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Operator’s Manual Log Splitter Model 570 IMPORTANT : Read safety rules and instructions carefully before operating equipment . Warning : This unit is equipped with an internal combustion engine and should not be used on or near any unimproved forest - covered , brush - covered or grass - covered land unless the engine’s exhaust system is equipped with a spark arrester meeting applicable local or state laws ( if any ) . If a spark arrester is used , it should be maintained in effective working order by the operator . In the State of California the above is required by law ( Section 4442 of the California Public Resources Code ) . Other states may have similar laws . Federal laws apply on federal lands . A spark arrester for the muffler is available through your nearest engine authorized service dealer or contact the service department , P.O . Box 368022 Cleveland , Ohio 44136 - 9722 . MTD LLC , P.O . BOX 361131 CLEVELAND , OHIO 44136 - 0019 PRINTED IN U.S.A . 769 - 01688 . fm FORM NO . ( 4 / 2006 )
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TABLE OF CONTENTS Content Page Content Page Important Safe Operation Practices 3 Maintaining Your Log Splitter 10 Assembling Your Log Splitter 5 Storing Your Log Splitter 12 Know Your Log Splitter 7 Trouble Shooting 12 Operating Your Log Splitter 8 Illustrated Parts List 14 Adjusting Your Log Splitter 10 Warranty 16 FINDING MODEL NUMBER This Operator’s Manual is an important part of your new log splitter . It will help you assemble , prepare and maintain the unit for best performance . Please read and understand what it says . Before you start assembling your new equipment , please locate the model plate on the equipment and copy the information from it in the space provided below . A sample model plate is also given below . You can locate the model plate by standing behind the unit and looking down at the hydraulic tank . This information will be necessary to use the manufacturer’s web site and / or help from the Customer Support Department or an authorized service dealer . Copy the model number here : Copy the serial number here : MTD LLC P . O . BOX 361131 CLEVELAND , OH 44136 www.whiteoutdoor.com DEALER LOCATOR PHONE NUMBER : 800 - 949 - 4483 CUSTOMER SUPPORT Please do NOT return the unit to the retailer from where it was purchased , without first contacting Customer Support . If you have difficulty assembling this product or have any questions regarding the controls , operation or maintenance of this unit , you can seek help from the experts . Choose from the options below : Visit www.whiteoutdoor.com for many useful suggestions . Click on Customer Service Center . Click on the appropriate button and help is immediately available . If you prefer to reach a Customer Support Representative , please call 1 - 800 - 949 - 4483 . The engine manufacturer is responsible for all engine - related issues with regards to Engine performance , power - rating , specifications , warranty and service . Please refer to the engine Manual manufacturer’s Owner’s / Operator’s Manual , packed separately with your unit , for more information . 2
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SECTION 1 : IMPORTANT SAFE OPERATION PRACTICES WARNING : This symbol points out important safety instructions which , if not followed , could endanger the personal safety and / or property of yourself and others . Read and follow all instructions in this manual before attempting to operate this machine . Failure to comply with these instructions may result in personal injury . When you see this symbol - heed its warning . WARNING : Engine exhaust , some of its constituents , and certain vehicle components contain or emit chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer , birth defects or other reproductive harm . DANGER : This machine was built to be operated according to the rules for safe operation in this manual . As with any type of power equipment , carelessness or error on the part of the operator can result in serious injury . This machine is capable of amputating hands and feet and throwing objects . Failure to observe the following safety instructions could result in serious injury or death . General Practices 1 . Read , understand , and follow all instructions on the 13 . If your machine is equipped with an internal combustion machine and in the manual ( s ) before attempting to engine and it is intended for use near any unimproved assemble and operate . Keep this manual in a safe place forest , brush , or grass covered land , the engine exhaust for future and regular reference and for ordering should be equipped with a spark arrester . Make sure you replacement parts . comply with applicable local , state , and federal codes . 2 . Be familiar with all controls and proper operation . Know Take appropriate firefighting equipment with you . how to stop the machine and disengage them quickly . 14 . This machine should be used for splitting wood only , do 3 . Never allow children under 16 years to operate this not use it for any other purpose . machine . Children , 16 years and over , should read and 15 . Follow the instructions in the manual ( s ) provided with any understand instructions and safety rules in this manual attachment ( s ) for this machine . and should be trained and supervised by a parent . Preparation 4 . Never allow adults to operate this machine without 1 . Always wear safety shoes or heavy boots . proper instruction . 2 . Always wear safety glasses or safety goggles during 5 . Many accidents occur when more than one person operating this machine . operates the machine . If a helper is assisting in loading 3 . Never wear jewelry or loose clothing that might become logs , never activate the control until the helper is a entangled in moving or rotating parts of the machine . minimum of 10 feet from the machine . 4 . Make sure machine is on level surface before operating . 6 . Keep bystanders , helpers , pets , and children at least 20 5 . Always block machine to prevent unintended movement , feet from the machine while it is in operation . and lock in either horizontal or vertical position . 7 . Never allow anyone to ride on this machine . 6 . Always operate this machine from the operator zone ( s ) 8 . Never transport cargo on this machine . specified in the manual . 9 . Hydraulic log splitters develop high fluid pressures during 7 . Logs should be cut with square ends prior to splitting . operation . Fluid escaping through a pin hole opening can 8 . Use log splitter in daylight or under good artificial light . penetrate your skin and cause blood poisoning , 9 . To avoid personal injury or property damage use extreme gangrene , or death . Give attention to the following care in handling gasoline . Gasoline is extremely instructions at all times : flammable and the vapors are explosive . Serious a . Do not check for leaks with your hand . personal injury can occur when gasoline is spilled on b . Do not operate machine with frayed , kinked , yourself or your clothes which can ignite . Wash your skin cracked , or damaged hoses , fitting , or tubing . and change immediately . c . Stop the engine and relieve hydraulic system a . Use only an approved gasoline container . pressure before changing or adjusting fittings , b . Extinguish all cigarettes , cigars , pipes , and other hoses , tubing , or other system components . sources of ignition . d . Do not adjust the pressure settings of the pump or c . Never fuel machine indoors . valve . d . Never remove gas cap or add fuel while the 10 . Leaks can be detected by passing cardboard or wood , engine is hot or running . while wearing protective gloves and safety glasses , over e . Allow engine to cool at least two minutes before the suspected area . Look for discoloration of cardboard refueling . or wood . f . Never overfill the fuel tank . Fill tank to no more 11 . If injured by escaping fluid , see a doctor immediately . than 1 / 2 inch below bottom of filler neck to provide Serious infection or reaction can develop if proper space for fuel expansion . medical treatment is not administered immediately . g . Replace gasoline cap and tighten securely . 12 . Keep the operator zone and adjacent area clear for safe , secure footing . 3
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h . If gasoline is spilled , wipe it off the engine and Maintenance and Storage equipment . move machine to another area . Wait 5 1 . Stop the engine , disconnect the spark plug and ground it minutes before starting the engine . against the engine before cleaning , or inspecting the i . Never store the machine or fuel container inside machine . where there is an open flame , spark or pilot light 2 . Stop the engine and relieve hydraulic system pressure as on a water heater , space heater , furnace , before repairing or adjusting fittings , hoses , tubing , or clothes dryer or other gas appliances . other system components . j . Allow machine to cool 5 minutes before storing . 3 . To prevent fires , clean debris and chaff from the engine and muffler areas . If the engine is equipped with a spark Operation arrester muffler , clean and inspect it regularly according 1 . Before starting this machine , review the “ Safety to manufacturers instructions . Replace if damaged . Instructions ” . Failure to follow these rules may result in 4 . Periodically check that all nuts and bolts , hose clamps , serious injury to the operator or bystanders . and hydraulic fittings are tight to be sure equipment is in 2 . Never leave this machine unattended with the engine safe working condition . running . 5 . Check all safety guards and shields to be sure they are in 3 . Do not operate machine while under the influence of the proper position . Never operate with safety guards , alcohol , drugs , or medication . shields , or other protective features removed . 4 . Never allow anyone to operate this machine without 6 . The pressure relief valve is preset at the factory . Do not proper instruction . adjust the valve . 5 . Always operate this machine with all safety equipment in 7 . Never attempt to move this machine over hilly or uneven place and working . Make sure all controls are properly terrain without a tow vehicle or adequate help . adjusted for safe operation . 8 . For your safety , replace all damaged or worn parts 6 . Do not change the engine governor settings or immediately with original equipment manufacturer’s overspeed the engine . The governor controls the ( O.E.M . ) parts only . “ Use of parts which do not meet the maximum safe operating speed of the engine . original equipment specifications may lead to improper 7 . When loading a log , always place your hands on the performance and compromise safety ! ” sides of the log , not on the ends , and never use your foot 9 . Do not alter this machine in any manner , alterations such to help stabilize a log . Failure to do so , may result in as attaching a rope or extension to the control handle , or crushed or amputated fingers , toes , hand , or foot . adding to the width or height of the wedge may result in 8 . Use only your hand to operate the controls . personal injury . 9 . Never attempt to split more than one log at a time unless the ram has fully extended and a second log is needed to Your Responsibility complete the separation of the first log . Restrict the use of this power machine to persons who read , 10 . For logs which are not cut square , the least square end understand and follow the warnings and instructions in this and the longest portion of the log should be placed manual and on the machine . Some of the safety labels are toward the beam and wedge , and the square end placed reproduced here . Always follow directions on safety labels toward the end plate . found on your equipment . 11 . When splitting in the vertical position , stabilize the log R N TY I P ER TO AVO D INJU Y A D / OR ROP DAMAGE WARNIN - G before moving the control . Split as follows : LoOG in full up position . WING SPLITTER : MOVI SP TTE BY HA ND TO NG LOG LI R : ns a et o c e . • Att ch saf y chai to t w vehi l b m n i o a os o n . • Lock ea i hor z nt l p iti • Lo k be m i ho izontal position . c a r n • Do ot tow aster than 45 mph . n f • At ach coupler to Cla s I or higher s t • Lo k ja k a n do sit n . c c st nd i wn p i o rol . Hig sp se os of h ed ma ca l s c nt e y u o a . Place log on the end plate and turn until it leans hi tc y . wit el cur h " . atch h L se all 2 b • Do t m t o e litter no t t p o m v log a e t sp Ch oca l t e nd e al • eck l , s at a fed r stme f c pler ad t i ee ed , • I ou ju n s n d p o pe r n b h nd u o d w a slo y a to r qu r e re i on e i ements b fo w ng any refer w r al . to o ne ' s manu pu lic ro d . b a se jack st nd and latch securely • Rai a against the beam and is stable . S3 422 2 b . When splitting extra large or uneven logs , the log must be stabilized with wooden shims or split wood between the log and end plate or ground . 12 . Always keep fingers away from any cracks that open in the log while splitting . They can quickly close and pinch or amputate your fingers . 13 . Keep your work area clean . Immediately remove split wood around the machine so you do not stumble over it . 14 . Never move this machine while the engine is running . 15 . This machine should not be towed on any street , highway or public road without checking the existing federal , state , or local vehicle requirements . Any licensing or modifications such as taillights , etc . , needed to comply , is the sole responsibility of the purchaser . If a “ Statement of Origin ” is required in your state , see your local dealer . 16 . Do not tow machine faster than 45mph . 17 . See Transporting the Log Splitter section in this manual for proper towing instructions once all federal , local , or state requirements are met . 4
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SECTION 2 : ASSEMBLING YOUR LOG SPLITTER Attaching the Tongue Unpacking from Crate • With the log splitter still standing upright , remove • Pry top , sides , and ends off the crate . Set panels two hex bolts , lock washers , and hex nuts from the aside to avoid tire puncture or personal injury . end of the tongue . See Figure 1 . • Remove and discard plastic bag that covers unit . • Align the holes in the tongue with the holes in the • Remove any loose parts if included with unit ( i.e . , tank bracket and secure with hardware just operator’s manual , etc . ) removed . See Figure 1 . • Cut and remove straps which secure parts to bottom of crate . Unbolt any remaining parts which NOTE : High pressure hose must be above the tongue may be bolted to the bottom of the crate . assembly . WARNING : Use extreme caution unpacking Connecting Cylinder to Beam this machine . Some components are very • The log splitter is shipped with the beam in the heavy and will require additional people or vertical position . Pull out the vertical beam lock , mechanical handling equipment . rotate it back , and pivot the beam to the horizontal position until it locks . See Figure 2 . Loose Parts In Carton • Tongue assembly • Tail light kit ( optional ) Before Assembly • Disconnect the spark plug wire and ground against Vertical the engine to prevent unintended starting . Beam Lock Beam NOTE : Reference to right or left hand side of the log splitter is observed from the operating position . Assembling the Tongue Attaching the Jack Stand • The jack stand is shipped in the transport position . Remove the spring clip and clevis pin and pivot the jack stand towards the ground to the operating position . Figure 2 • Secure the jack stand in position with the clevis pin • Disconnect the dislodger from the beam weld and spring clip . See Figure 1 . bracket by removing the six hex screws and flat Spring Clip washers . See Figure 3 . Hex Screw Bracket Flat Washer Lock Washer Flat Washer Clevis Tongue Pin Hex Nut Jack Dislodger Stand Hex Screw Beam Weld Bracket Lock Washer Hex Bolt Figure 1 Figure 3 5
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• Disconnect the log cradle from the beam on the Preparing the Log Splitter side of the control valve . See Figure 4 . • Lubricate the beam area ( where the splitting wedge will slide ) with engine oil ; do not use grease . • Remove vented reservoir dipstick , which is located in front of the engine on top of the reservoir tank . Hex See Figure 6 . Lock Nut • Fill the reservoir tank with Dexron III automatic Washer transmission fluid or 10W AW hydraulic fluid . NOTE : The reservoir tank has a capacity of 3.5 gallons . • Check fluid level using the dipstick . See Figure 6 . • Do not overfill . Replace vented dipstick securely , tightening it until the top of the threads are flush with top of the pipe . Dipstick Disconnect Hex Bolt Log Cradle Figure 4 • Lift and slide the cylinder up to the top of beam and into the weld brackets . • Attach the dislodger over the wedge assembly and secure with hardware , previously removed , to the weld brackets . See Figure 5 . Reservoir Tank NOTE : Once the six hex screws are tightened , there may be a slight gap between the dislodger and the weld Figure 6 brackets . This gap is normal . • Make sure the spark plug wire is disconnected . • Reattach the log cradle to the side of the beam with Then prime the pump by pulling the recoil starter as the control valve , aligning the ends of the cradle far as it will go . Repeat approximately 10 times . with the beam flanges . See Figure 5 . • Reconnect the spark plug wire and start engine • Roll log splitter off the bottom crate . following instructions in the OPERATION section . • Use control handle to engage the wedge to the farthest extended position . Then retract the wedge . • Refill tank as specified on the dipstick . NOTE : Failure to refill the tank will void unit’s warranty . • Extend and retract the wedge 12 complete cycles to remove trapped air in the system ( the system is “ self - bleeding ” ) . • Refill reservoir within range marked on the dipstick . WARNING : Much of the original fluid has been drawn into the cylinder and hoses . Make certain to refill the reservoir to prevent damage Attach dislodger to the hydraulic pump . here NOTE : Some fluid may overflow from the vent plug as the system builds heat and the fluid expands and seeks Attach log a balanced level . cradle here • If your log splitter is so equipped , attach taillights following the taillight kit manual . Figure 5 6
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SECTION 3 : KNOW YOUR LOG SPLITTER Compare the illustration in Figure 7 below with the controls on your log splitter , and get familiar with its features before starting to operate . Know how to stop the machine quickly in the event of an emergency . How it works Cylinder Reverse Control Handle To return ( Automatic ) wedge Log Dislodger Wedge To stop Neutral Beam Assembly wedge Control Handle To split Forward wood ( Manual ) Tongue Jack Stand Horizontal Beam Lock Log Cradle Vertical Beam Lock Reservoir Tank Tail Light Horizontal Vertical ( If Equipped ) Beam Lock Beam Lock Figure 7 Control Handle Engine Controls The control handle has three positions . See Figure 7 . See the accompanying engine manual for the location • FORWARD : Move control handle FORWARD or and function of the controls on the engine . DOWN to move wedge to split wood . NOTE : Control handle will return to neutral position as Stopping Engine soon as handle is released . ( Forward Position only ) • Move throttle control handle to STOP or OFF position . • NEUTRAL : Release the control handle or move the lever to neutral position to stop the wedge • Turn off the engine switch , if so equipped . movement . • Disconnect spark plug wire and ground against the • REVERSE : Move control handle BACK or UP to engine to prevent unintended starting . return the wedge toward the cylinder . The control IMPORTANT : Your log splitter is shipped with motor oil in handle stays in the return ( Reverse ) position and returns to neutral automatically when fully the engine . However , you MUST check the oil level retracted . before operating . Be careful not to overfill . NOTE : Reverse position may also be operated back to neutral position manually , if necessary . Beam Locks These two locks , as their name suggests , are used to secure the beam in the horizontal or the vertical position . The vertical beam lock is located next to the oil filter . The horizontal beam lock is located on the beam support latch bracket . See Figure 7 . 7
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SECTION 4 : OPERATING YOUR LOG SPLITTER Before Each Use WARNING : Read , understand , and follow all • Remove the dipstick and check hydraulic fluid level . instructions and warnings on the machine and Refill if necessary . in this manual before operating . • Check engine oil level . Refill if necessary . • Fill up gasoline if necessary . WARNING : Wear leather work gloves , • Lubricate with engine oil the beam area where safety shoes , ear protection , and safety splitting wedge will slide . Do not use grease to glasses when operating a log splitter . Ensure lubricate . Make sure to lubricate both the front and safe footing . the back of the beam face . • Attach spark plug wire to the spark plug . Gas and Oil Fill - Up • Service the engine with gasoline and oil as Using the Log Splitter instructed in the engine manual packed with your log splitter . Read instructions carefully . • Place the log splitter on level , dry ground . • Place the beam in either the horizontal or vertical WARNING : Use extreme care when position and lock in place with the appropriate handling gasoline . Gasoline is extremely locking rod . flammable and the vapors are explosive . Never • Block the front and back of both wheels . fuel machine indoors or while the engine is hot • Place the log against the end plate and only split or running . wood in the direction of the grain . • To stabilize the log , place your hand only on sides IMPORTANT : Your log splitter is shipped with motor oil in of log . Never place hand on the end between the the engine . However , you MUST check the oil level log and the splitting wedge . before operating . Be careful not to overfill . • Only one adult should stabilize the log and operate NOTE : Gasoline can be added to the engine when the the control handle , so the operator has full control log splitter is in either the horizontal or vertical position . over the log and the splitting wedge . However , there are less obstructions when the unit is in Control Handle the vertical position . 1 . Move control handle FORWARD or DOWN to split wood . Starting Engine 2 . Release the control handle to stop the wedge • Attach spark plug wire to spark plug . Make certain movement . the metal cap on the end of the spark plug wire is 3 . Move control handle BACK or UP to return the fastened securely over metal tip of the spark plug . wedge . • Turn fuel valve , if equipped , to the ON position . Log Dislodger • Move choke lever , if equipped , to CHOKE position . • If the engine is equipped with a primer , follow • The log dislodger is designed to remove any instructions in the engine manual to prime it . partially split wood from the wedge . This may occur • Turn the throttle control handle to the FAST while splitting large diameter wood or freshly cut position . wood . • Grasp starter handle and pull rope out slowly until WARNING : Never remove partially split engine reaches start of compression cycle ( rope wood from the wedge with your hands . Fingers will pull slightly harder at this point ) . may become trapped between split wood . • Pull rope with a rapid , full arm stroke . Keep firm grip on starter handle . Let rope rewind slowly . Repeat • To remove partially split wood from wedge , move until engine cranks . control handle to REVERSE position until wedge is • After engine starts , move choke lever to OFF fully retracted to allow split wood portion to contact position . Place throttle lever to the speed desired . the log dislodger . • In cold weather , run wedge up or down beam 6 to 8 • Once removed from wedge with log dislodger , split times to circulate the hydraulic fluid . wood from opposite end or in another location . Vertical Position WARNING : When starting a warm engine , • Pull the horizontal beam lock out to release the the muffler and surrounding areas are hot and beam and pivot the beam to the vertical position . can cause a burn . Do not touch . 8
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8 . Attempt to remove partially split wood from the • To lock the beam in the vertical position , pull out on wedge with your hands . Fully retract wedge to the vertical beam lock and rotate it to secure the dislodge wood with log dislodger . beam . See Figure 7 . • Stand in front of the unit to operate the control handle and to stabilize the log . See Figure 8A . Raising and Lowering Beam A • Use control handle to run wedge up and down beam 6 to 8 times to circulate the hydraulic fluid , which will warm and thin the fluid . • Place log splitter on a firm , level surface . • To raise the beam for vertical operation : Pull out the vertical beam lock on the tongue . • Pivot beam lock down to release the beam . • Move the beam to the vertical position . Secure it with the beam lock on the reservoir tank assembly . WARNING : Always use the log splitter in the vertical position when splitting heavy logs . B • To lower the beam : Pull out the horizontal beam Figure 8 lock on the reservoir tank . Horizontal Position • Pivot beam lock down to release the beam . • Pull the vertical beam lock out and rotate it down . Carefully pull back on beam and lower it to the See Figure 7 . Pivot beam to the horizontal position . horizontal position.The horizontal beam lock will The beam will lock automatically in horizontal lock automatically . See Figure 7 . position . • Stand behind the reservoir tank to operate control Transporting the Log Splitter handle and to stabilize the log . See Figure 8B . IMPORTANT : Always turn fuel valve to OFF position before transporting the log splitter . Operating Tips • Lower the beam to its horizontal position . Make Always : certain the beam is locked securely with the 1 . Use clean fluid and check fluid level regularly . horizontal beam lock . 2 . Use Dexron III Automatic Transmission Fluid or • Remove spring clip and clevis pin from jack stand . 10W AW hydraulic fluid . • Support the tongue and pivot the jack stand up 3 . Use a filter ( clean or replace regularly ) against the tongue . See Figure 9 . 4 . Use a breather cap on fluid reservoir . Clevis Pin 5 . Make sure pump is mounted and aligned properly . Tongue 6 . Use a flexible “ spider ” type coupling between Assembly Spring engine and pump drive shafts . Clip 7 . Keep hoses clear and unblocked . 8 . Bleed air out of hoses before operating . 9 . Flush and clean hydraulic system before restarting after servicing . 10 . Use “ pipe dope ” on all hydraulic fittings . 11 . Allow time for warm - up before splitting wood . 12 . Prime the pump before initial start - up by turning Jack Stand over the engine with spark plug disconnected . 13 . Split wood along the grain ( lengthwise ) only . Never : Figure 9 1 . Use when fluid is below 20 ° F or above 150 ° F . • Secure with the spring clip and clevis pin previously 2 . Use a solid engine / pump coupling . removed . See Figure 9 . 3 . Operate through relief valve for long . • Attach coupler hitch to a class I or higher 2 ” ball on 4 . Attempt to adjust unloading or relief valve settings a towing vehicle ; latch securely . without pressure gauges . a . If coupler hitch does not fit on ball : Turn 5 . Operate with air in hydraulic system . adjustment nut one turn counter - clockwise . 6 . Use teflon tape on hydraulic fittings . 7 . Attempt to cut wood across the grain . 9
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b . If coupler hitch is too loose on ball : Turn WARNING : Do not tow faster than 45mph adjustment nut one turn clockwise . and check local , state , and federal • Connect the safety chains to the towing vehicle . requirements before towing on any public road . • Plug in the tail lights , if so equipped , to the tail light connector on the tow vehicle . NOTE : Use caution when backing up . It is recommended to use a spotter outside the vehicle . SECTION 5 : ADJUSTING YOUR LOG SPLITTER NOTE : The gibs may be rotated and / or turned over for WARNING : Do not at any time make any even wear . adjustments without first stopping engine , • Loosen the lock nuts under the each back plate and disconnecting spark plug wire , and grounding it slide the gibs out . against the engine . Always wear safety glasses • Turn or replace the gibs . during operation or while performing any • Reassemble the back plate and secure with the adjustments or repairs . lock washers and lock nuts . • Readjust the bolts on the side of the wedge Wedge Assembly Adjustment assembly . As normal wear occurs and there is excessive “ play ” between the wedge and beam , adjust the bolts on the Adjustment Bolt side of the wedge assembly to eliminate excess space between the wedge and the beam . See Figure 10 . • Loosen the jam nuts on the two adjustment bolts on the side of the wedge . Turn the adjustment bolts in Gibs until snug and then back them off slowly until the wedge assembly will slide on the beam . Jam Nut • Tighten the jam nuts securely against the side of the wedge to hold the adjustment bolts in this position . Lock Nut Lock Gib Adjustment Washer Periodically remove and replace the “ gibs ” ( spacers ) Figure 10 between the wedge assembly and the back plate . See Figure 10 . SECTION 6 : MAINTAINING YOUR LOG SPLITTER WARNING : Higher pressure could cause WARNING : Before cleaning , lubricating , the hoses to burst , cylinder to rupture , and repairing , or inspecting , disengage the control intense fluid to be released , which could result handle and stop engine . Disconnect the spark in serious personal injury . plug wire and ground it against the engine to prevent unintended starting . Always wear 4 . Use of incorrect hydraulic fluid safety glasses during operation or while 5 . Allowing the flexible pump coupler to deteriorate performing any adjustments or repairs . without proper and regular inspection 6 . Lack of lubrication or improper lubrication of the Conditions that will void Warranty beam or unit 7 . Improper adjustment of splitting wedge 1 . Failure to maintain proper fluid level in reservoir 8 . Excessive heating of the hydraulic system 2 . Changing the relief valve setting or pressure 9 . Attempting to start unit in temperatures under 20 ° F adjustment of control valve without proper without pre - heating fluid in reservoir knowledge and instruction from the factory 10 . Unattended leaks in hydraulic system 3 . Disassembling the pump 10
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• Remove three nuts and lock washers that secure Hydraulic Fluid the pump to the coupling shield . Two nuts are at the • Check the hydraulic fluid level in the log splitter bottom corners and one is in the top center . reservoir tank before each use . • Remove the pump . • Maintain fluid level within the range specified on the • Rotate the engine by slowly pulling starter handle dipstick at all times . until engine coupling half set screw is visible . • Change the hydraulic fluid in the reservoir every Loosen set screw using allen wrench and slide 100 hours of operation . coupling half off engine shaft . • Disconnect the suction hose from the bottom of the • Loosen set screw on pump coupling half and reservoir tank and drain the fluid into a suitable remove coupling half . container . Refill using only Dexron III automatic • Slide new engine coupling half onto the engine transmission fluid or 10W AW hydraulic fluid . shaft until the end of the shaft is flush with the inner portion of the coupling half . ( There must be space NOTE : Please dispose of used hydraulic fluid and between end of the engine support bracket and engine oil at approved recycling centers only . coupling half ) . Tighten set screw . • Since contaminants in fluid may damage the • Install pump coupling half and key on pump shaft . hydraulic components , you will have to drain the Rotate coupling half until set screw faces opening fluid and flush the reservoir tank and hoses with in shield . Do not tighten set screw . kerosene whenever any repair work is performed • Install nylon “ spider ” onto engine coupling half . on the tank , hydraulic pump or valve . For this job , • Align pump coupling half with nylon “ spider ” by contact your nearest service dealer . rotating engine using starter handle . Slide coupling Hydraulic Filter half into place while guiding three mounting bolts through holes in pump support bracket . • Change the hydraulic filter every 50 hours of • Secure with nuts and washers removed earlier . operation . Use only a 10 micron hydraulic filter . • Set . 010 ” to . 060 ” clearance between the nylon Order part number 723 - 0405 . “ spider ” and the engine coupling half by sliding a matchbook cover between the nylon “ spider ” and Beam and Splitting Wedge the engine coupling half and moving pump coupling • Lubricate both sides of the beam ( where it comes half as needed . Secure pump coupling half with set into contact with the splitting wedge ) , before each screw . See Figure 11 . use , with engine oil . The wedge plate on the log splitter is designed so the gibs on the side of the NOTE : Make certain proper clearance is obtained wedge plate can be removed and rotated and / or before tightening set screw . turned over for even wear . Gear Pump • Make certain to readjust the adjustment bolts so wedge moves freely , but no excess space exists Set Screw between the wedge plate and the beam . Steel Nylon Hose Clamps Coupling “ Spider ” Halves Insert • Check , before each use , if hose clamps on the suction hose ( attached to the side of the pump ) are tight . Check the hose clamps on the return hose at Clearance least once a season . Engine Engine Refer to the engine manual for all maintenance needs . Figure 11 Flexible Pump Coupler Tires The flexible pump coupler is a nylon “ spider ” insert , See sidewall of tire for recommended pressure . located between the pump and the engine shaft . Over Maximum tire pressure under any circumstances is 30 time , the coupler will harden and deteriorate . p.s.i . Maintain equal pressure on all tires . Replace the coupler if you detect vibration or noise WARNING : Excessive pressure ( over 30 coming from the area between the engine and the p.s.i . ) when seating beads may cause tire / rim pump . If the coupler fails completely , you will assembly to burst with force sufficient to cause experience a loss of power . serious injury . Refer to sidewall of tire for IMPORTANT : Never hit the engine shaft in any manner , recommended pressure . as a blow will cause permanent damage to the engine . 11
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SECTION 7 : STORING YOUR LOG SPLITTER • Drain fuel tank . Always drain fuel into approved Prepare your log splitter for storage at the end of the container outdoors , away from open flame . Be sure season or if the log splitter will not be used for 30 days that engine is cool before draining the fuel . Do not or more . smoke while handling fuel . WARNING : Never store machine with fuel • Start the engine and let it run until the fuel lines and in the fuel tank inside of building where fumes carburetor are empty . may reach an open flame or spark , or where • Remove spark plug . Holding a rag over the cylinder ignition sources are present such as hot water hole , pour approximately 1 / 2 ounce ( approximately and space heaters , furnaces , clothes dryers , one tablespoon ) of engine oil into cylinder and stoves , electric motors , etc . crank slowly to distribute the oil . • Replace spark plug . • Clean the log splitter thoroughly . • Do not store gasoline from one season to another . NOTE : We do not recommend the use of pressure • Replace your gasoline can if it starts to rust . Rust washers or garden hose to clean your unit . They may and / or dirt in the gasoline will cause problems . cause damage to the log splitter components or the • Store unit in a clean , dry area . Do not store next to engine . The use of water will result in shortened life and corrosive materials , such as fertilizer . reduce serviceability . NOTE : If storing in an unventilated or metal storage • Wipe unit with an oiled rag to prevent rust , shed , be certain to rustproof the equipment by coating especially on the wedge and the beam . with a light oil or silicone . SECTION 8 : TROUBLESHOOTING Problem Cause Remedy 1 . Connect wire to spark plug . Engine fails to start 1 . Spark plug wire disconnected . 2 . Fill tank with clean , fresh gasoline . 2 . Fuel tank empty or stale fuel . 3 . Move throttle lever to FAST position . 3 . Throttle control handle not in correct starting position . 4 . Move choke to CHOKE position . 4 . Choke , if equipped , not in CHOKE position . 5 . Prime engine . 5 . Engine ( if equipped with a primer ) not primed properly . 6 . Clean fuel line . 6 . Blocked fuel line . 7 . Clean , adjust gap , or replace . 7 . Faulty spark plug . 1 . Connect and tighten spark plug wire . Engine runs erratic 1 . Spark plug wire loose . 2 . Move choke lever to OFF position . 2 . Unit running on CHOKE , if so equipped . 3 . Clean fuel line ; fill tank with clean , fresh 3 . Blocked fuel line or stale fuel . gasoline 4 . Drain fuel tank . Refill with fresh fuel . 4 . Water or dirt in fuel system . 5 . Clean or replace air cleaner . 5 . Dirty air cleaner . 6 . See authorized service dealer . 6 . Carburetor out of adjustment . Engine overheats 1 . Engine oil level low . 1 . Fill crankcase with proper oil . 2 . Dirty air cleaner . 2 . Clean or replace air cleaner . 3 . Carburetor not adjusted properly . 3 . See authorized service dealer . NOTE : For repairs beyond those listed above , contact your nearest authorized service center . 12
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Hydraulic Troubleshooting Problem Cause Remedy 1 . See authorized service dealer . Cylinder rod will not move 1 . Broken drive shaft . 2 . Disconnect hydraulic hoses , remove 2 . Shipping plugs left in hydraulic shipping plugs , reconnect hoses . hoses . 3 . See operator’s manual for correct 3 . Set screws in coupling not adjusted adjustment . properly . 4 . Correct engine / pump alignment as 4 . Loose shaft coupling . necessary . 5 . See authorized service dealer . 5 . Gear sections damaged . 6 . See authorized service dealer . 6 . Damaged relief valve . 7 . Flush and clean hydraulic system . 7 . Hydraulic lines blocked . 8 . Check oil level . 8 . Incorrect oil level . 9 . See authorized service dealer . 9 . Damaged directional valve . 10 . Flush and clean hydraulic system . 10 . Blocked directional valve . 1 . See authorized service dealer . Slow cylinder shaft speed 1 . Gear sections damaged . 2 . Make certain pump inlet hoses are clear while extending and 2 . Excessive pump inlet vacuum . and unblocked - use short , large retracting . diameter inlet hoses . 3 . See authorized service dealer . 3 . Slow engine speed . 4 . See authorized service dealer . 4 . Damaged relief valve . 5 . Check oil level . 5 . Incorrect oil level . 6 . Drain oil , clean reservoir , and refill . 6 . Contaminated oil . 7 . See authorized service dealer . 7 . Directional valve leaking internally . 8 . See authorized service dealer . 8 . Internally damaged cylinder . 1 . See authorized service dealer . Leaking cylinder 1 . Broken seals . 2 . Scored cylinder . 2 . See authorized service dealer . 1 . See authorized service dealer . Engine runs but wood will 1 . Small gear section damaged . 2 . See authorized service dealer . not split or wood splits too 2 . Pump check valve leaking . 3 . Make certain pump inlet hoses are clear slowly 3 . Excessive pump inlet vacuum . and unblocked . 4 . Check oil level . 4 . Incorrect oil level . 5 . Drain oil , clean reservoir , and refill . 5 . Contaminated oil . 6 . See authorized service dealer . 6 . Directional valve leaking internally . 7 . Do not attempt to split wood against the 7 . Overloaded cylinder . grain . 8 . See authorized service dealer . 8 . Internally damaged cylinder . Engine stalls during 1 . Low horsepower / weak engine . 1 . See authorized service dealer . splitting 2 . Overloaded cylinder . 2 . Do not attempt to split wood against the grain or see authorized service dealer . 1 . Correct alignment as necessary . Engine will not turn or 1 . Engine / pump misalignment . 2 . See authorized service dealer . stalls under low load 2 . Frozen or seized pump . 3 . See authorized service dealer . conditions 3 . Low horsepower / weak engine . 4 . Flush and clean hydraulic system . 4 . Hydraulic lines blocked . 5 . Flush and clean hydraulic system . 5 . Blocked directional valve . 1 . See authorized service dealer . Leaking pump shaft seal 1 . Broken drive shaft . 2 . Correct alignment as necessary . 2 . Engine / pump misalignment . 3 . See authorized service dealer . 3 . Gear sections damaged . 4 . See authorized service dealer . 4 . Poorly positioned shaft seal . 5 . Make certain reservoir is properly 5 . Plugged oil breather . vented . NOTE : For repairs beyond those listed here , contact your nearest authorized service center . 13
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SECTION 9 : PARTS LIST FOR MODEL 570 1 2 16 26 29 85 17 5 28 86 31 11 13 25 3 14 30 24 18 4 B 6 B 31 27 85 7 A 32 9 10 15 35 36 8 20 31 30 33 34 34 57 22 19 23 37 58 52 50 12 60 38 59 63 21 39 C 40 61 31 30 62 51 49 41 64 72 26 C 42 66 48 47 65 72 46 52 43 A 42 70 69 44 45 74 68 56 55 48 75 71 77 84 67 53 72 54 42 87 76 For Taillight 78 Ground Wire 79 48 82 81 80 79 81 83 14
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Model 570 Ref . Ref . Part No . Part Description Part No . Part Description No . No . 44 . 781 - 0686 Log Tray Bracket 1 . 718 - 0769 Hydraulic Cylinder 45 . 681 - 04040 Frame Assembly 2 . 727 - 0634 Hydraulic Tube 46 . 726 - 0214 Push Cap 3 . 710 - 1018 Hex Cap Screw 1 / 2 - 20 x 2.75 47 . 732 - 0583 Compression Spring 4 . 737 - 0192 90 Degree Solid Adapter 48 . 710 - 0521 Hex Bolt 3 / 8 - 16 x 3 ” 5 . 781 - 0526 Hose Guard 49 . 781 - 0690 Lock Rod 6 . 737 - 0153 Return Elbow 50 . 737 - 0348A Vented Dipstick 7 . 718 - 0481 Control Valve 51 . 710 - 1338 Hex Screw 5 / 16 - 24 x 3.25 8 . 781 - 0538 Hose Guard 52 . 710 - 0654A Hex Washer Screw 3 / 8 - 16 x 1.0 9 . 710 - 1806 Hex Cap Screw 1 / 2 - 13 x 3.25 53 . 634 - 0186 Wheel Assembly 10 . 719 - 0550 Wedge Assembly 54 . 712 - 0359 Slotted Nut 3 / 4 - 16 11 . 737 - 0238 Nipple Pipe 1 / 2 - 14 55 . 714 - 0162 Cotter Pin 12 . 712 - 0239 Lock Nut 1 / 2 - 20 56 . 734 - 0873 Hub Cap 13 . 712 - 0711 Hex Jam Nut 3 / 8 - 24 57 . 719 - 0353 Coupling Shield 14 . 710 - 0459A Hex Cap Screw 3 / 8 - 24 x 1.5 58 . 714 - 0122 Square Key 3 / 16 ” x . 75 15 . 781 - 0351 Adjustable Gib 59 . 718 - 04145 Flexible Coupling 16 . 710 - 1260A Hex Washer Screw 5 / 16 - 18 x . 75 60 . 712 - 3057 Hex Nut 5 / 16 - 24 17 . 781 - 1054 Cylinder Support Bracket 61 . 736 - 0119 Lock Washer 5 / 16 ” ID 18 . 681 - 04071 Beam Assembly 62 . 781 - 0097 Rear Coupling Support Bracket 19 . 736 - 0300 Flat Washer . 406 ID x . 875 OD 63 . 727 - 04130 Hose 20 . 710 - 0874 Hex Washer Screw , 5 / 16 - 18 x 1.25 64 . 718 - 04127 Gear Pump ( 11gpm ) 21 . 781 - 1048 Dislodger 65 . 737 - 0329 45 Degree Elbow 22 . 781 - 0790 Back Plate 66 . 727 - 0502 High Pressure Hydraulic Hose 23 . 736 - 0921 Lock Washer 1 / 2 67 . 781 - 0788 Tongue Tube Assembly 24 . 737 - 0312 Adapter 3 / 4 - 14 68 . 747 - 1261 Latch Rod 25 . 727 - 0443 Return Hose 3 / 4 ” ID x 44 ” Lg . 69 . 781 - 1045 Latch 26 . 726 - 0132 Hose Clamp 5 / 8 ” 70 . 715 - 0120 Spiral Pin 27 . 737 - 0316 Filter Housing 71 . 732 - 3127 Spring Compression 28 . 731 - 2496A Plastic Fender ( Black ) 72 . 736 - 0169 L - Washer 3 / 8 ” 29 . 710 - 1238 Hex Washer Screw 5 / 16 - 18 x . 875 74 . 710 - 0944 Hex Cap Screw 3 / 8 - 16 x 4.25 30 . 712 - 3010 Hex Nut 5 / 16 - 18 75 . 736 - 0262 Flat Washer . 385 ID x . 870 OD 31 . 736 - 0119 Lock Washer 5 / 16 76 . 713 - 0433 Chain 32 . 781 - 1024 Fender Mounting Bracket 77 . 750 - 0497 Spacer . 375 ID x . 625 OD 33 . 723 - 0405 Oil Filter 78 . 681 - 04030 Hitch Coupling 34 . 710 - 3038 Hex Cap Screw , 5 / 16 - 18 x . 875 79 . 712 - 0375 Hex Lock Nut 3 / 8 - 16 35 . 681 - 0164 Light Bracket Assembly LH 80 . 711 - 0813 Clevis Pin 36 . 625 - 0062 Taillight 81 . 736 - 0185 Flat Washer . 375 ID x . 738 OD 37 . 711 - 1587 Clevis Pin 82 . 732 - 0194 Spring Pin 38 . 736 - 0116 Flat Washer . 635 ID x . 93 OD 83 . 781 - 0789 Jack Stand 39 . 714 - 0470 Cotter Pin 84 . 736 - 0351 Flat Washer . 760 ID x . 500 OD 40 . 781 - 1027 Light Bracket RH 85 . 736 - 0371 Flat Washer 41 . 710 - 3097 Carriage Bolt 3 / 8 - 16 x 1.0 86 . 712 - 3022 Hex Lock Nut , 1 / 2 - 13 42 . 712 - 3017 Hex Nut 3 / 8 - 16 87 . 712 - 3008 Jam Nut , 3 / 8 - 16 43 . 781 - 0682 Log Tray 15
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MANUFACTURER’S LIMITED WARRANTY FOR : The limited warranty set forth below is given by MTD LLC with e . MTD does not extend any warranty for products sold or respect to new merchandise purchased and used in the exported outside of the United States , its possessions United States , its possessions and territories . and territories , except those sold through MTD’s authorized channels of export distribution . “ MTD ” warrants this product against defects in material and f . Replacement parts that are not genuine MTD parts . workmanship for a period of two ( 2 ) years commencing on the g . Transportation charges and service calls . date of original purchase and will , at its option , repair or replace , free of charge , any part found to be defective in No implied warranty , including any implied warranty of materials or workmanship . This limited warranty shall only merchantability of fitness for a particular purpose , apply if this product has been operated and maintained in applies after the applicable period of express written accordance with the Operator’s Manual furnished with the warranty above as to the parts as identified . No other product , and has not been subject to misuse , abuse , express warranty , whether written or oral , except as commercial use , neglect , accident , improper maintenance , mentioned above , given by any person or entity , alteration , vandalism , theft , fire , water , or damage because of including a dealer or retailer , with respect to any product , other peril or natural disaster . Damage resulting from the shall bind MTD . During the period of the warranty , the installation or use of any part , accessory or attachment not exclusive remedy is repair or replacement of the product approved by MTD for use with the product ( s ) covered by this as set forth above . manual will void your warranty as to any resulting damage . The provisions as set forth in this warranty provide the Normal wear parts are warranted to be free from defects in sole and exclusive remedy arising from the sale . MTD material and workmanship for a period of thirty ( 30 ) days from shall not be liable for incidental or consequential loss or the date of purchase . Normal wear parts include , but are not damage including , without limitation , expenses incurred limited to items such as : batteries , belts , blades , blade for substitute or replacement lawn care services or for adapters , grass bags , rider deck wheels , seats , snow thrower rental expenses to temporarily replace a warranted skid shoes , shave plates , auger spiral rubber and tires . product . HOW TO OBTAIN SERVICE : Warranty service is available , Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of WITH PROOF OF PURCHASE , through your local authorized incidental or consequential damages , or limitations on how service dealer . To locate the dealer in your area , check your long an implied warranty lasts , so the above exclusions or Yellow Pages , or contact MTD LLC at P.O . Box 361131 , limitations may not apply to you . Cleveland , Ohio 44136 - 0019 , or call 1 - 800 - 949 - 4483 or log In no event shall recovery of any kind be greater than the on to our Web site at www.whiteoutdoor.com . amount of the purchase price of the product sold . Alteration This limited warranty does not provide coverage in the of safety features of the product shall void this warranty . following cases : You assume the risk and liability for loss , damage , or injury to you and your property and / or to others and their property a . The engine or component parts thereof . These items arising out of the misuse or inability to use the product . may carry a separate manufacturer’s warranty . Refer to applicable manufacturer’s warranty for terms and This limited warranty shall not extend to anyone other than the conditions . original purchaser or to the person for whom it was purchased b . Log splitter pumps , valves , and cylinders have a as a gift . separate one year warranty . HOW STATE LAW RELATES TO THIS WARRANTY : This c . Routine maintenance items such as lubricants , filters , limited warranty gives you specific legal rights , and you may blade sharpening , tune - ups , brake adjustments , clutch also have other rights which vary from state to state . adjustments , deck adjustments , and normal deterioration of the exterior finish due to use or IMPORTANT : Owner must present Original Proof of exposure . Purchase to obtain warranty coverage . d . Service completed by someone other than an authorized service dealer . MTD LLC , P.O . BOX 361131 CLEVELAND , OHIO 44136 - 0019 ; Phone : 1 - 800 - 949 - 4483
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