - 18 x 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 40 1107382 FlatWasher , 5 / 16 ' . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 14 1918731 Reverse Idler Arm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 41 1918846 Belt Guide , Wire Formed , Ewd Belt . . . . . . 1 15 1916535 42 55088 Pulley , ReverseIdler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Pivot Bushing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 16 1107382 Elat Washer , 5 / 16 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 43 1100242 Lockwasher , 5 / 16 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 17 1916725 Belt Guide , Wire Formed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 44 1186230 HexNut , 5 / 16 - 18 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 18 1100005 Hex HeadScrew , 5 / 16 - 24 x 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 45 1917746 Washer , Shoulder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 19 1917746 46 1918744 Washer , Shoulder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Idler Arm , Forward Tiller Direction . . . . . . 1 20 9929 47 1767754 Washer , Flat , 1 - 1 / 8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Screw , self tapping , # 10 - 24 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 21 1916728 48 1916727 Spring , ReverseReturn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Spring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 22 1916522 49 1110107 HexLocknut , 5 / 16 - 18 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Transmission Pulley . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 23 1440 50 9090 Support Washer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Idler Pulley , forward . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 24 1918812 ReverseClutch Belt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 51 1100086 Screw , 3 / 8 - 18 x 1 - 3 / 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 25 1909404 ForwardClutch Belt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 52 1110108 HexLocknut , 3 / 8 - 16 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 26 1900396 Hex Hd , Screw , # 10 - 32 x 1 / 2 , self - tapping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 * Specify GRADE5 if ordering part locally , * * Seeyour local authorized engine service dealer for engine parts or service , Refer to engine nameplatefor engine type and code information .
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I Model 12183 DRAWING NO . 5 . . - 5 MAfN DHfVE SHAF I ASSEbIBLY 4 18 - 16 . 13 19 . 14 NOTE1 - Shim between drive shaft rear 13 bearingand rear bearing cap to achieve 54o - 10 thousandths of an inch ( , 005 - fNPUT PINION _ 4HAFT & . 010 ) end play on drive shaft . GEAR ASSeMBlY REF PART REF . PART No . No . DESCRIPTION QTY . No . No DESCRIPTION QTY . MAIN DRIVE SHAFT ASSEMBLY INPUT PINION SHAFT & GEAR ASSEMBLY 1 1714 Bearing - Tapered roller with race . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 9572 Hex Hd . Screw , 5 / 16 - 24 x 1 - 1 / 8 " , . . . . . . . . . . 1 2 20718 Gear - Spur , main drive shaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 9944 Washer - Disc spring ( concave 3 9301 Key , 3116sq , x 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 surface faces pulley ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 4 11603 Drive Shaft - with integral , single - lead 8 1108841 Key , 3116sq , x 1 - 1 / 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 worm at front and six - lead worm at 9 20880 Pulley - Transmission drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 10 1440 rear ( includes pressed - on Suppo _ Washer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 11 85030 # 1714 rear roller bearing , race for Oil Seal - Input pinion shaft , front . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 bearing and # 9301 key ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I 12 9500 Ring - Retaining ( snap ring ) , external . . . . . . 1 5 1224 - 1 Shim - Rear bearing cap , , 010 thick 13 9953 Thrust Washer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 ( see Note 1 ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AIR 14 9428 Bushing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 5 1224 - 2 Shim - same as above , but , 030 thick 15 9677 Set Screw , 5 / 16 - 18 x 3 / 8 " , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 ( see Note1 ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A / R 16 20791 Input Pinion - steel shaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 5 1224 - 3 Shim - same as above , but , 005 thick 17 20792 Gear - Input pinion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 ( see Note 1 ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A / R 18 9093 Retainer - Snap ring , external . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1325C Shim Set - includes the following 19 20799 Pinion Assy - ( IncL one each of Ref . shims : two 1224 - 1 ; two 1224 - 2 ; No . ' s 16 , 17and 18 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AIR one # 1224 - 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A / R 2O 9517 Retainer - Snap ring , internal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 * Specify GRADE5 if ordering part locally , A / R - As Required
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Model 12183 I DRAWING NO . 6 BLUNT END TOWARDS YOU LEFT HAND lINE RIGHT HAND TtNE FBONTI 12 pOR _ ARO 10 REF PART REF PART . No . No . DESCRIPTION QTY . No . No DESCRIPTION QTY . 1100043 Hex Hd . Screw , 3 / 8 - 16 x 1 - 1 / 4 " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 8 1902154001 Tine Holder - for bolo tines , left and 1270 - 2A Bolo Tine - single , right hand tine used on left right sides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 side of tiller ( Incl . two of each Ref . No . ' s - - 1901118 Replacementset of I 8 Bolo Tines - includes 1 and 3 ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 eight each of right hand and left hand tines , and sixteen eachof Ref , No . ' s I and 3 . . . . . . . I 3 1733398 Hex Loeknut , 3 / 8 - 16 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 5 1982612 10 Hex Hd . Screw , 3 / 8 - 16 x 2 , GRADE8 . . . . . . . . . . 2 1917487 Wheel & Tire Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 7 1270 - 1A 11 Bolo Tine - Single , left hand tine used on right 9380 Clevis Pin - . 312 x 1 - 314long . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 12 9338 Hitch Pin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 side of tiller ( IncL two of each Ref . No . ' s 1 and 3 ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 * SpecifyGRADE5 if orderingpartlocally . IMPORTANTL : eftandright sidesof tiller aredeterminedby standinginthe operatorpositionandfacingthedirectionof forwardtravel .
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I Model 12183 DRAWINGNO . 7 MAIN SUPPORT & YOKE / , 3 ASSEMBLY PART # 1904522001 47 ) ( See Detail A 5 f ROWMARKERATTACHMENT ( option ) - PART # 12589 ( Complete - Attaches to Furrower Attachment ) 8 8 BUMPER Detail A 20 PART # 12593 7 5 11 10 4 3 12 8 HILLER / FURROWERATTACHMENT ( option ) _ PART # 12579 ( Viewed from front of tiller ) 6 2 1
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Model 12183 I PARTS LIST - DRAWING NO . 7 REF PART REF PART . No . No DESCRIPTION QTY . No . No . DESCRIPTION QTY . RowMarker Attachment ( option ) - Part # 12589 RowMarkerMain Suppo _ & YokeAssembly - Part # 1904522001 1 1904522001 MainSupport & YokeAssy - 10 1186349 Screw - hexflangedlocking , complete , Incl . Ref . No . ' s 3 / 8 - 16 X 1 - 112 " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17 & 18 . . . . . . . . . . . 1 11 1593 Stop Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2 1594 Marker Blade - blade only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 12 1592 Yoke . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 3 1904524001 MarkerArm - main arm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 13 1591 Tube Key - square . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 4 1904523001 Marker Arm - extension arm with 14 1590 Washer - friction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 stop pin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 15 1588 Main Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 9347 Hitch Pin - ( incL in Hardware Pkg 16 1589 Washer - square hole . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 # 1837 ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 17 9925 Washer - disc spring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 9786 Thumbscrew - l / 4 - 20 x 1 / 2 , not 18 1186231 Nut - hex 3 / 8 - 16 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 avail , sep . ( see hardware pkg , # 1837 ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 7 Bumper - Part # 12593 1596 Nut Bar - ( incL in hardware pkg # 1837 ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 19 1918749001 Bumper ( includes Ref . 2C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 8 9828 Nut - hex , 10 - 24 w / attached start Decal - Caution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 20 1448 washers , not avail , sep , ( see 21 1111607 Screw - hex hd . , 5 / 16 - 18 x 2 - 1 / 4 % hardware pkg # 1837 ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 not avail , separately 1100135 Screw - round hd , , 10 - 24 x 1 , not ( order # 1918781 hardware kit ) 4 avail , sep . ( see hardware pkg 22 1100242 Lockwasher - 5116 * , not avail . # 1837 ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 separately ( order # I 918781 1837 Hardware Package - includes : one hardware kit ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 # 9347 hitch pin ( ReE5 ) , two 23 1186230 Nut - hex , 5116 - 18 " , not avail . # 9786 thumbscrews ( Ref , 6 ) , separately ( order # I 918781 one # 1596 nut bar ( Ref , 7 ) , hardware kit ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 two # 9828 hex nuts ( Ref , 8 ) , Hardware Kit : Incl . four each of 1918781 two 1100135screws ( Ref , 9 ) . . . . . . . . . 1 Refs . 21 , 22 and 23 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I 12582 Row Marker Attachment & Pony Hiller / Furrower Attachment - Hiller / Furrower Attad ' _ ent ( option ) - Part # 12579 complete : incl . # 12579 Pony Hiller / Furrower and # 12589 1 1900771001 Furrower - blade only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Row Marker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2 1186098 Carriage Screw - 5 / 16 - 18 x 3 / 4 . . . . . . . . . . 4 12589 Row Marker Attachment - 3 1177548 Star Washer - external tooth , 5116 . . . . . . 4 complete : attaches to furrower 4 9902 Plain Washer - 5 / 16 S . A , E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 attachment # 12579 , includes 5 9824 Wing Nut - 5 / 16 - 18 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 # 1904522001 Main Support & 6 1900773001 Hiller Wing - left . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Yoke Assy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 7 1900774001 Hiller Wing - right . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 8 1900772001 Bracket - blade mounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 9 9725 Carriage Screw - blade mounting , 3 / 8 - 16 x 1 - 1 / 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 10 1100243 Loekwasher - 3 / 8 , plated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 11 1186231 Nut - hex , 3 / 8 - 16 , plated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 12 9318 Pin - clinch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 12579 HilleflFurrower - complete attachment ( owner must screw blade to mounting bracket , and wings to blade ) , Instructions included . . . . . . . . . 1 Note : Common hardware listed above as " not available separately " can be found at most hardwarestores , * Specify GRADE5 if ordering part locally .
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I Model 12183 DRAWING NO . 8 L 122 NOTE1 : Thesescrews are a special sealing screw that cannot be reused without risking the loss of transmission oil . 21 22 If thesescrews areloosened or removed , they must bereplaced with new hardware . See Note 1 See Note 1 f REF . PART REF PART . No . No No . No DESCRIPTION QTY . DESCRIPTION QTY . 1 9621 11 97073 Oil Seal - tiller shaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Oil Seal - double lip , wheelshaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 2 9726 12 90038 Pipe Plug , 1 / 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Screw - flanged hexhd . 5 / 16 - 18 x 5 / 8 " . . . . . . . 2 Seal - Transmission bore . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 3 97076 13 20873 Cover - tiller housing , left - side . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 4 1186329 14 1129 - 1 Screw - flanged hex hd . , 5 / 16 - 18 x 3 / 4 " . . . . . . . 6 Gasket - tiller housing cover , . 010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . AIR 5 85030 15 1915089 Screw Kit : includes three ( 3 ) 114 - 20x 718 Oil Seal - input pinion shaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 6 11513 Cover - Top of transmission ( incL four of self - sealing screws . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AIR Ref . No . 18 and two each of Ref . No . ' s 16 1115 Cap - Rear bearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 17 1124 - 2 21 and 22 ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Gasket - Rear bearing cap , . 010 thick . . . . . . . . AIR 20694 18 1186331 GaskeL - Transmission top cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Screw - flanged hexhd . 5 / 16 - 18 x 1 " . . . . . . . . . . 4 20893 19 1915087 Screw Kit : includes five ( 8 ) 114 - 20x 818 Transmission case , tube and rear housing assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 self - sealing screws . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AIR 9 9467 21 1100243 Lockwasher , 3 / 8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Plug - gear oil fill hole . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 10 20889 22 1100068 HexHd . Screw , 318 - 16x 314 " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Plate - wheel drive cable mounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 * Specify GRADE5 if ordering part locally . NR - As Required
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NOTES
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CUSTOMERSERVICEINFORMATION CustomerServiceandTechnical Service OwnerRegistrationCard Pleasefill out and mail the enclosed owner If you have questions or problems with the registration card . The purpose of this card is unit , contact your local dealeror the Factory . to register each unit at the Factoryso that we ( When calling or writing , provide the Model / Serial Numbers of the unit . ) can provide you with warranty benefits and informational bulletins . ReplacementParts Factoryspecified replacementparts are WarrantyService available from your authorizeddealeror The warranty statement is included in the unit's literature directly from the factory . Whenordering package . parts , be sure to provide the following : Model / Serial Numbers • Model / Serial Numbers of the unit . A Model / SerialNumbers decal is located on top of the trans - • Part number of the part needed . mission . For ready reference , record these numbers in the • Part Description . spaces below . • Quantity needed . Dateof Purchase : NOTE : All replacement parts must conform to our rigid quality Model Number : specifications . Although some replacement parts we provide Serial Number : may vary slightly in shape , color or texture from the original parts , any variations will not affect the fit or performance of these parts on your unit . AuthorizedDealer Information If you purchased your unit from an authorized dealer , record EngineServiceandRepair the dealer's address and phone number below for ready reference : For engineservice or repair , contact your nearestauthorizedengine dealer ( look in the DealerName : Yellow Pagesunder " Engines - Gasoline " ) . Address ' The engine is warranted by the engine man - ufacturer . Any unauthorizedwork performed Phone : on the engineduring the warranty period may void this warranty . For complete IMPORTANT : details on the enginewarranty , refer to the engine owner manual . Left and rightsidesof the unit are determined bystanding behindthe unit , inthe operator'sposition , andfacing in the directionof forward travel . We urge using only genuine replacement parts , which NOTICE : meet all the latest requirements . Replacement parts We reservethe rightto changespecifications , add manufactured by others could present safety hazards , improvementsor discontinuethe manufactureof any of our even thoughthey may fit onthe unit . equipmentwithoutnoticeor obligationto purchasersof our equipment . Forcustomerassistance , contactyour nearestauthorizeddealer or : GARDEN WAY INCORPORATED • 1 GardenWay • Troy , New York 12180 CustomerService : 1 - 800 - 437 - 8686 • TechnicalService : 1 - 800 - 520 - 5520 • PartsService : 1 - 800 - 648 - 6776 • FAX : ( 518 ) 233 - 4622 • WEBSITEw : ww . troybilt . com Outside the UnitedStates and Canada : CustomerService : ( 518 ) 233 - 4807 • TechnicalService : ( 518 ) 233 - 4808 • PartsService : ( 518 ) 233 - 4806 • FAX ( 518 ) 233 - 4622 1905682 ( 5 / 01 ) Printed in U , S , A , o 2001 Garden Way Incorporated
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