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Back To Troy-Bilt Tractors-Riding-Lawnmowers       Model: 13A130F063 Troy-Bilt LTX Lawn Tractor Owner Operator Manual 38 Inch 13 HP
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Owner / Operator Manual LTX Lawn Tractors • Safety • Controls • Operation • Maintenance Models 13A - 130F063 — 13 HP Gear Drive 13A - 145F063 — 14 HP Hydro Drive © 1997 GARDEN WAY INCORPORATED Form 770 - 1212C ( 4 / 98 )
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Introduction Thank you for purchasing this product . We feel you now own which does not attempt to cover major repairs . one of the finest lawn tractors available . Our equipment is carefully designed , engineered and All information in this manual is based on the latest product manufactured for excellent performance if properly operated information available at the time of printing . and maintained . Read this manual to familiarize yourself with the unit , its features and operation . This manual is considered a permanent part of the unit and must stay with the unit if resold . Our products have passed the rigid safety standards set by the Outdoor Power Equipment Institute . This is a safety , operation and general maintenance manual Table of Contents Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Moving Tractor Manually . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Brake Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Service Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Steering Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Unit Service and Repair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Attachment / PTO Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Warranty Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Attachment Lift . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Engine Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Section 6 : 38 - Inch Cutting Deck Attachment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Identification Numbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Attaching the Chute Deflector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Section 1 : Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Section 2 : Attachments and Kits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Deck Removal and Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Section 3 : Safety Decals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Section 4 : Features & Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Mowing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Choke Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Section 7 : Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Throttle Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Hood Removal / Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Attachment / PTO Drive Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 PTO Indicator Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Engine Oil Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Hour Meter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Flywheel Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Ammeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Fuel Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Safety Start Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Air Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Travel Pedal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Carburetor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Gear Shift Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Mower Height Adjusting Knob . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Spark Plugs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Brake Pedal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Fuse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Parking Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Fender Removal / Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Attachment Lift Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Brake Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Electric Lift Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Gear Drive Shift Linkage Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Steering Wheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Hydrostatic Maintenance and Lubrication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Fuel Level Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Drive Belt Removal / Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Section 5 : Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Tire Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Pre - Operation Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Maintenance Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Tire Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Troubleshooting Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Seat Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Lubrication Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Section 8 : Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 Starting Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Section 9 : Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Stopping Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Interlock System Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Drive System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 2
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Service Information Unit Service and Repair Left and Right Sides Contact your local dealer to service your unit . Provide the Left and right sides of this unit are determined from the unit's model / serial number and the part description when operator's position , facing the direction of forward travel . calling or writing for service . Do not return parts directly to the factory . Engine Service For engine service , contact an authorized engine dealer . To Warranty Service locate an authorized engine dealer , refer to the “ Yellow Warranty service is available from your local authorized Pages ” under “ Engines – – Gasoline ” or “ Gasoline – – Engines ” . Provide the dealer with the engine model and serial numbers . dealer . WARNING : Engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer , birth defects or other reproductive harm . SPARK ARRESTER WARNING TO RESIDENTS OF CALIFORNIA AND OTHER STATES Under California law , and under the laws of several other states , you are not permitted to operate an internal combustion engine using hydrocarbon fuels on any forest , brush , hay , grain , or grass covered land ; or land covered by any flammable agricultural crop , without an engine spark arrester in continuous effective working order . The engine on the unit is an internal combustion engine which burns gasoline , a hydrocarbon fuel , and must be equipped with a spark arrester muffler in continuous effective working order . The spark arrester must be attached to the engine exhaust system in such a manner that flames or heat from the exhaust system will not ignite flammable material . Failure of the owner / operator of the unit to comply with this regulation is a misdemeanor under California law ( and other states ) and may also be a violation of state and / or federal regulations , laws , ordinances or codes . Contact your local fire marshal or forest service for specific information about which regulations apply in your area . Contact your local engine dealer for information about obtaining a spark arrester . Identification Numbers For prompt service , provide the authorized dealer with the identification numbers for the unit . Fill in the spaces below with the identification numbers for future reference . Identification Numbers Date of Purchase : _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Unit Model / Serial Number : _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Transmission Model / Serial Number : _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Engine Model / Serial / Spec . Numbers : _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 3
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Section 1 Safety Important ! Safe Operating Practices for this Unit This is a safety alert symbol . It is used in this manual and on decals on the unit to alert you to potential hazards . Whenever you see this symbol , read and obey the safety message that follows it . Failure to obey the safety message could result in personal injury or property damage . INTRODUCTION factory at the address indicated in this c . Do not operate unit while barefoot . manual . Provide the model / serial Do not wear sandals . 1 . Unit is capable of amputating hands number of unit when ordering . d . Wear long trousers . and feet and throwing objects . Failure to e . Wear hearing protection . observe the following safety instructions 2 . Read and understand the owner’s could result in serious injury or death . manual provided with each attachment 2 . Do not operate unit when tired , ill or used with the unit . under the influence of alcohol and / or 2 . Serious accidents which may cause other drugs . injury or property damage can occur if 3 . Read the engine operation and the following safety guidelines are not maintenance manual provided with the 3 . Be prepared for an emergency . Keep a followed . Operator is solely responsible unit before operation . Read and follow first aid kit and fire extinguisher handy . for accidents or hazards that occur when all safety instructions provided in that Keep emergency telephone numbers for using unit . Preventing accidents is the manual . ambulance , fire , hospital , doctor and responsibility of every equipment rescue near your telephone . operator . Accidents can be prevented . Be 4 . Only allow responsible adults , who careful before , during and immediately are familiar with the instructions , to BEFORE OPERATION after use of any power equipment . The operate the unit . following general safety precautions must be fully understood and followed 5 . Know the location and function of all during operation . Review these controls before operating unit . Know how instructions frequently and never take to stop engine and attachments quickly chances . If you do not understand any in case of emergency . Familiarize part of this manual or need assistance , yourself with all safety and operation contact your dealer . decals on the unit and attachments . If these decals are damaged or not legible , 1 . Before each use , clear work area of TRAINING clean or replace them as needed . objects such as rocks , toys , wire , etc . , which could be picked up and thrown by PREPARATION mower blades . 1 . Wear proper clothing when operating 2 . Keep unit in safe operating condition . unit . Always wear sturdy footwear Check the following each time before ( preferably steel - toed shoes ) and starting unit : hearing protection during operation . a . All hardware for tightness a . Wear heavy leather gloves ( especially blade mounting whenever working near or servicing 1 . Read , understand and follow all hardware — check for proper torque any cutting edges on unit . instructions in this manual and on unit specifications frequently in this b . Do not wear loose - fitting clothing , before starting . A replacement manual is area - - refer to maintenance section jewelry , scarves , ties , etc . , which available from the factory . To order a of attachment owners manual ) . may get caught in moving parts . Tie replacement manual , contact the b . Brakes , steering and other major up or restrain long hair . controls for proper operation . 4
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Safety ( continued ) c . Inspect mower blades for wear or HANDLING GASOLINE damage . Broken pieces thrown from a worn or damaged blade can cause serious injury . d . Check for and maintain correct tire pressure . Check tires for cuts or bubbles . Check wheels for damage or missing hardware . Repair or replace as required . 3 . Keep hands , feet , face , hair and e . Check engine oil level and add oil 1 . Use extra care in handling gasoline clothing away from rotating parts . Stop as required . If oil level is below and other fuels . Gasoline and its vapors engine before removing grass catcher or “ ADD ” mark , DO NOT run engine . are volatile and dangerous . Keep unclogging chute . f . Perform the pre - operation checklist , gasoline and gasoline containers away beginning on page 15 in this from hot engine exhaust . Never allow 4 . When operating a mower deck : manual . flame , sparks , smoking materials or a . Mow only in daylight or in good other hot objects near gasoline or artificial light . 3 . Do not operate unit or attachments gasoline fumes . b . Never dismount to make a cutting without safety devices and shields in height adjustment while the engine place and operating properly . 2 . Wipe up spilled gasoline is running . immediately . c . Disengage attachment / PTO drive , 4 . Only use attachments which are Only use approved gasoline containers . shut off engine , remove ignition key approved for use with this unit . Contact and wait for all moving parts to stop our service department if there is a 3 . Leave two inches of air space at top of before unclogging discharge chute , question whether an attachment is fuel tank to allow room for expansion . mounting grass catcher or Grass approved for unit . Reduction System ( GRS ) . 4 . Store gasoline in a cool , well - 5 . When using attachments , use wheel ventilated area . Never store unit or fuel 5 . Disengage attachment / PTO drive weights ( where required ) for extra container inside where there is an open when transporting unit to work area or traction and proper balance . flame , such as a hot water heater , when attachments are not in use . furnace , etc . 6 . Unit is equipped with a safety interlock system , designed to shut off 5 . Never remove fuel fill cap , or add fuel engine when operator leaves seat while to fuel tank , if engine is running or hot . an attachment is running or if parking Always replace fuel fill cap before brake is not engaged . If the interlock starting engine . system is not working properly , repair it before operating the unit . 6 . Never refuel unit indoors . Refuel outdoors in a well - ventilated area . CORRECT ANY MALFUNCTION BEFORE USING THIS UNIT OR ATTACHMENTS ! OPERATION 6 . Be aware of attachment discharge direction and do not point it at anyone . 1 . When starting engine : Do not operate mower decks without a . Disengage attachment / PTO ( Power either the entire grass catcher or the Take - Off ) drive . guard in place . b . Set parking brake . c . Place transmission into neutral 7 . If you strike a foreign object , position . disengage attachment / PTO drive , shut off engine , wait for all moving parts to 2 . Remain seated when starting engine come to a stop and remove ignition key . and during operation . Operate unit with Inspect for and repair any damage before feet flat on running boards at all times . operating equipment again . 5
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Safety ( continued ) 8 . Never carry passengers . Passengers 17 . Never leave a running machine SLOPE OPERATION interfere with the safe operation of this unattended . Always turn off unit . Passengers could be struck by attachment / PTO drive , set parking brake , foreign objects and / or thrown from unit stop engine and remove key before and severely injured . dismounting . CHILDREN 1 . Slopes are a major factor in loss - of - control and tip - over accidents which can result in severe injury or death . All slopes require extra caution . If you 9 . Be sure area is clear of other people cannot back up the slope or if you feel before mowing . Stop machine if anyone uneasy on it , do not operate this unit on enters the area . Do not operate unit with 1 . Tragic accidents can occur if the the slope . children , pets or others nearby . operator is not alert to the presence of children . Children are often attracted to 2 . Remove obstacles such as rocks , tree 10 . The unit is equipped with a safety the machine and the mowing activity . limbs , etc . interlock system disallowing it to mow in Never assume that children will remain reverse . The PTO will automatically shut where you last saw them . 3 . Watch for holes , ruts , or bumps . off if the travel pedal ( hydro model ) or Uneven terrain could overturn the the gear shift lever ( gear drive model ) 2 . Never allow children to operate this machine . Tall grass can hide obstacles . are placed into the reverse travel unit , even under adult supervision . Local position . regulations may restrict operator age . 4 . Always mow up and down the face of Only allow responsible adults , who are slopes , never across . Do not mow near 11 . Approach blind corners cautiously . familiar with these instructions , to drop - offs , ditches or embankments . The operate the unit . unit could suddenly overturn if a wheel 12 . Always observe the terrain . Watch goes over the edge of a cliff or ditch , or for and avoid obstacles . Stay away from 3 . Never carry children as passengers . if an edge caves in . holes , ditches , soft or steep Do not carry ANY passengers . They may embankments and other potentially fall off and be seriously injured or 5 . When using attachments on slopes , dangerous terrain . Tall grass can hide interfere with safe machine operation . use wheel weights , as indicated in obstacles . Section 2 , “ Attachments and Kits ” , for 4 . Keep children out of the work area and extra traction and correct balance . 13 . Wet surfaces reduce traction and under the watchful care of another stability . Always maintain proper responsible adult . 6 . Do not turn on slopes unless traction . Grip the steering wheel firmly . necessary , and then , turn off attachment 5 . Be alert and turn machine off if drive and turn slowly and gradually 14 . Slow down before turning . children enter the area . downhill . 15 . Do not install an automotive - type 6 . Before and when backing , look behind 7 . Do not start or stop suddenly when ball hitch on this unit . When pulling and down for small children . going up or down a slope . Keep all loads : movement on slopes slow and gradual . a . Use approved hitch points . 7 . Use extra care when approaching Do not make sudden changes in speed or b . Limit loads to those which can be blind corners , shrubs , trees or other direction . If the unit has a gear drive safely controlled . objects that may obscure vision . transmission , choose a low gear so that you will not have to stop or shift while on 16 . Watch out for traffic when operating 8 . Keep children away while performing the slope . near or crossing roadways . maintenance or adjustments . 6
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Safety ( continued ) 8 . If unit is unable to continue moving 8 . Keep unit free of grass , leaves or uphill , disengage attachment / PTO drive , other debris build - up . Clean up oil or check area on ground immediately fuel spillage . Allow machine to cool behind unit , watch area to rear and before storing . proceed backward slowly . 9 . Grass catcher components are subject 9 . Do not operate unit on steep slopes to wear , damage and deterioration , where there is a risk of an overturn . Do which could expose moving parts or not mow slopes with an incline of more allow objects to be thrown . Check their 2 . Always wear sturdy footwear than 10 ° . proper operation regularly . Repair or ( preferably steel - toed shoes ) , long replace as necessary . trousers , hearing and eye protection 10 . Use extra care with grass catchers or while doing any maintenance on unit . Do other attachments . These can change the 10 . Frequently check components and not wear loose - fitting clothing , jewelry , stability of unit . replace when necessary . Use only scarves , ties , etc . , which could get factory - approved replacement parts . caught in moving parts . Tie up or 11 . Do not operate unit on wet grass . Parts manufactured by others may restrain long hair . Reduced traction could cause sliding . present safety hazards even though they may fit on the unit . 3 . Mower blades are extremely sharp . 12 . Do not try to stabilize unit by putting Use caution when servicing . Wear gloves your foot to the ground . 11 . Replace muffler if worn or defective . or wrap blades in rags . Wear eye protection when sharpening blades . 13 . Do not park unit on a hill . 12 . Keep all safety and operation decals in place . If these decals are damaged or 4 . Keep children away while performing STOPPING not legible , clean or replace them as maintenance or adjustments . needed . 1 . Before leaving operator's position or Refer to Section 3 , “ Decals ” , for decal before leaving tractor unattended : description and location . a . Bring unit to a complete stop . b . Disengage attachment / PTO drive . 13 . Check brake operation frequently . c . Lower attachments to ground . Adjust and service as necessary as d . Set parking brake . indicated in Section 7 , “ Maintenance ” . e . Shut off engine and remove ignition key . 14 . Chock wheels ( place blocks of wood 5 . Provide safe , adequate light in your f . Wait for all moving parts to come in front of and behind wheels ) when work area . NEVER USE AN OPEN FLAME to a complete stop . performing maintenance with the parking FOR ILLUMINATION ! Use only a portable brake off . Securely support unit if it must safety light enclosed in a wire cage for 2 . Disengage attachment / PTO drive be raised for any reason . NOTE : Hot working inside or under unit . when transporting tractor or when filaments from a broken light bulb can attachments are not in use . 15 . Check wheel attachment hardware ignite spilled fuel or oil . regularly and ensure it is properly MAINTENANCE secured . 6 . Keep nuts and bolts tight ( especially 1 . Before performing any service , Do not attempt to mount a tire on a blade mounting hardware — check for adjustments or maintenance on unit , wheel rim unless you are experienced in proper torque specifications frequently in engine or attachments : doing so . Follow proper safety this area — refer to maintenance section a . Park unit on a firm and precautions and use proper tools . of Section 6 ) . Keep equipment in good level surface . Mounting a wheel improperly could condition . b . Disengage attachment / PTO drive . result in serious injury or death . c . Lower attachments . 7 . Never tamper with safety devices . d . Move all control levers 16 . Do not inflate tires above Check their proper operation regularly . to “ Neutral ” . recommended pressures . Use a clip - on Repair or replace as necessary . e . Apply parking brake . chuck to inflate tires , with an extension f . Shut off engine . Remove ignition hose long enough to allow you to stand key and allow engine to cool . to one side and NOT over or in front of the tire assembly . 7
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Safety ( continued ) 5 . If electrolyte is swallowed : 5 . Do not change engine governor 17 . Towing or pushing unit with another a . Drink large amounts of water or setting . Over - revving may damage vehicle will damage transmission . Push milk . engine and will void warranty . unit by hand only . b . Follow by drinking milk of magnesia , beaten eggs or 6 . Never run an internal combustion 18 . Use a heavy - duty trailer to transport vegetable oil . engine inside a closed area . Engine unit . Lower attachments to trailer bed . c . Call a physician immediately . exhaust contains carbon monoxide gas , Set parking brake . Fasten unit securely a deadly poison . Carbon monoxide is to trailer with straps , chains or cables . 6 . Electric storage batteries give off odorless , colorless and tasteless . Do not Unit must be secured to trailer facing highly explosive hydrogen gas while operate unit near buildings , windows or forward . Severe damage can occur to charging and continue to do so for some air conditioners . If engine is run in a hood of unit if it is trailered facing time after receiving a steady charge . Do garage , open all doors and allow for backwards . not , under any circumstances , allow an adequate ventilation . electric spark or an open flame near the 19 . Use extra care when loading or battery . Do not lay tools across the 7 . Do not run engine with hood open . unloading the machine into a trailer or battery terminals as this may result in a Hood damage may occur . truck . spark or a short circuit which may cause an explosion . BATTERY 20 . Do not use food or beverage containers to store waste materials . STORAGE Using such containers could result in accidental poisoning . 1 . Do not store unit inside a building where fumes from fuel in fuel tank may 21 . Hood retaining hardware may reach an open flame or spark . Allow unit become hot from engine exhaust . Burns to cool before moving it inside an may result . Do not remove hood without enclosure . Use a gasoline storage first stopping engine and allowing these stabilizer when storing unit . parts to cool . 1 . BEFORE WORKING WITH ELECTRICAL 2 . Keep unit and fuel supplies securely ENGINE WIRES OR COMPONENTS : Disconnect locked away to help prevent access by the battery ground ( negative ) cable first . children . Disconnect the positive cable second . The battery ground ( - ) cable must be 3 . Remove ignition key . disconnected first and reconnected last . 4 . Disconnect battery cables or remove 2 . Before attempting to charge battery , battery if unit is to be stored for an understand and follow correct procedure extended period . Remove negative or bring battery to a factory - authorized ( ground ) cable first . Re - connect negative dealer for charging . Do not charge a 1 . Read the provided engine operation ( - ) cable last . frozen battery . and maintenance manual completely before operation . Read and follow all 5 . Fully charge battery before storage . 3 . Battery electrolyte can cause severe safety instructions provided in that Store battery in a cool , dry place , out of burns . Eye contact can cause blindness . manual . reach of children . Always wear approved safety goggles when working around the battery . 2 . BEFORE SERVICING ENGINE : Disconnect spark plug wire and keep it 4 . If electrolyte contacts skin or eyes : from touching spark plug . a . Flush affected area with water . b . Apply baking soda to neutralize 3 . Keep engine free of grass , leaves , oil acid . and grease . c . Flush eyes with water for 10 - 15 minutes . 4 . Engine exhaust is extremely hot . Keep d . Call a physician immediately . grass , oil , fuel and other combustible materials far away from engine exhaust . 8
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Section 2 Attachments and Kits A full line of attachments available for your unit are listed below . The information is the most current at the time this manual was printed . Contact your authorized dealer or the factory for current information . MOWER DECKS COUNTER BALANCE 14051 42 " Side Discharge Deck 14090 Rear Wheel Weights - 50 lbs . ( 10 - inch wheels ) Improves rear wheel traction . 14052 48 " Side Discharge Deck For models 13104 & 13105 tractors only . 21741 Rear Wheel Weights - 35 lbs . ( 8 - inch wheels ) Improves rear wheel traction . 14060 42 " Rear Discharge Deck 14091 Front Wheel Weights - 50 lbs . 14104 38 " Mulching Deck For model 13105 tractors only . 14112 38 " Combination Mulching & Side 30915 Drawbar Weight Discharge Deck Mounts to rear of tractor when additional Mulching and side discharge . weight is needed . 14115 38 " 3 in 1 Cutting Deck Mulching , bagging and side discharge . OTHER ATTACHMENTS & KITS 14117 42 " 3 in 1 Cutting Deck Mulching , bagging and side discharge . 14038 29 " Tiller Not for models 130F063 & 145F063 tractors . GRASS COLLECTION 14076 Dump Cart 14058 Power Packer Plus 10 - cubic foot / 8 - bushel capacity . Air assist bagger . For model 14051 & 14078 Push Arm Kit 14052 mower decks . Requires model Required for use with models 14039 & 14081 or 14070 attachments . Not for 14080 attachments . models 130F063 & 145F063 tractors . 14083 Cab 14070 Grass Collection Cart Cannot be used with models 14070 , 14081 21.25 cubic foot / 17 - bushel grass collector . or 14113 attachments . May also be used as a dump cart . Requires model 14058 attachment . Not for 14087 Storage Cover models 130F063 & 145F063 tractors . 14111 Electric Lift Kit 14081 2 - Bag Grass Collector Allows finger - tip operation of attachment Mounts to rear of tractor . 6 - bushel lift . Standard on model 13105 tractors . capacity . Requires model 14058 14053 20 ” Tires Chains attachment . Not for models 130F063 & Improves traction , especially on snow and 145F063 tractors . ice . 20 x 8.00 - 8 and 20 x 8.00 - 10 . For 14116 2 - Bag Grass Collector models 130F063 , 145F063 & 13104 For use with models 130F063 & 145F063 tractors . tractors only . 6 - bushel capacity . 16219 23 ” Tires Chains For model 13105 tractors only . Improves SNOW REMOVAL traction , especially on snow and ice . 23 x 10.5 - 12 . 14039 Single - Stage Snowthrower Requires model 14078 attachment . Model 1767977 Arm Rest Kit 14090 attachment recommended . Not for Mounts to existing tractor seat . For models 130F063 & 145F063 . models 13104 & 13105 tractors . 14099 46 " Snow Blade 1768854 Ammeter Kit Model 14090 attachment recommended . Monitors electrical system current . Not recommended for model 130F063 . Standard on model 13105 tractors . 14080 54 " Snow Blade 1773019 Hour Meter Kit For model 13105 tractors only . Requires Registers hours of use . Standard on model model 14078 attachment . Model 14090 13105 tractors . attachment recommended . Not recommended for model 130F063 . 9
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Section 3 Safety Decals Refer to this section for safety decal description and location . Keep safety decals on unit clean , legible and intact . Refer to Parts Catalog and see your dealer for replacements when necessary . D B A C Ref . Letter Description and Location Qty . A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tunnel Decal — Located between running boards on top of fender . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fuel Level Decal — Located around fuel level window in fender . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Crushing Hazard Decal — Located on attachment lift arms under running boards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fire Warning Decal — Located on top of fender under seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 10
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Safety Decals ( continued ) BRAKE DANGER WARNING ROTATING BLADES CAN TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY READ CUT ARMS AND LEGS . ALL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS CAREFULLY . • Look down and behind before and while back - • Read owner / operator manual . ing . • Avoid sudden turns . • Do not carry passen - • Do not mow when children or gers . They fall off . others are near . • Do not allow children or C . untrained adults to operate LIFT unit . WARNING • Use caution when approaching Raise obstacles that block your view . OBJECTS MAY BE • Keep all safety devices in place THROWN FROM Lower CRUSHING HAZARD . and in working order . MOWER . • When leaving machine , stop • Before mowing , Lock lift lever down before WARNING engine , set parking brake and clear lawn of all changing attachments . Be sure lift lever is remove key . debris . secure / latched before changing attachment WARNING MAXIMUM SAFE OPERATING ANGLE IS 10 ° . • If you cannot back up a • Exceeding maximum safe hill – do not drive on it . operating angle may cause overturn or loss • If machine stops moving of control . uphill disengage attach - ment drive ( PTO ) and • Travel up and down back down slowly . slopes , not across . A . Models 130F & 145F B . D . WARNING GASOLINE IS FLAMMABLE . Stop engine , avoid heat , sparks and open flame when refueling . Note : Maintenance decal is under hood . 11
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Section 4 Features & Controls performance of this system . Low throttle G J F H settings can also discharge battery . 0 15 15 ( D ) — Throttle Lever ( model 130F ) – + AMPERES Instrument Panel – Controls engine speed . Always run Model 145F engine at full throttle . Note : Items G and H are ON available as dealer - installed E OFF options ( E ) — Attachment / PTO Drive Switch Controls power to attachments . Press top of switch to engage , press bottom to See disengage . A Pg . 14 C ( F ) — PTO Indicator Light G L J F H Lights up when attachment / PTO drive is engaged . 0 Instrument Panel – 15 15 – + AMPERES Model 130F ( G ) — Hour Meter ( Optional ) Note : Items G and H are Registers hours of use . Activates when available as dealer - installed ON the ignition switch is on . E OFF options ( H ) — Ammeter ( Optional ) Measures battery charge . Activates when engine is running . Fig . 4 - 1 A B D ( J ) — Safety Start Indicator Light Unit will not run when this light is on . ( B ) — Choke Lever ( model 130F ) CAUTION For a more detailed description of the Regulates fuel - air mixture to engine . safety interlock system , see ” Interlock KNOW THE LOCATION AND FUNCTION OF Close choke ( move lever up ) when System Test Procedure , ” Section 5 ALL CONTROLS BEFORE OPERATING starting a cold engine . As engine warms “ Operation ” . UNIT . KNOW HOW TO STOP ENGINE AND up , open choke ( move lever down ) . A ATTACHMENTS QUICKLY IN CASE OF warm engine requires little or no EMERGENCY . choking . ( A , Fig . 4 - 1 ) — Ignition / Starter Switch ( C ) — Throttle / Choke Lever ( model Note : Always remove ignition key 145F ) whenever unit is unattended to prevent Controls engine speed and automatic children or unauthorized persons from choke . Always run engine at full throttle . starting unit . The lever has a choke setting ( lever all the way up ) . Always return the throttle Controls power to main systems . An lever down to the fast setting after the automotive - type , three - position switch : engine starts . Stops engine . After starting , key returns to this Note : Engine lubrication and cooling position . systems operate best at full throttle . Starts engine . Release when Operating engine at less than full throttle engine starts . for extended periods can affect 12
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Features & Controls ( continued ) N N 5 4 3 2 1 R Gear Drive Fig . 4 - 4 Gear Shift Console Brake Unlocked M Fig . 4 - 2 Right View Fig . 4 - 5 Brake Locked T R ( P , Figs . 4 - 3 & 4 - 5 ) — Clutch / Brake Pedal Q Press pedal to apply brake and disengage drive . Brake pedal does not stop attachment / PTO drive operation . Brake must be applied to start engine . Note : Brake pedal must be fully P depressed to engage parking brake . If brake is inoperative , service immediately — DO NOT OPERATE UNIT ! ( Q , Fig . 4 - 3 & 4 - 5 ) — Parking Brake Located just forward of brake pedal . To engage , fully depress brake pedal and press parking brake with toe . Brake pedal will remain depressed if parking Fig . 4 - 3 Left View brake is correctly set . If parking brake will not engage , service brake ( M , Fig . 4 - 2 ) — Travel Pedal ( N , Figs . 4 - 2 & 4 - 4 ) — Gear Shift Lever immediately — DO NOT OPERATE UNIT ! [ models 145F ] [ model 130F ] Press and release brake pedal to Controls forward and rearward Controls forward and rearward disengage parking brake . movement of tractor . Pressing top of movement of tractor . Also controls pedal moves unit forward , pressing travel speed of unit . Five forward ( R , Fig . 4 - 3 ) — Attachment Lift Lever bottom moves unit in reverse . speeds , neutral and reverse speeds are Controls attachment lift . The lift lever Transmission is in neutral when pedal is available . See shifting pattern in Fig . 4 - has seven settings that allow you to centered . 4 . regulate the height of the attachment in 13
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Features & Controls ( continued ) U Fuel Fill Cap Fuel Tank V Fig . 4 - 6 Fuel Tank approximately 1 / 2 " increments . See After adjusting the mower deck to the ( V , Fig . 4 - 6 ) — Attachment Height page 20 for more detailed lift desired cutting height , note the location Indicator information . of the pointer so that you can return to Decal and pointer provide a visual this position when desired . Note : When reference to the height setting of the ( T , Fig . 4 - 3 ) — Steering Wheel mowing using the ground contour mower deck , from No . 1 ( lowest ) to No . Controls travel direction of unit . following method , the pointer will move 7 ( highest or transport ) . Note : The back and forth as the deck follows the numbers do not represent units of contour of the ground . measurement . ( U , Fig . 4 - 6 ) — Fuel Level Window Provides view of fuel tank . Fuel level is On models with an attachment lift lever Headlights visible through fuel tank . ( R , Fig . 4 - 3 ) , the numbers on the decal Headlights turn on when engine starts coincide with the seven positions on the and turn off when engine is stopped . attachment lift handle . The pointer will move as the lift lever is raised or lowered . Note : The pointer is attached to an adjustable cable . Re - adjust at attachment hitch arm mounting bracket ( see “ Mower Height Indicator Adjustment ” in Section 6 & 7 ) . 14
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Section 5 Operation ✓ PRE - OPERATION CHECKLIST A Perform the following checks each time before using the unit : FULL OIL FILL WARNING ADD BEFORE OPERATING THE UNIT , READ A AND UNDERSTAND ALL SAFETY , CONTROLS AND OPERATING VERFILL INSTRUCTIONS IN THIS MANUAL . O NOT DO — ALSO , READ ALL MATERIAL PROVIDED AUTION C A WITH ANY ATTACHMENTS TO BE USED FULL WITH THE UNIT . READ AND FOLLOW ALL ADD SAFETY AND OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS ON THE DECALS ON THE UNIT AND ATTACHMENTS . CAUTION Fig . 5 - 1 Engine Oil Level DO NOT RUN ENGINE WITH HOOD OPEN . HOOD DAMAGE MAY OCCUR . Engine 1 . Check for proper engine oil level as B follows : ❏ a . Remove oil dipstick ( A , Fig . 5 - 1 ) . Wipe oil from dipstick with clean cloth . Fuel Tank ❏ b . Screw dipstick firmly back in place in engine . ❏ c . Remove dipstick and check oil level . Oil level is indicated by marks on dipstick . Level should be between " Full " and " Add " marks ( Fig . 5 - 1 ) . ❏ d . If necessary , add oil to crankcase through dipstick opening . CAUTION DO NOT ADD OIL BEYOND FULL MARK . ENGINE DAMAGE MAY OCCUR . Fig . 5 - 2 Filling Fuel Tank Determine type of oil by following 15
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Operation ( continued ) Engine flywheel screen ( C , Fig . 5 - 3 ) C ❏ 4 . Check for debris and clean C C regularly . DO NOT CLEAN FLYWHEEL WHILE ENGINE IS RUNNING ! Battery ❏ 5 . If the unit has not been used for an extended period of time , charge at 6 to 10 amps for 1 hour . NOTE : The battery is sealed and is maintenance - free . Acid level cannot be checked . Fig . 5 - 3 Flywheel Screen Visual Inspection 6 . Check for : ❏ a . Loose or missing wheel attachment hardware . ❏ b . Damaged or illegible safety or instruction decals . ❏ c . Worn or damaged belts . ❏ d . Worn , damaged or missing attachment components , especially mower blades , guards and D discharge deflectors . ❏ e . Loose or damaged hardware . ❏ f . Fuel , oil or electrolyte spills or leaks . Repair or replace as necessary . ❏ 7 . Inspect work area . Remove any debris from this area . Fig . 5 - 4 Seat Adjustment Tire pressure recommendations indicated in the access fuel fill . Leave ample room 8 . Check at first use and then every 25 engine owners manual . for fuel expansion . hours thereafter . ❏ a . Front — 12 - 14 PSI ( 82 - 96 kPa ) Note : Refer to the engine manual DO NOT MIX OIL WITH GASOLINE ! ❏ b . Rear — 8 - 10 PSI ( 55 - 69 kPa ) provided with the unit for specific engine oil information . NOTE : Inflate both front tires evenly . Inflate both rear tires evenly . Unit will WARNING ❏ 2 . Check for and remove any dirt or not be level if this instruction is not debris present in engine DO NOT REFUEL UNIT WHILE ENGINE IS followed . compartment or air cleaner element . RUNNING OR HOT . KEEP SMOKING MATERIALS , SPARKS AND FLAMES DO NOT OVER - INFLATE TIRES ! Fuel Tank AWAY FROM GAS TANK AND FUEL ❏ 3 . Fill fuel tank with a good grade of CONTAINER . NEVER REMOVE GAS CAP clean , unleaded gasoline with an OR ADD FUEL TO GAS TANK IF ENGINE octane rating of 85 or higher . Fill fuel IS RUNNING OR HOT . ALWAYS REPLACE tank SLOWLY ! Fuel fill cap ( B , Fig . GAS CAP BEFORE STARTING ENGINE . 5 - 2 ) is LARGE cap located under seat . Lift seat up and forward to 16
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Operation ( continued ) Operation A • Do not start the unit until all the steps 0 15 15 of the pre - operation checklist at the + – AMPERES beginning of this section have been completed . After completing these checks , set parking brake ( F , Fig . 5 - 6 ) , E ON place attachment / PTO drive switch ( A , Throttle / Choke Lever – OFF Fig . 5 - 5 ) into the ( disengaged ) Model 145F position . Unit will not start if brake ( E ) is not depressed and / or attachment / PTO drive is engaged . Starting Procedure D C B All Models : • Sit in operator's seat . Fig . 5 - 5 Start Controls ( See Text ) Models 145F : • Move throttle / choke lever ( E ) all the way up to choke ON position . Model 130F : • Move choke lever ( B ) all the way up Parking brake to top of slot . F • Move throttle lever ( C ) halfway up . All Models : • Insert key into ignition switch ( D ) . Turn key clockwise to start engine . Release key when engine starts . Brake IN CASE OF FALSE START : If engine E revs up enough to disengage starter but fails to continue running – – allow all moving parts to stop completely before using starter again . Limit continuous cranking to no more than 10 seconds . Longer cranking intervals will cause starter to Fig . 5 - 6 Brake / Parking Brake overheat . Overheating may damage starter . If cranked for more than 10 Seat seconds , allow starter to cool for at ❏ 9 . Adjust seat for comfortable access ❏ 11 . Set parking brake by fully least one minute . to all controls . To adjust , loosen hand depressing brake pedal and pushing Models 145F : knobs ( D , Fig . 5 - 4 ) and move seat to down parking brake lock with toe . • When engine starts , move desired position . Re - tighten knobs throttle / choke lever ( E ) down to fast securely . ❏ 12 . Place attachment / PTO drive position . switch into the ( disengaged ) Controls position . Model 130F : ❏ 10 . Place transmission shift lever • Gradually move choke lever ( B ) all ( gear drive ) or travel pedal the way down ( choke off ) as engine ( hydrostatic drive ) into neutral warms up . position . NOTE : Do not run engine with choke on for prolonged periods . Engine will run poorly ( rich fuel mixture ) if over - choked . 17
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Operation ( continued ) Interlock System Test Procedure Engine Control – Engine Controls – Model 130F Models 145F After starting , but before working with Lever Positions the unit , perform the following test : Lever Position Lever Position When gStarting When Startin When Starting nEnginee Engi 1 . Park unit on a level surface so it does Engine C not roll when you release brake . E Throttle 2 . With engine running , depress brake B Choke pedal and check to make sure attachment / PTO drive is disengaged Lever Position Lever Positions ( off ) . After Engine After tEngineion Lever Posi Starts Warms gUpine After En 3 . Place transmission into neutral . C Warms up Throttle E 4 . Release brake . Raise yourself several inches off seat . The engine should stop . Choke B Fig . 5 - 7 If it stops , move to the next instruction . If it does not stop , have the unit Warm Up serviced . DO NOT OPERATE UNIT ! Stopping Engine • Do not drive unit immediately after • Place attachment / PTO drive switch into 5 . Depress brake pedal . Start engine . start up . Allow engine to idle for a few disengaged position . Lower Switch attachment / PTO drive switch to minutes . This allows components , attachments to the ground . the ( engaged ) position . such as the transmission , to reach operating temperature . 6 . Raise yourself several inches off the • Place transmission into neutral and set seat again . The engine should stop . If it parking brake . • Always run engine at full throttle . does not , have the unit serviced . DO While operating under heavy load NOT OPERATE UNIT ! • Move throttle lever to slow and idle conditions , listen to engine RPM . If engine for 15 - 30 seconds to allow engine begins to slow down , use a engine to cool . WARNING slower travel speed . Reducing travel speed will decrease engine load . • Turn ignition key to . Remove key . DO NOT OPERATE UNIT UNTIL PROPER INTERLOCK SYSTEM OPERATION HAS BEEN RESTORED . DO NOT ALTER OR Interlock System Operation ATTEMPT TO DEFEAT THIS SYSTEM . SEVERE PERSONAL INJURY CAN RESULT FROM NOT FOLLOWING THESE INSTRUCTIONS . 1 . Engine WILL start if both conditions A & B exist : a . Brake pedal depressed . b . Attachment / PTO drive disengaged ( off ) . For general interlock system operation information , refer to Note 5 - 1 . 2 . Engine WILL NOT start if one or both conditions C & D exist : c . Clutch pedal not depressed / parking brake not set . Drive System d . Attachment / PTO drive engaged ( on ) . Hydrostatic transmissions are used in models 145F . A gear drive transmission 3 . Engine WILL STOP if one or both conditions E & F exist : is used in model 130F . See Section 9 , e . Parking brake not set and seat not occupied . “ Specifications ” on page 35 to f . Attachment / PTO drive engaged and seat not occupied . determine the specific transmission for the unit . The following describes the operation of each system . 4 . The safety interlock system will automatically shut off the PTO if the travel pedal ( hydro models ) is pressed for reverse travel , or if the gear shift lever ( gear drive models ) is placed into the reverse position . Note 5 - 1 18
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Operation ( continued ) Hydrostatic Drive Units Z Model 145F only D Fig . 5 - 10 Fig . 5 - 8 Travel Pedal Gear Drive Transmission Gear Drive Units WARNING Depress clutch / brake pedal and move gear shift lever ( Q , Fig . 5 - 9 ) into desired DO NOT LEAVE THE UNIT UNATTENDED Q position . Select from five forward WITHOUT THE PARKING BRAKE SET . speeds , neutral and reverse . Avoid fast THE UNIT COULD ROLL AND CAUSE travel speeds when using attachments . SEVERE PERSONAL INJURY OR PROPERTY DAMAGE . IMPORTANT : DO NOT SHIFT GEARS WHILE TRACTOR IS IN MOTION . BEFORE CHANGING GEARS , DEPRESS THE Moving Unit Manually CLUTCH / BRAKE PEDAL AND BRING THE Fig . 5 - 9 Gear Shift Lever TRACTOR TO A FULL STOP . Slower speeds work best when CAUTION performing tasks such as mowing . Hydrostatic Transmission For maximum performance from the DO NOT TOW OR PUSH TRACTOR WITH unit , always operate engine at full ANOTHER VEHICLE . DAMAGE TO throttle . Control ground speed with CAUTION TRACTOR DRIVE SYSTEM WILL travel pedal ( D , Fig . 5 - 8 ) . Press travel DO NOT FORCE SHIFT LEVER WHEN RESULT . pedal at top ( with toe ) to move forward . SHIFTING . SHIFT CAREFULLY AND Press pedal at bottom ( with heel ) to SMOOTHLY TO PREVENT move in reverse . Centering pedal Gear Drive Model : Place gear shift lever TRANSMISSION DAMAGE . places transmission in neutral . The ( Q , Fig . 5 - 9 ) into neutral position before hydrostatic transmission gives the DO NOT USE 4TH OR 5TH GEAR ON pushing unit . operator an infinite choice of travel SLOPES WHEN UNDER LOAD . speeds . Avoid fast travel speeds when Model 145F : Pull hydrostatic FAILURE TO FOLLOW THESE using attachments . Slower speeds work freewheeling actuator ( Z , Fig . 5 - 10 ) out INSTRUCTIONS WILL RESULT IN best when performing tasks such as and rotate to place into the locked TRANSMISSION FAILURE . DAMAGE snowthrowing , mowing and tilling . position before pushing unit . After CAUSED BY NOT FOLLOWING THESE pushing unit , return the freewheeling INSTRUCTIONS IS NOT COVERED actuator back to the normal position . UNDER WARRANTY . Transmission will not engage when freewheeling actuator is pulled out . 19
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Operation ( continued ) Attachments Right - Hand Attachments for the unit are supplied Attachment / PTO Instrument Panel J Drive Switch with literature containing important safety , operation and maintenance Z information . Read and understand all literature provided with any attachments to be used with the unit before use . ON Attachment / PTO Drive OFF ELECTRIC CLUTCH BREAK - IN Attachment Lift in Lowered Position PROCEDURE Note : Perform this step with mower deck Fig . 5 - 11 or snowthrower attachment mounted on unit . Brake Check J Drive unit slowly and check clutch / brake With engine running at 3 / 4 throttle , operation by depressing clutch / brake engage and disengage attachment / PTO pedal ( E , Fig . 5 - 6 ) . Unit should stop . Set drive switch 10 times for break - in . parking brake by pressing parking brake Perform this step before initial use and pedal ( F ) with toe when brake pedal ( E ) Attachment Lift in Raised Position after extended storage . See Section 2 , is fully depressed . To release parking “ Attachments & Kits ” for specific brake , depress clutch / brake pedal ( E ) Fig . 5 - 12 attachment and kit descriptions . and release . If any problems are found , Attachment Lift stop and service unit before continuing . Attachment / PTO drive is controlled by attachment / PTO drive switch ( Z , Fig . 5 - Ground Following Cutting Method Steering Check 11 ) . This method allows attachment to follow Drive unit slowly while turning steering ground contours . This is the wheel . Check for binding , sloppy or ATTACHMENT LIFT recommended method used when restricted movement . Stop unit and Before using attachment lift , make sure operating attachments such as service any problems before continuing . the attachment is completely and snowthrowers , tillers , etc . See properly secured . Read all literature owner / operator manual provided with provided with attachments to be used your attachment for more information . with the unit . Frame Hung Cutting Method On models with a manual attachment “ Frame hung cutting ” is recommended lift , It is possible to customize tractor lift when cutting over smooth terrain . This effort . To adjust spring tension , tighten method allows the mower deck to hang or loosen screw ( Y , Fig . 5 - 13 ) . from tractor frame . If deck contacts a Note : Incorrect lift spring adjustment bump , front anti - scalp wheels and rear may require a large amount of force to gage wheels contact ground and lift deck operate lift . Correct adjustment will to avoid scalping . eliminate this problem . 20
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Operation ( continued ) Basic Operation of Attachment Lift Lever ( Models 130F , 145F ) The lift mechanism has seven ( 7 ) positions . Unlock lift before raising or lowering . Lock lift down when using ground following cutting method . To lock , push lever completely down until button pops out . TO UNLOCK LIFT WHEN IN RAISED POSITION : Pull lift lever up slightly to unload lift mechanism . Press button at front of lift lever to release lock . TO UNLOCK LIFT WHEN IN LOWERED Fig . 5 - 13 Y POSITION : Push lift lever down slightly to unload lift mechanism . Press button at front of lever to release lock . TO RAISE OR LOWER LIFT : Release button . Pull lift lever up to raise attachment , push down to lower attachment . To lock , push lever completely down ( or up ) until button pops out . 21
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Section 6 38 - Inch Cutting Deck Attachment Hex Nuts WARNING READ AND UNDERSTAND THE “ SAFE OPERATION PRACTICES ” SECTION AT THE FRONT OF THE TRACTOR OPERATORS MANUAL BEFORE Bell Washers OPERATING THE TRACTOR . WARNING DO NOT OPERATE THE MOWER DECK UNLESS THE CHUTE DEFLECTOR HAS BEEN PROPERLY INSTALLED . Chute Deflector ATTACHING THE CHUTE DEFLECTOR : 1 . Remove the hex cap screws , bell washers and hex nuts installed in the deck next to the chute opening . See Fig . 6 - 1 . Hex Cap Screws Fig . 6 - 1 2 . Proper placement of the chute deflector will cover up the warning label clearance . on the chute opening . Place the deflector in position as shown . Install the hex cap 5 . Level the deck – side to side : screws from the underside of the deck • Lower the unit to the ground . and secure with the bell washers and hex • Rotate the left blade so it is alined nuts . side - to - side with the tractor ( Fig . 6 - 4 ) . Measure the distance from the outside NOTE : The crowned ( rounded ) surface of blade tip ( J ) to the ground . Rotate the the washers go toward the hex nuts . right blade so it is alined side - to - side with the tractor . Measure the distance Attachment Lift in Lowered Position ADJUSTMENTS : from the outside blade tip ( K ) to the ground . These distances should be DECK LEVELING ADJUSTMENTS equal to each other and to the 1 . Park the tractor with the unit on a measurements taken in step 4 . level surface . Use the tractor lift to raise the unit to the transport position . ( See • Adjust the position of the nuts ( L , Fig . Fig . 6 - 2 ) . 6 - 4 ) to raise or lower each lift link until the unit is level . readjust the lift 2 . Check tractor tire pressure - adjust if rods ( A ) needed . necessary . • When level , tighten the nuts ( L ) Front : 12 - 14 PSI ( 82 - 96 kPa ) Attachment Lift in Raised Position firmly against the swivel block . Rear : 8 - 10 PSI ( 55 - 69 kPa ) Fig . 6 - 2 3 . Raise the tractor lift . 6 . Level Deck front to rear : • Lower the unit to approximately 3 " or the distance from the front edge of the 4 . Set the clearance between the lift 7 cm . above ground level . blade ( N , Fig . 6 - 3 ) to the ground . bracket ( D , Fig . 6 - 3 ) and the Measure the distance from the rear • Turn the blades so that one is aligned frame / frame stop to 1 / 4 ” or 6mm . Adjust edge of the blade ( O ) to the ground . front to rear with the tractor . Measure the position of nuts ( L ) to set the 22
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38 - Inch Cutting Deck Attachment ( continued ) Both distances should be equal . • To level , adjust the length of the front lift rods ( A , Fig . 6 - 3 ) by turning the rod end ( P ) on each front lift rod , as required . NOTE : Clearance between the frame and the lift bracket ( D ) must be no less than 1 / 4 " when the unit is raised up in the transport position . GAUGE WHEEL ADJUSTMENT WARNING BEFORE MAKING ANY ADJUSTMENTS , PLACE THE PTO SWITCH IN THE “ OFF ” POSITION , ENGAGE THE BRAKE PEDAL LOCK , TURN THE IGNITION KEY TO THE “ OFF ” POSITION , REMOVE THE KEY FROM THE SWITCH AND REMOVE THE SPARK PLUG WIRE TO AVOID ACCIDENTAL STARTING AND INJURY . Fig . 6 - 3 WARNING WHEN ADJUSTING THE MOWER DECK , BE CAREFUL NOT TO CUT YOURSELF ON THE SHARP BLADES . NOTE : Gauge wheel adjustment should be performed only AFTER the mower deck has been properly leveled . Check side to side levelling . Both measurements ( blade tips to ground ) must be equal . NOTE : Gauge wheels are intended to prevent scalping of the lawn , and are not meant to be used to set the cutting height . Do not run the deck on the gauge wheels . To adjust the height of the gauge wheels , place the tractor on a firm and level surface . Refer to Figure 6 - 5 , and proceed as follows : K J Right - Outside Left - Outside 1 . Place the tractor implement lift handle in the normally desired mowing Blade Tip Blade Tip height setting , then check the gauge wheels for contact or excessive clearance with the surface below . 2 . If the wheels contact the surface Fig . 6 - 4 23
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38 - Inch Cutting Deck Attachment ( continued ) adjust as follows : a . Raise the implement lift handle to its highest setting . b . Remove the lock nuts to unfasten the rear gauge wheels , shoulder screws , and flat washer from the deck gauge wheel brackets . c . Again place the tractor implement lift handle in the normally desired mowing height setting . d . Insert the shoulder screw and flat washer with the rear gauge wheel into the adjustment index hole that provides approximately 1 / 2 " clearance between the wheel and level surface . Secure with the lock nut . e . Note the position of the index hole used ; then install the other rear gauge wheel . 3 . If the gauge wheels have excessive clearance with the surface below , lower the wheels to the index hole that Fig . 6 - 5 provides the approximate 1 / 2 " clearance as described above . DECK REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION NOTE : Both gauge wheels should be installed in the same relative adjustment WARNING index hole location in the gauge wheel brackets . Before removing the mower deck , place the PTO switch in the “ OFF ” position , CUTTING HEIGHT ADJUSTMENT engage the brake pedal lock , turn the The mower can be set in multiple ignition key to the “ OFF ” position and positions . Proceed as follows : remove the key from the switch . NOTE : If multiple positions are used Disconnect the spark plug wire for Attachment Lift in Lowered Position while mowing , it may be necessary to additional safety . adjust the gauge wheels for each setting 1 . Position the tractor and mower deck to prevent scalping . on a firm , level surface . 1 . Pull the tractor implement lift handle up slightly and depress the button on the WARNING top of the lift handle . WHEN HANDLING THE MOWER DECK , BE CAREFUL NOT TO CUT YOURSELF ON 2 . Raise or lower the lift handle to obtain THE SHARP BLADES . THE DECK IDLER the desired mower deck cutting height . ARM LEVER IS SPRING LOADED . Attachment Lift in Raised Position RELEASE IT SLOWLY . 3 . Release the button when the desired mower position is obtained . Fig . 6 - 6 2 . Lower the tractor implement lift NOTE : To return the mower deck to a handle to its lowest setting ( adjust spring tension by rotating the lever out specific position , note the position of the gauge wheels if necessary ) . and rearward ( Refer to Fig . 6 - 7 ) . lift lever indicator before raising or lowering the mower deck . 3 . Disengage the deck idler arm lever 4 . Remove the rearward end of the PTO from its stop bracket and release the 24
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38 - Inch Cutting Deck Attachment ( continued ) belt from the upper pulley of the deck center double - pulley . Engage the deck idler arm lever back into its stop bracket Deck Idler Arm ( See to Fig . 6 - 8 ) . ( Disengaged ) 5 . Remove the hairpin clips from the clevis pins ( F ) on the left and right rear lift links ( E ) . Remove the clevis pins . ( See Fig . 6 - 9 ) . WARNING THE EXHAUST SYSTEM IS HOT . TO AVOID PERSONAL INJURY , ALLOW THE ENGINE AND EXHAUST SYSTEM TO Fig . 6 - 7 COOL BEFORE PROCEEDING WITH THE FOLLOWING PTO BELT REMOVAL INSTRUCTIONS . Deck Idler Arm ( Locked ) 6 . Remove the hairpin clips from the weld pins on the front lift rods . Slide the lift rods from the weldpins . ( See Fig . 6 - 9 ) . 7 . Raise the attachment lift lever to the highest position . 8 . From the right side , slide the deck from under the unit . Upper Pulley Fig . 6 - 8 9 . Connect the spark plug wire . 10 . Installation of the deck is in reverse order of deck removal . CAUTION TO AVOID POSSIBLE EQUIPMENT DAMAGE , MAKE SURE THAT THE TRACTOR IMPLEMENT LIFT HANDLE IS RAISED TO ITS HIGHEST SETTING BEFORE SLIDING THE DECK UNDER THE TRACTOR . NOTE : It may be necessary to lift each side of the deck and maneuver it slightly to align the support pins with the holes of the lift links . Make certain the support pins are fully extended through the lift links and secured with hairpin clips to prevent the mower deck from disengaging the lift links while mowing . Fig . 6 - 9 25
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38 - Inch Cutting Deck Attachment ( continued ) MAINTENANCE – CLEANING AND BLADE CARE WARNING BEFORE PERFORMING ANY MAINTENANCE , PLACE THE PTO SWITCH IN THE “ OFF ” POSITION , ENGAGE THE BRAKE PEDAL LOCK , TURN THE IGNITION KEY TO THE “ OFF ” POSITION AND REMOVE THE KEY FROM THE SWITCH TO AVOID ACCIDENTAL STARTING AND INJURY . WARNING WHEN SERVICING THE MOWER DECK , BE CAREFUL NOT TO CUT YOURSELF ON THE SHARPENED BLADES . Clean the underside of the mower deck at the end of the mowing season or when buildup of cut material on the underside Fig . 6 - 10 is noticed . Also , remove the belt cover and remove any accumulated grass sharpness is maintained . If the cutting are available at your authorized dealer . clippings . edge of a blade has been sharpened to within 5 / 8 inch of the wind wing radius When removing the blades , use a 1 - 1 / 8 NOTE : Sharpen the cutting edges of the ( see Figure 6 - 10 ) , it is recommended inch wrench to hold the hex head or the blades evenly so that the blades remain that new blades be installed . New blades spindle bolt when loosening the hex nut balanced and the same angle of Flange Lock Nut Stop Bracket Idler Arm Lever Spindle Belt Covers Spindle Drive Belt Idler Arm Grease Fitting Idler Pulley Flange Lock Nuts Fig . 6 - 11 26
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38 - Inch Cutting Deck Attachment ( continued ) securing the blade . A block of wood may be placed between the deck housing and the cutting edge of the blade to assist in removal of the hex nut securing the blade ( Refer to Fig . 6 - 10 ) . After replacing the blades , apply grease to the exposed threads at the bottom of the spindle bolts to prevent rust buildup . When replacing the blades , be sure they are installed so that the cutting edges are forward in relation to the direction of rotation , with the wind wings pointed upward . Tighten the nuts to 90 to 110 ft - lbs . ( 122 to 149 N·m ) . LUBRICATION After every 10 hours of operation and / or before putting the deck into winter storage , lubricate the spindle belt idler arm using 251H EP grease or an equivalent No . 2 multipurpose lithium grease . ( Refer to Fig . 6 - 11 ) . Fig . 6 - 12 SPINDLE DRIVE BELT REPLACEMENT In order to replace the spindle drive belt ( Refer to Fig . 6 - 11 ) and proceed as MOWING Do not cut the grass too short , as the follows : mowing deck may scalp the grass . Short 1 . Remove the hardware that secures the grass invites weed growth and yellows WARNING spindle belt covers to the deck . quickly in dry weather . TO AVOID POSSIBLE INJURY , DO NOT Mowing should be done with the engine 2 . Remove the spindle belt covers to ALLOW ANYONE IN THE AREA OPPOSITE at full throttle . Do not mow at high expose the belt . THE DISCHARGE CHUTE WHILE ground speed . MOWING . ALTHOUGH THE AREA HAS 3 . Disengage the idler arm lever from its BEEN SUPPOSEDLY CLEARED OF During certain times of the year and stop bracket and rotate the lever to the FOREIGN OBJECTS , SMALL OBJECTS under some conditions , the mower may outside of the deck to release the spring MAY BE PICKED UP AND DISCHARGED leave streaks of uncut grass . tension . BY THE MOWER . Streaking may occur when attempting to mow heavy weeds and tall grass . Under 4 . Pull the flat idler pulley away from the these conditions it may be necessary to backside of the belt and remove the old WARNING go back over the cut area a second time drive belt . NEVER DIRECT THE DISCHARGE OF to get a clean cut . MATERIAL TOWARD BYSTANDERS OR The following practices will help 5 . Install a new belt on the spindle ALLOW ANYONE NEAR THE MACHINE eliminate streaking : pulleys and position the flat idler pulley WHILE IN OPERATION . 1 . Mow the area more often so the grass against the backside of the belt so that doesn’t get too tall and heavy . the belt is tensioned . ( Refer to Fig . 6 - 12 for the proper routing of the belt ) . For best results it is recommended that 2 . Operate the tractor at full throttle and the first two laps should be cut with the slower forward speeds . 6 . Reinstall the spindle belt covers . discharge thrown towards the center . After the first two laps , reverse the 3 . Keep the blades sharp and replace the 7 . Engage the idler arm lever into its direction to throw the discharge to the blades when worn . stop bracket . outside for the balance of cutting . This will give a better appearance to the 4 . Follow the mowing pattern shown in lawn . Fig . 6 - 12 . 27
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Section 7 Maintenance WARNING BEFORE PERFORMING ANY SERVICE , X ADJUSTMENTS OR MAINTENANCE ON THE TRACTOR , ENGINE OR ATTACHMENTS : A . PARK THE TRACTOR ON A FIRM AND LEVEL SURFACE . B . DISENGAGE ATTACHMENT / PTO DRIVE . C . LOWER THE ATTACHMENTS . D . MOVE ALL CONTROL LEVERS TO NEUTRAL . E . APPLY PARKING BRAKE . F . SHUT OFF ENGINE . REMOVE NOTE : Y IGNITION KEY AND ALLOW ENGINE TO DO NOT RUN COOL . ENGINE WITH HOOD OPEN . HOOD DAMAGE WILL Preventive Maintenance OCCUR FROM Preventive maintenance results in longer EXHAUST HEAT . operating life and better performance . Z The warranty does not cover items Fig . 7 - 1 Hood Removal subjected to operator abuse or negligence . To receive full value from warranty , operator must maintain unit as instructed in this manual . NOTE : This manual does not contain A complete service information . Your dealer can provide you with complete service on the unit . FULL OIL FILL CAUTION ADD USE ONLY FACTORY - APPROVED A REPLACEMENT PARTS FOR MAINTENANCE OR REPAIR . PARTS MANUFACTURED BY OTHERS MAY VERFILL O NOT DO PRESENT SAFETY HAZARDS EVEN — AUTION C THOUGH THEY MAY FIT ON THE UNIT . A FULL ADD Fig . 7 - 2 Engine Oil Level 28
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Maintenance ( continued ) so dirt does not fall into crankcase when dipstick is removed . A Remove dipstick . Oil level must be T between “ ADD ” and “ FULL ” marks on W dipstick . Do not overfill . Oil level must not exceed “ FULL ” mark on dipstick . ADD OIL : Remove oil fill cap ( A , Fig . 7 - S 2 ) and add oil . NEW ENGINE : Change oil after first 5 hours of use , then change oil regularly as specified on the lubrication chart on U page 33 . Change Oil : Change oil ( and service oil filter on models so equipped ) as specified in engine manual . Drain oil while it is warm . Warm oil flows more Fig . 7 - 3 freely and carries away more impurities . Engine Oil Drain • Remove oil fill cap ( A , Fig . 7 - 3 ) . Push pivot pin ( Y ) out until hole for hair Hood Removal pin ( Z ) is visible ( it may be necessary to Open hood . Unplug headlight harness • Remove protective cap ( W ) to expose rotate pivot pin to access hole ) . Retain from headlights . On left side of unit , oil drain port ( U ) on oil drain fixture ( T ) . pivot pin and hood with hair pin ( Z ) . remove hair pin ( Z , Fig . 7 - 1 ) . Pull pivot • Push oil drain hose ( S ) ( included with Reconnect headlight harness . pin ( Y ) into frame until it clears hood . unit ) onto oil drain fixture . Route other Remove hood . end of hose to an appropriate waste oil Engine Service collection container . For complete engine service , contact an CAUTION authorized engine dealer . To locate an • Twist oil drain fixture to open position . authorized engine dealer , refer to the HOOD RETAINING HARDWARE MAY Pull out . Drain oil completely . “ Yellow Pages ” under “ Engines — BECOME HOT FROM ENGINE EXHAUST . Gasoline ” or “ Gasoline — Engines ” . BURNS MAY RESULT . DO NOT REMOVE • Push in and twist oil drain fixture to the Provide the dealer with the engine model HOOD WITHOUT FIRST STOPPING closed position . Remove and store hose and serial numbers . Routine engine ENGINE AND ALLOWING THESE PARTS ( S ) . Replace protective cap ( W ) . service is described below . For more TO COOL . detailed engine service information , • Re - fill engine with oil through dipstick refer to the engine manual provided with opening . See engine owners manual for the unit . Refer to the serial number tag correct oil specifications . Fill to level CAUTION on engine to determine the specific between “ ADD ” and “ FULL ” marks on engine model , type and specification DO NOT RUN ENGINE WITH HOOD OPEN . dipstick . numbers . HOOD DAMAGE MAY OCCUR . For complete engine lubrication Engine Oil information , including engine oil Hood Installation Engine oil level must be between “ ADD ” specifications & capacities , refer to the Insert right side of hood onto pivot on and “ FULL ” marks on dipstick at all engine owners manual provided with the tractor frame . Insert pivot pin ( Y ) so the times . Check before each use . unit . outside end is flush with the outside of frame . Position pivot hole in left side of CHECK OIL LEVEL : hood ( X ) over pivot pin ( Y ) . Clean area around dipstick ( A , Fig . 7 - 2 ) 29
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Maintenance ( continued ) D Engine Oil Filter ( Models 130F & 145F ) Fig . 7 - 5 C C C Fig . 7 - 6 Flywheel Screen WARNING Engine Oil Filter NOTE : Please dispose of all waste Replace oil filter ( D , Fig . 7 - 5 ) as materials in an ecologically responsible DO NOT USE FOOD OR BEVERAGE indicated in engine owners manual . manner . DO NOT dispose of waste CONTAINERS TO STORE WASTE Before installing a new filter , lightly oil materials such as oil , fuel , coolant , MATERIALS . USING SUCH CONTAINERS filter gasket with fresh , clean engine oil . brake fluid , filters , batteries , battery COULD RESULT IN ACCIDENTAL Screw filter on by hand until gasket acid or other waste materials onto the POISONING . contacts filter adapter . Tighten 1 / 2 to 3 / 4 ground , down a drain , or into a stream , turn farther . After oil is added , start and pond or lake . Contact local Flywheel Screen ( C , Fig . 7 - 6 ) run engine . Check for oil leaks . Stop environmental authorities for proper STOP ENGINE BEFORE CLEANING engine , recheck oil level and add oil if waste material disposal information . FLYWHEEL ! Check for debris and clean required . Use proper waste material storage regularly . A dirty air screen and engine containers . can cause engine to overheat . Fuel Filter The fuel filter ( E , Fig . 7 - 7 ) is located in the fuel line and filters fuel flowing from the fuel tank . This filter is disposable . Replace annually or when dirty . Refer to engine owners manual for more 30
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Maintenance ( continued ) Air Cleaner E D E E B A Models 130F & 145F Fig . 7 - 9 E Battery cartridge ( B ) and foam pre - cleaner ( A ) . NOTE : The battery is sealed and is Separate foam pre - cleaner from paper maintenance - free . Acid level cannot be cartridge . checked . • Wash foam pre - cleaner ( A ) in liquid Keep battery cables and terminals clean . detergent and warm water . Squeeze dry If cables are corroded , clean them . After in a clean cloth . Fuel Filter Fig . 7 - 7 cleaning the battery and terminals , apply • Saturate foam pre - cleaner in clean a light coat of petroleum jelly or grease complete fuel filter service information . engine oil . Wrap in clean , absorbent to the terminals and over the bolt . Before replacing filter , drain fuel tank by cloth and squeeze to remove all excess Reposition the insulated boot over the running engine until unit stops . engine oil . positive ( + ) terminal to prevent shorting . If removing the battery , remove the • Clean or replace paper cartridge ( B ) if Air Cleaner negative ( - ) cable first , followed by the necessary . To clean : Tap gently against Improper air cleaner maintenance can positive ( + ) cable . a flat surface . If very dirty , replace . cause engine damage . When installing the battery , always • Reassemble air cleaner components . Service schedules and cleaning check the polarity of the battery Tighten knobs ( D ) securely . Clip cover instructions are the same for all engines , terminals . Make sure the battery is not assembly ( E ) onto air cleaner body . even though air cleaner designs may reversed . The negative ( - ) cable is differ ( Fig . 7 - 9 ) . grounded . Connect the positive ( + ) cable Carburetor SERVICE SCHEDULE : first and then connect the negative ( - ) The carburetor is adjusted at the factory . cable . It should not need to be reset . Outer foam pre - cleaner : Wash and re - oil every 25 operating hours or every CHARGING : If the unit has not been used If a black exhaust is noted , check the air season , whichever occurs first . for an extended time period , charge the cleaner first . An over - rich mixture is battery at 6 to 10 amps for 1 hour . usually caused by a poorly serviced or Inner paper cartridge : Clean or replace clogged air cleaner element , not an every 100 operating hours or every WARNING improperly adjusted carburetor . If season , whichever occurs first . readjustment is necessary , refer to BATTERIES GIVE OFF HIGHLY AIR CLEANER SERVICING engine manual or contact your dealer for EXPLOSIVE GAS DURING AND FOR SOME ( Fig . 7 - 9 ) servicing . TIME AFTER CHARGING . DO NOT ALLOW A SPARK OR OPEN FLAME NEAR • Unhook clips ( C ) and / or remove knobs BATTERY . ( D ) . Remove covers ( E ) . Lift out paper 31
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Maintenance ( continued ) Spark Plug ( Fig . 7 - 10 ) Every 50 operating hours or every season , remove and check the condition of the spark plug . Do not service a plug in poor condition . Best results are obtained with a new plug . See the engine owner manual to determine the proper replacement spark plug specifications . X Refer to engine manual for spark plug gap specifications . Fuse There is one fuse ( X , Fig . 7 - 11 ) located under hood in wiring harness behind Fig . 7 - 10 Fig . 7 - 11 Fuse Spark Plug instrument panel . Replace as necessary with standard 30 - amp , automotive - type fuse . Remove brake pedal assembly . hand knobs . NOTE : A blown fuse is a symptom of an • On models with the dial - a - height knob , • GEAR DRIVE UNITS : Unscrew and electrical problem . Simply replacing reach under fender and remove hair pin remove gear shift knob from shift lever . fuse DOES NOT correct such a problem . ( D ) securing lift height adjusting knob . • MANUAL LIFT UNITS : Place lift lever Remove knob . Fender Removal into UP position . • Disconnect seat switch lead ( E ) from Fender removal is simple and provides • Remove bolts , spacers and nuts seat switch . Push lead and rubber excellent access to drive and lift retaining two front edges of fender to grommet ( F ) down through fender . systems . It is not necessary to remove frame ( A , Fig . 7 - 12 ) . fender to perform basic maintenance . • Remove cable for height indicator NOTE : Lifting fender from unit requires • Unhook brake lock return spring ( B ) . located on right side lift arm . Loosen the two people . lower nut on the cable and remove from • Remove bolts and nuts ( C ) securing the slot . NOTE : Avoid loosening the • ALL UNITS : Loosen hand knobs under brake pedal assembly to brake arm . upper nut on the cable as doing so will seat and move seat back . Re - tighten result in misadjustment of the cable . • Remove bolts ( G ) securing top of fender to frame . G E • With an assistant , lift fender back and up off of unit . NOTE : Gear drive units F require gear shift lever to be pulled in slightly to clear fender . A Fender Installation Install fender by reversing removal sequence . Re - assemble with brake pedal assembly ( Z , Fig . 7 - 12 ) to outside of brake arm . Tighten all hardware ( C ) securely . D Fig . 7 - 12 A Z C B Fender Removal 32
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Maintenance ( continued ) Peerless VST 205 " 4 / 1 - 4 P Q R O Gear Drive Brake P Adjustment Fig . 7 - 13 S O Brake Adjustment Set parking brake . Adjust brake interlock Hydrostatic Drive Brake Adjustment is required if brake does not switch ( K , Fig . 7 - 15 ) at screws ( J ) as Fig . 7 - 14 Adjustment hold the tractor when parking brake is required to provide a 1 / 16 ” to 3 / 16 ” gap . set . Adjust brake in disengaged position . Adjust the jam nuts up or down until the GEAR DRIVE ( Model 130F ) : Mower Height Indicator Adjustment position indicator pointer is at No . 7 on The following adjustment should be done • Adjust locknut ( O , Fig . 7 - 13 ) so spring the decal ( C ) . ( Move the jam nuts down with the mower deck installed and raised ( P ) measures 4 - 1 / 4 " long . to move the indicator pointer to a higher into the transport position . number ; move the jam nuts up to move HYDROSTATIC DRIVE ( Model145F ) • Adjust the mower position indicator the indicator pointer to a lower number . ) Peerless VST 205 : pointer ( A , Fig . 7 - 15A ) by moving the two Tighten the jam nuts when the pointer is • Adjust locknut ( O , Fig . 7 - 14 ) so that a jam nuts ( B ) on the position indicator at No . 7 . gap of 1 / 16 " exists between washer ( P ) cable located on the right side lift arm . • Lower and raise the mower deck using and spring ( S ) . the lift handle or electric lift and check ALL UNITS : that the position indicator pointer ( A , • Press and release brake several times . Fig . 7 - 15A ) returns to the No . 7 setting Re - check and re - adjust as necessary . when the deck is in the transport position . Readjust jam nuts as necessary . Brake Interlock Switch Adjustment C Brake Interlock Switch ( located J on inside mid R . H . frame ) A K Y 1 / 16 " - 3 / 16 " Gap Fig . 7 - 15 B Fig . 7 - 15A 33
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Maintenance ( continued ) Gear Drive Shift Linkage Adjustment X With gear shift lever in “ N ” ( neutral ) position , it should be possible to push Rotate ( Y ) Rotate ( Y ) backward if forward if unit unit forward or backward . With gear shift unit runs in runs forward lever in “ R ” ( reverse ) or “ 1st ” position , reverse when when in in neutral neutral transmission should catch and hold when unit is pushed . Adjust , if necessary , as follows : Y LEFT SIDE VIEW • Place gear shift lever into “ N ” ( neutral ) position . • Loosen nut ( X , Fig . 7 - 16 ) securing the shift shaft arm ( Y ) to the shift lever . Rotate the shift shaft arm ( Y ) slightly forward if the unit runs forward when in neutral . Rotate the shift shaft arm ( Y ) slightly backward if the unit runs in X reverse when in neutral . See detail , Fig . 7 - 16 . Tighten nut ( X ) . Check adjustment . Repeat as necessary . L Hydrostatic Maintenance and Lubrication Perform the following procedure every 25 hours of operation : Gear Drive Shift Linkage / Cable Fig . 7 - 16 • Remove ignition key . • Remove all dirt from around transmission filler area . Clean transmission cooling fins and fan with compressed air or a wire brush . If tractor is operated in a dusty environment , check and clean cooling fins more frequently . NOTE : The transmission has no expansion oil reservoir to check the fluid level . Maintenance is needed only if a leak exists . See your authorized service dealer 34
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Maintenance ( continued ) Hydro Drive Belt Path Gear Drive Belt Path ( TOP VIEW ) ( TOP VIEW ) E A V V B Idler at rear of slot F C Z E VST 205 50 ° ( H ) ( G ) VST 205 Fig . 7 - 21 Fig . 7 - 20 D Drive Belt Removal / Installation • Adjust belt guide ( B ) so it is pointing straight to the right of the unit as shown Set parking brake . Place drive controls straight to the left of the unit as shown in in Fig . 7 - 21 . Secure guide ( F ) . into neutral position before Fig . 7 - 20 . Secure guide ( B ) . NOTE : • Adjust belt guides ( G and H ) 1 / 16 ” to removing / installing belts . Removing Adjust Idler all the way to the rear in 1 / 8 ” away from belt . Secure guides ( G fender will aid belt replacement / slot . and H ) . adjustment ( see “ Fender Removal ” • Adjust belt guide ( C ) so it is pointing • Adjust belt guide ( Z ) so it is pointing as earlier in this section ) . straight to the right of the unit as shown shown in Fig . 7 - 20 , 1 / 16 ” to 1 / 8 ” away in Fig . 7 - 20 . Secure guide ( C ) . from belt . Secure guide ( Z ) . DRIVE BELT REMOVAL : • Adjust belt guides ( D ) 1 / 16 ” to 1 / 8 ” • Turn steering wheel to the LEFT . • Check that all idlers freely rotate after away from belt . Secure guides ( D ) . Remove locknut ( V , 7 - 20 & 7 - 21 ) at drag assembly . link . Do not rotate ball joints . • Adjust belt guide ( E ) so it is pointing • Re - install fender if necessary . 50 ° back from straight left , as shown in • Loosen all belt guides and work belt Tire pressure Fig . 7 - 20 . Secure guide ( E ) . from belt path and off unit . Always maintain proper tire pressure . • Check that all idlers freely rotate after DRIVE BELT INSTALLATION : assembly . a . Front — 12 - 14 PSI ( 82 - 96 kPa ) GEAR DRIVE UNITS : b . Rear — 8 - 10 PSI ( 55 - 69 kPa ) HYDROSTATIC DRIVE UNITS : • Route belt around sheaves as shown in NOTE : Inflate both front tires evenly . • Route belt around sheaves as shown in Fig . 7 - 20 . Inflate both rear tires evenly . Unit will Fig . 7 - 21 . not be level if this instruction is not • Adjust belt guides ( A , Fig . 7 - 20 ) 1 / 16 ” • Adjust belt guides ( E ) 1 / 16 ” to 1 / 8 ” followed . to 1 / 8 ” away from belt when the belt is in away from belt . Secure guides ( E ) . the “ engaged ” or tensioned position . DO NOT OVER - INFLATE TIRES ! • Adjust belt guide ( F ) so it is pointing Secure guides ( A ) .
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Maintenance ( continued ) Maintenance Chart INTERVAL * ITEM SERVICE Each use Mower Blades Check Air Intake Screen Check Loose or Missing Hardware Tighten or Replace Belts Check Brake Check Engine Oil Level Check First 5 hours Engine Oil and Filter Replace 25 hours Engine Oil * * Check Air Filter Clean Transmission Cooling Fins Clean Axle & Spindle Bearings Check for wear and grease ( if necessary ) Steering Sector Grease * * * Brake Check Engine Oil * * 50 hours Replace Engine Oil Filter Replace Transmission Oil Check ( see “ Maintenance ” section ) 100 hours Air Filter Element Replace Fuel Filter Replace Spark Plug ( s ) Replace Each Season Linkages Lube & adjust Cables Check / replace , adjust Belts Check / replace , adjust Wheel Bearings Grease * * * Hood Wax with auto wax Front Axle Spindles Grease * * * Steering Sector Grease * * * * Interval describes running time . This table describes service guidelines only . It does not provide complete service information . Complete service is available from * * Consult engine owners manual for more detailed engine service your authorized dealer . information . * * * A hand - type grease gun is recommended when greasing the unit . High - pressure type grease guns could cause damage to fittings / seals . 36
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Maintenance ( continued ) Symptom . . seconds engaged . or not not inoperative tractor . will over does always . . after light hot but . . stays few turn unit . charging roughly Troubleshooting Chart stop vibration . when . not only park over overheats a drive drive not but in not . drive PAGE tries do starts stalls stalls in turns does runs runs Attachment Attachment will not Headlights when Transport . Excessive repeated TO engaged Battery Brakes Engine Engine Engine Engine Engine Engine Engine Engine . . move TURN start hold Possible cause Engine malfunction ( refer to engine manual ) . • • • • • • • • Faulty attachment drive switch . • • • Faulty interlock switches or relays . • Dirty engine cooling fins or flywheel screen . • • 24 Faulty ignition . • • • Faulty spark plug ( s ) . • • • • • 26 Empty fuel tank . • • 15 Faulty or dead battery or charging circuit . • • 25 Maladjusted or dirty carburetor . • • • • • • 25 Improper oil level . • 23 Dirty air cleaner element . • • • • • 24 Maladjusted choke . • • • • • 17 Brake engaged . • • 18 Brake not engaged . • 18 Blown fuse . • • • 26 Plugged fuel line or filter . • • • • • 26 Transmission malfunction . • • • 28 Linkage malfunction . • • • • Broken or loose belt ( s ) . • • • 30 PTO not turned off . • 18 Operator not in seat . 18 Headlight burned out or faulty light diode . • Brake out of adjustment . • 27 Bad fuel . • • • • • Loose engine . • • Inoperable fuel solenoid . • Brake switch . • Transmission freewheel valve . • PTO / attachment clutch . • • This table describes service guidelines only . It does not provide repair information . Complete service is available from your authorized dealer . 37
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Maintenance ( continued ) Lubrication Chart ( refer to Fig . 7 - 22 ) ITEM INTERVAL LUBRICATION TYPE AMOUNT REQUIRED A - - Engine Crankcase First 5 hours Change Oil & Filter ( If so Refer to engine manual equipped ) supplied with unit 25 - 50 hours Change Oil & Filter ( lubrication intervals vary with operating conditions and type of oil used ) B - - Front Axle / Spindles 25 hours Multi - Purpose Grease As Required C - - Brake Pedal / Linkages 25 hours Engine Oil As Required D - - Wheel Bearings 25 hours Multi - purpose grease As Required E - - Tie Rod Ends / Drag Links 25 hours Engine oil As Required F - - Steering Shaft 25 hours Multi - Purpose Grease As Required G - - Steering Sector 25 hours Multi - Purpose Grease As Required G E B F H A D Fig . 7 - 22 C 38
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Section 8 Storage When storing the unit for more than 30 debris from unit . Thoroughly clean necessary . days : engine cooling fins , engine flywheel screen and transmission cooling fins . Charge battery at 6 - 10 amps for 1 hour Add a gasoline stabilizer to fuel and Change engine oil . before storage . Store battery at 20 ° F follow instructions provided with ( 7 ° C ) to 50 ° F ( 10 ° C ) . Clean battery stabilizer . Or , move unit outside and Remove , clean and re - gap spark plug . posts and coat with petroleum jelly . run engine until it stops from lack of Reset gap according to specifications in fuel . See engine manual for other engine manual . Apply rust preventative to surfaces engine - related storage procedures . subject to corrosion . Re - install spark plug . Replace plug if Remove key from ignition . badly worn . Leave spark plug wire Apply touch - up paint to surfaces where disconnected . paint has chipped . Lower any mounted attachment to ground . Place attachment / PTO switch Clean or replace engine air filter ( on Apply a good grade of automotive wax to into the “ OFF ” position . units so equipped ) if necessary . hood . Allow engine to cool and clean dirt and Check fuel filter and replace if Store unit in a dry , secure location . 39
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Section 9 Specifications Specifications listed below are grouped by model number . Several attachments and kits are available which can improve the performance and comfort of the unit . See page 9 for further details . Dimensions : Tire sizes Length 130F Front . . 15 x 6.00 - 6RS All units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 ” Rear . . 20 x 8.00 - 8 Wheelbase 145F Front . . 15 x 6.00 - 6RS 130F , 145F . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48.25 ” Rear . . 20 x 8.00 - 10 Lift Height 130F , 145F . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Manual w / spring assist 130F , 145F . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 ” Turning radius ( inside rear wheel ) : . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 ” Width 130F , 145F . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 ” Ground clearance : . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.25 ” Engine * . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Briggs & Stratton : Starter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Electric 130F . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Intek Model – 13HP 145F . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Vanguard OHV Model – 14HP Attachment / PTO drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Electric Transaxle Fuel capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 gallons 130F . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Peerless Gear Drive : Model MST 205 - 5 Speed Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12V / 190 CCA , 7 - plate battery Speeds ( in MPH ) 1st – 1 ; 2nd – 2.2 ; 3rd – 3.3 ; 4th – 4.2 ; 5th – 5.5 ; Rev . – 1.9 145F . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Peerless Hydrostatic Drive : Model VST 205 Speeds ( in MPH ) Forward . . . . . . . 0 — 5.5 Reverse . . . . . . . 0 — 2.1 * Refer to engine nameplate for type and code . Purchase engine parts from your authorized engine dealer . 40
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