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OPERATOR’S MANUAL Log Splitter 33 - Ton Model Number 24AD595C190 IMPORTANT : READ SAFETY RULES AND INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY Warning : This unit is equipped with an internal combustion engine and should not be used on or near any unimproved forest - covered , brush - covered or grass - covered land unless the engine’s exhaust system is equipped with a spark arrester meeting applicable local or state laws ( if any ) . If a spark arrester is used , it should be maintained in effective working order by the operator . In the State of California the above is required by law ( Section 4442 of the California Public Resources Code ) . Other states may have similar laws . Federal laws apply on federal lands . A spark arrester for the muffler is available through your nearest engine authorized service dealer or contact the service department , P.O . Box 361131 Cleveland , Ohio 44136 - 9722 . WHITE OUTDOOR PRODUCTS COMPANY P.O . BOX 361131 CLEVELAND , OHIO 44136 - 9722 770 - 10041D.fm PRINTED IN U.S.A . FORM NO . ( 7 / 01 )
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TABLE OF CONTENTS Content Page Important Safe Operation Practices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Assembling Your Log Splitter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Know Your Log Splitter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Operating Your Log Splitter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Adjusting Your Log Splitter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Maintaining Your Log Splitter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Conditions That Will Void Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Parts List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 FINDING MODEL NUMBER This Operator’s Manual is an important part of your new log splitter . It will help you assemble , prepare and maintain the unit for best performance . Please read and understand what it says . Before you start assembling your new equipment , please locate the model plate on the equipment and copy the information from it in the space provided below . The information on the model plate is very important if you need help from our Customer Support Department or an authorized dealer . • You can locate the model number by standing behind the unit and looking down at the hydraulic tank . A sample model plate is explained below . For future reference , please copy the model number and the serial number of the equipment in the space below . ( Model Number ) ( Serial Number ) Copy the model number here : WHITE OUTDOOR Copy the serial number here : PRODUCTS COMPANY P.O . BOX 361131 CLEVELAND , OHIO 44136 ENGINE INFORMATION The engine manufacturer is responsible for all engine - related issues with regards to performance , power - rating , specifications , warranty and service . Please refer to the engine manufacturer’s Owner’s / Operator’s Manual packed separately with your unit for more information . CALLING CUSTOMER SUPPORT If you have difficulty assembling this product or have any questions regarding the controls , operation or maintenance of this unit , please call the Customer Dealer Referral Line . Call 1 - ( 800 ) - 949 - 4483 to reach the Customer Dealer Referral Line . Please have your unit’s model number and serial number ready when you call . See previous section to locate this information . You will be asked to enter the serial number in order to process your call . For more details about your unit , visit our website at www.whiteoutdoor.com 2
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SECTION 1 : IMPORTANT SAFE OPERATION PRACTICES WARNING : This symbol points out important safety instructions which , if not followed , could endanger the personal safety and / or property of yourself and others . Read and follow all instructions in this manual before attempting to operate this machine . Failure to comply with these instructions may result in personal injury . When you see this symbol - heed its warning . WARNING : Engine Exhaust , some of its constituents , and certain vehicle components contain or emit chemicals known to State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive harm . : This machine was built to be operated according to the rules for safe operation in this DANGER manual . As with any type of power equipment , carelessness or error on the part of the operator can result in serious injury . This machine is capable of amputating hands and feet and throwing objects . Failure to observe the following safety instructions could result in serious injury or death . 10 . Leaks can be detected by passing cardboard or TRAINING wood , while wearing protective gloves and safety 1 . Read , understand , and follow all instructions on the glasses , over the suspected area . Look for machine and in the manual ( s ) before attempting to discoloration of cardboard or wood . assemble and operate . Keep this manual in a safe 11 . If injured by escaping fluid , see a doctor place for future and regular reference and for immediately . Serious infection or reaction can ordering replacement parts . develop if proper medical treatment is not 2 . Be familiar with all controls and their proper administered immediately . operation . Know how to stop the machine and 12 . Keep the operator zone and adjacent area clear for disengage them quickly . safe , secure footing . 3 . Never allow children under 14 years old to operate 13 . If your machine is equipped with an internal this machine . Children 14 years old and over combustion engine and it is intended for use near should read and understand the operation any unimproved forest , brush , or grass covered instructions and safety rules in this manual and land , the engine exhaust should be equipped with a should be trained and supervised by a parent . spark arrester . Make sure you comply with 4 . Never allow adults to operate this machine without applicable local , state , and federal codes . Take proper instruction . appropriate firefighting equipment with you . 5 . Many accidents occur when more than one person 14 . This machine should be used for splitting wood operates the machine . If a helper is assisting in only , do not use it for any other purpose . loading logs , never activate the control until the 15 . Follow the instructions in the manual ( s ) provided helper is a minimum of 10 feet from the machine . with any attachment ( s ) for this machine . 6 . Keep bystanders , helpers , pets , and children at least 20 feet from the machine while it is in PREPARATION operation . 1 . Always wear safety shoes or heavy boots . 7 . Never allow anyone to ride on this machine . 2 . Always wear safety glasses or safety goggles 8 . Never transport cargo on this machine . during operating this machine . 9 . Hydraulic log splitters develop high fluid pressures 3 . Never wear jewelry or loose clothing that might during operation . Fluid escaping through a pin hole become entangled in moving or rotating parts of the opening can penetrate your skin and cause blood machine . poisoning , gangrene , or death . Give attention to the 4 . Make sure this machine is on level surface before following instructions at all times : operating . a . Do not check for leaks with your hand . 5 . Always block the machine as required to prevent b . Do not operate machine with frayed , kinked , unintended movement , and lock in either the cracked , or damaged hoses , fitting , or tubing . horizontal or vertical position . c . Stop the engine and relieve hydraulic system 6 . Always operate this machine from the operator pressure before changing or adjusting zone ( s ) specified in the manual . fittings , hoses , tubing , or other system 7 . Logs should be cut with square ends prior to components . splitting . d . Do not adjust the pressure settings of the 8 . Use your log splitter in daylight or under good pump or valve . artificial light . 3
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9 . To avoid personal injury or property damage use 10 . For logs which are not cut square , the least square extreme care in handling gasoline . Gasoline is end and the longest portion of the log should be extremely flammable and the vapors are explosive . placed toward the beam and wedge , and the Serious personal injury can occur when gasoline is square end placed toward the end plate . spilled on yourself or your clothes which can ignite . 11 . When splitting in the vertical position , stabilize the Wash your skin and change immediately . log before moving the control . Split as follows : a . Use only an approved gasoline container . a . Place log on the end plate and turn until it b . Extinguish all cigarettes , cigars , pipes , and leans against the beam and is stable . other sources of ignition . b . When splitting extra large or uneven logs , the c . Never fuel machine indoors . log must be stabilized with wooden shims or d . Never remove gas cap or add fuel while the split wood between the log and the end plate engine is hot or running . or ground . e . Allow engine to cool at least two minutes 12 . Always keep fingers away from any cracks that before refueling . open in the log while splitting . They can quickly f . Never overfill the fuel tank . Fill tank to no close and pinch or amputate your fingers . more than 1 / 2 inch below bottom of filler neck 13 . Keep your work area clean . Immediately remove to provide space for fuel expansion . split wood around the machine so that you do not g . Replace gasoline cap and tighten securely . stumble over it . h . If gasoline is spilled , wipe it off the engine 14 . Never move this machine while the engine is and equipment . move machine to another running . area . Wait 5 minutes before starting the 15 . This machine should not be towed on any street , engine . highway or public road without checking the i . Never store the machine or fuel container existing federal , state , or local vehicle inside where there is an open flame , spark or requirements . Any licensing or modifications such pilot light as on a water heater , space heater , as taillights , etc . , needed to comply , is the sole furnace , clothes dryer or other gas responsibility of the purchaser . If a “ Statement of appliances . Origin ” is required in your state , see your local j . Allow machine to cool at least 5 minutes dealer . before storing . 16 . See the towing section in this manual for proper towing instructions once all federal , local , or state requirements are met . OPERATION 1 . Before starting this machine , review the “ Safety MAINTENANCE AND STORAGE Instructions ” . Failure to follow these rules may 1 . Stop the engine , disconnect the spark plug and result in serious injury to the operator or ground it against the engine before cleaning , or bystanders . inspecting the machine . 2 . Never leave this machine unattended with the 2 . Stop the engine and relieve hydraulic system engine running . pressure before repairing or adjusting fittings , 3 . Do not operate machine while under the influence hoses , tubing , or other system components . of alcohol , drugs , or medication . 3 . To prevent fires , clean debris and chaff from the 4 . Never allow anyone to operate this machine engine and muffler areas . If the engine is equipped without proper instruction . with a spark arrester muffler , clean and inspect it 5 . Always operate this machine with all safety regularly according to manufacturers instructions . equipment in place and working . Make sure all Replace if damaged . controls are properly adjusted for safe operation . 4 . Periodically check that all nuts and bolts , hose 6 . Do not change the engine governor settings or clamps , and hydraulic fittings are tight to be sure overspeed the engine . The governor controls the equipment is in safe working condition . maximum safe operating speed of the engine . 5 . Check all safety guards and shields to be sure they 7 . When loading a log , always place your hands on are in the proper position . Never operate with the sides of the log , not on the ends , and never use safety guards , shields , or other protective features your foot to help stabilize a log . Failure to do so , removed . may result in crushed or amputated fingers , toes , 6 . The pressure relief valve is preset at the factory . Do hand , or foot . not adjust the valve . 8 . Use only your hand to operate the controls . 7 . Never attempt to move this machine over hilly or 9 . Never attempt to split more than one log at a time uneven terrain without a tow vehicle or adequate unless the ram has fully extended and a second log help . is needed to complete the separation of the first log . 4
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8 . For your safety , replace all damaged or worn parts 9 . Do not alter this machine in any manner , alterations immediately with original equipment such as attaching a rope or extension to the control manufacturer’s ( O.E.M . ) parts only . “ Use of parts lever , or adding to the width or height of the wedge which do not meet the original equipment may result in personal injury . specifications may lead to improper performance and compromise safety ! ” WARNING : - YOUR RESPONSIBILITY : Restrict the use of this power machine to persons who read , understand and follow the warnings and instructions in this manual and on the machine . NOTE : Not all safety labels may apply to your log splitters . SECTION 2 : ASSEMBLING YOUR LOG SPLITTER IMPORTANT : This unit is shipped without gasoline or oil Loose Parts In Carton in the engine . Be certain to service engine with gasoline • Reservoir Tank and Engine - Pump Assembly and oil as instructed in the separate engine manual • Engine - Pump Assembly Hardware before operating your machine . • Wedge , Beam , and Cylinder Assembly NOTE : Reference to right or left hand side of the log • Tongue Assembly splitter is observed from the operating position . • Wheels • Hitch Assembly • Beam Support / Latch Bracket Removing Unit From Carton • Log Cradle Brackets and Hardware • Pry the top , sides , and ends off crate . • Fenders • Set panels aside to avoid tire punctures or personal • Adjustable Jack Stand Assembly injury . • Tail Light Kit • Remove and discard plastic bag that covers unit . • 2 Hub Caps • Remove wheels and loose parts if included with unit ( i.e . , operator’s manual , etc . ) WARNING : Use extreme caution unpack - • Cut and remove straps which secure parts to ing this machine . Some components are bottom of crate . Unbolt any remaining parts which very heavy and will require additional peo - may be bolted to the bottom of the crate . ple or mechanical handling equipment . 5
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WARNING : Disconnect the spark plug wire • Insert hex bolts through upper holes in the bottom and ground against the engine to prevent of the mounting brackets and adjustable jack stand . unintended starting . Secure with lock washers and hex nuts . • The adjustable jack stand is raised by turning the crank clockwise and lowered by turning counter - Assembling The Tongue clockwise . Attaching The Beam Support / Latch Bracket ( See Figure 1 ) Attaching The Hitch Assembly ( See Figure 3 ) • Remove two hex bolts , lock washers , and hex nuts • Remove the hardware assembled on the hitch from the tongue . assembly and place the hitch on the end of the • Place the beam support / latch bracket on the tongue . tongue and secure with the hex bolts , lock washers , • Insert hex bolt through flat washer , end of safety and hex nuts previously removed . Tighten securely . chain , spacer , and then rear hitch hole . Pivot the end of safety chain so it faces the ball end of hitch . Hex Bolts Tongue Hex Lock Nut Beam Support Latch Bracket Tongue Lock Washer Flat Washer Hex Nut Hex Bolt Hex Figure 1 Bolt Spacer Attaching The Adjustable Jack Stand Hitch ( See Figure 2 ) Assembly Chain • Remove four hex bolts , lock washers , and hex nuts that secure jack stand mounting brackets to Figure 3 adjustable jack stand . • Insert other spacer , safety chain , and flat washer • Place adjustable jack stand halfway between beam on the other end of the hex bolt and secure with hex support / latch bracket and end of tongue . lock nut . • Insert hex bolt through the front hole of hitch and Hex Bolts secure with flat washer and hex lock nut . Tighten Mounting both hex nuts to 23 ft - lbs . Brackets Assembling The Wheels , Tongue , and Beam Adjustable Jack Stand Attaching The Wheels To The Reservoir Tank Assembly ( See Figure 4 ) • Block up the reservoir tank assembly about eight to twelve inches . • Remove and discard plastic shipping caps on the Tongue outside of the wheels . Hex • Remove the cotter pin , hex slotted nut , and flat Nuts Lock Washer washer from each axle . NOTE : It is recommended that you polish the axles with Figure 2 emery cloth before you install the wheels . • Insert hex bolts through top holes in jack stand mounting brackets and holes in the adjustable jack stand . Secure with lock washers and hex nuts . 6
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Hex Reservoir Nut Lock Tank Fender Washer Hex Bolts Hex Bolts Tongue Flat Washer Reservoir Hex Flat Tank Nuts Washer Lock Washers Wheel Figure 5 Hex Slotted Attaching Beam To Reservoir Tank ( See Figure 6 ) Nut • For shipping purposes , the pressure hose is Hub Cab Cotter Pin attached to the pump on the engine and to the control valve on the cylinder . Figure 4 • Disconnect the pressure hose from the adapter on the pump . • Place a wheel on each axle with the valve stem • Stand the wedge , beam , and cylinder assembly facing outward . upright with cylinder toward the top . • Place a flat washer on each axle and secure with hex slotted nut . NOTE : This step might require two people . • Tighten slotted nut until snug and then back off • Remove cotter pin and clevis pin from welded approximately 1 / 3 turn or until one of the slots on brackets on beam assembly and move the the slotted nut lines up with the hole in the axle . reservoir tank assembly in position against the • Insert cotter pins through slots in nuts and holes in beam . axle and secure by bending the ends of the cotter • Insert clevis pin just removed through brackets on pins in opposite directions . beam and reservoir tank assembly . Secure with • The wheels should spin freely and there should be cotter pin by bending the ends of the pin in opposite no side to side play . directions . • Place hub caps in position on wheels and tap onto axle with a soft hammer or mallet . WARNING : Maximum tire pressure under any circumstance is 30 psi . Equal tire Clevis Pin pressure should be maintained at all times . Cotter Brackets Pin • If equipped with fenders , proceed to next step . • Remove the hex nuts , lock washers , flat washers , and hex bolts from the side of tank . • Determine the proper assembly holes in the fenders over the tires against the tank . • Insert hex bolts through flat washers , holes in fenders , and tank . Secure fender with lock washers and hex nuts . Tighten securely . Attaching The Tongue ( See Figure 5 ) • Remove two hex bolts , lock washers , and hex nuts on the front of the reservoir tank . Reservoir • Place the tongue in position and secure with Tank hardware just removed . • Remove the reservoir tank from the blocks . Figure 6 7
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• Remove the protective cap from the fitting on the Attaching Engine - Pump Assembly bottom of the pump ( some oil may flow from pump ) . ( See Figure 7 ) Attach the end of the suction hose to the fitting on • Place the engine and pump assembly in position on the bottom of the pump . Place the hose clamp at the engine mounting bracket with the pump facing the base of the fitting and tighten securely . out . Pressure Hose ( See Figure 8 ) • Align holes in base of engine with appropriate holes The pressure hose is attached to the control valve . in engine mounting bracket . Route the hose between the beam and the tongue . • Secure the engine and pump assembly with four Secure the pressure hose to the adapter on the top of hex bolts , lock washers , and hex nuts found packed the pump . with the Operator’s Manual . Return Hose ( See Figure 9 ) • Secure with lock washers and hex nuts . Tighten to • The return hose is attached to the top of the control 14 ft - lbs . valve . Loosen the hose clamp on the free end of the hose . Cut the securing strap . Remove any Hex Engine Nuts protective insert from the end of the hose . Mounting Bracket • Remove the protective cap from the fitting on top of the filter head . Attach the end of the hose to the fitting on top of the filter . Place the hose clamp at Reservoir the base of the fitting and tighten securely . Tank Attached To Cylinder Control Valve Hose Clamp Lock Pump Washer Facing Hex Out Filter Bolts Head Figure 7 Attaching The Hoses Suction Hose ( See Figure 8 ) Return Hose Filter • The suction is attached to the reservoir tank , Attached To Reservoir Tank beneath the engine mounting bracket . Loosen the hose clamp on the free end of the hose . Remove Figure 9 any protective insert from the end of the hose . Attaching The Log Cradle • Pull the beam lock on the beam support / latch Attached Pressure bracket out and pivot it down . Carefully lower the To Engine Hose wedge , beam , and cylinder assembly to the horizontal position . Pull out and rotate beam lock to secure beam in the horizontal position . NOTE : The hardware for attaching the log cradle may Attached To Pump Reservoir Tank be found packed with the Operator’s Manual . • Place one cradle support bracket against the lower Hose outside surface of one of the beam flanges . Clamp See Figure 10 . Suction Hose • Insert two carriage bolts through the cradle support bracket and the beam flange . Secure with two Figure 8 flange lock nuts . Do not tighten at this time . 8
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• Attach the second cradle support bracket to the • Fill the reservoir tank with Dexron III automatic same side of the beam in the same manner . transmission fluid or 10W AW hydraulic fluid . • Place one log cradle over the support brackets and • Check fluid level using the dipstick . See Figure 12 . align the bolts holes . • Do not overfill and replace vented dipstick securely . • Insert four carriage bolts through the log cradle and The dipstick should be tighten until the top of the cradle support brackets . Secure with flange lock threads are flush with the top of the pipe . nuts and tighten all eight carriage bolts and lock NOTE : The reservoir tank has a capacity of approxi - nuts securely . mately 7 gallons . • Attach the other cradle support brackets and log cradle to the other side of the beam in the same manner . Log Carriage Cradles Bolts Cradle Support Bracket Figure 12 • If not already , disconnect the spark plug wire and Flange Beam prime the pump , by pulling the recoil starter to turn Lock Nuts Flanges the engine over approximately 10 times . • Reconnect the spark plug wire . Figure 10 • Start engine according to Starting the Engine in the OPERATION section . Preparing The Log Splitter • Use the control handle to engage the wedge to the farthest extended position and then retract the • Lubricate the beam area where the splitting wedge wedge . will slide with engine oil ( DO NOT USE GREASE ) . • Refill tank to within the range specified on the • Remove vented reservoir dipstick , which is located dipstick . in front of the engine on top of the reservoir tank . • Extend and retract the wedge 12 complete cycles See Figure 11 . to remove trapped air in the system ( system is “ self - bleeding ” ) . • Much of the original fluid has been drawn into the cylinder and hoses . Make certain to refill the reservoir to prevent extreme damage to the hydraulic pump . Failure to refill the tank will void your warranty . NOTE : Some fluid may overflow from the vented Reservoir reservoir dipstick as the system builds heat and the Dipstick fluid expands and seeks a balanced level . IMPORTANT : Do not operate the log splitter without the proper amount of transmission fluid in the reservoir tank . Figure 11 9
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SECTION 3 : KNOW YOUR LOG SPLITTER WARNING : Be familiar with all controls Vertical : The vertical position lock is located next to the and their proper operation . Know how to oil filter . stop the machine and disengage them Horizontal : The horizontal position lock is part of the quickly . beam support latch bracket . Control Handle Engine Controls The control handle has three positions . See Figure 13 . See the separate engine manual for the location and Forward : Push the control handle forward or down . function of the controls on the engine . Splitting wedge moves toward the end plate . Starter Handle Neutral : Control handle will return to neutral position The starter handle is located on the engine . Pull the when handle is released . Splitting wedges stops in starter handle to start engine . place . Reverse : When pulling the control handle up or back , Stopping Engine the splitting wedge moves toward the cylinder . The • Move throttle control lever to STOP or OFF control handle will lock in the disengaged position . It will position . return to neutral automatically when the disengage • Disconnect spark plug wire and ground against the stroke is complete . engine to prevent accidental starting while the equipment is unattended . Beam Locks There are two position locks for each operating position . See Figure 13 . Splitting Wedge Control Handle Vertical Beam Lock Horizontal Beam Lock Figure 13 SECTION 4 : OPERATING YOUR LOG SPLITTER WARNING : Read , understand , and follow Gas And Oil Fill - Up all instructions and warnings on the Service the engine with gasoline and oil as instructed in machine and in this manual before the separate engine manual packed with your log operating . splitter . Read instructions carefully . 10
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WARNING : Use extreme care when Never : handling gasoline . Gasoline is extremely • Use when fluid is below 20 ° F or above 150 ° F . flammable and the vapors are explosive . • Use a solid engine / pump coupling . Never fuel machine indoors or while the • Operate through relief valve for more than several engine is hot or running . seconds . • Attempt to adjust unloading or relief valve settings without pressure gauges . Starting Engine • Operate with air in hydraulic system . • Attach spark plug wire to spark plug . Make certain • Use teflon tape on hydraulic fittings . the metal cap on the end of the spark plug is • Attempt to cut wood across the grain . fastened securely over the metal tip on the spark plug . Using The Log Splitter • Engines with choke lever : Move choke lever on engine to CHOKE position . ( A • Place the log splitter on level , dry , and solid ground . warm engine may not require choking ) . • Place the beam in either the horizontal or vertical • Engines with primer : position and lock in place with the appropriate Prime engine as instructed in separate engine locking rod . manual . • Block the front and back of both wheels . • The throttle control lever is located on the engine . • Place the log against the end plate and only split Move engine throttle control lever to FAST or wood in the direction of the grain . START position . • When necessary to stabilize the log , place your • Grasp starter handle and pull rope out slowly until hand only on sides of log . NEVER place hand on engine reaches start of compression cycle ( rope the end between the log and splitting wedge . will pull slightly harder at this point ) . • Only one adult should stabilize the log and operate • Pull rope with a rapid , continuous , full arm stroke . the control handle , so the operator has full control Keep a firm grip on starter handle . Let rope rewind over stabilizing the log and movement of the slowly . splitting wedge . • Repeat the previous steps until engine fires . When WARNING : Wear leather work gloves , engine starts , move choke control ( if equipped ) safety shoes , and safety glasses when gradually to RUN position . operating log splitter . Ensure safe footing . • If weather is cold , run wedge up or down beam 6 to 8 times to circulate the hydraulic fluid . Control Handle Positions • Move control handle FORWARD or DOWN to split WARNING : When starting a warm engine , wood . the muffle and surrounding areas are hot • Release the control handle to stop the wedge and can cause a burn . Do not touch . movement . Always : • Move control handle BACK or UP to return the • Use clean fluid and check fluid level regularly . wedge . • Use Dexron III Automatic Transmission Fluid or Vertical Position 10W AW hydraulic fluid . • Pull the horizontal beam lock out and pivot it down • Use a filter ( clean or replace regularly ) to release the beam . Pivot the beam to the vertical • Use a breather cap on fluid reservoir . position . • Make certain pump is mounted and aligned • To lock the beam in the vertical position , pull out on properly . the vertical beam lock and pivot it to secure the • Use a flexible “ spider ” type coupling between beam . See Figure 14 . engine and pump drive shafts . • Stand in front of the log splitter to operate the • Keep hoses clear and unblocked . control handle and to stabilize the log . • Bleed air out of hoses before operating . Horizontal Position • Flush and clean hydraulic system before starting • Pull the vertical beam lock out and pivot it down . after any malfunction or servicing . Pivot the beam to the horizontal position . • Use “ pipe dope ” on all hydraulic fittings . • To lock the beam in the horizontal position , pull out • Allow time for warm - up before splitting wood . on the horizontal beam lock and pivot it to secure • Prime the pump before initial start - up by turning the beam . See Figure 15 . over the engine with spark plug disconnected . • Stand behind the reservoir tank to operate the • Split wood with the grain ( lengthwise ) only . control handle and to stabilize the log . 11
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• Attach hitch coupler to a class I or higher hitch with a 1 - 7 / 8 ” ball on the towing vehicle , making certain to latch securely . • Connect the safety chains to the towing vehicle . Vertical • Do not tow faster than 45mph and check local , Beam Lock state , and federal requirements before towing on any public road . • Plug in the taillights as instructed in the taillight kit manual included with your log splitter . Horizontal Figure 14 Beam Lock Transporting The Log Splitter • Lower the beam to its horizontal position . Make certain the beam is locked securely with the horizontal beam lock . • Raise the adjustable jack stand by turning the crank clockwise . Figure 15 SECTION 5 : ADJUSTING YOUR LOG SPLITTER WARNING : Do not at any time make any • Loosen the lock nuts under the each back plate and adjustments without first stopping engine , slide the gibs out . disconnecting spark plug wire , and • Turn or replace the gibs . grounding it against the engine . • Reassemble the back plate and secure with the lock washers and lock nuts . • Readjust the bolts on the side of the wedge Wedge Assembly Adjustment assembly . As normal wear occurs and there is excessive “ play ” between the wedge and beam , adjust the bolts on the side of the wedge assembly to eliminate the excess Adjustment space between the wedge and beam . See Figure 16 . Bolt • Loosen the jam nuts on the two adjustment bolts on the side of the wedge . Turn the adjustment bolts in until snug and then back them off slowly until the wedge assembly will slide on the beam . • Tighten the jam nuts securely against the side of Gibs the wedge to hold the adjustment bolts in this position . Hex Jam Nut Gib Adjustment Periodically remove and replace the “ gibs ” ( spacers ) between the wedge assembly and the back plate . See Figure 16 . Lock Nut Lock NOTE : The gibs may be rotated and / or turned over for Washer even wear . Figure 16 12
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SECTION 6 : MAINTAINING YOUR LOG SPLITTER WARNING : Before cleaning , lubricating , Engine repairing , or inspecting , disengage the Refer to the separate engine manual for all engine control lever and stop engine . Disconnect maintenance instructions . the spark plug wire and ground it against the engine to prevent unintended starting . Flexible Pump Coupler The flexible pump coupler is a nylon “ spider ” insert , Hydraulic Fluid located between the pump and engine shaft . Over a • Check the hydraulic fluid level in the log splitter period of time , the coupler will harden and deteriorate . reservoir tank before each use . Maintain fluid level Replacement is needed if you detect vibration or noise within the range specified on the dipstick at all coming from the area between the engine and the times . pump . If the coupler fails completely , you will • Change the hydraulic fluid in the reservoir every experience a loss of power . 100 hours of operation . Disconnect the suction hose from the bottom of the reservoir tank and drain IMPORTANT : Never hit the engine shaft in any manner , the fluid into a suitable container . Refill using only as a blow will cause permanent damage to the engine . Dexron III automatic transmission fluid or 10W AW When replacing the flexible pump coupler , proceed as hydraulic fluid . follows : NOTE : Drain the fluid and flush the reservoir tank and • Remove three nuts and lock washers that secure hoses with kerosene whenever any repair work is the pump to the coupling shield . Two nuts are at the performed on the tank , hydraulic pump or valve . bottom corners and one is in the top center . Contaminants in the fluid will damage the hydraulic • Remove the pump . components . Any repair to the hydraulic components • Rotate the engine by pulling starter handle until shopuld be performed by a authorized service center . engine coupling half set screw is at bottom . Loosen set screw using allen wrench and slide coupling half WARNING : Use extreme caution when off of engine shaft . working with kerosene . It is an extremely • Loosen set screw on pump coupling half and flammable fluid . remove coupling half . • Slide new engine coupling half onto the engine Hydraulic Filter shaft until the end of the shaft is flush with the inner Change the hydraulic filter every 50 hours of operation . portion of the coupling half . ( There must be space Use only a 10 micron hydraulic filter . Order part number between end of the engine support bracket and 723 - 0405 . coupling half ) . Tighten set screw . • Install pump coupling half and key on pump shaft . Beam And Splitting Wedge Rotate coupling half until set screw faces down . Do not tighten set screw . Lubricate both sides of the beam ( where it comes into • Install nylon “ spider ” onto engine coupling half . contact with the splitting wedge ) before each use with • Align pump coupling half with nylon “ spider ” by engine oil . The wedge plate on the log splitter is rotating engine using starter handle . Slide coupling designed so the gibs on the side of the wedge plate can half into place while guiding three mounting bolts be removed and rotated and / or turned over for even through holes in pump support bracket . wear.Make certain to readjust the adjustment bolts so • Secure with nuts and washers removed earlier . wedge moves freely , but no excess space exists • Set . 010 ” to . 060 ” clearance between the nylon between the wedge plate and beam . “ spider ” and the engine coupling half by sliding a matchbook cover between the nylon “ spider ” and Hose Clamps the engine coupling half and moving pump coupling Check the hose clamps on the suction hose ( attached half as needed . Secure pump coupling half with set to side of the pump ) for proper tightness before each screw . See Figure 17 . use . Check the hose clamps on the return hose at least NOTE : Make certain proper clearance is obtained once a season . before tightening set screw . • Reattach spark plug wire to spark plug . 13
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Storing Your Log Splitter PUMP • Clean the unit thoroughly . Set • Wipe equipment with an oiled rag to prevent rust . Screw • Refer to engine manual for correct engine storage instructions Steel Nylon Coupling “ Spider ” • Store unit in a clean , dry area . Do not store next to Halves Insert corrosive materials such as fertilizer . Clearance WARNING : Never store the machine or fuel container indoors where there is an open flame , spark , or pilot light such as on ENGINE water heater , furnace , clothes dryer , or Figure 17 other gas appliance . WARNING : Drain fuel into an approved Tires container outdoors , away from an open See sidewall of tire for recommended pressure . flame . Allow engine to cool . Extinguish Maximum tire pressure under any circumstances is 30 cigarettes , cigars , pipes , and other p.s.i . Equal tire pressure should be maintained on all sources of ignition prior to draining fuel . tires . Fuel left in engine for extended periods deteriorates and will cause starting WARNING : Excessive pressure ( over 30 problems . p.s.i . ) when seating beads may cause tire / rim assembly to burst with force sufficient to cause serious injury . 14
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SECTION 7 : CONDITIONS THAT WILL VOID WARRANTY • Failure to maintain proper fluid level in reservoir will • Improper beam lubrication will cause premature cause permanent damage to pump by allowing air wear and looseness . Lubricate the beam regularly . to be drawn into pump . Fluid will become foamy . Lack of lubrication will void your warranty . • Changing the relief valve setting or pressure • Improper adjustment of splitting wedge will void adjustment of control valve without proper your warranty . If wedge is too loose , cylinder beam knowledge and instruction from the factory will void and wedge wear will result . Allowing the wedge to your warranty . A very minor adjustment could loosen and be used under operating stress will destroy the structural and safety limits for which the cause damage which will not be covered under unit was designed . The system will produce more warranty . If wedge is too tight , severe beam power than the structure will withstand . Higher damage will result which will not be covered under pressure could cause the hoses to burst , cylinder to warranty . rupture , and intense fluid releases , which could • Do not overheat the hydraulic system . Excessive result in serious personal injury . heat will destroy the hydraulic system with • Disassembling the pump will void your warranty . If hardened O - rings and excessive friction . replacement is necessary , merely disconnect and • Do not attempt to start in temperatures under 20 ¤ F replace . Do not attempt to adjust pump settings , as without pre - heating fluid in reservoir . Excessively they are adjusted by the manufacturer at the cold fluid can not circulate and draw into pump . factory . • Repair any leaks in hydraulic system immediately . • Use of incorrect hydraulic fluid will void your Unattended leaks will cause air to enter system warranty . Use only Dexron III automatic and / or decrease fluid level in reservoir , causing transmission fluid or 10W AW hydraulic fluid . damage to the hydraulic system which will not be • The flexible pump coupler must be inspected covered by warranty . regularly . Allowing the coupler to deteriorate will void your warranty . Deterioration of spider insert and prolonged use after its deterioration will destroy pump bearings , engine bearings and the coupler hubs . SECTION 8 : TROUBLESHOOTING Problem Cause Remedy Engine fails to start 1 . Spark plug wire disconnected . 1 . Connect wire to spark plug . 2 . Fuel tank empty or stale fuel . 2 . Fill tank with clean , fresh gasoline . 3 . Throttle control lever not in correct 3 . Move throttle lever to FAST position . starting position . ( If Equipped ) 4 . Choke not in CHOKE position . 4 . Move choke to CHOKE position . ( If Equipped ) 5 . Blocked fuel line . 5 . Clean fuel line . 6 . Faulty spark plug . 6 . Clean , adjust gap , or replace . Engine runs erratic 1 . Spark plug wire loose . 1 . Connect and tighten spark plug wire . 2 . Unit running on CHOKE . 2 . Move choke lever to OFF position . ( If Equipped ) 3 . Blocked fuel line or stale fuel . 3 . Clean fuel line ; fill tank with clean , fresh gasoline 4 . Water or dirt in fuel system . 4 . Drain fuel tank . Refill with fresh fuel . 5 . Dirty air cleaner . 5 . Clean or replace air cleaner . 6 . Carburetor out of adjustment . 6 . See authorized service dealer . Engine overheats 1 . Engine oil level low . 1 . Fill crankcase with proper oil . 2 . Dirty air cleaner . 2 . Clean or replace air cleaner . 3 . Carburetor not adjusted properly . 3 . See authorized service dealer . NOTE : For repairs beyond the minor adjustments listed above , contact your nearest authorized service dealer . 15
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HYDRAULIC TROUBLESHOOTING Problem Cause Remedy Cylinder rod will not move 1 . Broken drive shaft . 1 . See authorized service dealer . 2 . Shipping plugs left in hydraulic 2 . Disconnect hydraulic hoses , remove hoses . shipping plugs , reconnect hoses . 3 . Set screws in coupling not adjusted 3 . See operator’s manual for correct properly . adjustment . 4 . Loose shaft coupling . 4 . Correct engine / pump alignment as necessary . 5 . Gear sections damaged . 5 . See authorized service dealer . 6 . Damaged relief valve . 6 . See authorized service dealer . 7 . Hydraulic lines blocked . 7 . Flush and clean hydraulic system . 8 . Incorrect oil level . 8 . Check oil level . 9 . Damaged directional valve . 9 . See authorized service dealer . 10 . Blocked directional valve . 10 . Flush and clean hydraulic system . Slow cylinder shaft speed 1 . Gear sections damaged . 1 . See authorized service dealer . while extending and 2 . Excessive pump inlet vacuum . 2 . Make certain pump inlet hoses are clear retracting . and unblocked - use short , large diameter inlet hoses . 3 . Slow engine speed . 3 . See authorized service dealer . 4 . Damaged relief valve . 4 . See authorized service dealer . 5 . Incorrect oil level . 5 . Check oil level . 6 . Contaminated oil . 6 . Drain oil , clean reservoir , and refill . 7 . Directional valve leaking internally . 7 . See authorized service dealer . 8 . Internally damaged cylinder . 8 . See authorized service dealer . Leaking cylinder 1 . Broken seals . 1 . See authorized service dealer . 2 . Scored cylinder . 2 . See authorized service dealer . 1 . Small gear section damaged . Engine runs but wood will 1 . See authorized service dealer . 2 . Pump check valve leaking . not split or wood splits too 2 . See authorized service dealer . 3 . Excessive pump inlet vacuum . slowly 3 . Make certain pump inlet hoses are clear and unblocked . 4 . Incorrect oil level . 4 . Check oil level . 5 . Contaminated oil . 5 . Drain oil , clean reservoir , and refill . 6 . Directional valve leaking internally . 6 . See authorized service dealer . 7 . Overloaded cylinder . 7 . Do not attempt to split wood against the grain . 8 . Internally damaged cylinder . 8 . See authorized service dealer . Engine stalls during 1 . Low horsepower / weak engine . 1 . See authorized service dealer . splitting 2 . Overloaded cylinder . 2 . Do not attempt to split wood against the grain or see authorized service dealer . Engine will not turn or 1 . Engine / pump misalignment . 1 . Correct alignment as necessary . stalls under low load 2 . Frozen or seized pump . 2 . See authorized service dealer . conditions 3 . Low horsepower / weak engine . 3 . See authorized service dealer . 4 . Hydraulic lines blocked . 4 . Flush and clean hydraulic system . 5 . Blocked directional valve . 5 . Flush and clean hydraulic system . Leaking pump shaft seal 1 . Broken drive shaft . 1 . See authorized service dealer . 2 . Engine / pump misalignment . 2 . Correct alignment as necessary . 3 . Gear sections damaged . 3 . See authorized service dealer . 4 . Poorly positioned shaft seal . 4 . See authorized service dealer . 5 . Plugged oil breather . 5 . Make certain reservoir is properly vented . 16
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Notes 17
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Model Number 24AD595C190 3 1 5 6 4 7 10 11 2 12 21 20 8 13 22 9 23 6 24 14 25 26 B 15 29 27 16 25 B 28 51 27 50 31 30 54 32 56 62 33 59 53 A 36 34 63 38 39 64 53 57 35 37 49 A 34 58 43 41 65 47 C C 42 48 72 67 40 66 44 48 41 38 47 39 74 69 46 67 73 45 68 75 69 76 70 78 95 98 94 77 68 96 78 95 69 97 67 86 69 79 81 80 80 90 76 77 47 93 87 99 88 89 92 91 18
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Model Number 24AD595C190 Ref . Ref . Part No . Part Description Part No . Part Description No . No . 1 . 781 - 0686 Log Tray Bracket 48 . 712 - 0123 Hex Nut 5 / 16 - 24 2 . 712 - 0431 Flanged Lock Nut 3 / 8 - 16 49 . 710 - 0409 Hex Cap Screw 5 / 16 - 24 x 1.75 3 . 781 - 0682 Log Tray 50 . 710 - 1253 Hex Cap Screw 5 / 16 - 24 x 5.25 4 . 710 - 3097 Carriage Bolt 3 / 8 - 16 x 1.0 51 . 781 - 0098A Front Support Bracket Coupling 5 . 719 - 0550 Wedge Assembly 53 . 736 - 0119 Lock Washer 5 / 16 6 . 712 - 0239 Lock Nut 1 / 2 - 20 54 . 710 - 0237 Hex Cap Screw 5 / 16 - 24 x . 625 7 . 710 - 1018 Hex Cap Screw 1 / 2 - 20 x 2.75 56 . 719 - 0315 Shoulder Spacer 8 . 710 - 0515 Hex Cap Screw 1 / 2 - 20 x 3.50 57 . 714 - 0114 Key 9 . 781 - 0351 Adjustable Gib 58 . 712 - 0123 Hex Screw 5 / 16 10 . 712 - 0711 Hex Jam Nut 3 / 8 - 24 59 . 718 - 0685 Flex Coupling 11 . 710 - 0459A Hex Cap Screw 3 / 8 - 24 x 1.5 62 . 781 - 0097 Rear Coupling Support Bracket 12 . 781 - 0790 Back Plate 63 . 737 - 0264 Adapter 7 / 8 - 14 13 . 736 - 0921 Lock Washer 1 / 2 64 . 718 - 0684 Pump ( 16 gmp ) 14 . 736 - 0300 Flat Washer . 406 ID x . 875 OD 65 . 726 - 0174 Hose Clamp 15 . 710 - 0654A Hex Washer Screw 3 / 8 - 16 x 1.0 66 . 727 - 0451 Suction Hose 16 . 781 - 1048 Dislodger 67 . 710 - 0521 Hex Cap Screw 3 / 8 - 16 x 3.0 20 . 681 - 0129 Beam Assembly 68 . 712 - 0798 Hex Nut 3 / 8 - 16 21 . 714 - 0211 Cotter Pin 69 . 736 - 0169 Lock Washer 3 / 8 22 . 718 - 0313 Hydraulic Cylinder 31 / 33 Ton 70 . 781 - 0680A Tube 23 . 711 - 1135 Clevis Pin 72 . 710 - 0411 Hex Cap Screw 3 / 8 - 16 x 4.0 24 . 727 - 0471 Hydraulic Tube 73 . 681 - 0110 Support Beam Assembly 25 . 727 - 0443 Return Hose 3 / 4 ” ID x 44 ” Lg . 74 . 681 - 0006 Adjustable Jack Stand 26 . 781 - 0526 Hose Guard 75 . 710 - 0944 Hex Cap Screw 3 / 8 - 16 x 4.25 27 . 726 - 0132 Hose Clamp 5 / 8 ” 76 . 736 - 0262 Flat Washer . 385 ID x . 870 OD 28 . 737 - 0153 Return Elbow 77 . 713 - 0433 Chain 29 . 737 - 0192 90 Degree Solid Male Adapter 78 . 750 - 0497 Spacer 30 . 737 - 0235 3 / 4 ” Hose Adapter 79 . 727 - 0311 Hitch Coupler 31 . 718 - 0481 Control Valve 80 . 712 - 0375 Lock Nut 3 / 8 - 16 32 . 737 - 0316 Filter Housing 81 . 712 - 3008 Hex Jam Nut 3 / 8 - 16 33 . 723 - 0405 Oil Filter 86 . 721 - 0168 Bearing Seal 34 . 727 - 0502 High Pressure Hydraulic Hose 87 . 741 - 0987 Bearing Cone 35 . 781 - 0538 Hose Guard 88 . 634 - 0187 Wheel Assembly 36 . 714 - 0470 Cotter Pin 1 / 8 ” 89 . 634 - 0181 Rim Assembly 37 . 738 - 0805 Hinge Pin 1 / 2 x 4.8 ” Lg . 90 . 736 - 0351 Flat Washer . 76 ” ID x 1.5 ” OD 38 . 726 - 0214 Push Cap 91 . 712 - 0359 Slotted Nut 3 / 4 - 16 39 . 732 - 0583 Compression Spring 4 ” 92 . 714 - 0162 Cotter Pin 5 / 32 ” x 1 - 1 / 4 ” Lg . 40 . 736 - 0116 Flat Washer . 635 ID x . 93 OD 93 . 734 - 0873 Hub Cap 41 . 781 - 0690 Locking Rod 94 . 681 - 0074 Light Bracket Assembly LH 42 . 737 - 0348 Vented Dipstick 95 . 625 - 0009 Tail Light Assembly 43 . 681 - 0138 Fender Assembly 96 . 712 - 0292 Nut 1 / 4 - 20 44 . 736 - 0159 Washer 5 / 16 97 . 781 - 0624 Light Bracket Assembly RH 45 . 710 - 0157 Hex Cap Screw 5 / 16 - 24 x . 75 98 . 710 - 0157 Hex Cap Screw 5 / 16 - 24 x . 75 46 . 681 - 0178 Frame Assembly 7.0 Gal 99 . 712 - 0123 Hex Nut 5 / 16 - 24 47 . 736 - 0119 Lock Washer 5 / 16 19
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MANUFACTURER’S LIMITED WARRANTY FOR : c . Log splitter pumps , valves and cylinders have a sepa - The limited warranty set forth below is given by White Out - rate one year warranty . door Products Co . with respect to new merchandise pur - d . White Outdoor Co . does not extend any warranty for chased and used in the United States , its possessions and products sold or exported outside of the United States territories . of America , its possessions and territories , except those sold through White Outdoor Co . authorized White Outdoor Products Co . warrants this product against channels of export distribution . defects in material and workmanship for a period of two ( 2 ) years commencing on the date of original purchase and No implied warranty , including any implied warranty of will , at its option , repair or replace , free of charge , any part merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose , found to be defective in material or workmanship . This lim - applies after the applicable period of express written ited warranty shall only apply if this product has been oper - warranty above as to the parts as identified . No other ated and maintained in accordance with the Operator’s express warranty or guaranty , whether written or oral , Manual furnished with the product , and has not been sub - except as mentioned above , given by any person or ject to misuse , abuse , commercial use , neglect , accident , entity , including a dealer or retailer , with respect to any improper maintenance , alteration , vandalism , theft , fire , product shall bind White Outdoor Co . During the water or damage because of other peril or natural disaster . period of the Warranty , the exclusive remedy is repair Damage resulting from the installation or use of any acces - or replacement of the product as set forth above . sory or attachment not approved by White Outdoor Prod - ( Some states do not allow limitations on how long an ucts Co . for use with the product ( s ) covered by this manual implied warranty lasts , so the above limitation may not will void your warranty as to any resulting damages . apply to you . ) Normal wear parts or components thereof are subject to The provisions as set forth in this Warranty provide the separate terms as follows : All normal wear part or compo - sole and exclusive remedy arising from the sales . nent failures will be covered on the product for a period of White Outdoor Co . shall not be liable for incidental or 90 days regardless of cause . After 90 days , but within the consequential loss or damages including , without limi - two year period , normal wear part failures will be covered tation , expenses incurred for substitute or replace - ONLY IF caused by defects in material or workmanship of ment lawn care services , for transportation or for OTHER component parts . Normal wear parts and compo - related expenses , or for rental expenses to temporarily nents include , but are not limited to , belts , blades , blade replace a warranted product . ( Some states do not allow adapters , grass bags , rider deck wheels , seats , snow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential thrower skid shoes , shave plates and tires . Batteries are damages , so the above exclusion or limitation may not covered by a 90 - day limited replacement warranty . apply to you . ) HOW TO OBTAIN SERVICE : Warranty service is available , In no event shall recovery of any kind be greater than the WITH PROOF OF PURCHASE THROUGH YOUR LOCAL amount of the purchase price of the product sold . Alteration WHITE OUTDOOR DEALER . To locate the dealer in your of the safety features of the product shall void this War - area , please check for a listing in the Yellow Pages or con - ranty . You assume the risk and liability for loss , damage , or tact the Customer Dealer Referral Line of White Outdoor injury to you and your property and / or to others and their Co . by calling 1 - 330 - 225 - 8883 or writing to P.O . Box property arising out of the use or misuse or inability to use 361131 , Cleveland , Ohio 44136 - 0019 . the product . This limited warranty does not provide coverage in the following cases : This limited warranty shall not extend to anyone other than a . The engine or component parts thereof . These items the original purchaser , original lessee or the person for carry a separate manufacturer’s warranty . Please refer whom it was purchased as a gift . to the applicable manufacturer’s warranty on these items . How State Law Relates to this Warranty : This limited b . Routine maintenance items such as lubricants , filters , warranty gives you specific legal rights , and you may also blade sharpening and tune - ups , or adjustments such have other rights which vary from state to state . as brake adjustments , clutch adjustments or deck adjustments ; and normal deterioration of the exterior finish due to use or exposure .
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