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OPERATOR’S MANUAL REAR TINE TILLER Model 414 IMPORTANT : READ SAFETY RULES AND INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY Warning : This unit is equipped with an internal combustion engine and should not be used on or near any unimproved forest - covered , brush - covered or grass - covered land unless the engine’s exhaust system is equipped with a spark arrester meeting applicable local or state laws ( if any ) . If a spark arrester is used , it should be maintained in effective working order by the operator . In the State of California the above is required by law ( Section 4442 of the California Public Resources Code ) . Other states may have similar laws . Federal laws apply on federal lands . A spark arrester for the muffler is available through your nearest engine authorized service dealer or contact the service department , P.O . Box 361131 Cleveland , Ohio 44136 - 9722 . WHITE OUTDOOR PRODUCTS COMPANY P.O . BOX 361131 CLEVELAND , OHIO 44136 - 9722 PRINTED IN U.S.A . FORM NO . 770 - 10183 ( 10 / 98 )
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SECTION 1 : FINDING YOUR MODEL NUMBER This Operator’s Manual is an important part of your new tiller . It will help you assemble , prepare and maintain your tiller . Please read and understand what it says . Before you start to prepare your tiller for its first use , please locate the model plate and copy the information from it in this Operator’s Manual . The information on the model plate is very important if you need help from your dealer or the customer support department . See Figure 1 . • Every tiller has a model plate . You can locate it by standing in the operating position behind the unit and looking down at the frame on the right side . This is where your model number will be . XXX - X - XXX - X - XXX XXXXXXXXXXX This is where your serial number will be . Copy the model number here : WHITE OUTDOOR PRODUCTS COMPANY P.O . BOX 361131 Copy the serial number here : CLEVELAND , OHIO 44136 Figure 1 SECTION 2 : CALLING WARRANTY SERVICE If you are having difficulty assembling this product or if you have any question regarding the controls , operation or maintenance of this unit , please call the Customer Dealer Referral Line . You can reach them by calling : 1 - 800 - 949 - 4483 Before calling your local dealer , make sure that you have your model and serial numbers ready . By having the model and serial numbers ready , you help your local dealer give you faster service . To find your unit’s model and serial number , see SECTION 2 : FINDING YOUR MODEL NUMBER . 2
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SECTION 3 : IMPORTANT SAFE OPERATION PRACTICES WARNING : THIS SYMBOL POINTS OUT IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS WHICH , IF NOT FOLLOWED , COULD ENDANGER THE PERSONAL SAFETY AND / OR PROPERTY OF YOURSELF AND OTHERS . READ AND FOLLOW ALL INSTRUCTIONS IN THIS MANUAL BEFORE ATTEMPTING TO OPERATE YOUR TILLER . FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH THESE INSTRUCTIONS MAY RESULT IN PERSONAL INJURY . WHEN YOU SEE THIS SYMBOL — HEED ITS WARNING . WARNING : The Engine Exhaust from this product contains chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer , birth defects or other reproductive harm . DANGER : Your tiller was built to be operated according to the rules for safe operation in this manual . As with any type of power equipment , carelessness or error on the part of the operator can result in serious injury . This tiller is capable of amputating hands and feet . Failure to observe the following safety instructions could result in serious injury or death . 1 . GENERAL OPERATION • Do not place feet or hands on or near the tines • Read this operator’s manual carefully in its entirety when starting the engine or while the engine is before attempting to assemble this machine . Read , running . understand , and follow all instructions on the machine and in the manual ( s ) before operation . Be • Never attempt to make depth bar , tine width , cable , completely familiar with the controls and the proper handle , or wheel adjustments while the engine is use of the machine before operating it . Keep this running . manual in a safe place for future and regular • Do not leave the tiller unattended with the engine reference and for ordering replacement parts . running . • Your tiller is a powerful tool , not a plaything . • Before attempting to remove rocks , bricks and Therefore , exercise extreme caution at all times . other objects from tines , stop the engine and be Your unit has been designed to perform one job : to sure the tines have stopped completely . Disconnect till soil . Do not use it for any other purpose . the spark plug wire and move it away from the • Never allow children under age 14 to operate the spark plug . unit . Children 14 years and older should only • If your machine should start making an unusual operate the unit under close parental supervision . noise or vibration , immediately stop the engine and Only responsible individuals who are familiar with allow the machine to come to a complete stop . these rules of safe operation should be allowed to Disconnect the spark plug wire and move it away use your unit . from the spark plug . Take the following steps : • Do not operate tiller while under the influence of • Inspect for damage . alcohol or drugs . • Repair or replace any damaged parts . • Keep the area of operation clear of all persons , particularly small children and pets . Stop the • Check for any loose parts and tighten to engine when they are in the vicinity of your tiller . assure continued safe operation . • Wear sturdy , rough - soled work shoes and close • Muffler and engine become hot and can cause a fitting slacks and shirt . Shirt and slacks that cover burn . Do not touch . the arms and legs and steel - toed shoes are • Keep all shields , guards and safety devices in recommended . Do not wear loose fitting clothes or place and operating properly . jewelry and secure hair so it is above shoulder • Use caution when tilling near fences , buildings and length . They can be caught in moving parts . Never underground utilities . Rotating tines can cause operate a unit in bare feet , sandals or sneakers . damage or injury . • Operate tiller only in daylight or good artificial light . • Do not operate engine if air cleaner or cover over • Do not start tiller unless the shift lever ( if provided ) carburetor air intake is removed , except for is in the neutral ( N ) position . adjustment . Removal of such parts could create a • Do not allow anyone to stand or walk in front of fire hazard . tiller when starting or running engine . 3
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• Only use accessories approved for this machine by • Extinguish all cigarettes , cigars , pipes and other the manufacturer . Read , understand , and follow all sources of ignition . instructions provided with the approved accessory . • Never refuel unit indoors because flammable • If situations occur which are not covered by this vapors will accumulate in the area . manual , use care and good judgment . Contact your • Never store the machine or fuel container inside dealer for assistance . where there is an open flame or spark such as a gas hot water heater , space heater , clothes dryer 2 . CHILDREN or furnace . • Tragic accidents can occur if the operator is not • Never run your machine in an enclosed area as the alert to the presence of small children . Children are exhaust from the engine contains carbon often attracted to the tilling activity . Never assume monoxide , which is a odorless , tasteless and that children will remain where you last saw them . deadly poisonous gas . • Keep children out of the work area and under the • To reduce fire hazard , keep engine and muffler free watchful eye of a responsible adult other than the of leaves , grass , and other debris build - up . Clean operator . up fuel and oil spillage . Allow unit to cool at least 5 • Be alert and turn the unit off if a child enters the minutes before storing . area . • Before cleaning , repairing , or inspecting , make • Never allow children under the age of 14 to operate certain the tines and all moving parts have stopped . the tiller . Disconnect the spark plug wire and keep wire away from spark plug to prevent accidental starting . Do 3 . SERVICE not use flammable solutions to clean air filter . • Use extreme care in handling gasoline and other • Keep all nuts , bolts , and screws tight to be sure the fuels . They are extremely flammable and the equipment is in safe working condition . vapors are explosive . • Never tamper with safety devices . Check their • Store fuel and oil in approved containers , away proper operation regularly . from heat and open flame , and out of the reach of • Do not alter or tamper with the engine’s governor children . Check and add fuel before starting the setting . The governor controls the maximum safe engine . Never remove gas cap or add fuel while the operating speed of the engine . Overspeeding the engine is running . Allow engine to cool at least two engine is dangerous and will cause damage to the minutes before refueling . engine and to other moving parts of the machine . • Replace gasoline cap securely and wipe off any spilled gasoline before starting the engine as it may cause a fire or explosion . WARNING — YOUR RESPONSIBILITY : Restrict the use of this power machine to persons who read , understand and follow the warnings and instructions in this manual and on the machine . Figure 2 Safety labels found on your unit 4
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SECTION 4 : UNPACKING 5 . Roll or slide unit out of carton . Check carton TO REMOVE UNIT FROM CARTON thoroughly for loose parts . 1 . Remove staples , break glue on top flaps , or cut 6 . Extend control cable and lay on the floor . Be tape at carton end and peel along top flap to careful not to bend or kink control cable . open carton . 2 . Remove loose parts included with unit ( i.e . , IMPORTANT : This unit is shipped WITHOUT owner’s manual , etc . ) . GASOLINE or OIL . After assembly , see separate engine manual for proper fuel and engine oil 3 . Cut along dotted lines and lay carton down flat . recommendations . 4 . Remove packing material . SECTION 5 : ASSEMBLY INSTRUCTIONS This instruction manual covers several different model tillers . Follow only those instructions which pertain to your unit . T - Knob , Flat Washer , Hex Bolt NOTE : Left and right is determined from the Tine Shield operator’s position , standing behind the tiller . Hinge Flap TOOLS REQUIRED FOR ASSEMBLY ( 2 ) 1 / 2 " Wrenches * ( 1 ) 9 / 16 " Wrench * ( 1 ) Pair of Pliers * Two adjustable wrenches may be used . LOOSE PARTS IN CARTON Clevis Pin Hairpin Clip ( 1 ) Depth Stake ( 1 ) Handle Assembly ( 1 ) Shift Rod NOTE : All hardware needed for assembly is attached to the loose parts or the tiller . Depth Stake ATTACHING THE DEPTH STAKE ASSEMBLY Figure 3 5 . Insert hex bolt into the top hole of the depth 1 . Tip the tiller forward so it rests on front stake assembly . Place flat washer on the hex counterweight . bolt and thread “ T ” knob onto the hex bolt . See 2 . Unthread the “ T ” knob from the top of the depth Figure 3 . Tighten securely . stake , and remove the flat washer and hex bolt . 6 . Tip the tiller back down so it rests on the tines . Remove the hairpin clip from the clevis pin . See Figure 3 . Attaching the Handle Assembly 3 . Raise the tine shield hinge flap assembly . Insert the depth stake assembly in the slot ( under the 1 . Remove the Handle Adjustment Lock , Flange tine shield ) and up through the tine shield Nut Retainer Bracket , Shoulder Bolt and Lock assembly as shown in Figure 3 . Nut from the Pivot Bracket . 4 . Insert clevis pin through the tine shield and 2 . Place the handle assembly in position in the depth stake assemblies . Secure with hairpin clip . handle pivot bracket lining the upper holes in the handle with the slots in the pivot bracket . See Figure 4 . 5
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5 . Pivot handle assembly into position desired . Flange Nut Retainer Bracket Tighten the bottom bolt and nut securely . Shoulder Bolt Tighten the handle adjustment lock . Lock Nut Handle Adjustment Lock ATTACHING THE GEAR SHIFT ROD Flange Nut 1 . Remove the T - handle , nut , hairpin clip , flat washer and rubber washer from the end of the gear shift rod . Slide the rod up through the bracket on the front of the handle assembly . See Figure 7 . 2 . Insert the end of the gear shift rod through the opening in the top of the shift cover , and into the Pivot Bracket shift bracket . See Figure 8 . Secure with rubber washer first , then flat washer and hairpin clip . Figure 4 3 . Lift up the handle assembly and align the bottom T - Handle holes in the handle assembly with the holes in the pivot bracket . Insert hex bolt ( with Hex nut retainer attached through the round hole ) . The head of hex bolt and retainer bracket should be to the right hand side of the unit . See Figure 5 . Gear Shift Rod Flange Nut Retainer Bracket Shoulder Bolt Lock Nut Lift up Handle Figure 7 Gear Shift Rod Opening Shift Cover Figure 5 Rubber Washer 4 . Place the hex opening of the hex nut retainer Flat Washer bracket over the flange nut securing the handle Hairpin Clip adjustment lock and install the lock nut on the lower shoulder bolt . See Figure 6 . Handle Adjustment Hex Hole in Lock Retainer Bracket over Flange Nut Figure 8 3 . Install the nut and T - handle on the gear shift rod . ATTACHING THE CLUTCH CABLE 1 . Route the clutch cable underneath the handle and through the cable clip . Be careful not to bend or kink the cable . Refer to Figure 9 . Remove one hex nut from the threaded casing on the end of the cable . See Figure 10 . Figure 6 6
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FINAL CLUTCH ADJUSTMENT Handle IMPORTANT : Service the engine with oil and Adjustment gasoline before checking this adjustment . Refer to Lock the separate engine manual packed with your tiller . 1 . Position the tiller so the front counterweight is Cable against a solid object , such as a wall . With the Clip gear selection lever in NEUTRAL , start the engine . Refer to Operation section . NOTE : Keep hands out of belt area while unit is operating . 2 . Standing on the right side of the tiller , visually examine the belt ( inside the belt cover ) . It should not be turning . Flange Lock Nut If the belt turns with the unit in neutral , adjust Figure 9 by moving the hex nut below the cable bracket down a few turns . See Figure 10 . Tighten the 2 . Slip the wire up through the slot on the cable upper hex nut against the bracket . bracket underneath the handle . Push the end of the casing up through the cable bracket . 3 . Now move the shift lever to FORWARD ( Wheels Rethread the hex nut on the end of the cable . Forward ) position . Carefully engage the clutch Do not tighten at this time . by squeezing the clutch handle against the handle . The wheels should spin . 4 . If the wheels do not spin with the unit in forward , adjust by moving the hex nut which is above the cable bracket up a few turns . Tighten the bottom hex nut against the bracket . Hex Recheck both adjustments , and readjust as neces - Nuts sary . Make certain hex nuts at cable bracket are tight ( do not overtighten control cable ) . NOTE : If additional adjustment is required , it may be Lock necessary to remove the belt cover , and move the Washer hex nuts at the other end of the clutch cable to increase belt tension . TIRE PRESSURE “ Z ” End Slot in The tires on your unit may be over - inflated for of Cable Cable shipping purposes . Reduce the tire pressure before Bracket operating the unit . Recommended operating tire Figure 10 Viewed beneath handle panel . pressure is approximately 14 p.s.i . on 14 inch tires 3 . Pull the cable upwards to obtain slack , and , from and 20 p.s.i . on 16 inch tires . ( Check sidewall of tire right to left , hook the “ Z ” end of the cable into the for tire manufacturer’s recommended pressure ) . bracket on the clutch control ( beneath the WARNING : Maximum tire pressure handle panel ) as shown in Figure 10 . Tighten under any circumstances is 30 p.s.i . the nut against the cable bracket . Equal tire pressure should be NOTE : Do not overtighten control wire . Too much maintained on both tires . tension may cause it to break . 7
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SECTION 6 : CONTROLS CLUTCH HANDLE - ( Bail ) The clutch handle ( bail ) is located beneath the Gear Selection handle . See Figure 11 . Squeezing the clutch handle Handle against the handle engages the wheel and tine drive mechanisms . THROTTLE CONTROL Handle Height The throttle control lever is located on the engine . It Adjustment Clutch controls the engine speed and stops the engine . Lock Handle ( Bail ) CHOKE LEVER The choke lever is located on the engine . It is used to enrich the fuel mixture in the carburetor when Depth starting a cold engine . Stake DEPTH STAKE Figure 11 The depth stake controls the tilling depth . Refer to GEAR SELECTION HANDLE SETTING THE DEPTH in Section 7 . The gear selection handle is located on the front of the handle assembly . It is used to select NEUTRAL , HANDLE ADJUSTMENT REVERSE , or one of the FORWARD modes . The handle may be adjusted to the height desired . This tiller is designed for the gear selection handle to loosen the handle height adjustment lock a few be moved while the engine is running . ( It will be turns . Pivot handle up or down to desired position . difficult to obtain all four positions with the engine Tighten lock . See Figure 11 . off . ) Pull or push the handle so that the indicator on top of shift cover points to the area of the operating mode desired . See Figure 11 . SECTION 7 : OPERATION NOTE : If difficulty is encountered in moving the gear NOTE : Engine is shipped without oil . selection handle , refer to following helpful hints . BEFORE STARTING To shift into forward or reverse wheel drive , move tiller forward slightly , then backward , to allow the 1 . Service engine with oil as instructed in the gears to synchronize . separate engine manual packed with your unit . To shift into forward wheels and tine drive , push 2 . Fill fuel tank with clean , fresh , lead - free , low - lead forward slightly on the gear selection handle and or regular grade leaded gasoline . slowly engage the clutch handle allowing the gears TO START ENGINE to synchronize . To stop forward movement , and tine drive , release the clutch handle . Do not shift gears NOTE : When pushing the unit with the engine off , with the clutch handle engaged except when you will hear a ratcheting sound ( gear noise ) which engaging the tines . is normal . WARNING : Be sure no one is REVERSE — Reverse wheel drive only . standing in front of the tiller while the NEUTRAL — Transmission is in neutral . engine is running or being started . FORWARD Modes : Wheels Forward — Forward wheel drive only . 1 . Place gear selection lever in NEUTRAL . Tines Reverse — Forward wheel drive and reverse 2 . Place the throttle control lever in FAST ( Rabbit ) tine drive . position . WARNING : Make certain unit is in 3 . Move choke lever to CHOKE position . NEUTRAL when starting the engine . NOTE : A warm engine may not require choking . 4 . Stand at side of tiller . Grasp the starter handle and pull out slowly , until it pulls slightly harder . Let rope rewind slowly . 8
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5 . Pull starter handle rapidly . Do not allow handle to snap back . Allow it to rewind slowly while Use This Side keeping a firm hold on the starter handle . Hole for Shields 6 . Repeat steps 4 and 5 until engine starts . Lowest ( Shallowest ) 7 . As engine warms up and begins to operate Position evenly , move choke lever gradually to RUN position . If engine falters , return to choke position , then slowly move to RUN position . Refer to engine manual for additional engine information . Use This Hole for Highest ( Deepest ) TO STOP ENGINE Position 1 . Move throttle control to STOP or OFF position . Figure 13 2 . Disconnect spark plug wire and ground to prevent accidentally starting while equipment is 2 . When breaking up sod and for shallow unattended . cultivation , use the setting which gives 1 " of NOTE : After the first ten hours of operation , recheck tilling depth ( second hole from the top ) . Place the clutch adjustment . Refer to final clutch the side shields in their lowest position . For adjustment in Assembly Instructions . further depth , raise the depth stake and side shields and make one or two more passes over WARNING : When operating the tiller the area . for the first time , use the depth stake 3 . When tilling loose soil , depth stake may be setting that gives 1 inch of tilling depth raised to its highest position ( use bottom ( second hole from the top ) . Refer to adjustment hole ) to give the deepest tilling Figure 12 . depth . Raise the side shields to their highest position . SETTING THE DEPTH 4 . To transport tiller , lower the depth stake ( use top Tilling depth is controlled by the depth stake which adjustment hole ) . can be adjusted to five different settings . See Figure To adjust the depth stake , remove the clevis pin and 12 . Adjust the side shields as shown in Figure 13 , as hairpin clip . See Figure 12 . Move the depth stake to you adjust the depth stake . Be certain spark plug . Secure with the clevis pin and the desired setting wire is disconnected and grounded against the hairpin clip . engine . To adjust the side shields , remove the wing nuts . 1 . When using the tiller for the first time , use the See Figure 13 . Move the side shield to the desired second adjustment hole from the top ( 1 " of tilling position . Replace the wing nuts . Tighten securely . depth ) . See Figure 12 . Use This Operating the Tiller Position 1 . Select the depth stake setting . First Time Transport 2 . Start engine as instructed in the OPERATION Position section . 1 " 3 . Move gear selection handle to one of the Hairpin 3 " forward modes or reverse . Clip Clevis 5 " WARNING : Do not move the gear Pin 7 " selection handle with the wheels or tines engaged . Make certain the unit is stopped completely before changing the gear selection . A partial engagement may be necessary when engaging tines . Refer to CONTROLS in section 6 . Figure 12 9
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4 . Squeeze the clutch handle against the handle to WARNING : Do not push down on the engage the wheels and tines . handles so that the wheels are lifted off the ground while using the tine drive , or NOTE : Make certain the gear selection indicator is the tiller could move backward and correctly positioned before engaging the clutch cause personal injury . handle . If it is between gears , the engine will stall . To transport tiller , do not engage the tines . Select For best results , it is recommended the garden be the wheel drive only . tilled twice ( lengthwise , then widthwise ) to pulverize the soil . SECTION 8 : ADJUSTMENTS HANDLE ADJUSTMENT CARBURETOR ADJUSTMENT The handle height may be adjusted . Refer to the Controls section for details of handle adjustment . If any adjustments are WARNING : made to the engine while the engine is BELT TENSION ADJUSTMENT running , ( e.g . carburetor ) , disengage all Periodic adjustment of the belt tension may be clutches and tines . Keep clear of all required due to normal stretch and wear on the belt . moving parts . Be careful of heated Adjustment is needed if the tines or wheels seem to surfaces and muffler . hesitate while turning , but the engine maintains the same speed . Never make unnecessary adjustments . The factory To adjust the tension on the belt , refer to final clutch settings are correct for most applications . If adjustment in Assembly Instructions . adjustments are needed , refer to the separate engine manual packed with your tiller . SECTION 9 : LUBRICATION Clutch Handle — Lubricate the pivot point on the Transmission — The transmission is pre - lubricated clutch handle and the cable at least once a season and sealed at the factory . It requires no checking with light oil . The control must operate freely in both unless the transmission is disassembled . To fill with directions . grease , lay the right half of the transmission on its side . Add 22 ounces of Benalene 920 grease . Pivot Points — Lubricate all pivot points and linkages Assemble the left half to it . This grease can be at least once a season with light oil . obtained at your nearest authorized dealer . Order Tine Shafts — Remove tine assemblies and lubricate part number 737 - 0300 . the tine shafts at least once a season . Wheel Shafts — Remove wheel assemblies and lubricate the axle shafts at least once a season . SECTION 10 : MAINTENANCE conditions . Poor engine performance and flooding WARNING : Disconnect the spark plug usually indicates that the air cleaner should be wire and ground it against the engine serviced . To service the air cleaner , refer to the before performing any repairs or separate engine manual packed with your unit . maintenance . ENGINE IMPORTANT : Never run your engine without air Refer to the separate engine manual for engine cleaner completely assembled . maintenance instructions . The spark plug should be cleaned and the gap Maintain engine oil as instructed in the separate reset every 25 hours of engine operation . Spark plug engine manual packed with your unit . Read and replacement is recommended at the start of each follow instructions carefully . tiller season ; check engine manual for correct plug Service air cleaner every ten hours under normal type and gap specification . conditions . Clean every hour under extremely dusty 10
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Clean the engine regularly with a cloth or brush . If belt replacement is required , order belt or belts by Keep the cooling system ( blower housing area ) part number from your nearest authorized dealer . clean to permit proper air circulation which is Part No . 754 - 0438 — ‘ ‘ V ’ ’ Belt essential to engine performance and life . Be certain 1 . Disconnect and ground the spark plug wire to remove all dirt and combustible debris from against the engine . muffler area . 2 . Remove the belt cover from the left side of the CLEANING THE TINE AREA tiller as follows : Clean the underside of the tine shield after each use . • Remove two torx head screws from the top of belt The dirt washes off the tines easier if rinsed off cover . immediately instead of after it dries . Always towel • Remove two hex cap nuts and flat washers from dry the tiller afterwards and apply a light coat of oil or front side of the belt cover . Remove the hex nut silicone to prevent rusting or water damage . and flat washer at the back of the cover . IMPORTANT : Never use a " pressure " washer to 3 . Remove the belt keeper assembly located behind the engine pulley by removing two hex clean your tiller . Water can penetrate tight areas of bolts and lock washers . See Figure 14 . the tiller and its chaincase and cause serious damage to the unit . 4 . Remove belt . Reassemble new belt , following instructions in reverse order . TIRES Recommended operating tire pressure is NOTE : Upon reassembly , make certain the belt is approximately 14 p.s.i . on 14 inch tires and 20 p.s.i . routed over the idler pulley and inside of belt on 16 inch tires . ( Check sidewall of tire for tire keepers by engine pulley . See Figure 14 . manufacturer’s recommended pressure ) . Maximum Engine tire pressure under any circumstances is 30 p.s.i . Belt Keeper Pulley Equal tire pressure should be maintained on both tires . When installing a tire to the rim , be certain rim is clean and free of rust . Lubricate both the tire and rim generously . Never inflate to over 30 p.s.i . to seat beads . Hex Bolts WARNING : Excessive pressure ( over 30 p.s.i . ) when seating beads may cause tire / rim assembly to burst with force sufficient to cause serious injury . BELT REPLACEMENT CAUTION : Do not use an off - the - shelf Idler Belt belt . Pulley Keeper Your tiller has been engineered with a belt made of Figure 14 special material ( Kevlar Tensile ) for longer life and better performance . It should not be replaced with an off - the - shelf belt . SECTION 11 : OFF - SEASON STORAGE 3 . Wipe tines with oiled rag to prevent rust . If the tiller will not be used for a period longer than 30 days , the following steps should be taken to 4 . Store tiller in a clean , dry area . Do not store next prepare the tiller for storage . to corrosive materials , such as fertilizer . 1 . Clean the exterior of engine and the entire tiller NOTE : When storing any type of power equipment thoroughly . Lubricate the tiller as described in in an unventilated or metal storage shed , care the lubrication instructions . should be taken to rustproof the equipment . Using a 2 . Refer to the engine manual for correct engine light oil or silicone , coat the equipment , especially storage instructions . any springs , bearings and cables . 11
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SECTION 12 : TROUBLE SHOOTING GUIDE Trouble Possible Cause ( s ) Corrective Action Fill tank with clean , fresh gasoline . Fuel will not last over Engine fails to Fuel tank empty , or stale fuel . thirty days unless a fuel stabilizer is used . start Move throttle lever to start position . Throttle control lever not in correct starting position ( if so equipped ) . Clean fuel line . Blocked fuel line . Refer to the engine manual packed with your unit . Dirty aircleaner . Move switch to ON position . Choke not in ON position . Connect wire to spark plug . Spark plug wire disconnected . Clean , adjust gap or replace . Faulty spark plug . Refer to the engine manual packed with your unit . Engine flooded . Move choke lever to OFF position . Engine runs Unit running on CHOKE . Connect and tighten spark plug wire . erratic Spark plug wire loose . Clean fuel line ; fill tank with clean , fresh gasoline . Fuel will Blocked fuel line or stale fuel . not last over thirty days unless a fuel stabilizer is used . Clear vent . Vent in gas cap plugged . Drain fuel tank . Refill with fresh fuel . Water or dirt in fuel system . Refer to the engine manual packed with your unit . Dirty air cleaner . Refer to the engine manual packed with your unit . Carburetor out of adjustment . Engine over - Engine oil level low . Fill crankcase with proper oil . heats Dirty air cleaner . Refer to the engine manual packed with your unit . Air flow restricted . Refer to the engine manual packed with your unit . Carburetor not adjusted properly . Adjust carburetor as instructed in separate engine manual . Dislodge foreign object . Tines do not Foreign object lodged in tines . Replace tine clevis pin ( s ) . engage Tine clevis pin ( s ) missing . Take unit to authorized service dealer . Pulley and idler not in correct adjustment . Not shifting properly . Refer to controls section of operator’s manual for proper shifting procedures . Control cable not adjusted properly . Adjust control cable ( see assembly instructions ) . Belt worn and / or stretched . Replace belt . Replace clevis pin . Wheels do not Clevis pin missing . Refer to controls section of operator’s manual for proper engage Tiller is not being shifted properly . shifting procedures . Adjust control cable ( see assembly instructions ) . Control cable not adjusted properly . Replace belt . Belt worn and / or stretched . Note : For repairs beyond the minor adjustments above , contact your local authorized service dealer . 12
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Notes 13
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Model 414 14
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Model 414 REF . PART REF . PART NO . NO DESCRIPTION NO . NO DESCRIPTION 33 786 - 0090 Side Shield 1 735 - 0246 Vinyl End Plug 34 786 - 0113 Rear Tine Shield 2 647 - 0014 Clutch Control Ass’y . 35 686 - 0044A End Cover Ass’y . 3 710 - 1017 Torx Mach . AB - Tap Scr . 1 / 4 x . 62 " 36 738 - 0849 Hex Cap Bolt 5 / 16 - 18 x 1.25 " Lg . 4 786 - 0131 Handle Cover 38 710 - 0376 Hex Bolt 5 / 16 - 18 x . 75 " Lg . 5 786 - 0098 Retaining Brkt . — R.H . 39 710 - 3097 Carriage Bolt 3 / 8 - 16 x 1 " Lg . 6 786 - 0118 Retaining Brkt . — L.H . 40 712 - 0798 Hex Ins . L - Nut 3 / 8 - 16 Thd . 7 720 - 0278 Grip ( 2 Req’d . ) 43 712 - 3004A Hex Flange Top L - Nut 5 / 16 - 18 8 720 - 0210A Knob 44 786 - 0076 Tine Shield Brkt . — R.H . 9 712 - 3008 Hex Jam Nut 3 / 8 - 16 Thd . 45 786 - 0077 Tine Shield Brkt . — L.H . 11 735 - 0127 Rubber Washer 46 711 - 0415 Clevis Pin . 375 " Dia . 12 736 - 0204 Fl - Wash . . 344 " I.D . x . 6 " O.D . 47 786 - 0085 Tine Shield 13 747 - 0902 Gear Shift Rod 48 747 - 0432 Tiller Flap Rod 14 714 - 0104 Hairpin Clip 49 726 - 0106 Cap Speed Nut 15 649 - 0017 Handle Ass’y . 50 710 - 0189 Hex Bolt 5 / 16 - 18 x 3 " Lg . 16 710 - 0896 Tap Scr . 1 / 4 - 14 x 5 / 8 " Lg . 51 786 - 0101B Shift Cover ( 410 , 412 & 422 ) 17 726 - 0330 Cable Clip 786 - 0168 Shift Cover ( 415 & 417 ) 21 746 - 0916 Clutch Cable 52 710 - 1017 Torx Mach . AB - Tap Scr . 1 / 4 x . 6 " 22 786 - 0120 Depth Bar 54 786 - 0109 Handle Brkt . — L.H . 23 736 - 0117 Fl - Wash . 3 / 8 " I.D . x 5 / 8 " O.D . 55 786 - 0108 Handle Brkt . — R.H . 24 710 - 0253 Hex Bolt 3 / 8 - 16 x 1 " Lg . * 56 784 - 0191 Hex Nut Retainer Brkt . 28 715 - 0120 Spiral Pin 3 / 16 " x 1 " 57 712 - 0379 Hex Flange Nut 3 / 8 - 24 Thd . 29 686 - 0095 Shift Crank Ass’y . 58 750 - 0885 Spacer . 322 Dia . 30 711 - 0415 Clevis Pin 59 784 - 0190 Handle Adjustment Crank 31 714 - 0149B Hairpin Clip 60 712 - 0421 Knob 5 / 16 - 18 Thd . 32 642 - 0015 Tine Ass’y . — L.H . 61 736 - 0169 L - Washer 3 / 8 " I.D . 642 - 0016 Tine Ass’y . — R.H . ( Not Shown ) LABELS PART NOTE : For painted parts , please refer to NO DESCRIPTION the list of color codes below . Please add the 777D01165 WOP Handle Panel applicable color code , wherever needed , to 777D01168 WOP Belt Guard the part number to order a replacement part . 777D02432 WOP Engine For instance , if a part , numbered 700 - xxxx , 777S30038 Rear Tine Warning is painted Oyster Gray , the part number to order would be 700 - xxxx - 0662 . 777 - 4102 R N F T Oyster Gray : 0662 777I20358 Place Hand Here Powder Black : 0637 777I20362 Operating Instructions 777I20363 Shift Cover 777I20364 FNR Front Handle 15
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Model 414 REF . REF . NO . PART NO . DESCRIPTION NO . PART NO . DESCRIPTION 24 756 - 0971 Inner Engine Pulley Half 1 710 - 3008 Hex Bolt 5 / 16 - 18 x . 75 " Lg . 25 786 - 0080 Idler Bracket 2 712 - 3004A Hex Top L - Nut 5 / 16 - 18 Thd . 26 710 - 0723 Hex Bolt 3 / 8 - 16 x 1.25 " Lg . 3 786 - 0107 Cable Mtg . Bracket 27 746 - 0916 Clutch Cable 4 710 - 1017 Torx Mach . AB - Tap Scr . 1 / 4 x . 6 " Lg 28 734 - 0255 Air Valve 5 738 - 0899 Belt Cover Bolt 29 714 - 0104 Hairpin Clip 6 786 - 0117 Shift Cover Bracket 30 711 - 1017 Clevis Pin 7 786 - 0100 Belt Cover 31 634 - 0112 Rim Only ( 14 " ) 8 736 - 0142 Fl - Wash . . 281 " I.D . x . 5 " O.D . 634 - 0108 Rim Only ( 16 " ) 9 712 - 0392 Hex Cap Nut 1 / 4 - 28 Thd . 32 634 - 0110 Wheel Ass’y . Comp . — R.H . ( 14 " ) 10 756 - 0634 Flat Pulley 8 " O.D . 634 - 0111 Wheel Ass’y . Comp . — L.H . ( 14 " ) 11 736 - 0105 Bell - Wash . . 38 " I.D . x . 88 " O.D . 634 - 0106 Wheel Ass’y . Comp . — R.H . ( 16 " ) 12 712 - 0379 Hex Flange Nut . 634 - 0107 Wheel Ass’y . Comp . — L.H . ( 16 " ) 13 754 - 0438 “ V ” - Belt 734 - 1796 Tire Only ( 14 " ) 14 686 - 0031 Belt Keeper Brkt . 734 - 0808 Tire Only ( 16 " ) 15 736 - 0119 L - Wash . 5 / 16 " I.D . 34 619 - 0009 Frame Counterweight 16 710 - 0237 Hex Bolt 5 / 16 - 24 x . 62 " Lg . 35 710 - 1007 Hex TT - Tap Scr . 3 / 8 - 16 Thd . 17 738 - 0876 Shld . Nut 36 710 - 0376 Hex Bolt 5 / 16 - 18 x 1 " Lg . ( Gr . 5 ) 18 712 - 0266 Hex Jam L - Nut 3 / 8 - 16 Thd . 37 712 - 3004A Hex Flange L - Nut 5 / 16 - 18 Thd . 19 756 - 0405 Fl - Idler w / Flanges 38 — Engine 20 710 - 0152 Hex Bolt 3 / 8 - 24 x 1 " Lg . 41 686 - 0043A Tine Shield Brkt . Ass’y . 21 736 - 0217 L - Wash . 3 / 8 " I.D . 42 710 - 3038 Hex Bolt 5 / 16 - 18 x 7 / 8 " Lg . 22 736 - 0258 Fl - Wash . 3 / 8 " I.D . x 1 " O.D . 43 736 - 0256 Wash . Fl . . 635 I.D . x . 930 O.D . x . 03 23 756 - 0972 Outer Engine Pulley Half 16
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Models 414 REF . REF . NO . PART NO . DESCRIPTION NO . PART NO . DESCRIPTION 1 721 - 0295 Chain Case Gasket 32 738 - 0884 Jack Shaft 5 " Lg . 2 786 - 0086 Reinforcement Plate 33 750 - 0931 Spacer . 636 " I.D . x . 86 " O.D . 3 716 - 0865 Snap Ring 35 717 - 1411 Spur Gear 10T 4 750 - 0938 Spacer . 735 " I.D . x . 886 " O.D . 36 750 - 0930 Spacer 1.5 " I.D . x 1.76 " O.D . 5 611 - 0058 Wheel Shaft 37 713 - 0436 Sprocket — # 41 Chain 6 717 - 1458 Spur Gear 46T 38 717 - 1405 Reverse Gear 46T 8 736 - 0351 Fl - Wash . . 76 " I.D . x 1.5 " O.D . 39 736 - 0518 Thrust Wash . . 445 " I.D . x 1.92 " 9 721 - 0379 Shaft Seal 40 618 - 0245B Shifter Ass’y . 10 736 - 0518 Thr.Wash . . 445 I.D.x1.92 O.D.x . 060 41 717 - 1409 Spur Gear 17T 11 686 - 0039 Gear Case Ass’y . Half — L.H . 42 736 - 0442 Fl - Wash . . 69 " I.D . x 1.06 " O.D . 12 750 - 0935 Spacer . 635 " I.D . x 1 " O.D . x . 78 43 732 - 0614 Wire Ring 13 738 - 0885 Jack Shaft 2.06 " Lg . 44 718 - 0234 Clutch Collar 14 750 - 0936 Spacer . 635 " I.D . x 1 " O.D . x . 37 " 45 716 - 0235 Retaining Ring . 875 " Shaft 46 711 - 1087 Drive Shaft 15 617 - 0004 Gear Idler Ass’y . 47 713 - 0435 Sprocket 11T 16 712 - 3067 Hex Patch L - Nut 7 / 16 - 20 Thd . 49 717 - 1451A Spur Gear 16T 17 736 - 0407 Bell - Wash . . 45 " I.D . x 1 " O.D . 50 736 - 0336 Fl - Wash . 5 / 8 " I.D . x 1 " O.D . 18 712 - 0378 Hex Nut 7 / 16 - 20 Thd . 51 741 - 0124 Ball Bearing . 669 " I.D . 19 710 - 0896 Hex Washer TT - Tap Scr . 1 / 4 - 20 x . 5 " 52 736 - 0329 L - Wash . 1 / 4 " I.D . 20 732 - 0863 Spring Detent 53 710 - 0258 Hex Bolt 1 / 4 - 20 x . 62 " Lg . 21 741 - 0862 Ball Detent 55 741 - 0563 Ball Bearing 22 721 - 0378 Shaft Seal 56 736 - 0512 Fl - Wash . . 281 " I.D . x . 875 " O.D . 23 736 - 0163 Thrust Wash . 1.03 " I.D . x 1.62 " 57 686 - 0094 Gear Case Ass’y . Comp . 24 750 - 0570 Spacer 1 " I.D . x 2 " O.D . x . 5 " Thk . 58 718 - 0237 Key — Drive Shaft ( Not Shown ) 26 611 - 0021 Tine Shaft Ass’y . 59 736 - 0265 Fl - Wash . . 88 " I.D . x 1.5 " O.D . 27 713 - 0226 Chain # 50 5 / 8 " Pitch x 52 Links 60 726 - 0331 Button Plug 28 713 - 0233 Chain — # 41 1 / 2 " Pitch x 30 Links 61 750 - 0987 Spacer 1.52 " I.D . 29 686 - 0038 Gear Case Ass’y . Half — R.H . — 737 - 0300 Grease ( 40 oz . Req’d . ) 30 736 - 0541 Fl - Wash . 7 / 16 " I.D . x 1 - 3 / 8 " O.D . 31 617 - 0002 Gear and Sprocket Ass’y . 17
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MANUFACTURER’S LIMITED WARRANTY FOR : be paid by the purchaser unless such return is For TWO YEARS from the date of retail purchase requested by White Outdoor Products Company . within the United States of America , its possessions and territories , White Outdoor Products Company UNITS EXPORTED OUT OF THE UNITED will , at its option , repair or replace , for the original STATES : White Outdoor Products Company does purchaser , free of charge , any part or parts found to not extend any warranty for products sold or be defective in material or workmanship . This exported outside of the United States of America , its warranty covers units which have been operated possessions and territories , except those sold and maintained in accordance with the operating through White Outdoor Products Company’s instructions furnished with the unit , and which have authorized channels of export distribution . not been subject to misuse , abuse , neglect , accident , improper maintenance or alteration . OTHER WARRANTIES : NORMAL WEAR PARTS or components thereof are 1 . The engine or component parts thereof carry subject to separate terms as noted below in the “ No separate warranties from their manufacturers . Fault Ninety Day Consumer Warranty ” clause . Please refer to the applicable manufacturer’s Commercial use is subject to the terms listed above , warranty on these items . and is covered for a period of 90 days from the date 2 . Batteries are covered by a 90 - day replacement of purchase . warranty . TWO YEAR CONSUMER WARRANTY ON 3 . Log splitter pumps , valves and cylinders or NORMAL WEAR PARTS WITH NINETY DAY NO component parts thereof are covered by a one FAULT PROTECTION : All normal wear parts year warranty . failures will be covered on this product for a period 4 . All other warranties , express or implied , of 90 days regardless of cause . After 90 days , but including any implied warranty of merchantability within the two year period , normal wear parts or fitness for a particular purpose , are hereby failures will be covered if caused by defects in expressly disclaimed in their entirety . material or workmanship . Normal wear parts are defined as belts , blades , blade adapters , grass 5 . The provisions as set forth in this warranty bags , rider deck wheels , seats , snow thrower skid provide the sole and exclusive remedy of White shoes , shave plates and tires . Outdoor Products Company’s obligations arising from the sales of its products . White Outdoor HOW TO OBTAIN SERVICE : Warranty service is Products Company will not be liable for available , with proof of purchase , through your local incidental or consequential loss or damage . authorized service dealer . To locate the dealer in your area , please check the yellow pages or contact HOW STATE LAW RELATES TO THIS the Customer Service Department of White Outdoor WARRANTY : This limited warranty gives you Products Company , P O Box 361131 , Cleveland , specific legal rights , and you may also have other Ohio 44136 - 0019 . Phone ( 330 ) 225 - 8883 . The rights which vary from state to state . Certain return of a complete unit will not be accepted by the disclaimers are not allowed in some states and factory unless prior written permission has been therefore they may not apply to you under all extended by the Service Department of White circumstances . Outdoor Products Company . NOTE : This warranty does not cover set - up , routine TRANSPORTATION CHARGES : Transportation maintenance items such as lubricants , filters , blade charges for the movement of any power equipment sharpening and tune - ups , or adjustments such as unit or attachment are the responsibility of the brake adjustments . Nor does this warranty cover purchaser . Transportation charges for any parts normal deterioration of the exterior finish due to use submitted for replacement under this warranty must or exposure .
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